Neuroeconomics

Neuroeconomics
Author: Paul W. Glimcher,Ernst Fehr
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 560
Release: 2013-08-13
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9780123914699

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In the years since it first published, Neuroeconomics: Decision Making and the Brain has become the standard reference and textbook in the burgeoning field of neuroeconomics. The second edition, a nearly complete revision of this landmark book, will set a new standard. This new edition features five sections designed to serve as both classroom-friendly introductions to each of the major subareas in neuroeconomics, and as advanced synopses of all that has been accomplished in the last two decades in this rapidly expanding academic discipline. The first of these sections provides useful introductions to the disciplines of microeconomics, the psychology of judgment and decision, computational neuroscience, and anthropology for scholars and students seeking interdisciplinary breadth. The second section provides an overview of how human and animal preferences are represented in the mammalian nervous systems. Chapters on risk, time preferences, social preferences, emotion, pharmacology, and common neural currencies—each written by leading experts—lay out the foundations of neuroeconomic thought. The third section contains both overview and in-depth chapters on the fundamentals of reinforcement learning, value learning, and value representation. The fourth section, “The Neural Mechanisms for Choice, integrates what is known about the decision-making architecture into state-of-the-art models of how we make choices. The final section embeds these mechanisms in a larger social context, showing how these mechanisms function during social decision-making in both humans and animals. The book provides a historically rich exposition in each of its chapters and emphasizes both the accomplishments and the controversies in the field. A clear explanatory style and a single expository voice characterize all chapters, making core issues in economics, psychology, and neuroscience accessible to scholars from all disciplines. The volume is essential reading for anyone interested in neuroeconomics in particular or decision making in general. Editors and contributing authors are among the acknowledged experts and founders in the field, making this the authoritative reference for neuroeconomics Suitable as an advanced undergraduate or graduate textbook as well as a thorough reference for active researchers Introductory chapters on economics, psychology, neuroscience, and anthropology provide students and scholars from any discipline with the keys to understanding this interdisciplinary field Detailed chapters on subjects that include reinforcement learning, risk, inter-temporal choice, drift-diffusion models, game theory, and prospect theory make this an invaluable reference Published in association with the Society for Neuroeconomics—www.neuroeconomics.org Full-color presentation throughout with numerous carefully selected illustrations to highlight key concepts

Decisions Uncertainty and the Brain

Decisions  Uncertainty  and the Brain
Author: Paul W. Glimcher
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 404
Release: 2004-09-17
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 0262572273

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In this provocative book, Paul Glimcher argues that economic theory may provide an alternative to the classical Cartesian model of the brain and behavior. Glimcher argues that Cartesian dualism operates from the false premise that the reflex is able to describe behavior in the real world that animals inhabit. A mathematically rich cognitive theory, he claims, could solve the most difficult problems that any environment could present, eliminating the need for dualism by eliminating the need for a reflex theory. Such a mathematically rigorous description of the neural processes that connect sensation and action, he explains, will have its roots in microeconomic theory. Economic theory allows physiologists to define both the optimal course of action that an animal might select and a mathematical route by which that optimal solution can be derived. Glimcher outlines what an economics-based cognitive model might look like and how one would begin to test it empirically. Along the way, he presents a fascinating history of neuroscience. He also discusses related questions about determinism, free will, and the stochastic nature of complex behavior.

Neuroeconomics

Neuroeconomics
Author: Martin Reuter,Christian Montag
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 511
Release: 2016-10-06
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9783642359231

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This book represents one of the cornerstones of the series Studies in Neuroscience, Psychology and Behavioral Economics. It is divided into eight sections, starting with an introduction to neuroeconomics followed by an overview of frequently applied experimental paradigms (games) in neuroeconomics research. Furthermore, it addresses the molecular basis of human decision making, environmental/situational factors and social contexts influencing human decision making, as well as translational and developmental/clinical approaches to neuroeconomics. In closing, a paper on neuro-marketing demonstrates how knowledge from neuroeconomics research can be applied in “real life.” Culminating in an extensive methods section, in which eight different neuroscience techniques are introduced, the book offers an essential resource for researchers and practitioners, and may also be beneficial for graduate students.

Neuroeconomics

Neuroeconomics
Author: Peter Politser
Publsiher: OUP USA
Total Pages: 234
Release: 2008-03-12
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9780195305821

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An introduction to the burgeoning field of neuroeconomics, this book brings together the essential concepts the discipline draws on from psychology, neuroscience and economics.

Foundations of Neuroeconomic Analysis

Foundations of Neuroeconomic Analysis
Author: Paul W. Glimcher
Publsiher: OUP USA
Total Pages: 488
Release: 2011
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780199744251

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Neuroeconomics has emerged at the border of the social and natural sciences. This book argues that a meaningful interdisciplinary synthesis of the study of human and animal choice is not only desirable, but also well underway, and so it is time to develop formally a foundational approach for the field.

Social Neuroeconomics

Social Neuroeconomics
Author: Jens Harbecke,Carsten Herrmann-Pillath
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 276
Release: 2020-09-23
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9781000097504

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Neuroeconomics has emerged as a paradigmatic field where neuroscience and the social sciences are integrated in one analytical and empirical approach. However, the different disciplines involved often only relate to each other via the shared object of research, and less through the constructing of precise models of integrative mechanisms. Social Neuroeconomics explores the potential of philosophical and methodological reflections in the neurosciences and the social sciences to inform those efforts at cross-disciplinary integration, with a special focus on recent contributions to mechanistic explanations. The collected essays are drawn from the fields of neuroscience, psychology, economics, sociology and philosophy, and examine the ways and methods of constructing unified conceptual frameworks that can guide empirical work and hypothesis building. This is demonstrated in a range of applications, particularly regarding finance and consumer behavior. The concept of the ‘social brain’ is also explored; a multilevel framework in which complex analytical categories such as emotions or socially mediated cognitive processes connect neuronal and social phenomena in specific mechanisms that generate behavior. This book addresses a wide audience across the various disciplines, reaching from the neurosciences to the social sciences and philosophy.

Vigor

Vigor
Author: Reza Shadmehr,Alaa A. Ahmed
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 369
Release: 2020-07-21
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780262358705

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An examination of the link between the vigor with which we move and the value that the brain assigns to the goal of the movement. Why do we reflexively run toward people we love, but only walk toward others? In Vigor, Reza Shadmehr and Alaa Ahmed examine the link between how the brain assigns value to things and how it controls our movements. They find that brain regions thought to be principally involved in decision making also affect movement vigor--and that brain regions thought to be principally responsible for movement also bias patterns of decision making.

Neuroeconomics

Neuroeconomics
Author: Laurie R. Santos,Michael L. Platt
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 560
Release: 2013-08-13
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128073148

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In this chapter we discuss why behavioral studies of irrational biases in non-human primates are important for the field of neuroeconomics. We begin with a review of how behavioral work on choice biases in monkeys is important for understanding the nature of human choice errors. We then provide an introduction to the primate cognition approach, including a short overview of the organization of the primate order. We then briefly review the ecology and cognition of two primate species standardly used as models of human irrational decision making — brown capuchins and rhesus macaques. We next discuss empirical studies demonstrating that monkeys show human-like irrational errors in three of the classic situations in which human participants fall prey to biases: monkeys exhibit framing effects in risky decisions, they show endowment effects, and they are averse to ambiguous outcomes. We conclude our chapter with a discussion of how future work in neuroeconomics can capitalize on these new behavioral findings in monkeys.