Translational Neuroimmunology Neuroinflammation
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|Author||: Nima Rezaei|
|Publsiher||: Academic Press|
|Total Pages||: 0|
Download Translational Neuroimmunology Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle
Neuroimmunology is a growing field, which combines the knowledge of the immune system and the nervous system. "Translational NeuroImmunology" addresses an update on bench to bedside studies on neurological disorders that have immunological aetiologies. Although neural-immune dysregulation and all autoimmune and autoinflammatory neurologic disorders will be discussed in this new volume of "Translational Immunology" Book Series. Divided into 22 chapters, the book begins with an in-depth introduction to neuroimmunology and the principles of autoimmune and autoinflammatory neurological disorders. Multiple sclerosis will be the main focus. The immunopathology, genetics and epigenetics, microbiome, diagnosis and treatment of multiple sclerosis will be explained in "Translational NeuroImmunology". 10 chapters are devoted to multiple sclerosis. The immunopathology, genetics and epigenetics, microbiome, diagnosis and treatment of multiple sclerosis will be explained. Following this, one chapter that examines distinct aspects of pericytes. Finally, the book closes with a review on the neurologic manifestations, diagnostic approaches and treatments of the various neuroimmune disorders and lessons learned from non-human primates and zebrafish translational research. All are presented in an accessible, practical format, making this volume a valuable resource for immunologists, neurologists and researchers in translational biomedical research.
Translational Neuroimmunology in Multiple Sclerosis
|Author||: Ruth Arnon,Ariel Miller|
|Publsiher||: Academic Press|
|Total Pages||: 504|
Download Translational Neuroimmunology in Multiple Sclerosis Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common disabling neurological disease of young adults. More than 2.3 million people are affected by MS worldwide. Symptoms can vary widely, depending on the localization and amount of the damage induced by combined inflammatory, demyelinating, and neurodegenerative processes. Although a cure for MS does not currently exist, therapies can help treat MS attacks, attenuate disease activity, reduce progress of the disease, and manage symptoms. Translational Neuroimmunology in Multiple Sclerosis provides an overview of recent findings and knowledge of the neuroimmunology of multiple sclerosis, from experimental models and the human disease to the translation of this research to immunotherapeutic strategies. Chapters describe genetic and environmental factors underlying the disease pathogenesis of MS as a basis for development of immunotherapies, immunological markers of disease activity, pharmacogenetics, and responses to therapy. Immunomodulatory therapies currently in practice and future therapeutic strategies on the horizon—such as neuroprotective strategies, stem cells, and repair promotion—are discussed. Contributed by renowned leaders in the field, this cross-disciplinary volume is a great resource for basic scientists and clinical practitioners in neuroscience, neurology, immunology, pharmacology, and in-drug development. Provides an overview of recent findings and knowledge of the neuroimmunology of multiple sclerosis and the translation of this research to immunotherapy treatment Edited by renowned leaders in the field of neuroimmunology and multiple sclerosis Contains the latest resource material for basic and clinical scientists and practitioners in neuroscience, neurology, immunology, and pharmacology
Update on Translational Neuroimmunology Research of ISNI 2018
|Author||: Sandra Amor,Fabienne Brilot,David Brown,Judith M. Greer,Marc J. Ruitenberg|
|Publsiher||: Frontiers Media SA|
|Total Pages||: 253|
Download Update on Translational Neuroimmunology Research of ISNI 2018 Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle
The 14th International Congress of Neuroimmunology, ISNI 2018, was held in August 2018 in Brisbane, Australia, and is a biennial event organized by the International Society of Neuroimmunology (ISNI). The theme of ISNI 2018 was “Travelling the Neuroimmunological Translational Highway”, and the Congress highlighted many research discoveries that bridge the gap between basic and clinical sciences, and which impact our understanding of pathogenic immune-mediated mechanisms in diseases affecting the nervous system. In this Research Topic, we aim to give a comprehensive overview of topics highlighted at the Congress, showcasing the current state of the field of neuroimmunology and where it is going in the near future.
Translational Methods for Multiple Sclerosis Research
|Author||: Sergiu Groppa,Sven G. Meuth|
|Total Pages||: 335|
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This volume explores the recent advances in the study of translational paths in central inflammation and focuses on ongoing pathophysiological processes and the transition between inflammatory stages and progressive states with neurodegeneration. Chapters cover topics such as pathophysiological hallmarks of neuroinflammation from tissue damage to reorganization; connecting studies of mouse models; and investigations of humans with multiple sclerosis. In the Neuromethods series style, chapters include the kind of detail and key advice from the specialists needed to get successful results in your laboratory. Cutting-edge and practical, Translational Methods for Multiple Sclerosis Research is a valuable resource for researchers who want to learn more about this chronic ad progressive disease, and pave the way for new advancements.
Translational Approaches to Autism Spectrum Disorder
|Author||: Maria de los Angeles Robinson-Agramonte|
|Total Pages||: 135|
|Genre||: Electronic Book|
Download Translational Approaches to Autism Spectrum Disorder Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle
This book addresses and synthesizes recent basic, translational, and clinical research with the goal of understanding the mechanisms behind autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and how they lead to altered brain function and behavior. Bringing clarity to these mechanisms will lead to more effective therapies for the various heterogeneous pathologies that comprise ASD. Currently there are few, if any, proven therapies for the majority of the disorders. Topics addressed in this book include neural plasticity, neuroimmunology, neuroinflammation, neuroimaging, and appropriate animal and genetic models.
