Antibiotics Therapeutic Spectrum and Limitations

Antibiotics   Therapeutic Spectrum and Limitations
Author: Amal Kumar Dhara,Amit Kumar Nayak,Debprasad Chattopadhyay
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 0
Release: 2023-07-01
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780323957861

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Management of microbial infections by antibiotic, their rational use, improvement of efficacy as well as controlling of resistance with the help of modern drug delivery is the most important aspect of antibiotics. Antibiotics - Therapeutic Spectrum and Limitations provides up-to-date information about the variation in microbial infections, detailed toxicity considerations, rational uses, development of resistance, and their control. while providing thorough insight into the comprehensive and up-to-date trends of therapeutic uses of antibiotics and the mechanism of action. The chapters in this book discuss important aspects of microbial infections, antibiotics with different mechanisms, and antibiotic resistance by leading experts around the globe. Furthermore, these chapters include an updated literature review of the relevant key topics, good quality illustrations, chemical structures, flow charts, well-organized tables, attractive figures, etc., for a better understanding of the readers. Provides in-depth and updated information and analyses about microbial infection, antibiotics, and therapeutics, the consequence of antibiotic resistance, and the role of modern drug delivery for improving efficacy by the global leaders and experts from academia, industry, research institutes, and regulatory agencies Includes updated literature reviews, good quality illustrations, attractive flow charts, well-organized tables, etc., for attracting the attention of potential readers, and for ease of understanding the concepts and texts on the part of the readers Gives thorough insight into the comprehensive and up-to-date trends of antibiotic therapeutics and its mechanisms

Treating Infectious Diseases in a Microbial World

Treating Infectious Diseases in a Microbial World
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences,Committee on New Directions in the Study of Antimicrobial Therapeutics: Immunomodulation,Committee on New Directions in the Study of Antimicrobial Therapeutics: New Classes of Antimicrobials
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 102
Release: 2006-01-03
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 0309180686

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Humans coexist with millions of harmless microorganisms, but emerging diseases, resistance to antibiotics, and the threat of bioterrorism are forcing scientists to look for new ways to confront the microbes that do pose a danger. This report identifies innovative approaches to the development of antimicrobial drugs and vaccines based on a greater understanding of how the human immune system interacts with both good and bad microbes. The report concludes that the development of a single superdrug to fight all infectious agents is unrealistic.

Antimicrobial Stewardship

Antimicrobial Stewardship
Author: Céline Pulcini,Onder Ergonul,Füsun Can,Bojana Beović
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 394
Release: 2017-04-05
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128134610

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Antimicrobial Stewardship (AMS), Volume Two includes the experience of ESGAP workshops and courses on antibiotic stewardship since 2012. It combines clinical and laboratory information about AMS, with a focus on human medicine. The ESCMID study group on antibiotic policies (ESGAP) is one of the most productive groups in the field, organizing courses and workshops. This book is an ideal tool for the participants of these workshops. With short chapters (around 1500 words) written on different topics, the authors insisted on the following points: A ‘hands on’, practical approach, tips to increase success, a description of the most common mistakes, a global picture (out- and inpatient settings, all countries) and a short list of 10-20 landmark references. Focuses on the most recent antimicrobial stewardship strategies Provides a detailed description of laboratory support Offers a balanced synthesis of basic and clinical sciences for each individual case, presenting clinical courses of the cases in parallel with the pathogenesis and detailed microbiological information for each infection Describes the prevalence and incidence of the global issues and current therapeutic approaches Presents the measures for infection control

Nanostructures for Antimicrobial Therapy

Nanostructures for Antimicrobial Therapy
Author: Anton Ficai,Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 722
Release: 2017-05-29
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780323461511

