Introduction to Light Trapping in Solar Cell and Photo detector Devices

Introduction to Light Trapping in Solar Cell and Photo detector Devices
Author: Stephen Fonash
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 76
Release: 2014-09-15
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780124166370

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New Approaches to Light Trapping in Solar Cell Devices discusses in detail the use of photonic and plasmonic effects for light trapping in solar cells. It compares and contrasts texturing, the current method of light-trapping design in solar cells, with emerging approaches employing photonic and plasmonic phenomena. These new light trapping methods reduce the amount of absorber required in a solar cell, promising significant cost reduction and efficiency. This book highlights potential advantages of photonics and plasmonics and describes design optimization using computer modeling of these approaches. Its discussion of ultimate efficiency possibilities in solar cells is grounded in a review of the Shockley-Queisser analysis; this includes an in-depth examination of recent analyses building on that seminal work.

Coatings to Improve Optoelectronic Devices

Coatings to Improve Optoelectronic Devices
Author: Selected Articles Published by MDPI
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 172
Release: 2020-04-09
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783039283347

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This selection is focused on coatings and films with applications in optoelectronics, such as photovoltaics, photocatalysis, and light-based sensors and phenomena. The studies investigate the optimal composition, crystalline structure, and morphology to deliver the different functionalities sought. Obtaining transparent p-type electrodes is challenging but extremely relevant in optoelectronics. Electric conduction mechanisms and the correlations with structure and doping are discussed. The important issue of the degradation pathways in perovskite-based solar cells and the possibilities offered by different types of coatings to encapsulate the devices as well as the beneficial effect of silica coating as an antireflection and antisoiling layer on well-established solar cells are discussed. New designs of nanoplasmonic films for chemical and biological molecule sensing are reviewed, such as the combination of metallic nanoparticles and nanostructured semiconductors and dispersing metallic or bi-metallic nanoparticles in CuO films. The impacts of structure, defects, and morphology on the photoactivated properties of WO3 films and on the shape memory behavior in Cu–Al–Ni thin films are discussed. Aggregated TiO2 nanoparticles on TiO2 layers are shown to enhance optical transmittance and confer a superhydrophilic characteristic. Finally, aspects of the fundamental characterization of thin films, Drude damping in thin films, and laser-induced deflection technique are discussed.

Solar Cells and Light Management

Solar Cells and Light Management
Author: Francesco Enrichi,Giancarlo Righini
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 556
Release: 2019-10-29
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780081028735

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Solar Cells and Light Management: Materials, Strategies and Sustainability provides an extensive review on the latest advances in PV materials, along with light management strategies for better exploiting the solar spectrum. Following a brief review of the current status of solar cells, the book discusses different concepts, principles and technologies for solar devices, starting with standard silicon cells and then covering organic-hybrid, DSSC, perovskite, quantum dots and nanostructured oxide solar cells. Other sections focus on light manipulation and spectral modification, materials for spectral conversion, and environmental and sustainably considerations. An emergy analysis, which is an extension of the Life Cycle Assessment methodology, is applied to the study of solar PV systems, thus allowing for effective integrated indicators. Provides a comprehensive picture of light management strategies Features the most recent advances in the field, including novel materials and advanced solar cell technologies Presents a resource that is applicable to both new or experienced researchers in the field Contains a section on environmental and sustainability issues

Fundamentals of Solar Cell Design

Fundamentals of Solar Cell Design
Author: Inamuddin,Mohd Imran Ahamed,Rajender Boddula,Mashallah Rezakazemi
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 578
Release: 2021-08-24
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781119724704