Mechanisms of Neuroinflammation and Inflammatory Neurodegeneration in Acute Brain Injury
|Author||: Arthur Liesz,Christoph Kleinschnitz|
|Publsiher||: Frontiers Media SA|
|Total Pages||: 286|
|Genre||: Electronic book|
Download Mechanisms of Neuroinflammation and Inflammatory Neurodegeneration in Acute Brain Injury Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle
Mechanisms of brain-immune interactions became a cutting-edge topic in systemic neurosciences over the past years. Acute lesions of the brain parenchyma, particularly, induce a profound and highly complex neuroinflammatory reaction with similar mechanistic properties between differing disease paradigms like ischemic stroke, intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and traumatic brain injury (TBI). Resident microglial cells sense tissue damage and initiate inflammation, activation of the endothelial brain-immune interface promotes recruitment of systemic immune cells to the brain and systemic humoral immune mediators (e.g. complements and cytokines) enter the brain through the damaged blood-brain barrier. These cellular and humoral constituents of the neuroinflammatory reaction to brain injury contribute substantially to secondary brain damage and neurodegeneration. Diverse inflammatory cascades such as pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion of invading leukocytes and direct cell-cell-contact cytotoxicity between lymphocytes and neurons have been demonstrated to mediate the inflammatory ‘collateral damage’ in models of acute brain injury. Besides mediating neuronal cell loss and degeneration, secondary inflammatory mechanisms also contribute to functional modulation of neurons and the impact of post-lesional neuroinflammation can even be detected on the behavioral level. The contribution of several specific immune cell subpopulations to the complex orchestration of secondary neuroinflammation has been revealed just recently. However, the differential vulnerability of specific neuronal cell types and the molecular mechanisms of inflammatory neurodegeneration are still elusive. Furthermore, we are only on the verge of characterizing the control of long-term recovery and neuronal plasticity after brain damage by inflammatory pathways. Yet, a more detailed but also comprehensive understanding of the multifaceted interaction of these two supersystems is of direct translational relevance. Immunotherapeutic strategies currently shift to the center of translational research in acute CNS lesion since all clinical trials investigating direct neuroprotective therapies failed. To advance our knowledge on brain-immune communications after brain damage an interdisciplinary approach covered by cellular neuroscience as well as neuroimmunology, brain imaging and behavioral sciences is crucial to thoroughly depict the intricate mechanisms.
Progress in Physical activity and Exercise and Affective and Anxiety Disorders Translational Studies Perspectives and Future Directions
|Author||: Felipe Barreto Schuch,Neusa Rocha, Eduardo Lusa Cadore|
|Publsiher||: Frontiers Media SA|
|Total Pages||: 79|
|Genre||: Medicine (General)|
Download Progress in Physical activity and Exercise and Affective and Anxiety Disorders Translational Studies Perspectives and Future Directions Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle
Physical activity and exercise were receiving a great attention as a strategy of prevention and treatment of affective and some anxiety disorders. Many studies have showed the efficacy of exercise in major depression and at depressed episode of bipolar patients, as well as, some authors shows the benefits of exercise in some anxiety disorders like Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Panic. Despite their efficacy, little is known concerning the main mechanisms related to the antidepressant and anxiolytic effects of exercise. Several studies in an animal model using Neurotrophic Factors, Oxidative Stress, Immunologic response and other biological markers reveal promising results. However, few studies were conducted in clinical samples. Additional to the antidepressant and anxiolytic effects, exercise appears improve QoL in major depressed, bipolar and anxiety patients. Theoretically, this increase may be associated with cognitive improvements, improvements at sleep quality, physical functioning, as well as other psychological issues as self-esteem, self-concept, and general well-being. The propose of this topic is to address the novelty and most recent research, related to antidepressant and anxiolytic effects of physical activity and exercise in patients with affective and anxiety disorders, as well as the issues associated with QoL improvement.The topic is looking for: – Clinical trials using exercise and physical activity as a treatment affective and anxiety disorders. – Studies investigating the optimal prescription factors (dose, volume, intensity, setting, frequency) associated with antidepressant and anxiolytic effects of physical activity and exercise for affective and anxiety disorder patients. – Original studies, comprehensive reviews, hypothesis and opinions concerning the mechanisms of antidepressant and anxiolytic effects of physical activity and exercise in affective and anxiety disorder patients. – Original studies, comprehensive reviews, hypothesis and opinions concerning other benefits of physical activity and exercise like : cognition, weight gain prevention and QoL in affective and anxiety disorder patients. – Translational research. – Studies of cost-efficacy analysis.
|Publsiher||: Academic Press|
|Total Pages||: 294|
Download Translational Inflammation Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle
Translational Inflammation links laboratory and clinical data within primary and secondary care to clinical research data and offers a holistic and innovative approach to chronic inflammation and ageing. Understanding the role of inflammation as a part of clinical disease states is becoming a valuable tool in both direct treatment and the development of therapeutics. Translational Inflammation, the 4th volume in the Perspectives in Translational Cell Biology series, offers content for professors, students and researchers across basic and translational biology. Emphasizes the role of inflammation in disease and therapeutic approaches Integrates broad concepts relating inflammation to other fields Offers a bridge to review literature and primary research on the inflammatory response towards medical application