Mitochondrial Metabolism

Mitochondrial Metabolism
Author: Jalal Pourahmad,Mohsen Rezaei
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 316
Release: 2021-07-28
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128224090

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Mitochondrial Metabolism: An Approach for Disease Management covers mitotherapy from three combined perspectives, Pharmacology, Toxicology and Biochemistry. After an introduction from world-renowned experts, the book's chapters cover the balancing role in reduction/oxidation mitochondria play, mitochondria as targets for therapeutics through its metabolism, mitochondrial contributions to the cell death process, mitochondrial response to environmental toxicants, the mitochondrial role in aging, the impact of calorie restrictive diets, new advances in the identification of altered mitochondria associated signaling pathways in carcinogenesis, and much more. This book provides bioscientists new horizons to realize the importance of mitochondria in present-day research on therapies dealing with mitochondria associated chronic diseases, including diabetes, cancer and neurodegenerative disorders. Details the significant role of mitochondria in chronic diseases Presents new insights on the targeting of mitochondria for therapeutic purposes Includes updated results on mitotherapy and other mitochondria-oriented therapies

Mitochondrial Medicine

Mitochondrial Medicine
Author: Anna Gvozdjáková
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 409
Release: 2008-02-01
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781402067143

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Mitochondrial medicine deals with diseases that are related to mitochondrial dysfunction due to a number of causes from free radical damage to genetic mutation. This book is based on extensive data gathered over 30 years of clinical and experimental research. In it, internationally recognized authors share their experience in various fields of their expertise and guide readers through the disease process, from basic biochemical mechanisms to diagnosis to therapeutic aspects.

Mitochondrial Dysfunction

Mitochondrial Dysfunction
Author: Lawrence H. Lash,Dean P. Jones
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 528
Release: 2013-10-22
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781483218618

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Methods in Toxicology, Volume 2: Mitochondrial Dysfunction provides a source of methods, techniques, and experimental approaches for studying the role of abnormal mitochondrial function in cell injury. The book discusses the methods for the preparation and basic functional assessment of mitochondria from liver, kidney, muscle, and brain; the methods for assessing mitochondrial dysfunction in vivo and in intact organs; and the structural aspects of mitochondrial dysfunction are addressed. The text also describes chemical detoxification and metabolism as well as specific metabolic reactions that are especially important targets or indicators of damage. The methods for measurement of alterations in fatty acid and phospholipid metabolism and for the analysis and manipulation of oxidative injury and antioxidant systems are also considered. The book further tackles additional methods on mitochondrial energetics and transport processes; approaches for assessing impaired function of mitochondria; and genetic and developmental aspects of mitochondrial disease and toxicology. The text also looks into mitochondrial DNA synthesis, covalent binding to mitochondrial DNA, DNA repair, and mitochondrial dysfunction in the context of developing individuals and cellular differentiation. Microbiologists, toxicologists, biochemists, and molecular pharmacologists will find the book invaluable.

Mitochondria in Health and Diseases

Mitochondria in Health and Diseases
Author: Sabzali Javadov,Andrey V. Kozlov,Amadou K.S. Camara
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 434
Release: 2020
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 3039363859

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Mitochondria are subcellular organelles evolved by the endosymbiosis of bacteria with eukaryotic cells. They are the main source of ATP in the cell and engaged in other aspects of cell metabolism and cell function, including the regulation of ion homeostasis, cell growth, redox status, and cell signaling. Due to their central role in cell life and death, mitochondria are also involved in the pathogenesis and progression of human diseases/conditions, including neurodegenerative and cardiovascular disorders, cancer, diabetes, inflammation, and aging. However, despite the increasing number of studies, precise mechanisms whereby mitochondria are involved in the regulation of basic physiological functions, as well as their role in the cell under pathophysiological conditions, remain unknown. A lack of in-depth knowledge of the regulatory mechanisms of mitochondrial metabolism and function, as well as interplay between the factors that transform the organelle from its role in pro-survival to pro-death, have hindered the development of new mitochondria-targeted pharmacological and conditional approaches for the treatment of human diseases. This book highlights the latest achievements in elucidating the role of mitochondria under physiological conditions, in various cell/animal models of human diseases, and in patients.