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Solar cells are semiconductor devices that convert light photons into electricity in photovoltaic energy conversion and can help to overcome the global energy crisis. Solar cells have many applications including remote area power systems, earth-orbiting satellites, wristwatches, water pumping, photodetectors and remote radiotelephones. Solar cell technology is economically feasible for commercial-scale power generation. While commercial solar cells exhibit good performance and stability, still researchers are looking at many ways to improve the performance and cost of solar cells via modulating the fundamental properties of semiconductors. Solar cell technology is the key to a clean energy future. Solar cells directly harvest energy from the sun’s light radiation into electricity are in an ever-growing demand for future global energy production. Solar cell-based energy harvesting has attracted worldwide attention for their notable features, such as cheap renewable technology, scalable, lightweight, flexibility, versatility, no greenhouse gas emission, environment, and economy friendly and operational costs are quite low compared to other forms of power generation. Thus, solar cell technology is at the forefront of renewable energy technologies which are used in telecommunications, power plants, small devices to satellites. Aiming at large-scale implementation can be manipulated by various types used in solar cell design and exploration of new materials towards improving performance and reducing cost. Therefore, in-depth knowledge about solar cell design is fundamental for those who wish to apply this knowledge and understanding in industries and academics. This book provides a comprehensive overview on solar cells and explores the history to evolution and present scenarios of solar cell design, classification, properties, various semiconductor materials, thin films, wafer-scale, transparent solar cells, and so on. It also includes solar cells’ characterization analytical tools, theoretical modeling, practices to enhance conversion efficiencies, applications and patents.

Surfaces and Interfaces for Renewable Energy

Surfaces and Interfaces for Renewable Energy
Author: Francisco Manzano-Agugliaro,Aránzazu Fernández-García
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 108
Release: 2020-02-05
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783039281282

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Environmental problems derived from the massive use of conventional energy resources are one of the main issues that our society has been facing in recent decades. Renewable energies (and particularly solar energy) have become a highly competitive means to meet the world’s increasing energy demands in a sustainable and clean manner. One of the key research challenges for the commercial deployment of several solar energy technologies is focused on the development of feasible and durable coatings that withstand appropriate optical and thermal performance over the lifetime of the solar facilities. This book addresses a number of relevant aspects related to coatings for renewable energies, including a deep survey of coatings used in photovoltaic solar energy, the development of a superhydrophobic and thermal stable silica coating that is potentially suitable for various industrial applications related to renewable technologies, the development of coatings to improve the resistance of structural materials used in concentrating solar thermal technologies with molten salts, and several research works related to solar reflectors for concentrating solar thermal technologies (such us the advanced analysis of the corrosion, the suitability of anti-soiling coatings, and the development of top protective coatings for high-temperature secondary concentrators).

Wide Bandgap Semiconductor Materials and Devices 16

Wide Bandgap Semiconductor Materials and Devices 16
Author: S. Jang,K. Shenai,G. W. Hunter,F. Ren,C. O’Dwyer,K. Mishra
Publsiher: The Electrochemical Society
Total Pages: 347
Release: 2015
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 9781607685913

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Glass Micro and Nanospheres

Glass Micro  and Nanospheres
Author: Giancarlo C. Righini
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2019-08-15
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781351358415

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This book summarizes the recent research and development in the field of glass micro- and nanospheres. With special focus on the physics of spherical whispering-gallery mode resonators, it presents selected examples of application of glass microspheres in biosensing, laser devices, and microwave engineering. Hollow microspheres also offer a perspective for hydrogen transport and storage. On the other hand, glass nanospheres are fundamental for a class of photonic crystals (e.g., direct and inverse opals), as well as for industrial composite materials. Both micro- and nanospheres find important applications in biomedicine. The book highlights examples of preparation techniques and applications, addresses recent challenges, and examines potential solutions. It addresses physicists, chemists, materials scientists, and engineers, working with glass materials on microcavities, on nanotechnologies, and on their applications.

Proceedings of ICACTCE 23 The International Conference on Advances in Communication Technology and Computer Engineering

Proceedings of ICACTCE 23     The International Conference on Advances in Communication Technology and Computer Engineering
Author: Celestine Iwendi,Zakaria Boulouard,Natalia Kryvinska
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 744
Release: 2023-10-25
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783031371646

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Today, communication technology and computer engineering are intertwined, with advances in one field driving advances in the other, leading to the development of outstanding technologies. This book delves into the latest trends and breakthroughs in the areas of communication, Internet of things, cloud computing, big data, artificial intelligence, and machine learning. This book discusses challenges and opportunities that arise with the integration of communication technology and computer engineering. In addition, the book examines the ethical and social implications, including issues related to privacy, security, and digital divide and law. We have explored the future direction of these fields and the potential for further breakthroughs and innovations. The book is intended for a broad audience of undergraduate and graduate students, practicing engineers, and readers without a technical background who have an interest in learning about communication technology and computer engineering.