The Value Of Bcg And Tnf In Autoimmunity
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The Value of BCG and TNF in Autoimmunity
|Author||: Denise Faustman|
|Publsiher||: Academic Press|
|Total Pages||: 200|
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The Value of BCG and TNF in Autoimmune Diseases, Second Edition provides an overview on the current research related to TNF induction and the use of the BCG vaccine as a potential treatment approach to diverse forms of autoimmunity, allergies, infections and neurologic diseases. Since the initial conference (2013) and first edition of this book (2014), the field of BCG research has grown considerably. This new edition contains updates on MS and diabetes, and features at least eight additional chapters on new prevention and treatment trials in autoimmunity and allergy, along with a new understanding of the genetics of BCGs. Brings a different perspective on treatment approaches for certain autoimmune conditions Gives insight into the how the BCG vaccine impacts gene expression and the durability of the BCG vaccines in long lasting clinic effects Discusses TNF induction, rather than anti-TNF, as a therapeutic pathway for autoimmunity treatment Covers new topics, such as the Epigenetics of tuberculosis, BCG in neurological disease, BCG in early childhood and allergy, BCG in large prevention trials, Gene expression of BCG and re-methylation of genes, and more
Nutrition and Cardiovascular Health
|Author||: Paramjit S. Tappia,Heather Blewett|
|Total Pages||: 278|
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There is unequivocal experimental, epidemiological, and clinical evidence demonstrating a correlation between diet and increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). While nutritionally-poor diets can have a significant negative impact on cardiovascular health, dietary interventions with specific nutrients and/or functional foods are considered cost-effective and efficient components of prevention strategies. It has been estimated that nutritional factors may be responsible for approximately 40% of all CVD. Indeed, in one of the seminal studies conducted on modifiable risk factors and heart health (the INTERHEART study), >90% of all myocardial infarctions were attributed to preventable environmental factors with nutrition identified as one of the important determinants of CVD. There is an increasing public interest in and scientific investigation into establishing dietary approaches that can be undertaken for the prevention and treatment of CVD. This Special Issue provides an insight into the influential role of nutrition and dietary habits on cardiovascular health and disease, as well as their mechanisms of therapeutic and preventive action.
Heterologous Immunity Implications and Applications in Vaccines and Immunotherapies
|Author||: Babita Agrawal,Stephanie Yanow,Shakti Singh|
|Publsiher||: Frontiers Media SA|
|Total Pages||: 168|
|Genre||: Electronic Book|
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Clinical Perspectives and Targeted Therapies in Apoptosis
|Author||: Rupinder K. Sodhi,Jitender Madan|
|Publsiher||: Academic Press|
|Total Pages||: 432|
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Clinical Perspectives and Targeted Therapies in Apoptosis: Drug Discovery, Drug Delivery, and Disease Prevention provides comprehensive coverage, from basic cell biology, to modern assessment techniques for apoptosis in all major disease areas. Chapters provide an introduction to the fundamentals of cell biology, biochemical mechanisms, and the pathophysiological consequences of apoptosis. In addition, the book covers the tools and techniques used to quantify apoptosis and the significance of apoptosis in drug discovery, drug delivery, and its applications in disease prevention. Finally, the book provides a comprehensive compilation of the apoptosis targeting drugs that recently underwent clinical trials. This combination of fundamentals, along with applications in drug discovery, drug delivery, and clinical research make this book a useful resource for those in both academia and industry who are engaged in pharmaceutical, biomedical and biotechnology research. Offers standard and innovative therapeutic approaches to modulate apoptosis in clinical interventions, such as cardiovascular diseases, immune disorders, cancer chemotherapy and neurological ailments Covers cutting-edge laboratory techniques and traditional protocols to determine apoptosis, both in vitro and in vivo Examines clinical study reports of new drug moieties that are explored for various pathological conditions associated with apoptosis
Vaccines and Autoimmunity
|Author||: Yehuda Shoenfeld,Nancy Agmon-Levin,Lucija Tomljenovic|
|Publsiher||: John Wiley & Sons|
|Total Pages||: 394|
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In light of the discovery of Autoimmune Syndrome Induced by Adjuvants, or ASIA, Vaccines and Autoimmunity explores the role of adjuvants – specifically aluminum in different vaccines – and how they can induce diverse autoimmune clinical manifestations in genetically prone individuals. Vaccines and Autoimmunity is divided into three sections; the first contextualizes the role of adjuvants in the framework of autoimmunity, covering the mechanism of action of adjuvants, experimental models of adjuvant induced autoimmune diseases, infections as adjuvants, the Gulf War Syndrome, sick-building syndrome (SBS), safe vaccines, toll-like receptors, TLRS in vaccines, pesticides as adjuvants, oil as adjuvant, mercury, aluminum and autoimmunity. The following section reviews literature on vaccines that have induced autoimmune conditions such as MMR and HBV, among others. The final section covers diseases in which vaccines were known to be the solicitor – for instance, systemic lupus erythematosus – and whether it can be induced by vaccines for MMR, HBV, HCV, and others. Edited by leaders in the field, Vaccines and Autoimmunity is an invaluable resource for advanced students and researchers working in pathogenic and epidemiological studies.
