Advances in Wool Technology

Advances in Wool Technology
Author: N A G Johnson,I Russell
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2008-12-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781845695460

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Advanced research into wool science and technology is leading to a better understanding of the properties of wool. Wool is increasingly being seen as a high performance fibre, with new modifications and applications. Advances in wool technology presents a comprehensive account of these developments and innovations. Part one includes advances that have occurred in the production and processing of wool. Topics range from the progress in wool spinning, weaving and colouration, to environmental supply chain management and to the role of genetic engineering in improved wool production. Part two reviews new wool products and applications. Chapters include the production of brighter and whiter wool, high performance wool blends and wool for apparel. With its two distinguished editors and array of international contributors, this book is a valuable reference for producers, manufacturers, retailers and all those wishing to improve and understand developments in wool technology. It will also be suitable for researchers in industry or academia. Presents a comprehensive account of recent developments and innovation surrounding the high performance fibre Examines advances in wool production and processing from wool spinning to genetic engineering in improved production Considers environmental supply chain management

Advances in Braiding Technology

Advances in Braiding Technology
Author: Yordan Kyosev
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 608
Release: 2016-03-12
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780081004265

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Braiding is the process of interlacing three or more threads or yarns in a diagonal direction to the product axis in order to obtain thicker, wider or stronger textiles or, in the case of overbraiding, in order to cover a profile. Braids are becoming the reinforcement of choice in composite manufacturing, and have found a range of technical applications in fields including medicine, candles, transport and aerospace. Building on the information provided in Prof. Kyosev’s previous book, Braiding Technology for Textiles, this important title covers advanced technologies and new developments for the manufacture, applications and modelling of braided products. Part One covers the braiding of three-dimensional profiles, and includes a detailed overview of three-dimensional braiding technologies as well as chapters devoted to specific kinds of 3D braiding. Part Two addresses specialist braiding techniques and applications, and includes chapters reviewing the use of braids for medical textiles and candles. Part Three focuses on braiding techniques for ropes and Part Four reviews braiding for composites. The final part of the book considers modelling and simulation, and covers topics including overbraiding simulation, Finite Element Method (FEM) modelling and geometrical modelling. Covers advanced braiding techniques, technical applications, and modelling and simulation of braided textiles. Focused on the needs of the textile industry by offering suitable breadth and depth of coverage of a range of braiding manufacturing technology, applications and modelling techniques in a single volume. Written by an eminent team of authors, composed of leading scientists and developers in the field who have a wealth of relevant, first-hand experience in braiding, and edited by a high-profile editor who is an expert in his field.

Advances in Women s Intimate Apparel Technology

Advances in Women   s Intimate Apparel Technology
Author: Yu Wing Man
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 190
Release: 2016-04-18
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781782423904

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Advances in Women’s Intimate Apparel Technology discusses the design and manufacture of intimate apparel and how the industry is increasingly embracing novel materials, new technologies, and innovations in sizing and fit. The book reviews the ways in which new materials and methods are improving the range, function, and quality of intimate apparel, with particular focus on brassiere design. Part One introduces the advanced materials used for intimate apparel, including novel fabrics and dyes and finishes, along with materials for wiring and embellishments. Part Two discusses the role of seamless technology in intimate apparel production, covering lamination, moulding, and seamless knitting. Finally, Part Three reviews advances in design, fit, and performance. Provides systematic and comprehensive coverage on key trends in intimate apparel technology Presents chapters that follow a coherent sequence, beginning with advanced materials, then discussing new manufacturing techniques, and finishing with coverage of performance and fit“/li> Focuses on the needs of the apparel industry, covering materials, manufacturing, and design aspects Written by distinguished author and professor Winnie Yu who is the Director of the ACE Style Institute of Intimate Apparel at Hong Kong Polytechnic University

Advances in Silk Science and Technology

Advances in Silk Science and Technology
Author: Arindam Basu
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 298
Release: 2015-04-30
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781782423249

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The remarkable properties of silk fibres have gained them a prominent place in the field of technical textiles. Advances in Silk Science and Technology explores recent developments in silk processing, properties and applications. Techniques for manufacturing spider silk are also discussed and the current and future applications of this fibre are reviewed. Part One focuses on the properties and processing of silk from both silkworms and spiders. It addresses recent advances in our understanding of the properties of silk and offers systematic coverage of the processing of silk from spinning through to finishing, as well as an analysis of quality testing for silk fibres, yarns and fabrics. Part Two then addresses important applications of silk from silkworms and spiders, and includes chapters on the use of silk in polymer matrix composites and in different kinds of biomaterial. The book concludes with a chapter on developments in the use of silk waste. Reviews the properties of silk from both silkworms and spiders Offers systematic coverage of the processing of silk from spinning through to finishing Cover a range of applications, including on the use of silk in polymer matrix composites and in different kinds of biomaterial

Structure and Properties of High Performance Fibers

Structure and Properties of High Performance Fibers
Author: Gajanan Bhat
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 438
Release: 2016-08-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780081005514

