Mathematical Modeling of Swimming Soft Microrobots

Mathematical Modeling of Swimming Soft Microrobots
Author: Islam S.M. Khalil,Anke Klingner,Sarthak Misra
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2021-06-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128169445

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Mathematical Modelling of Swimming Soft Microrobots presents a theoretical framework for modelling of soft microrobotic systems based on resistive-force theory. Microorganisms are highly efficient at swimming regardless of the rheological and physical properties of the background fluids. This efficiency has inspired researchers and Engineers to develop microrobots that resemble the morphology and swimming strategies of microorganisms. The ultimate goal of this book is threefold: first, to relate resistive-force theory to externally and internally actuated microrobotic systems; second, to enable the readers to develop numerical models of a wide range of microrobotic systems; third, to enable the reader to optimize the design of the microrobot to enhance its swimming efficiency. Enable the readers to develop numerical models of a wide range of microrobotic systems Enable the reader to optimize the design of the microrobot to enhance its swimming efficiency The focus on the development of numerical models that enables Engineers to predict the behavior of the microrobots and optimize their designs to increase their swimming efficiency Provides videos to demonstrate experimental results and animations from the simulation results

Bio Mimetic Swimmers in Incompressible Fluids

Bio Mimetic Swimmers in Incompressible Fluids
Author: Alexander Khapalov
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 177
Release: 2021-10-27
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN: 9783030852856

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This monograph presents an original, concise mathematical theory for bio-mimetic swimmers in the framework of a coupled system of PDEs and ODEs. The authoritative research pioneered by the author serves as the basis for the method adopted here. This unique methodology consists of an original modelling approach, well-posedness results for the proposed models for swimmers, and a controllability theory that studies the steering potential of the proposed swimmers. A combination of this sort does not currently exist in the literature, making this an indispensable resource. Structured in five parts, the author establishes the main modeling approach in Part One. Part Two then presents the well-posedness results for these models. Parts Three through Five serve to develop a controllability theory for the swimmers, which are conceived of as artificial mechanical devices that imitate the swimming motion of fish, eels, frogs, and other aquatic creatures in nature. Several illustrative examples are provided in the last portion that serve as potential research topics. Bio-Mimetic Swimmers in Incompressible Fluids will appeal to graduate students and researchers studying fluid dynamics and control theory, as well as engineers interested in these areas.

Nanotechnology for Hematology Blood Transfusion and Artificial Blood

Nanotechnology for Hematology  Blood Transfusion  and Artificial Blood
Author: Adil Denizli,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Rajan Mariappan,Mohammad Feroz Alam,Khaliqur Rahman
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 495
Release: 2021-09-28
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128241806

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Nanotechnology for Hematology, Blood Transfusion, and Artificial Blood outlines the fundamental design concepts and emerging applications of nanotechnology in hematology, blood transfusion and artificial blood. This book is an important reference source for materials scientists, engineers and biomedical scientists who are looking to increase their understanding of how nanotechnology can lead to more efficient blood treatments. Sections focus on how nanotechnology could offer new routes to address challenging and pressing issues facing rare blood diseases and disorders and how nanomaterials can be used as artificial cell-like systems (compartmentalized biomimetic nanocontainers), which are especially useful in drug delivery. For artificial blood, the nanotechnological approach can fabricate artificial red blood cells, platelet substitutes, and white blood cell substitutes with their inherent enzyme and other supportive systems. In addition, nanomaterials can promote blood vessel growth and reserve red blood cells at a positive temperature. Provides information on how nanotechnology can be used to create more efficient solutions for blood transfusions and hematology treatments Explores the major nanomaterial types that are used for these treatments Assesses the major challenges of using nanomaterials hematology

Soft Interfaces

Soft Interfaces
Author: Lydéric Bocquet,David Quéré,Thomas A. Witten,Leticia F. Cugliandolo
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 528
Release: 2017-09-22
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780192506405

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Many of the distinctive and useful phenomena of soft matter come from its interaction with interfaces. Examples are the peeling of a strip of adhesive tape, the coating of a surface, the curling of a fiber via capillary forces, or the collapse of a porous sponge. These interfacial phenomena are distinct from the intrinsic behavior of a soft material like a gel or a microemulsion. Yet many forms of interfacial phenomena can be understood via common principles valid for many forms of soft matter. Our goal in organizing this school was to give students a grasp of these common principles and their many ramifications and possibilities. The Les Houches Summer School comprised over fifty 90-minute lectures over four weeks. Four four-lecture courses by Howard Stone, Michael Cates, David Nelson and L. Mahadevan served as an anchor for the program. A number of shorter courses and seminars rounded out the school. This volume collects the lecture notes of the school.

