Advances in Spectroscopic Monitoring of the Atmosphere

Advances in Spectroscopic Monitoring of the Atmosphere
Author: Weidong Chen,Dean S. Venables,Markus W. Sigrist
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 634
Release: 2021-06-09
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128156896

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Advances in Spectroscopic Monitoring of the Atmosphere provides a comprehensive overview of cutting-edge technologies and monitoring applications. Concepts are illustrated by numerous examples with information on spectroscopic techniques and applications widely distributed throughout the text. This information is important for researchers to gain an overview of recent developments in the field and make informed selections among the most suitable techniques. This volume also provides information that will allow researchers to explore implementing and developing new diagnostic tools or new approaches for trace gas and aerosol sensing themselves. Advances in Spectroscopic Monitoring of the Atmosphere covers advanced and newly emerging spectroscopic techniques for optical metrology of gases and particles in the atmosphere. This book will be a valuable reference for atmospheric scientists, including those whose focus is applying the methods to atmospheric studies, and those who develop instrumentation. It will also serve as a useful introduction to researchers entering the field and provide relevant examples to researchers and students developing and applying optical sensors for a variety of other scientific, technical, and industrial uses. Overview of new applications including remote sensing by UAV, laser heterodyne radiometry, dual comb spectroscopy, and more Features in-situ observations and measurements for real-world data Includes content on leading edge optical sensors

Advances in Spectroscopy Molecules to Materials

Advances in Spectroscopy  Molecules to Materials
Author: Dheeraj Kumar Singh,Sourav Das,Arnulf Materny
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 454
Release: 2019-10-24
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789811502026

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This book presents and discusses recent developments in the broad field of spectroscopy, providing the reader with an updated overview. The main objective is to introduce them to recent innovations and current trends in spectroscopy applied to molecules and materials. The book also brings together experimentalists and theoreticians to highlight the multidimensional aspects of spectroscopy and discuss the latest issues. Accordingly, it provides insights not only into the general goals of spectroscopy, but also into how the various spectroscopic techniques represent a toolbox that can be used to gain a more detailed understanding of molecular systems and complex chemical problems. Besides technical aspects, basic theoretical interpretations of spectroscopic results are also presented. The spectroscopy techniques discussed include UV-visible absorption spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, IR absorption spectroscopy, fluorescence spectroscopy, and time-resolved spectroscopy. In turn, basic tools like lasers and theoretical modeling approaches are also presented. Lastly, applications for the characterization of fundamental properties of molecules (environmental aspects, biomolecules, pharmaceutical drugs, hazardous molecules, etc.) and materials (nanomaterials, nuclear chemistry materials, biomaterials, etc.) are discussed. Given its scope, the book offers a valuable resource for researchers from various branches of science, and presents new techniques that can be applied to their specific problems.

Air Monitoring by Spectroscopic Techniques

Air Monitoring by Spectroscopic Techniques
Author: Markus W. Sigrist,I. M. Kolthoff
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 564
Release: 1994-03-31
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 0471558753

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Leading experts discuss the characteristics, advantages, limitations and future aspects of modern spectroscopic techniques for environmental analysis. Demonstrates how these methods can be applied to trace gas detection and assessment. Concentrates on the latest techniques--both laser and non-laser based--which offer advantages for air pollution and gas monitoring as opposed to more conventional methods. Numerous examples of applications illustrate the potential of the techniques backed up by cutting-edge information and representative data.

Air Quality Monitoring and Advanced Bayesian Modeling

Air Quality Monitoring and Advanced Bayesian Modeling
Author: Yongjie Li,Ka In Hoi,Kai Meng Mok,Ka Veng Yuen
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 324
Release: 2023-01-14
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780323902670

