Stable Isotope Ecology

Stable Isotope Ecology
Author: Brian Fry
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 308
Release: 2007-01-15
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780387337456

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A solid introduction to stable isotopes that can also be used as an instructive review for more experienced researchers and professionals. The book approaches the use of isotopes from the perspective of ecological and biological research, but its concepts can be applied within other disciplines. A novel, step-by-step spreadsheet modeling approach is also presented for circulating tracers in any ecological system, including any favorite system an ecologist might dream up while sitting at a computer. The author’s humorous and lighthearted style painlessly imparts the principles of isotope ecology. The online material contains color illustrations, spreadsheet models, technical appendices, and problems and answers.

Stable Isotopes in Ecology and Environmental Science

Stable Isotopes in Ecology and Environmental Science
Author: Robert Michener,Kate Lajtha
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 592
Release: 2008-04-15
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780470691175

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This book highlights new and emerging uses of stable isotope analysis in a variety of ecological disciplines. While the use of natural abundance isotopes in ecological research is now relatively standard, new techniques and ways of interpreting patterns are developing rapidly. The second edition of this book provides a thorough, up-to-date examination of these methods of research. As part of the Ecological Methods and Concepts series which provides the latest information on experimental techniques in ecology, this book looks at a wide range of techniques that use natural abundance isotopes to: follow whole ecosystem element cycling understand processes of soil organic matter formation follow the movement of water in whole watersheds understand the effects of pollution in both terrestrial and aquatic environments study extreme systems such as hydrothermal vents follow migrating organisms In each case, the book explains the background to the methodology, looks at the underlying principles and assumptions, and outlines the potential limitations and pitfalls. Stable Isotopes in Ecology and Environmental Science is an ideal resource for both ecologists who are new to isotopic analysis, and more experienced isotope ecologists interested in innovative techniques and pioneering new uses.

Stable Isotopes as Indicators of Ecological Change

Stable Isotopes as Indicators of Ecological Change
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 436
Release: 2011-09-21
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780080551005

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The 20th century has experienced environmental changes that appear to be unprecedented in their rate and magnitude during the Earth’s history. For the first time, Stable Isotopes as Indicators of Ecological Change brings together a wide range of perspectives and data that speak directly to the issues of ecological change using stable isotope tracers. The information presented originates from a range of biological and geochemical sources and from research fields within biological, climatological and physical disciplines covering time-scales from days to centuries. Unlike any other reference, editors discuss where isotope data can detect, record, trace and help to interpret environmental change. Provides researchers with groundbreaking data on how to predict the terrestrial ecosystems response to the ongoing rapid alterations Reveals how ecosystems have responded to environmental and biotic fluctuations in the past Includes examples from research by a wide range of biological and physical scientists who are using isotopic records to both detect and interpret environmental change

Tracking Animal Migration with Stable Isotopes

Tracking Animal Migration with Stable Isotopes
Author: Keith A. Hobson,Leonard I. Wassenaar
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 268
Release: 2018-09-13
Genre: Nature
ISBN: 9780128147245

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Tracking Animal Migration with Stable Isotopes, Second Edition, provides a complete introduction to new and powerful isotopic tools and applications that track animal migration, reviewing where isotope tracers fit in the modern toolbox of tracking methods. The book provides background information on a broad range of migration scenarios in terrestrial and aquatic systems and summarizes the most cutting-edge developments in the field that are revolutionizing the way migrant individuals and populations are assigned to their true origins. It allows undergraduates, graduate students and non-specialist scientists to adopt and apply isotopes to migration research, and also serves as a useful reference for scientists. The new edition thoroughly updates the information available to the reader on current applications of this technique and provides new tools for the isotopic assignment of individuals to origins, including geostatistical multi-isotope approaches and the ways in which researchers can combine isotopes with routine data in a Bayesian framework to provide best estimates of animal origins. Four new chapters include contributions on applications to the movements of terrestrial mammals, with particular emphasis on how aspects of animal physiology can influence stable isotope values. Includes an animal physiology component that is an in-depth overview of the cautions and caveats related to this technique Covers marine and aquatic isoscapes and methods to track marine organisms for researchers trying to apply isotopic tracking to animals in these environments Features state-of-the-art statistical treatments for assignment and combining diverse datasets

