Hemodynamics and Immune Defense

Hemodynamics and Immune Defense
Author: M.J. Parnham,Jacques Bruinvels,Clive Page
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 0
Release: 2023-06-01
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780443184437

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Haemodynamics and Immune Defence: Discoveries in Pharmacology, Second Edition, Volume Three presents selected articles from the historic Discoveries in Pharmacology series that are enhanced with commentary from contemporary scholars who discuss the reception and importance of each chapter along with an updated bibliography on the subject and contributions from those involved in Nobel Prize winning discoveries and pioneering advancements in Pharmacology. This volume brings forth discussions on key discoveries in hemodynamics and immune defense, including chapters on penicillin by Dr. Selwyn and asthma by Dr. Brocklehurst. Academic and industry researchers in pharmacology and medicine, as well as advanced students in the area, will find this useful teaching tool and launch to new discoveries. Chapters can also be used to supplement course material in pharmacology and medical courses. It will also be of interest to those who are interested in the history of medicine. Contains important primary-source documents currently unavailable Presents the science behind major pharmacological breakthroughs by those who discovered them Includes commentary that contextualizes the importance of discoveries and related readings

Hemodynamics and Cardiology

Hemodynamics and Cardiology
Author: Istvan Seri
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 576
Release: 2018-06-27
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780323568432

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Dr. Richard Polin’s Neonatology Questions and Controversies series highlights the most challenging aspects of neonatal care, offering trustworthy guidance on up-to-date diagnostic and treatment options in the field. In each volume, renowned experts address the clinical problems of greatest concern to today’s practitioners, helping you handle difficult practice issues and provide optimal, evidence-based care to every patient. Stay fully up to date in this fast-changing field with Hemodynamics and Cardiology, 3rd Edition. A new editorial team and a completely redesigned volume with state-of-the-art chapters on neonatal hemodynamics. New chapters on the role of delayed cord clamping/cord milking, the relationship between neonatal transition and brain injury, the hemodynamics of the asphyxiated neonate, the hemodynamic impact of therapeutic hypothermia, and practical physiology-based approaches to the diagnosis and treatment of neonatal hypotension, PPHN and PDA. A new section discusses comprehensive real-time monitoring of neonatal hemodynamics, and its role in the establishment of precision medicine in neonatology and the prediction of neonatal sepsis using mathematical modelling of heart rate variability. Expanded sections review the clinical application of the tools available for bedside monitoring of systemic and organ blood flow and oxygen delivery and the approaches to the pathophysiology-based treatment of neonatal shock and outcomes. Consistent chapter organization to help you find information quickly and easily. The most authoritative advice available from world-class neonatologists who share their knowledge of new trends and developments in neonatal care. Purchase each volume individually, or get the entire 7-volume set! Gastroenterology and Nutrition Hematology, Immunology and Genetics Hemodynamics and Cardiology Infectious Disease and Pharmacology New Volume! Nephrology and Fluid/Electrolyte Physiology Neurology The Newborn Lung

The Haemodynamic Effects of Nitric Oxide

The Haemodynamic Effects of Nitric Oxide
Author: Robert T Mathie,Tudor M Griffith
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 540
Release: 1999-08-30
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781783262472

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Since the discovery of nitric oxide as an endothelium-derived relaxing factor in 1987, investigations on its precise modes of action have been carried out at an extraordinary rate. Nitric oxide is now implicated in many physiological and pathological processes — not just in the control of vascular resistance, but in nerve transmission, cell proliferation, inflammatory responses and so on. Despite such rapid progress, no attempt has been made to combine the current knowledge of this subject matter in a single textbook. This volume has been written with the above in mind and presents a topical, comprehensive overview of the biochemistry and the physiological and pathophysiological effects of nitric oxide as they relate to the cardiovascular system. The therapeutic implications of nitric oxide are also considered. The text comprises contributions from many of the leading international authorities on the topic including Professor L J Ignarro, winner of the 1998 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Contents:Physiology and Biochemistry of Nitric Oxide:Chemistry and Molecular Biology of Nitric Oxide Synthesis (A J Hobbs & L J Ignarro)Nitric Oxide Synthases Biology: Insights Gained from ‘Knockout’ Mice (A Papapetropoulos et al.)Inhibitors of Nitric Oxide Biosynthesis (G J Southan et al.)Peripheral Vascular Effects of Nitric Oxide:The Role of Nitric Oxide in Cerebrovascular Regulation and Stroke (C Iadecola)The Physiological and Pathophysiological Effects of Nitric Oxide in the Coronary Circulation (P Groves)The Effect of Nitric Oxide on Myocardial Function and Dysfunction (B D Prendergast & A M Shah)Clinical Implications of Nitric Oxide:Oxidative Tissue Injury, Nitric Oxide and Atherosclerosis (R P Patel et al.)Endothelial Dysfunction Associated with Cardiovascular Disease and Transplantation (G J Dusting & A M Dart)The Role and Therapeutic Implications of Nitric Oxide in Systemic Hypertension (P Forte & N Benjamin)and other papers Readership: Students and researchers in physiology, biochemistry and clinical methods/ laboratory medicine. Keywords:Endothelium;Vascular Smooth Muscle;Nitric Oxide Synthase;Nitrovasodilator;Shear Stress;Atherosclerosis;Hypertension;Septic Shock;Microcirculation;Coronary Circulation;Cerebal Circulation;Renal Circulation;Hepatic Circulation;Intestinal Circulation