|Author||: Masahiro Itoh|
|Total Pages||: 232|
Download Testicular Autoimmunity Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle
This book addresses various aspects of testicular autoimmunity. It has long been suspected that testicular autoimmunity could be one of the causes of idiopathic male infertility. However, it is very difficult to estimate the incidence of testicular autoimmunity in men, as most male patients first realize they are infertile when they start trying to conceive a child, and there is a possibility that their testes may already exhibit the end stage of testicular autoimmunity, in which lymphocytic inflammation and immunoglobulin deposition in their testes subsided long ago and only the spermatogenic disorder remains. Therefore, autopsy or biopsy for testicular tissues in men before the end stage of testicular autoimmunity and investigations using testicular autoimmunity model animals are needed to determine the epidemiology of testicular autoimmunity. Accordingly, the book discusses “the immunological fragility of testis” with regard to male infertility, reviewing autopsy data in men and presenting experimental data using murine models of autoimmune orchitis that has been induced by immunizing with viable syngeneic testicular germ cells alone. Testicular autoimmunity in animals is also discussed. In summary, the book provides a wealth of valuable information, not only for researchers who are interested in immunologic male infertility, but also for clinical professionals who treat these patients at hospitals.
Immunization Safety Review
|Author||: Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention,Immunization Safety Review Committee|
|Publsiher||: National Academies Press|
|Total Pages||: 152|
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By two years of age, healthy infants in the United States can receive up to 20 vaccinations to protect against 11 diseases. Although most people know that vaccines effectively protect against serious infectious diseases, approximately one-quarter of parents in a recent survey believe that infants get more vaccines than are good for them, and that too many immunizations could overwhelm an infant's immune system. The Immunization Safety Review Committee reviewed the evidence regarding the hypothesis that multiple immunizations increase the risk for immune dysfunction. Specifically, the committee looked at evidence of potential biological mechanisms and at epidemiological evidence for or against causality related to risk for infections, the autoimmune disease type 1 diabetes, and allergic disorders.
Management of Infections in the Immunocompromised Host
|Author||: Brahm H. Segal|
|Total Pages||: 445|
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This book provides a comprehensive, state-of-the-art review of the concepts vital to a modern treatment of common and opportunistic infections in the immunocompromised host. Chapters are written by experts in the field, and include their views on gaps in the field and future directions of research. This book begins with an overview of the normally functioning immune system followed by a detailed discussion of the major primary immunodeficiencies. Specific chapters are dedicated to providing practical knowledge in the prevention and treatment of infections in specific immunocompromised patients, including those with cancer, transplant recipients, HIV infection, and autoimmune disorders. Emphasis is placed on diagnostic evaluation, antimicrobial selection that includes consideration of the threat of antimicrobial-resistant pathogens, and immunotherapy tailored to specific patients. Finally, dedicated chapters on stem cell transplantation for patients with primary immunodeficiencies, adoptive cellular immunotherapy, and gene therapy will provide readers with insight into these rapidly evolving and cutting edge therapies.Management of Infections in the Immunocompromised Host is a valuable resource for infectious diseases specialists, immunologists, oncologists, hematologists, general physicians, students, researchers, and all other working with immunocompromised patients.