Stable Isotopes

Stable Isotopes
Author: H. Griffiths
Publsiher: Garland Science
Total Pages: 532
Release: 2020-08-18
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781000144635

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In this authoritative review, leading international researchers explore the growing range of applications of stable isotope techniques for probing and integrating biological processes and palaeoclimatic cycles. The interdisciplinary approach covers a wide range of issues, opportunities and developments, setting interactions with plants in the context of water and nutrient cycles, exchanges with the atmosphere and modelling past and present climate change. This important book will appeal to those requiring an overview of the use of stable isotopes in aquatic, terrestrial and climatic processes and is in tune with current global concerns. In addition postgraduates and research scientists will find an extensive guide to more specialist disciplines, including developing mass spectrometer technologies, compound-specific and cellular-discrimination processes or whole organism and ecosystem responses.

Stable Isotopes and Biosphere Atmosphere Interactions

Stable Isotopes and Biosphere   Atmosphere Interactions
Author: Lawrence B Flanagan,James R. Ehleringer,Diane E Pataki
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2004-12-15
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780080525280

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The emerging multidisciplinary field of earth system science sets out to improve our understanding functioning ecosystems, at a global level across the entire planet. Stable Isotopes and Biosphere - Atmosphere Interactions looks to one of its most powerful tools — the application of stable isotope analyses — to understanding biosphere-atmosphere exchange of the greenhouse gases, and synthesizes much of the recent progress in this work. Stable Isotopes and Biosphere - Atmosphere Interactions describes recent progress in understanding the mechanisms, processes and applications of new techniques. It makes a significant contribution to the emerging, multidisciplinary study of the Earth as an interacting system. This book will be an important reference for students and researchers in biology, ecology, biogeochemistry, meteorology, and atmospheric science and will be invaluable for anyone with any interest in the future of the planet. Describes applications of new stable isotope techniques to the emerging fields of earth system science and global change Illustrates advances in scaling of physiological processes from leaf/soil to the global scale Contains state-of-the-art, critical reviews written by international researchers and experts

A Primer on Stable Isotopes in Ecology

A Primer on Stable Isotopes in Ecology
Author: Francesca Cotrufo,Yamina Pressler
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 129
Release: 2023-09-05
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780192596703

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In the past few decades, the field of ecology has made huge advancements thanks to stable isotopes. Ecologists need to understand the principles of stable isotopes to fully appreciate many studies in their discipline. Ecologists also need to be aware of isotopic approaches to enrich their “toolbox” for further advancing the discipline. A Primer on Stable Isotopes in Ecology is a concise and foundational resource for anyone interested in acquiring theoretical and practical knowledge for the application of stable isotopes in ecology. Readers will gain a more in-depth and complete knowledge of stable isotopes and explore isotopic methods used in ecological research, learning about stable isotope definitions, measurement, ecological processes, and applications in research. Chapters include in-depth descriptions of stable isotopes and their notation, isotope fractionation, isotope mixing, heavy isotope enrichment, and quantification methods by mass spectrometry and laser spectroscopy. The text guides readers to think "isotopically” to better understand research conducted using stable isotopes. The book also provides basic practical skills and activities to apply stable isotope methods in ecological research. It includes 5 activities through which readers can apply their knowledge to real-world problems and improve their skills for interpreting and using stable isotopes in ecological research. This book is designed for students and scientists from different backgrounds who share the common interest in stable isotopes.

Stable Isotopes and Plant Carbon Water Relations

Stable Isotopes and Plant Carbon Water Relations
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 555
Release: 2012-12-02
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780080918013

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This 33-chapter volume presents a critical examination of the importance of stable isotopes in understanding key plant metabolic processes. Carbon isotope analyses for estimates of plant water use and metabolism Integrated estimates of stress impacts and life history in ecological systems Hydrogen and oxygen isotope analyses for evaluating water sources and transpiration Use of stable isotopes in scaling from leaf to global levels Sections include: History and Theoretical Considerations, Ecological Aspects of Carbon Isotope Variation, Agricultural Aspects of Carbon Isotope Variation, Genetics and Isotopic Variation, Water Relations and Isotopic Composition