Air Pollution and Health

Air Pollution and Health
Author: Jon Ayres,Robert Maynard,Roy Richards
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 264
Release: 2006-09-15
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781783261918

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This invaluable volume, the third in the series Air Pollution Reviews, addresses particular questions relating to air pollution and its effect on health. It deals with the impact of nasal disease on lung exposure, how pollutants are distributed within the lung, and the uncertainties with regard to defining the dose to the lung. It takes a tangential look at the lung dose by exploring the possibility of obtaining clues from occupational medicine. Toxicologically, the book examines the possible methodology for exploring how particles and their toxicity can be investigated, and looks into the cardio-toxic effects of air pollution. The effects of pollutant mixtures are compared with those of individual pollutants. In addition, the question of the importance of acid aerosols is tackled. Epidemiologically, the book deals with the problems associated with point sources as opposed to diffuse sources of air pollution, and considers whether the health effects of air pollution can be adequately quantified. These areas, though difficult, need to be addressed, in order to develop our knowledge of the health effects of air pollution. In this volume, a strong panel of authors treat the issues. They have raised questions but at the same time succeeded in solving a number of problems. Contents: The Role of the Nose in Health and Disease (R Eccles)Cardiovascular Effects of Particles (H C Routledge & J G Ayres)Point Sources of Air Pollution — Investigation of Possible Health Effects Using Small Area Methods (P Elliott)Characterisation of Airborne Particulate Matter and Related Mechanisms of Toxicity: An Experimental Approach (K Bérubé et al.)Acid Aerosols as a Health Hazard (L C Chen et al.)Testing New Particles (K Donaldson et al.)Valuing the Health Impact of Air Pollution: Deaths, DALYs or Dollars? (A E M de Hollander & J M Melse) Readership: Government bodies, environmentalists, scientists in the field of air pollution, undergraduate and graduate students.

Allergenic Pollen

Allergenic Pollen
Author: Mikhail Sofiev,Karl-Christian Bergmann
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2012-09-23
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9789400748804

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This is the first book to summarize all aspects of allergenic pollen: production, atmospheric distribution, and health impacts, as well as the means of monitoring and forecasting these phenomena. Based on a four-year effort by a large group of leading European scientists, this book highlights the new developments in research on allergenic pollen, including the modelling prospects and effects of climate change. The multidisciplinary team of authors offers insights into the latest technology of detection of pollen and its allergenic properties, forecasting methods, and the influence of allergenic pollen on the population. The comprehensive coverage in this book makes it an indispensible volume for anyone dealing with allergenic pollen worldwide. Readers involved in environmental health, aerobiology, medicine, and plant science will find this book of interest.

Allergens and Respiratory Pollutants

Allergens and Respiratory Pollutants
Author: Marc A. Williams
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2011-07-18
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781908818065

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Allergens and respiratory pollutants is a collection of 12 authoritative papers that draws upon the collective expertise of world leaders in the fields of innate immunity, immunotoxicology and pulmonary biology. The book critically explores the biological and immunological mechanisms that contribute to immune dysfunction on exposure to allergens and the susceptibility to infectious disease on exposure to ambient pollutants. The clinical relevance of exposure to ambient airborne xenobiotics is critically discussed and collectively, this book provides an educational forum that links the health effects of environmental exposures, immune dysfunction and inflammatory airways disease. Discusses recent advances in our understanding of cell-mediated innate immune mechanisms that occur during allergic inflammation and provides important timely coverage of diseases of concern and how such diseases are influenced by a dysfunctional immune system Provides useful information on linking environmental 'danger signals' that provoke immune dysfunction and exacerbation of existing disease Draws upon the collective expertise of an international college of leaders in the field, but also provides chapters that provide essential reference material

WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality

WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality
Author: World Health Organization
Publsiher: WHO Regional Office Europe
Total Pages: 247
Release: 2009
Genre: Architecture
ISBN: 9789289041683