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Air Quality Monitoring and Advanced Bayesian Modeling introduces recent developments in urban air quality monitoring and forecasting. The book presents concepts, theories, and case studies related to monitoring methods of criteria air pollutants, advanced methods for real-time characterization of chemical composition of PM and VOCs, and emerging strategies for air quality monitoring. The book illustrates concepts and theories through case studies about the development of common statistical air quality forecasting models. Readers will also learn advanced topics such as the Bayesian model class selection, adaptive forecasting model development with Kalman filter, and the Bayesian model averaging of multiple adaptive forecasting models. Covers fundamental to advanced applications of urban air quality monitoring and forecasting Includes detailed descriptions and applications of the instruments necessary for the most successful monitoring techniques Presents case studies throughout to provide real-world context to the research presented in the book

Eddy Covariance Method For Scientific Regulatory and Commercial Applications

Eddy Covariance Method For Scientific  Regulatory  and Commercial Applications
Author: George Burba
Publsiher: LI-COR Biosciences
Total Pages: 702
Release: 2022-09-06
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780578977140

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Eddy covariance method is a modern high-precision technique for direct measurements of the movement of gases, water vapor, heat, and momentum between the surface and the atmosphere. It is used for measurements of carbon sequestration and emission rates in natural, agricultural, industrial, and urban environments, atmospheric exchange rates of greenhouse gases, direct mea­surements of evapotranspirative water loss, heat exchange, turbulence rates, and momentum fluxes. The wide range of applications includes numerous fundamental and applied sciences, regulatory and industrial monitoring, multiple aspects of agricultural management, as well as carbon trading and offsets, corporate sustainability and neutrality, among many others. The book “Eddy Covariance Method for Scientific, Regulatory, and Commercial Applications” has been created to familiarize the reader with the general theoretical principles, requirements, applica­tions, planning, processing, and analysis steps of the eddy covariance method. It is intended to assist readers in furthering their understanding of the method and provide refer­ences such as academic textbooks, flux network guidelines, and journal papers. In particular, it is designed to help scientific, industrial, agricultural, and regulatory projects and monitoring programs with experiment design and field deployment of the eddy covariance method. Some of the topics covered in “Eddy Covariance Method for Scientific, Regulatory, and Commercial Applications” include: · Overview of eddy covariance principles · Planning and design of an eddy covariance experiment · Implementation of an eddy covariance experiment · Processing and analysis of eddy covariance data · Networking multiple flux stations · Alternative flux methods · Useful resources, training and knowledge base · Example of planning, design and implementation of a comprehensive automated flux station

Conceptual Boundary Layer Meteorology

Conceptual Boundary Layer Meteorology
Author: April L. Hiscox
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 316
Release: 2022-08-27
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128170939

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Conceptual Boundary Layer Meteorology: The Air Near Here explains essential boundary layer concepts in a way that is accessible to a wide number of people studying and working in the environmental sciences. It begins with chapters designed to present the language of the boundary layer and the key concepts of mass, momentum exchanges, and the role of turbulence. The book then moves to focusing on specific environments, uses, and problems facing science with respect to the boundary layer. Uses authentic examples to give readers the ability to utilize real world data Covers boundary layer meteorology without requiring knowledge of advanced mathematics Provides a set of tools that can be used by the reader to better understand land-air interactions Provides specific applications for a wide spectrum of environmental systems

Advanced Environmental Monitoring

Advanced Environmental Monitoring
Author: Young Kim,Ulrich Platt
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 420
Release: 2007-10-31
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781402063640

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This book deals with recent developments and applications of environmental monitoring technologies, with emphasis on rapidly progressing optical and biological methods. Written by worldwide experts, this book will be of interest to environmental scientists in academia, research institutes, industry and the government.

Instrument Development for Atmospheric Research and Monitoring

Instrument Development for Atmospheric Research and Monitoring
Author: Jens Bösenberg,David J. Brassington
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 420
Release: 1997-05-23
Genre: Nature
ISBN: 354062516X

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This book contains computer-ready algorithms for many standard methods of numerical mathematics, describes the principles of the various methods, and offers support in choosing the appropriate method for a given task. Topics given special emphasis include: converging methods for solving nonlinear equations, methods for solving systems of linear equations for many special matrix structures, and the Shepard method for multidimensional interpolation. The CD contains C-programs for almost all the algorithms given in the book and variants of the algorithms.