Cultures of Antimilitarism

Cultures of Antimilitarism
Author: Thomas U. Berger
Publsiher: Johns Hopkins University Press
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2003-04-02
Genre: Political Science
ISBN: 0801872383

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In Cultures of Antimilitarism: National Security in Germany and Japan Thomas Berger analyzes the complex domestic and international political forces that brought about this unforeseen transformation.

Strategic Cultures and Security Policies in the Asia Pacific

Strategic Cultures and Security Policies in the Asia Pacific
Author: Jeffrey S. Lantis
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 234
Release: 2016-03-22
Genre: History
ISBN: 9781317554219

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This book shows how one of the most powerful tools of security studies—strategic culture—illuminates the origins and implications of the Asia-Pacific region’s difficult issues, from the rise of China and the American pivot, to the shifting calculations of many other actors. Strategic culture sometimes challenges and always enriches prevailing neo-realist presumptions about the region. It provides a bridge between material and ideational explanations of state behavior and helps capture the tension between neoclassical realist and constructivist approaches. The case studies in this book survey the role of strategic culture in the behaviors of Australia, China, Japan, the Philippines, South Korea and the United States. They show the contrast between structural expectations and cultural predispositions, as realist geopolitical security threats and opportunities interact with domestic elite and popular interpretation of historical narratives and distinctive political-military cultures to influence security policies. The concluding chapter devotes special attention to methodological issues at the heart of strategic cultural studies, as well as how culture may impact the potential for future conflict or cooperation in the region. The result is a body of work that helps deepen our understanding of strategic cultures in the Asia-Pacific in comparative perspective and enrich security studies. This bookw as published as a special issue of Contemporary Security Policy.

The Politics of Military Force

The Politics of Military Force
Author: Frank Stengel
Publsiher: University of Michigan Press
Total Pages: 292
Release: 2020-12-08
Genre: Political Science
ISBN: 9780472132218

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The Politics of Military Force examines the dynamics of discursive change that made participation in military operations possible against the background of German antimilitarist culture. Once considered a strict taboo, so-called out-of-area operations have now become widely considered by German policymakers to be without alternative. The book argues that an understanding of how certain policies are made possible (in this case, military operations abroad and force transformation), one needs to focus on processes of discursive change that result in different policy options appearing rational, appropriate, feasible, or even self-evident. Drawing on Essex School discourse theory, the book develops a theoretical framework to understand how discursive change works, and elaborates on how discursive change makes once unthinkable policy options not only acceptable but even without alternative. Based on a detailed discourse analysis of more than 25 years of German parliamentary debates, The Politics of Military Force provides an explanation for: (1) the emergence of a new hegemonic discourse in German security policy after the end of the Cold War (discursive change), (2) the rearticulation of German antimilitarism in the process (ideational change/norm erosion) and (3) the resulting making-possible of military operations and force transformation (policy change). In doing so, the book also demonstrates the added value of a poststructuralist approach compared to the naive realism and linear conceptions of norm change so prominent in the study of German foreign policy and International Relations more generally.

Reluctant Crusaders

Reluctant Crusaders
Author: Colin Dueck
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2008-03-17
Genre: Political Science
ISBN: 9781400827220

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In Reluctant Crusaders, Colin Dueck examines patterns of change and continuity in American foreign policy strategy by looking at four major turning points: the periods following World War I, World War II, the Cold War, and the 9/11 terrorist attacks. He shows how American cultural assumptions regarding liberal foreign policy goals, together with international pressures, have acted to push and pull U.S. policy in competing directions over time. The result is a book that combines an appreciation for the role of both power and culture in international affairs. The centerpiece of Dueck's book is his discussion of America's "grand strategy"--the identification and promotion of national goals overseas in the face of limited resources and potential resistance. One of the common criticisms of the Bush administration's grand strategy is that it has turned its back on a long-standing tradition of liberal internationalism in foreign affairs. But Dueck argues that these criticisms misinterpret America's liberal internationalist tradition. In reality, Bush's grand strategy since 9/11 has been heavily influenced by traditional American foreign policy assumptions. While liberal internationalists argue that the United States should promote an international system characterized by democratic governments and open markets, Dueck contends, these same internationalists tend to define American interests in broad, expansive, and idealistic terms, without always admitting the necessary costs and risks of such a grand vision. The outcome is often sweeping goals, pursued by disproportionately limited means.