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Microbial pollution is a key element of indoor air pollution. It is caused by hundreds of species of bacteria and fungi, in particular filamentous fungi (mould), growing indoors when sufficient moisture is available. This document provides a comprehensive review of the scientific evidence on health problems associated with building moisture and biological agents. The review concludes that the most important effects are increased prevalences of respiratory symptoms, allergies and asthma as well as perturbation of the immunological system. The document also summarizes the available information on the conditions that determine the presence of mould and measures to control their growth indoors. WHO guidelines for protecting public health are formulated on the basis of the review. The most important means for avoiding adverse health effects is the prevention (or minimization) of persistent dampness and microbial growth on interior surfaces and in building structures. [Ed.]

Climate Change in Asia and the Pacific

Climate Change in Asia and the Pacific
Author: Venkatachalam Anbumozhi,Meinhard Breiling,Selvarajah Pathmarajah,Vangimalla R Reddy
Publsiher: SAGE Publications India
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2012-06-13
Genre: History
ISBN: 9788132116769

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Climate change is one of the most significant challenges to global economic development. Left unchecked, continued global warming could cause worldwide social and environmental disruption. The Asia and Pacific region is more vulnerable to climate change risks than other regions due to its dependence on the natural resources and agriculture sectors. Densely populated coastal areas, weak institutions, and the poverty of a considerable proportion of its population add to the susceptibility of this region. Adaptation—making adjustments in natural or human systems in response to actual or expected climate stimuli— becomes a key strategy for sustaining economic growth. This volume examines the framework conditions for integrating climate change adaptation measures into agriculture, water, and natural resources management activities for the Asia and Pacific region. Based on the review of country experiences, the book describes key dimensions, suggests interventions for further exploration, and serves as a basis for planning and mainstreaming climate change adaptation into sectoral planning

Air Pollution the Automobile and Public Health

Air Pollution  the Automobile  and Public Health
Author: Sponsored by The Health Effects Institute
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 703
Release: 1988-01-01
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780309037266

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"The combination of scientific and institutional integrity represented by this book is unusual. It should be a model for future endeavors to help quantify environmental risk as a basis for good decisionmaking." â€"William D. Ruckelshaus, from the foreword. This volume, prepared under the auspices of the Health Effects Institute, an independent research organization created and funded jointly by the Environmental Protection Agency and the automobile industry, brings together experts on atmospheric exposure and on the biological effects of toxic substances to examine what is knownâ€"and not knownâ€"about the human health risks of automotive emissions.

Traffic Related Air Pollution

Traffic Related Air Pollution
Author: Haneen Khreis,Mark Nieuwenhuijsen,Josias Zietsman,Tara Ramani
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 650
Release: 2020-08-20
Genre: Transportation
ISBN: 9780128181232

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Traffic-Related Air Pollution synthesizes and maps TRAP and its impact on human health at the individual and population level. The book analyzes mitigating standards and regulations with a focus on cities. It provides the methods and tools for assessing and quantifying the associated road traffic emissions, air pollution, exposure and population-based health impacts, while also illuminating the mechanisms underlying health impacts through clinical and toxicological research. Real-world implications are set alongside policy options, emerging technologies and best practices. Finally, the book recommends ways to influence discourse and policy to better account for the health impacts of TRAP and its societal costs. Overviews existing and emerging tools to assess TRAP’s public health impacts Examines TRAP’s health effects at the population level Explores the latest technologies and policies--alongside their potential effectiveness and adverse consequences--for mitigating TRAP Guides on how methods and tools can leverage teaching, practice and policymaking to ameliorate TRAP and its effects

Inhaled Environmental occupational Irritants and Allergens

Inhaled Environmental occupational Irritants and Allergens
Author: Donovan B. Yeates,Joseph L. Mauderly
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 168
Release: 2001
Genre: Allergens
ISBN: IND:30000143535700

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