Computational Hemodynamics Theory Modelling and Applications

Computational Hemodynamics     Theory  Modelling and Applications
Author: Jiyuan Tu,Kiao Inthavong,Kelvin Kian Loong Wong
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 351
Release: 2015-02-24
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9789401795944

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This book discusses geometric and mathematical models that can be used to study fluid and structural mechanics in the cardiovascular system. Where traditional research methodologies in the human cardiovascular system are challenging due to its invasive nature, several recent advances in medical imaging and computational fluid and solid mechanics modelling now provide new and exciting research opportunities. This emerging field of study is multi-disciplinary, involving numerical methods, computational science, fluid and structural mechanics, and biomedical engineering. Certainly any new student or researcher in this field may feel overwhelmed by the wide range of disciplines that need to be understood. This unique book is one of the first to bring together knowledge from multiple disciplines, providing a starting point to each of the individual disciplines involved, attempting to ease the steep learning curve. This book presents elementary knowledge on the physiology of the cardiovascular system; basic knowledge and techniques on reconstructing geometric models from medical imaging; mathematics that describe fluid and structural mechanics, and corresponding numerical/computational methods to solve its equations and problems. Many practical examples and case studies are presented to reinforce best practice guidelines for setting high quality computational models and simulations. These examples contain a large number of images for visualization, to explain cardiovascular physiological functions and disease. The reader is then exposed to some of the latest research activities through a summary of breakthrough research models, findings, and techniques. The book’s approach is aimed at students and researchers entering this field from engineering, applied mathematics, biotechnology or medicine, wishing to engage in this emerging and exciting field of computational hemodynamics modelling.

Issues in Glomerulonephritis and Renin System

Issues in Glomerulonephritis and Renin System
Author: Eberhard Ritz,Shaul G. Massry
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 220
Release: 1984
Genre: Angiotensin converting enzyme
ISBN: UOM:39015006696424

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Essential Immunology for Surgeons

Essential Immunology for Surgeons
Author: Oleg Eremin,Herb Sewell
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 547
Release: 2011-04-28
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780199586875

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Previously published as: The Immunological basis of surgical science and practice, 1992.

How Tobacco Smoke Causes Disease

How Tobacco Smoke Causes Disease
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 728
Release: 2010
Genre: Government publications
ISBN: UCSD:31822037817723

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This report considers the biological and behavioral mechanisms that may underlie the pathogenicity of tobacco smoke. Many Surgeon General's reports have considered research findings on mechanisms in assessing the biological plausibility of associations observed in epidemiologic studies. Mechanisms of disease are important because they may provide plausibility, which is one of the guideline criteria for assessing evidence on causation. This report specifically reviews the evidence on the potential mechanisms by which smoking causes diseases and considers whether a mechanism is likely to be operative in the production of human disease by tobacco smoke. This evidence is relevant to understanding how smoking causes disease, to identifying those who may be particularly susceptible, and to assessing the potential risks of tobacco products.

Immunopharmacology of Epithelial Barriers

Immunopharmacology of Epithelial Barriers
Author: Roy Goldie
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 304
Release: 1994-04-05
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 0122880307

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The realisation that epithelial tissues are not simply passive barriers to the adsorption of materials into internal environments has brought about an enormous growth of investigation of mucosal functions and their active and passive protective roles. Epithelia are highly organized but complex structures, subserving numerous functions, including immunological defence. The use of pharmacological tools in these systems is increasing, which is improving our understanding of epithelial immunobiology. This volume adopts a step-by-step approach, whereby each chapter builds upon the previous one, progressively adding important foundation information, culminating in a series of chapters concerning particular epithelia, including respiratory, gastrointestinal, renal and ocular. The result is a comprehensive but integrated treatise of epithelial function and its immunopharmacology, which aims to serve as an appropriate starting point at which the clinical pulmonologist and the research scientist can obtain an appreciation of some aspects of epithelial immunopharmacology as they are currently understood.