Advances in Epidemiological Modeling and Control of Viruses

Advances in Epidemiological Modeling and Control of Viruses
Author: Hemen Dutta,Khalid Hattaf
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 392
Release: 2023-01-20
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9780323995580

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Advances in Epidemiological Modeling and Control of Viruses covers recent and advanced research works in the field of epidemiological modeling, with special emphasis on new strategies to control the occurrence and reoccurrence of viruses. The models included in this book can be used to study the dynamics of different viruses, searching for control measures, and epidemic models under various effects and environments. This book covers different models and methods of modeling, including data-driven approaches. The authors and editors are experienced researchers, and each chapter has been designed to provide readers with leading-edge information on topics discussed. Includes models to describe global and local dynamics of various viruses Provides readers with control strategies for occurrence and reoccurrence of viruses Includes epidemic models under various effects and environments Provides readers with a robust set of mathematical tools and techniques for epidemiological modeling

Disease Control Priorities Third Edition Volume 9

Disease Control Priorities  Third Edition  Volume 9
Author: Dean T. Jamison,Hellen Gelband,Susan Horton,Prabhat Jha,Charles N. Mock,Rachel Nugent
Publsiher: World Bank Publications
Total Pages: 426
Release: 2017-12-06
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781464805288

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As the culminating volume in the DCP3 series, volume 9 will provide an overview of DCP3 findings and methods, a summary of messages and substantive lessons to be taken from DCP3, and a further discussion of cross-cutting and synthesizing topics across the first eight volumes. The introductory chapters (1-3) in this volume take as their starting point the elements of the Essential Packages presented in the overview chapters of each volume. First, the chapter on intersectoral policy priorities for health includes fiscal and intersectoral policies and assembles a subset of the population policies and applies strict criteria for a low-income setting in order to propose a "highest-priority" essential package. Second, the chapter on packages of care and delivery platforms for universal health coverage (UHC) includes health sector interventions, primarily clinical and public health services, and uses the same approach to propose a highest priority package of interventions and policies that meet similar criteria, provides cost estimates, and describes a pathway to UHC.

Viral Infections of Humans

Viral Infections of Humans
Author: Richard A. Kaslow,Lawrence R. Stanberry,James W. Le Duc
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 1215
Release: 2014-09-27
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781489974488

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Striking changes have occurred in the world since the publication of the last edition of Viral Infections of Humans. The global population is rapidly approaching 8 billion; climate change is leading to the introduction of new hosts, vectors and virus diseases heretofore never seen in many parts of the world; technological advances have revolutionized the ability to recognize and characterize viruses new and old; vaccines are altering the epidemiological landscape of the diseases they target, in some cases raising the hope of their eradication and remarkably powerful computational tools are enabling not only detection of outbreaks of disease much sooner than in the past but also, through complex mathematical modeling, more accurate prediction of their potential impact. The new Fifth Edition of Viral Infections of Humans captures the both the excitement and frustration of the dynamic struggle between humankind and the viruses that continue to cause immense suffering. It presents the latest concepts, methods and technologies in epidemiology, detection, investigation, modeling and intervention. Updated and entirely new chapters by dozens of experts across the field provide analytic summaries of current knowledge of viruses and prions causing acute syndromes, chronic illnesses and/or malignancies. In sum, this ambitiously expanded volume offers a uniquely comprehensive perspective on viruses in humans, from agents of classic diseases (e.g., hepatitis, measles, polio, rabies and yellow fever), to those with greatest pandemic impact (e.g., influenza and human immunodeficiency virus), to those discovered relatively recently (e.g., henipavirus, metapneumovirus and norovirus). The new Fifth Edition of Viral Infections of Humans is an invaluable reference for students, fellows and established professionals in the fields of microbiology, public health and infectious disease epidemiology, medicine and health policy.

Viral Infections of Humans

Viral Infections of Humans
Author: Alfred S. Evans
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 720
Release: 2013-11-11
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781468447279

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also occurs. New outbreaks of yellow fever have occurred in Colombia and Trinidad and new outbreaks of rift valley fever have occurred in Egypt. Chapter 6, Arenaviruses: The biochemical and physical properties have now been clar ified, and they show a remarkable uniformity in the various viruses constituting the group. The possibility that prenatal infection with LCM may result in hydrocephalus and chorioretinitis has been raised. Serologic surveys have suggested the existence of Lassa virus infection in Guinea, Central African Empire, Mali, Senegal, Cameroon, and Benin, in addition to earlier identification in Nigeria, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. Chapter 7, Coronaviruses: New studies have confirmed the important role of these viruses in common respiratory illnesses of children and adults. The viruses are now known to contain a single positive strand of RNA. About 50% of corona virus infections result in clinical illness. About 5% of common colds are caused by strain DC 43 in winter. Chapter 8, Cytomegalovirus: Sections on pathogenesis of CMV in relation to organ transplantation and mononucleosis, as well as sections on the risk and features of con genital infection and disease, have been expanded. There are encouraging preliminary results with a live CMV vaccine, but the questions of viral persistence and oncogenicity require further evaluation.

