Liutex and Its Applications in Turbulence Research

Liutex and Its Applications in Turbulence Research
Author: Chaoqun Liu,Hongyi Xu,Xiaoshu Cai,Yisheng Gao
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 458
Release: 2020-10-29
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128190241

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Liutex and Its Applications in Turbulence Research reviews the history of vortex definition, provides an accurate mathematical definition of vortices, and explains their applications in flow transition, turbulent flow, flow control, and turbulent flow experiments. The book explains the term "Rortex" as a mathematically defined rigid rotation of fluids or vortex, which could help solve many longstanding problems in turbulence research. The accurate mathematical definition of the vortex is important in a range of industrial contexts, including aerospace, turbine machinery, combustion, and electronic cooling systems, so there are many areas of research that can benefit from the innovations described here. This book provides a thorough survey of the latest research in generalized and flow-thermal, unified, law-of-the-wall for wall-bounded turbulence. Important theory and methodologies used for developing these laws are described in detail, including: the classification of the conventional turbulent boundary layer concept based on proper velocity scaling; the methodology for identification of the scales of velocity, temperature, and length needed to establish the law; and the discovery, proof, and strict validations of the laws, with both Reynolds and Prandtl number independency properties using DNS data. The establishment of these statistical laws is important to modern fluid mechanics and heat transfer research, and greatly expands our understanding of wall-bounded turbulence. Provides an accurate mathematical definition of vortices Provides a thorough survey of the latest research in generalized and flow-thermal, unified, law-of-the-wall for wall-bounded turbulence Explains the term “Rortex as a mathematically defined rigid rotation of fluids or vortex Covers the statistical laws important to modern fluid mechanics and heat transfer research, and greatly expands our understanding of wall-bounded turbulence

Quantized Vortex Dynamics and Superfluid Turbulence

Quantized Vortex Dynamics and Superfluid Turbulence
Author: C.F. Barenghi,R.J. Donnelly,W.F. Vinen
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 458
Release: 2008-01-11
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783540455424

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This book springs from the programme Quantized Vortex Dynamics and Sup- ?uid Turbulence held at the Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences (University of Cambridge) in August 2000. What motivated the programme was the recognition that two recent developments have moved the study of qu- tized vorticity, traditionally carried out within the low-temperature physics and condensed-matter physics communities, into a new era. The ?rst development is the increasing contact with classical ?uid dynamics and its ideas and methods. For example, some current experiments with - lium II now deal with very classical issues, such as the measurement of velocity spectra and turbulence decay rates. The evidence from these experiments and many others is that super?uid turbulence and classical turbulence share many features. The challenge is now to explain these similarities and explore the time scales and length scales over which they hold true. The observed classical aspects have also attracted attention to the role played by the ?ow of the normal ?uid, which was somewhat neglected in the past because of the lack of direct ?ow visualization. Increased computing power is also making it possible to study the coupled motion of super?uid vortices and normal ?uids. Another contact with classical physics arises through the interest in the study of super?uid vortex - connections. Reconnections have been studied for some time in the contexts of classical ?uid dynamics and magneto-hydrodynamics (MHD), and it is useful to learn from the experience acquired in other ?elds.

Liutex and Third Generation of Vortex Definition and Identification

Liutex and Third Generation of Vortex Definition and Identification
Author: Chaoqun Liu,Yiqian Wang
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 479
Release: 2021-07-26
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783030702175

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This book collects papers presented in the Invited Workshop, “Liutex and Third Generation of Vortex Definition and Identification for Turbulence,” from CHAOS2020, June 9-12, 2020, which was held online as a virtual conference. Liutex is a new physical quantity introduced by Prof. Chaoqun Liu of the University of Texas at Arlington. It is a vector and could give a unique and accurate mathematical definition for fluid rotation or vortex. The papers in this volume include some Liutex theories and many applications in hydrodynamics, aerodynamics and thermal dynamics including turbine machinery. As vortex exists everywhere in the universe, a mathematical definition of vortex or Liutex will play a critical role in scientific research. There is almost no place without vortex in fluid dynamics. As a projection, the Liutex theory will play an important role on the investigations of the vortex dynamics in hydrodynamics, aerodynamics, thermodynamics, oceanography, meteorology, metallurgy, civil engineering, astronomy, biology, etc. and to the researches of the generation, sustenance, modelling and controlling of turbulence.

Advances in Turbulence 7

Advances in Turbulence 7
Author: Uriel Frisch
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 648
Release: 1998
Genre: Science
ISBN: STANFORD:36105023056927

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Suitable for specialists in the field of flow turbulence, this volume comprises an almost complete collection of the papers delivered at the June/July 1998 conference. Providing an overview of the state of turbulence research with some bias towards work done in Europe, contributions are organized into the following sections: experiments and experimental techniques; transition and dynamical systems; numerical simulation; high Reynolds numbers and intermittency; industrial applications and modeling; vortex dynamics; astro- geophysical flow and convection; and transport of passive scalars. Lacks a subject index. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Turbulent Flow

Turbulent Flow
Author: Peter S. Bernard,James M. Wallace
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 516
Release: 2002-08-19
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 0471332194

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Provides unique coverage of the prediction and experimentation necessary for making predictions. * Covers computational fluid dynamics and its relationship to direct numerical simulation used throughout the industry. * Covers vortex methods developed to calculate and evaluate turbulent flows. * Includes chapters on the state-of-the-art applications of research such as control of turbulence.

Tubes Sheets and Singularities in Fluid Dynamics

Tubes  Sheets and Singularities in Fluid Dynamics
Author: K. Bajer,H.K. Moffatt
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 379
Release: 2006-04-11
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780306484209

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Modern experiments and numerical simulations show that the long-known coherent structures in turbulence take the form of elongated vortex tubes and vortex sheets. The evolution of vortex tubes may result in spiral structures which can be associated with the spectral power laws of turbulence. The mutual stretching of skewed vortex tubes, when they are close to each other, causes rapid growth of vorticity. Whether this process may or may not lead to a finite-time singularity is one of the famous open problems of fluid dynamics. This book contains the proceedings of the NATO ARW and IUTAM Symposium held in Zakopane, Poland, 2-7 September 2001. The papers presented, carefully reviewed by the International Scientific Committee, cover various aspects of the dynamics of vortex tubes and sheets and of their analogues in magnetohydrodynamics and in quantum turbulence. The book should be a useful reference for all researchers and students of modern fluid dynamics.

Advances in Turbulence Studies

Advances in Turbulence Studies
Author: Yeshajahu Unger
Publsiher: AIAA
Total Pages: 386
Release: 1993
Genre: Turbulence
ISBN: 1600864031

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Liutex and Third Generation of Vortex Identification

Liutex and Third Generation of Vortex Identification
Author: Yiqian Wang,Yisheng Gao,Chaoqun Liu
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 421
Release: 2023-03-21
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789811989551

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This proceedings highlights the applications of the newly introduced physical quantity Liutex in hydrodynamics and aerodynamics. Liutex is used to represent the fascinating rotational motion of fluids, i.e., the vortex. Ubiquitously seen in nature and engineering applications, the definition of vortices has been elusive. The Liutex vector provides a unique and systematic description of vortices. The proceedings collects papers presented in the invited workshop "Liutex and Third Generation of Vortex Identification for Engineering Applications" from Aerospace and Aeronautics World Forum 2021. The papers in this book cover both the theoretical aspects of Liutex and many applications in hydrodynamics and aerodynamics. The proceedings is a good reference for researchers in fluid mechanics who are interested in learning about the wide scope of applications of Liutex and using it to develop a new understanding of their research subjects.