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Nanostructures for Antimicrobial Therapy discusses the pros and cons of the use of nanostructured materials in the prevention and eradication of infections, highlighting the efficient microbicidal effect of nanoparticles against antibiotic-resistant pathogens and biofilms. Conventional antibiotics are becoming ineffective towards microorganisms due to their widespread and often inappropriate use. As a result, the development of antibiotic resistance in microorganisms is increasingly being reported. New approaches are needed to confront the rising issues related to infectious diseases. The merging of biomaterials, such as chitosan, carrageenan, gelatin, poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) with nanotechnology provides a promising platform for antimicrobial therapy as it provides a controlled way to target cells and induce the desired response without the adverse effects common to many traditional treatments. Nanoparticles represent one of the most promising therapeutic treatments to the problem caused by infectious micro-organisms resistant to traditional therapies. This volume discusses this promise in detail, and also discusses what challenges the greater use of nanoparticles might pose to medical professionals. The unique physiochemical properties of nanoparticles, combined with their growth inhibitory capacity against microbes has led to the upsurge in the research on nanoparticles as antimicrobials. The importance of bactericidal nanobiomaterials study will likely increase as development of resistant strains of bacteria against most potent antibiotics continues. Shows how nanoantibiotics can be used to more effectively treat disease Discusses the advantages and issues of a variety of different nanoantibiotics, enabling medics to select which best meets their needs Provides a cogent summary of recent developments in this field, allowing readers to quickly familiarize themselves with this topic area

The Use of Drugs in Food Animals

The Use of Drugs in Food Animals
Author: National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Food and Nutrition Board,Board on Agriculture,Committee on Drug Use in Food Animals,Panel on Animal Health, Food Safety, and Public Health
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 277
Release: 1999-02-12
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780309054348

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The use of drugs in food animal production has resulted in benefits throughout the food industry; however, their use has also raised public health safety concerns. The Use of Drugs in Food Animals provides an overview of why and how drugs are used in the major food-producing animal industriesâ€"poultry, dairy, beef, swine, and aquaculture. The volume discusses the prevalence of human pathogens in foods of animal origin. It also addresses the transfer of resistance in animal microbes to human pathogens and the resulting risk of human disease. The committee offers analysis and insight into these areas: Monitoring of drug residues. The book provides a brief overview of how the FDA and USDA monitor drug residues in foods of animal origin and describes quality assurance programs initiated by the poultry, dairy, beef, and swine industries. Antibiotic resistance. The committee reports what is known about this controversial problem and its potential effect on human health. The volume also looks at how drug use may be minimized with new approaches in genetics, nutrition, and animal management.

The Daschner Guide to In Hospital Antibiotic Therapy

The Daschner Guide to In Hospital Antibiotic Therapy
Author: Uwe Frank,Evelina Tacconelli
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2009-07-31
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783540483489

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It fits in every jacket pocket and provides a quick reference guide for all clinically active physicians in hospitals or doctor’s practices. With the nearly unmanageable number of antibiotics an up-to-date, clear-cut presentation is essential. In clear tables – sorted by substances, pathogens and indications – spectra and recommendations for dosages can be easily looked up. Special problems such as the use of antibiotics during pregnancy, in perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis, and for renal and hepatic insufficiency are also included. A guide for your daily work: handy, concise, and clear. Adjusted to European standards: Up-to-date substances, authorizations, resistances and trade names. The first guide to antibiotic therapy for Europe!

Antibiotics and Antibiosis in Agriculture

Antibiotics and Antibiosis in Agriculture
Author: M. Woodbine
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 396
Release: 2016-04-19
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781483162034

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Antibiotics and Antibiosis in Agriculture: With Special Reference to Synergism is a collection of papers dealing with the properties of penicillins, cephalosporins, sulfonamides, as well as the synergistic combinations of these and other antibacterial substances. One paper discusses issues regarding antibiotics such as the sufficiency of supply, the need for more and new antibiotics, and the period of obsolescence of antibiotics. Another paper explains the use of pairs of agents as synergic combinations, for example, novobiocin and tetracycline combined together as albamacyn T. Synergy types in chemotherapy includes those used in antibacterial, penetration, and internal synergies; the paper also notes that possible complications can arise from antibiotic interactions of drug synergies. Some papers discuss applications of antibiotics, antibiosis, stress effects, and food microbiology. These applications include the use of nisin, an antibiotic, as an aid in heat preservation of food. The use of starvation as a stress mechanism in a culture of Enterobacter aerogenes to accelerate exhaustion of glycerol, which the microorganisms need, lead to glycerol-deficiency related deaths. Other papers discuss the relationships of antibiotics and antibiosis to animals and animal feeds. This collection will benefit pharmacologists, bio-chemists, agriculturists, chemotherapists, veterinarians, and medical practitioners.

Antimicrobial Resistance

Antimicrobial Resistance
Author: World Health Organization
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 232
Release: 2014
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9241564741

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Summary report published as technical document with reference number: WHO/HSE/PED/AIP/2014.2.