Cancer as a Metabolic Disease

Cancer as a Metabolic Disease
Author: Thomas Seyfried
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 482
Release: 2012-05-18
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781118310304

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The book addresses controversies related to the origins of cancer and provides solutions to cancer management and prevention. It expands upon Otto Warburg's well-known theory that all cancer is a disease of energy metabolism. However, Warburg did not link his theory to the "hallmarks of cancer" and thus his theory was discredited. This book aims to provide evidence, through case studies, that cancer is primarily a metabolic disease requring metabolic solutions for its management and prevention. Support for this position is derived from critical assessment of current cancer theories. Brain cancer case studies are presented as a proof of principle for metabolic solutions to disease management, but similarities are drawn to other types of cancer, including breast and colon, due to the same cellular mutations that they demonstrate.

Mitochondria in Health and Diseases

Mitochondria in Health and Diseases
Author: Sabzali Javadov,Andrey V Kozlov,Amadou K S Camara
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 434
Release: 2020-09-04
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 3039363840

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Mitochondria are subcellular organelles evolved by the endosymbiosis of bacteria with eukaryotic cells. They are the main source of ATP in the cell and engaged in other aspects of cell metabolism and cell function, including the regulation of ion homeostasis, cell growth, redox status, and cell signaling. Due to their central role in cell life and death, mitochondria are also involved in the pathogenesis and progression of human diseases/conditions, including neurodegenerative and cardiovascular disorders, cancer, diabetes, inflammation, and aging. However, despite the increasing number of studies, precise mechanisms whereby mitochondria are involved in the regulation of basic physiological functions, as well as their role in the cell under pathophysiological conditions, remain unknown. A lack of in-depth knowledge of the regulatory mechanisms of mitochondrial metabolism and function, as well as interplay between the factors that transform the organelle from its role in pro-survival to pro-death, have hindered the development of new mitochondria-targeted pharmacological and conditional approaches for the treatment of human diseases. This book highlights the latest achievements in elucidating the role of mitochondria under physiological conditions, in various cell/animal models of human diseases, and in patients.

Mitochondrial Medicine

Mitochondrial Medicine
Author: Salvatore DiMauro,Michio Hirano,Eric A. Schon
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2006-04-19
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 1842142887

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Mitochondrial dysfunction is increasingly being recognized as the basis of a wide variety of human diseases. Providing an authoritative update on our current knowledge of mitochondrial medicine, this text draws together world authorities from various fields to present general therapeutic strategies, as well as the treatments presently available in different specialties - thus making it essential reading for clinicians involved with the management of patients with mitochondrial diseases. A unique work, this text covers a range of specialties, including cardiology, ophthalmology, otology, nephrology, gastroenterology, hematology-oncology, and reproductive medicine, and does not focus exclusively on the more commonly known neurologic conditions. An accessible, user-friendly text, it also presents translational concepts of mitochondrial biogenesis and genetics in vignettes related to specific questions raised by the disease under discussion, rather than concentrating on basic science, which can often intimidate clinicians. This pioneering work is primarily directed to a clinical audience who are interested in the diverse and diagnostically challenging clinical presentations of mitochondrial diseases and their pathophysiology.

Reviews on New Drug Targets in Age Related Disorders

Reviews on New Drug Targets in Age Related Disorders
Author: Paul C. Guest
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 274
Release: 2021-03-16
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783030550356

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Aging is an inevitable part of life, and is becoming a worldwide social, economic and health problem due to the fact that an increasing proportion of individuals in the advanced age category have a higher probability of developing age-related disorders. New therapeutic approaches are still in need to decrease or slow the effects of such diseases in this aging society. Advances in ‘omic technologies such as genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics have significantly advanced our understanding of diseases in multiple medical areas. It is hoped that emerging hits from these analyses might be prioritized for further screening as potential novel drug targets for increasing the human healthspan in line with the lifespan, which will in turn lead to new therapeutic strategies and drug development projects by the pharmaceutical industry. This new book presents a series of reviews describing studies which have resulted in the identification of potential new drug targets for age-related disorders. Much of this information has come from ‘omic comparisons of healthy and disease states or from testing the effects of potential new therapeutic approaches. Each chapter will be presented in the context of specific chronic diseases or different therapeutic strategies, providing important information on disease mechanisms related to the aging process. This book will be of interest to researchers in the areas of aging and chronic disease, as well as clinical scientists, physicians, and major drug companies. With contributors from Australia, Brazil, Canada, France, Germany, India, Iran, Iraq, South Africa, South Korea, Thailand, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States of America, Uruguay and Vietnam, this is a timely follow up to Guest’s previous book Reviews on New Drug Targets in Age-Related Disorders.