Author: Jaap van Oosten
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 328
Release: 2008-04-10
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN: 0080560067

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Aimed at starting researchers in the field, Realizability gives a rigorous, yet reasonable introduction to the basic concepts of a field which has passed several successive phases of abstraction. Material from previously unpublished sources such as Ph.D. theses, unpublished papers, etc. has been molded into one comprehensive presentation of the subject area. - The first book to date on this subject area - Provides an clear introduction to Realizability with a comprehensive bibliography - Easy to read and mathematically rigorous - Written by an expert in the field

Logic Language Information and Computation

Logic  Language  Information  and Computation
Author: Helle Hvid Hansen,Andre Scedrov,Ruy J.G.B. de Queiroz
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 419
Release: 2023-08-28
Genre: Philosophy
ISBN: 9783031397844

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Edited in collaboration with FoLLI, the Association of Logic, Language and Information this book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the of the 29th International Workshop on Logic, Language, Information, and Computation, WoLLIC 2023, held in Halifax, NS, Canada, during July 11–14, 2023. The 24 full papers (21 contributed, 3 invited) included in this book were carefully reviewed and selected from 46 submissions. The book also contains the abstracts for the 7 invited talks and 4 tutorials presented at WoLLIC 2023. The WoLLIC conference series aims at fostering interdisciplinary research in pure and applied logic.

Theory and Applications of Models of Computation

Theory and Applications of Models of Computation
Author: T.V. Gopal,Gerhard Jäger,Silvia Steila
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 698
Release: 2017-04-13
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN: 9783319559117

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 14th Annual Conference on Theory and Applications of Models of Computation, TAMC 2017, held in Bern, Switzerland, in April 2017. The 45 revised full papers presented together with 4 invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 103 submissions. The main themes of TAMC 2017 have been computability, computer science logic, complexity, algorithms, and models of computation and systems theory.

Joachim Lambek The Interplay of Mathematics Logic and Linguistics

Joachim Lambek  The Interplay of Mathematics  Logic  and Linguistics
Author: Claudia Casadio,Philip J. Scott
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2021-04-21
Genre: Philosophy
ISBN: 9783030665456

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This book is dedicated to the life and work of the mathematician Joachim Lambek (1922–2014). The editors gather together noted experts to discuss the state of the art of various of Lambek’s works in logic, category theory, and linguistics and to celebrate his contributions to those areas over the course of his multifaceted career. After early work in combinatorics and elementary number theory, Lambek became a distinguished algebraist (notably in ring theory). In the 1960s, he began to work in category theory, categorical algebra, logic, proof theory, and foundations of computability. In a parallel development, beginning in the late 1950s and for the rest of his career, Lambek also worked extensively in mathematical linguistics and computational approaches to natural languages. He and his collaborators perfected production and type grammars for numerous natural languages. Lambek grammars form an early noncommutative precursor to Girard’s linear logic. In a surprising development (2000), he introduced a novel and deeper algebraic framework (which he called pregroup grammars) for analyzing natural language, along with algebraic, higher category, and proof-theoretic semantics. This book is of interest to mathematicians, logicians, linguists, and computer scientists.

Objects Structures and Logics

Objects  Structures  and Logics
Author: Gianluigi Oliveri,Claudio Ternullo,Stefano Boscolo
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 365
Release: 2022-03-08
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783030847067

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This edited collection casts light on central issues within contemporary philosophy of mathematics such as the realism/anti-realism dispute; the relationship between logic and metaphysics; and the question of whether mathematics is a science of objects or structures. The discussions offered in the papers involve an in-depth investigation of, among other things, the notions of mathematical truth, proof, and grounding; and, often, a special emphasis is placed on considerations relating to mathematical practice. A distinguishing feature of the book is the multicultural nature of the community that has produced it. Philosophers, logicians, and mathematicians have all contributed high-quality articles which will prove valuable to researchers and students alike.

Concepts of Proof in Mathematics Philosophy and Computer Science

Concepts of Proof in Mathematics  Philosophy  and Computer Science
Author: Dieter Probst,Peter Schuster
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2016-07-25
Genre: Philosophy
ISBN: 9781501502620

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A proof is a successful demonstration that a conclusion necessarily follows by logical reasoning from axioms which are considered evident for the given context and agreed upon by the community. It is this concept that sets mathematics apart from other disciplines and distinguishes it as the prototype of a deductive science. Proofs thus are utterly relevant for research, teaching and communication in mathematics and of particular interest for the philosophy of mathematics. In computer science, moreover, proofs have proved to be a rich source for already certified algorithms. This book provides the reader with a collection of articles covering relevant current research topics circled around the concept 'proof'. It tries to give due consideration to the depth and breadth of the subject by discussing its philosophical and methodological aspects, addressing foundational issues induced by Hilbert's Programme and the benefits of the arising formal notions of proof, without neglecting reasoning in natural language proofs and applications in computer science such as program extraction.

Programs as Diagrams

Programs as Diagrams
Author: Dusko Pavlovic
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 261
Release: 2023-09-19
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9783031348273

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It is not always clear what computer programs mean in the various languages in which they can be written, yet a picture can be worth 1000 words, a diagram 1000 instructions. In this unique textbook/reference, programs are drawn as string diagrams in the language of categories, which display a universal syntax of mathematics (Computer scientists use them to analyze the program semantics; programmers to display the syntax of computations). Here, the string-diagrammatic depictions of computations are construed as programs in a single-instruction programming language. Such programs as diagrams show how functions are packed in boxes and tied by strings. Readers familiar with categories will learn about the foundations of computability; readers familiar with computability gain access to category theory. Additionally, readers familiar with both are offered many opportunities to improve the approach. Topics and features: Delivers a ‘crash’ diagram-based course in theory of computation Uses single-instruction diagrammatic programming language Offers a practical introduction into categories and string diagrams as computational tools Reveals how computability is programmability, rather than an ‘ether’ permeating computers Provides a categorical model of intensional computation is unique up to isomorphism Serves as a stepping stone into research of computable categories In addition to its early chapters introducing computability for beginners, this flexible textbook/resource also contains both middle chapters that expand for suitability to a graduate course as well as final chapters opening up new research. Dusko Pavlovic is a professor at the Department of Information and Computer Sciences at the University of Hawaii at Manoa, and by courtesy at the Department of Mathematics and the College of Engineering. He completed this book as an Excellence Professor at Radboud University in Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

A Computable Universe

A Computable Universe
Author: Hector Zenil
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 855
Release: 2013
Genre: Bioinformatics
ISBN: 9789814374293

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This volume discusses the foundations of computation in relation to nature. It focuses on two main questions: What is computation? and How does nature compute?