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Structure and Properties of High-Performance Fibers explores the relationship between the structure and properties of a wide range of high-performance fibers. Part I covers high-performance inorganic fibers, including glasses and ceramics, plus carbon fibers of various types. In Part II, high-performance synthetic polymer fibers are discussed, while Part III reviews those natural fibers that can be used to create advanced textiles. The high-performance properties of these fibers are related to their chemistry and morphology, as well as the ways in which they are synthesized and spun. High-performance fibers form the basis of textile materials with applications in protection, medicine, and composite reinforcement. Fibers are selected for these technical applications due to their advanced physical, mechanical, and chemical properties. Offers up-to-date coverage of new and advanced materials for the fiber and textile industries Reviews structure-property relationships of high-performance inorganic, carbon, synthetic polymer, and natural fibers Includes contributions from an international team of authors edited by an expert in the field Reviews those natural fibers that can be used to create advanced textiles

Physico chemical Aspects of Textile Coloration

Physico chemical Aspects of Textile Coloration
Author: Stephen M. Burkinshaw
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 642
Release: 2016-02-08
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781118725696

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The production of textile materials comprises a very large and complex global industry that utilises a diverse range of fibre types and creates a variety of textile products. As the great majority of such products are coloured, predominantly using aqueous dyeing processes, the coloration of textiles is a large-scale global business in which complex procedures are used to apply different types of dye to the various types of textile material. The development of such dyeing processes is the result of substantial research activity, undertaken over many decades, into the physico-chemical aspects of dye adsorption and the establishment of ‘dyeing theory’, which seeks to describe the mechanism by which dyes interact with textile fibres. Physico-Chemical Aspects of Textile Coloration provides a comprehensive treatment of the physical chemistry involved in the dyeing of the major types of natural, man-made and synthetic fibres with the principal types of dye. The book covers: fundamental aspects of the physical and chemical structure of both fibres and dyes, together with the structure and properties of water, in relation to dyeing; dyeing as an area of study as well as the terminology employed in dyeing technology and science; contemporary views of intermolecular forces and the nature of the interactions that can occur between dyes and fibres at a molecular level; fundamental principles involved in dyeing theory, as represented by the thermodynamics and kinetics of dye sorption; detailed accounts of the mechanism of dyeing that applies to cotton (and other cellulosic fibres), polyester, polyamide, wool, polyacrylonitrile and silk fibres; non-aqueous dyeing, as represented by the use of air, organic solvents and supercritical CO2 fluid as alternatives to water as application medium. The up-to-date text is supported by a large number of tables, figures and illustrations as well as footnotes and widespread use of references to published work. The book is essential reading for students, teachers, researchers and professionals involved in textile coloration.

Fundamentals of Spun Yarn Technology

Fundamentals of Spun Yarn Technology
Author: Carl A. Lawrence
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 558
Release: 2003-03-28
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 1566768217

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Existing textbooks covering the subject of yarn manufacture largely concentrate on describing the workings of machines. Fundamentals of Spun Yarn Technology presents complete coverage of yarn manufacture and technology and current research findings on the structure and properties of spun yarns. Written by a well-known and respected authority on textile technology, it not only introduces the subject, but it provides students with an advanced understanding of the various process stages. The book introduces the rudiments of staple yarn technology, covering the manufacturing process, the raw materials, and processes including short staple, worsted, semiworsted and woollen spinning, doubling, and specialty yarn processes. It also covers the more advanced studies in staple yarn technology, including new developments in fiber preparation technology, carding technology, roller drafting, gilling, ring spinning, open-end rotor spinning, air jet spinning and new research on unconventional spinning systems. This extensive range of topics, along with hundreds of tables and illustrations presented in Fundamentals of Spun Yarn Technology make it a comprehensive and up-to-date treatment of the field.

The Coloration of Wool and Other Keratin Fibres

The Coloration of Wool and Other Keratin Fibres
Author: David M. Lewis,John A. Rippon
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2013-05-20
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781118625101

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Keratin fibres, particularly wool fibres, constitute animportant natural raw material in textiles due to their comfort andthermal proprieties. Wool coloration demands an understanding ofthe complex nature of the interplay between wool fibre chemistry,morphology and the coloration processes. The Coloration of Wool and other Keratin Fibres is acomprehensive treatment, written by leading international experts,of the chemistry and chemical processes involved in wool dyeing,printing, preparation and finishing. The book covers: the chemical and physical structure of wool keratin fibres,detailing their complex heterogeneity and the subtle links betweenfibre structure and dyeability the coloration of fabrics containing wool, including a varietyof wool blends such as wool/silk, wool/polyester and wool/cotton,and luxury keratin fibres such as mohair, cashmere and camel the chemistry of the various types of dyes utilised in wooldyeing and in-depth discussions on the physical properties tooptimise these processes practical application of dyes to wool in all its forms, loosestock, combed tops, yarns and piece goods, is covered in thechapter on wool dyeing machinery two chapters, one on bleaching and whitening and one on dyeinghuman hair, provide a valuable extension to the topic of cosmeticchemistry The Coloration of Wool and other Keratin Fibres isessential reading for professionals world-wide working in companiesinvolved in the dyeing and printing of wool, wool blends and otherkeratin fibres and also for the producers of dyes and auxiliarydyeing agents. It is a valuable resource for teachers and studentsof universities and technical institutes, as well as forresearchers who are focusing their investigations on wool, woolblends, human hair or dyes and auxiliaries. Published in partnership with the Society of Dyers andColourists (SDC). Find out more at ahref="http://www.wiley.com/go/sdc"www.wiley.com/go/sdc/a