Persistent Viral Infections

Persistent Viral Infections
Author: R. Ahmed,Irvin Chen
Publsiher: Wiley-Blackwell
Total Pages: 754
Release: 1999
Genre: Medical
ISBN: UOM:39015041993448

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Persistent Viral Infections Edited by Rafi Ahmed Emory Vaccine Center, Atlanta, USA and Irvin S. Y. Chen UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, USA During the past decade much of our attention has focused on diseases associated with viral persistence. Major breakthroughs in immunology, and the advent of molecular approaches to study pathogenesis have increased our understanding of the complex virus-host interactions that occur during viral persistence. Persistent Viral Infections focuses on: * The pathogenesis and immunology of chronic infections * Animal models that provide, or have the potential to provide, major insights This volume will be essential reading for virologists, immunologists, oncologists and neurologists.

Viral Pathogenesis

Viral Pathogenesis
Author: Michael G. Katze,Marcus J. Korth,G. Lynn Law,Neal Nathanson
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 366
Release: 2015-12-30
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128011744

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Viral Pathogenesis: From Basics to Systems Biology, Third Edition, has been thoroughly updated to cover topical advances in the evolving field of viral pathogenesis, while also providing the requisite classic foundational information for which it is recognized. The book provides key coverage of the newfound ability to profile molecular events on a system-wide scale, which has led to a deeper understanding of virus-host interactions, host signaling and molecular-interaction networks, and the role of host genetics in determining disease outcome. In addition, the content has been augmented with short chapters on seminal breakthroughs and profiles of their progenitors, as well as short commentaries on important or controversial issues in the field. Thus, the reader will be given a view of virology research with perspectives on issues such as biomedical ethics, public health policy, and human health. In summary, the third edition will give the student a sense of the exciting new perspectives on viral pathogenesis that have been provided by recent developments in genomics, computation, modeling, and systems biology. Covers all aspects of viral infection, including viral entry, replication, and release, as well as innate and adaptive immunity and viral pathogenesis Provides a fresh perspective on the approaches used to understand how viruses cause disease Features molecular profiling techniques, whole genome sequencing, and innovative computational methods Highlights the use of contemporary approaches and the insights they provide to the field

Modeling and Control of Infectious Diseases in the Host

Modeling and Control of Infectious Diseases in the Host
Author: Esteban A. Hernandez-Vargas
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2019-02-15
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128130520

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Modeling and Control of Infectious Diseases in the Host: With MATLAB and R provides a holistic understanding of health and disease by presenting topics on quantitative decision-making that influence the development of drugs. The book presents modeling advances in different viral infections, dissecting detailed contributions of key players, along with their respective interactions. By combining tailored in vivo experiments and mathematical modeling approaches, the book clarifies the relative contributions of different underlying mechanisms within hosts of the most lethal viral infections, including HIV, influenza and Ebola. Illustrative examples for parameter fitting, modeling and control applications are explained using MATLAB and R. Provides a multi-scale framework to link within-host infection dynamics (individual level) to between-host transmission fitness (epidemiological level) in viral infectious diseases Includes PK/PD modeling and simulation approaches to improve efficiency and decision-making at preclinical development phases Presents a theoretic approach to schedule drug treatments

Human Herpesviruses

Human Herpesviruses
Author: Ann Arvin,Gabriella Campadelli-Fiume,Edward Mocarski,Patrick S. Moore,Bernard Roizman,Richard Whitley,Koichi Yamanishi
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2007-08-16
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781139461641

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This comprehensive account of the human herpesviruses provides an encyclopedic overview of their basic virology and clinical manifestations. This group of viruses includes human simplex type 1 and 2, Epstein–Barr virus, Kaposi's Sarcoma-associated herpesvirus, cytomegalovirus, HHV6A, 6B and 7, and varicella-zoster virus. The viral diseases and cancers they cause are significant and often recurrent. Their prevalence in the developed world accounts for a major burden of disease, and as a result there is a great deal of research into the pathophysiology of infection and immunobiology. Another important area covered within this volume concerns antiviral therapy and the development of vaccines. All these aspects are covered in depth, both scientifically and in terms of clinical guidelines for patient care. The text is illustrated generously throughout and is fully referenced to the latest research and developments.