The Critical Assessment of Research

The Critical Assessment of Research
Author: Alan Bailin,Ann Grafstein
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 132
Release: 2010-02-12
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
ISBN: 9781780630274

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This book examines the following factors: sponsorship of research, control of the dissemination of research, effects of dominant research paradigms, financial interests of authors, publishers, and editors, role of new technologies (for example, Web 2.0). It is widely accepted among researchers and educators that the peer review process, the reputation of the publisher and examination of the author's credentials are the gold standards for assessing the quality of research and information. However, the traditional gold standards are not sufficient, and the effective evaluation of information requires the consideration of additional factors. Controversies about positive evaluations of new medications that appear in peer-reviewed journals, the financial reports on Enron prior to the revelations that led to its collapse, and obstacles to the publication of research that does not conform to dominant paradigms are just a few examples that indicate the need for a more sophisticated and nuanced approach to evaluating information. Each of the factors is discussed in a factual manner, supported by many examples that illustrate not only the nature of the issues but also their complexity. Practical suggestions for the evaluation of information are an integral part of the text. Highlights frequently overlooked criteria for evaluating research Challenges the assumption that the gold standards for evaluation are sufficient Examines the role of new technologies in evaluating and disseminating research

Toward a Critical Inclusive Assessment Practice for Library Instruction

Toward a Critical Inclusive Assessment Practice for Library Instruction
Author: Lyda Fontes McCartin,Rachel Dineen
Publsiher: Library Juice Press
Total Pages: 162
Release: 2018-09
Genre: Education
ISBN: 1634000358

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"Offers academic librarians practical, and actionable, strategies for critical assessment of teaching and student learning"--Provided by publisher.

Finding What Works in Health Care

Finding What Works in Health Care
Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Care Services,Committee on Standards for Systematic Reviews of Comparative Effectiveness Research
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 267
Release: 2011-07-20
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780309164252

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Healthcare decision makers in search of reliable information that compares health interventions increasingly turn to systematic reviews for the best summary of the evidence. Systematic reviews identify, select, assess, and synthesize the findings of similar but separate studies, and can help clarify what is known and not known about the potential benefits and harms of drugs, devices, and other healthcare services. Systematic reviews can be helpful for clinicians who want to integrate research findings into their daily practices, for patients to make well-informed choices about their own care, for professional medical societies and other organizations that develop clinical practice guidelines. Too often systematic reviews are of uncertain or poor quality. There are no universally accepted standards for developing systematic reviews leading to variability in how conflicts of interest and biases are handled, how evidence is appraised, and the overall scientific rigor of the process. In Finding What Works in Health Care the Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommends 21 standards for developing high-quality systematic reviews of comparative effectiveness research. The standards address the entire systematic review process from the initial steps of formulating the topic and building the review team to producing a detailed final report that synthesizes what the evidence shows and where knowledge gaps remain. Finding What Works in Health Care also proposes a framework for improving the quality of the science underpinning systematic reviews. This book will serve as a vital resource for both sponsors and producers of systematic reviews of comparative effectiveness research.

The Pocket Guide to Critical Appraisal

The Pocket Guide to Critical Appraisal
Author: Iain K. Crombie
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 164
Release: 2022-06-20
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781119835240

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This second edition of the popular guide to critical appraisal is a fully updated revision of the previous edition. Written in the same easily accessible style, The Pocket Guide to Critical Appraisal now provides annotated checklists of the most common research designs. Consistent with recent developments in evidence-based medicine, these checklists distinguish between the risk of bias in the conduct of published studies and the value of the findings for healthcare delivery. Five new chapters have been added and the original chapters have been rewritten, making the new edition a complete and concise guide for the evaluation of research quality. In addition to the checklists, the book also: describes how to quickly identify the information needed for the critical appraisal provides simple explanations of statistical significance and the interpretation of confidence intervals reviews the major sources of bias and their impact on research findings explains how to summarise the risk of bias outlines the concept of certainty of evidence and how to calculate it identifies the challenges in assessing the value of research findings The Pocket Guide to Critical Appraisal is an essential guide for all health professions and students who read research papers and use their findings.

Handbook of EHealth Evaluation

Handbook of EHealth Evaluation
Author: Francis Yin Yee Lau,Craig Kuziemsky
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 487
Release: 2016-11
Genre: Medical care
ISBN: 1550586017

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To order please visit https://onlineacademiccommunity.uvic.ca/press/books/ordering/

Critical Evaluation of Research in Physical Rehabilitation

Critical Evaluation of Research in Physical Rehabilitation
Author: Antoine Helewa,Joan M. Walker
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 292
Release: 2000
Genre: Medical
ISBN: UOM:39015047875961

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This authoritative text offers a systematic structure for evaluating research articles and incorporating the findings into professional practice. Coverage includes research methodooology and design; how to perform a literature search; how to review and appraise papers on outcome assessment, diagnostic tests, economic evaluations, systematic reviews, meta analysis; and health care review in the 21st Century.

Standard Quality Assessment Criteria for Evaluating Primary Research Papers from a Variety of Fields

Standard Quality Assessment Criteria for Evaluating Primary Research Papers from a Variety of Fields
Author: Leanne Marie Kmet,Robert C. Lee (M.Sc.),Alberta Heritage Foundation for Medical Research
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 22
Release: 2004
Genre: Medical technology
ISBN: 1896956777

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This paper arose in response to a gap in the literature and a need on the part of health science researchers for a standard reproducible criteria for simultaneously critically appraising the quality of a wide range of studies. The paper is meant to stimulate discussion about how to further advance the capacity of researchers to effectively conduct the critical appraisals. It is hoped that researchers will continue to test the validity of and refine the "Qualsyst" tool which is described in this paper.

Studying A Study and Testing a Test

Studying A Study and Testing a Test
Author: Richard K. Riegelman
Publsiher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Total Pages: 353
Release: 2012-06-18
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780781774260

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Rev. ed. of: Studying a study and testing a test / Richard K. Riegelman.