Athymic Nude Rat Brain Atlas
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|Author||: Bengt Mattsson,Malin Parmar,Anders Björklund|
|Total Pages||: 147|
Download Athymic Nude Rat Brain Atlas Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle
Athymic Nude Rat Brain Atlas will provide the first stereotaxic brain atlas of the athymic nude rat (Crl:NIH-Foxn1rnu), a T-cell deficient rat model commonly used in experimental studies and pre-clinical safety and efficacy studies. This 2D vector-based atlas contains coronal, sagittal, and horizontal brain sections of an athymic rat brain rendered from a single cleared specimen, placed in a computerized 3D environment. The maps enable readers to better calculate co-ordinates to target specific structures for toxin, virus, or cell delivery using stereotaxic surgery. This atlas will be a valuable resource for any neuroscientist who wishes to work with nude rats in experimental and pre-clinical studies. Contains coronal, sagittal, and horizontal maps of young adult athymic nude rat brain, spaced with a distance of 0.2 or 0.25 mm Uses "flat skull" Bregma and Lambda as anatomical landmarks for correct placement in the 3D environment Anatomical structures and nomenclature follow the standard set by the Paxinos and Watson rat brain atlases Includes a map of the dopamine projection system as well as the distribution of the A8-A14 dopamine cell groups Allows for easy read-out of coordinates for precise injections using stereotactic surgery
|Author||: Ch.W. Sensen,Benedikt Hallgrimsson|
|Publsiher||: Springer Science & Business Media|
|Total Pages||: 445|
Download Advanced Imaging in Biology and Medicine Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle
A picture says more than a thousand words. This is something that we all know to be true. Imaging has been important since the early days of medicine and bi- ogy, as seen in the anatomical studies of Leonardo Da Vinci or Andreas Vesalius. More than 100 years ago, the ?rst noninvasive imaging technologies, such as K- rad Roentgen’s X-ray technology,were applied to the medical ?eld—and while still crude—revolutionized medical diagnosis. Today, every patient will be exposed to some kind of advanced imaging technology such as medical resonance imaging, computed tomography or four-dimensional ultrasound during their lifetime. Many diseases, such as brain tumors, are initially diagnosed solely by imaging, and most of the surgical planning relies on the patient imagery. 4D ultrasound is available to expecting parents who wish to create unique early memories of the new baby, and it may soon be used for the morphometric diagnosis of malformations that may one day be treatable—inutero! Light and electron microscopy are unequal brethren, which have contributed to most of our knowledge about the existence and organization of cells, tissues and microorganisms. Every student of biology or medicine is introduced to the fascinating images of the microcosm. New advances have converted these im- ing technologies, which were considered by many to be antiquated, into powerful tools for research in systems biology and related ?elds.
|Author||: Mark A. Suckow,F. Claire Hankenson,Ronald P. Wilson,Patricia L. Foley|
|Publsiher||: Academic Press|
|Total Pages||: 1180|
Download The Laboratory Rat Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle
The third edition of The Laboratory Rat features updated information on a variety of topics, including rats as research models for basic and translational research in areas such as genomics, alcoholism, diabetes, metabolic syndrome, obesity, neuroscience, spinal cord injury, traumatic brain injury, regenerative medicine, and infectious disease. New information related to the husbandry and veterinary care of rats is provided including topics related to nutrition, reproduction, anesthesia and surgery, infectious and noninfectious disease, and the care of surgical and other fragile models. It is a premier source of information on the laboratory rat, this book will be of interest to veterinary and medical students, senior graduate students, postdocs and researchers who utilize animals in biomedical research. New chapters on the care of surgical and fragile models and on the use of rats in research areas such as alcoholism, regenerative medicine, spinal cord injury, traumatic brain injury, and others are included. All chapters were written by scientific and veterinary experts. This book condenses information from many sources on topics related to the care and use of rats in research. It is the premier source of information on the laboratory rat.
|Author||: Christoph B. Ostertag,David G..T. Thomas,Andries Bosch,Bengt Linderoth,Giovanni Broggi|
|Publsiher||: Springer Science & Business Media|
|Total Pages||: 144|
Download Advances in Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery 12 Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle
Neurosurgery o/the Future: Computers and Robots in Clinical Neurosurgical Practice and in Training - a Philosophical Journey into the Future Many present day neurosurgeons believe that they already obtain good results in operative surgery with the benefit of the operating microscope and other aids which have become available in the last three decades and that the introduction of computers and robots to the operating theatre is superfluous. However, it is clear from analogy with the function of the airline pilot, another profession where there are great demands on manual skill and on spatial awareness, that these devices do have much to offer neurosurgery. Classical neurosurgery, in the time of Cushing, Dandy and Scarff, was based on a three dimensional picture of the patient's brain formed in the surgeon's mind and often illustrated in elegant drawings. Such pictures were based on neuroradiological studies by pneumoencephalography, ventriculography or by angiography. Generally these stud ies showed the presence and position of a lesion by displacement of normal brain structures and the picture was built up by interference. This was then converted by the experienced neurosurgeon into a plan for the craniotomy site and the trajectory of the surgical approach. Once the brain was exposed further pre-operative information was obtained by visual inspection and by palpation with the brain needle. These classical forms ofneuroradiology have largely been superseded by computerised tomography and by magnetic resonance imaging.
|Author||: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Institute for Laboratory Animal Research,Committee for the Update of the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals|
|Publsiher||: National Academies Press|
|Total Pages||: 246|
Download Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle
A respected resource for decades, the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals has been updated by a committee of experts, taking into consideration input from the scientific and laboratory animal communities and the public at large. The Guide incorporates new scientific information on common laboratory animals, including aquatic species, and includes extensive references. It is organized around major components of animal use: Key concepts of animal care and use. The Guide sets the framework for the humane care and use of laboratory animals. Animal care and use program. The Guide discusses the concept of a broad Program of Animal Care and Use, including roles and responsibilities of the Institutional Official, Attending Veterinarian and the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee. Animal environment, husbandry, and management. A chapter on this topic is now divided into sections on terrestrial and aquatic animals and provides recommendations for housing and environment, husbandry, behavioral and population management, and more. Veterinary care. The Guide discusses veterinary care and the responsibilities of the Attending Veterinarian. It includes recommendations on animal procurement and transportation, preventive medicine (including animal biosecurity), and clinical care and management. The Guide addresses distress and pain recognition and relief, and issues surrounding euthanasia. Physical plant. The Guide identifies design issues, providing construction guidelines for functional areas; considerations such as drainage, vibration and noise control, and environmental monitoring; and specialized facilities for animal housing and research needs. The Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals provides a framework for the judgments required in the management of animal facilities. This updated and expanded resource of proven value will be important to scientists and researchers, veterinarians, animal care personnel, facilities managers, institutional administrators, policy makers involved in research issues, and animal welfare advocates.