Curvilinear Micromagnetism

Curvilinear Micromagnetism
Author: Denys Makarov,Denis D. Sheka
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 420
Release: 2022-11-02
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783031090868

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This is the first book providing overview of magnetism in curved geometries, highlighting numerous peculiarities emerging from geometrically curved magnetic objects such as curved wires, shells, as well as complex three-dimensional structures. Extending planar two-dimensional structures into the three-dimensional space has become a general trend in multiple disciplines across electronics, photonics, plasmonics and magnetics. This approach provides the means to modify conventional and even launch novel functionalities by tailoring the local curvature of an object. The book covers the theory of curvilinear micromagnetism as well as experimental studies of geometrically curved magnets including both fabrication and characterization. With its coverage of fundamental aspects, together with exploration of numerous applications across magnonics, bio-engineering, soft robotics and shapeable magnetoelectronics, this edited collection is ideal for all scientists in academia and industry seeking an overview and wishing to keep abreast of advances in the novel field of curvilinear micromagnetism. It provides easy but comprehensive access to the field for newcomers, and can be used for graduate-level courses on this subject.

Physics of Social Interactions

Physics of Social Interactions
Author: Orit Peleg,Saad Bhamla,Alex Jordan,Tim Landgraf,Natasha Mhatre,Laura Ann Miller
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 154
Release: 2022-11-08
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9782832504284

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Microbiorobotics

Microbiorobotics
Author: Minjun Kim,Anak Agung Julius
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 328
Release: 2012-03-08
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781455778942

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Microbiorobotics is a new engineering discipline that inherently involves a multidisciplinary approach (mechanical engineering, cellular biology, mathematical modeling, control systems, synthetic biology, etc). Building robotics system in the micro scale is an engineering task that has resulted in many important applications, ranging from micromanufacturing techniques to cellular manipulation. However, it is also a very challenging engineering task. One of the reasons is because many engineering ideas and principles that are used in larger scales do not scale well to the micro-scale. For example, locomotion principles in a fluid do not function in the same way, and the use of rotational motors is impractical because of the difficulty of building of the required components. Microrobotics is an area that is acknowledged to have massive potential in applications from medicine to manufacturing. This book introduces an inter-disciplinary readership to the toolkit that micro-organisms offer to micro-engineering The design of robots, sensors and actuators faces a range of techology challenges at the micro-scale. This book shows how biological techniques and materials can be used to meet these challenges World-class multi-disciplanry editors and contributors leverage insights from engineering, mathematical modeling and the life sciences – creating a novel toolkit for microrobotics

Microbiorobotics

Microbiorobotics
Author: Minjun Kim,Anak Agung Julius,U Kei Cheang
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 290
Release: 2017-03-18
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780323430197

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Microbiorobotics: Biologically Inspired Microscale Robotic Systems, Second Edition presents information on a new engineering discipline that takes a multidisciplinary approach to accomplish precise manipulation of microscale spaces. Microorganisms have evolved various mechanisms to thrive in microscale environments and are therefore a useful tool for use in many applications, ranging from micromanufacturing techniques, to cellular manipulation. In the context of microrobotics, biological microrobots can directly harness the microorganisms for propulsive and sensing power and synthetic microrobots can mimic the microorganisms’ motions for effective locomotion. This second edition covers new advances and insights that have emerged in recent years. Several new chapters have been added on important new research areas, with existing chapters thoroughly revised. In particular, increased coverage is given to fluid dynamics of microswimmers in nature. Gives the reader an understanding of the fundamental changes in dynamics and fabrication techniques in the microenvironment Offers a unique two-pronged approach to microrobotics from a biological perspective, i.e. bioinspired engineering design of biological systems to accomplish engineering tasks Introduces an interdisciplinary readership to the toolkit that micro-organisms offer to micro-engineering