The Samurai preparing for the Dragon s Attack Normative Drivers and Strategic Foundations of Japan s Security Cooperation with Australia and the United States

The Samurai preparing for the Dragon   s Attack  Normative Drivers and Strategic Foundations of Japan   s Security Cooperation with Australia and the United States
Author: Hauke Klevinghaus
Publsiher: Anchor Academic Publishing (aap_verlag)
Total Pages: 90
Release: 2014-02-01
Genre: Political Science
ISBN: 9783954895717

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The book offers an exploration and analysis of the ideational motives which drove the establishment of the ‘Trilateral Strategic Dialogue’ (TSD), a milestone defense framework that was concluded between Japan, Australia and the United States, in March 2006. Among realists the TSD was quickly identified as power-balancing of the three countries to counter a rising China. However, non-material reasons to establish a common forum for security cooperation are evident. Not only are the three allies democracies, but Japan, and especially Australia look back on decade-old alliances with the United States. Utilizing a constructivist approach, the author argues that the establishment of the TSD can be accounted for by a strongly perceived collective identity between the leaders of the three countries, constituted by shared norms and democratic values. The book sheds light on the normative drivers of the process, and assesses the impact of values by which the leaders of Japan, Australia and the United States mutually connected. It explains the normative mechanisms which led to a security relationship that would grow to unprecedented levels of intimacy. The book highlights the goals and objectives of the Trilateral Strategic Dialogue, and further, explains why South Korea, a democracy and ally of the United States, is not added to the framework. Moreover, the book outlines the role of the Trilateral Strategic Dialogue as one step in the greater strategy of the three governments to establish a community of democratic states in the Asia-Pacific.

Democratic Antimilitarism in Postwar Japan

Democratic Antimilitarism in Postwar Japan
Author: Benjamin A. Peters
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 326
Release: 2010
Genre: Japan
ISBN: OCLC:697773513

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Since 1947, Japan has maintained its "Peace Constitution" un-amended, a constitution that guarantees "the right to live in peace" (Preamble), outlaws "war as a sovereign right of the nation, " and prohibits the maintenance of "land, sea, and air forces, as well as other war potential" (Article 9). Since its adoption sixty-three years ago, no Japanese citizens have killed or been killed in war. In this work I examine the functioning, maintenance, and interpretation of the Constitution of Japan and establish the critical juncture during which the Japanese public came to embrace the values of democratic antimilitarism and incorporate them into their political collective identity and historical memory. In addition, I identify the analytic structure of contestation over the fate of the constitution in the postwar years, demonstrating the role that Japanese citizens have played in defending the constitution against government officials who advocate its revision.

Strategic Culture and Weapons of Mass Destruction

Strategic Culture and Weapons of Mass Destruction
Author: K. Kartchner,J. Johnson
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 285
Release: 2009-01-05
Genre: Political Science
ISBN: 9780230618305

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This book describes strategic culture and its value as a methodological approach to the study of International Relations. In particular, the book uses strategic culture to illuminate a number of case studies on countries that have made decisions regarding the acquisition, proliferation or use of weapons of mass destruction.

American Defense Policy

American Defense Policy
Author: Miriam Krieger,Lynne Chandler Garcia,Lynne M. Chandler Garcia,John Riley,Will Atkins
Publsiher: JHU Press
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2021-08-10
Genre: Political Science
ISBN: 9781421441474

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"Organized into three parts, the ninth edition traces the impact that societal changes and emerging technologies are having as force enablers, game changers, or disrupters of American defense policy"--