Chemical Modulators of Protein Misfolding and Neurodegenerative Disease

Chemical Modulators of Protein Misfolding and Neurodegenerative Disease
Author: Pierfausto Seneci
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 260
Release: 2015-01-14
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128019597

Download Chemical Modulators of Protein Misfolding and Neurodegenerative Disease Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

This book is a neurochemistry-based companion for Protein Misfolding and Neurodegenerative Diseases: Molecular Targets, an Elsevier title by the same author publishing in December 2014. While the first book focuses on biology and molecular targets, this companion book describes how these targets are regulated by small molecules and disease-modifying compounds. The book begins with a brief introduction to how key proteins become dysfunctional, and each subsequent chapter describes major disease mechanisms in Alzheimer’s and other tauopathies. Properties and development status of these molecular targets and disease mechanisms are thoroughly described, as are small molecule effectors of autophagy and dis-aggregating agents. Written to provide comprehensive coverage of neurodegenerative disease-modifying compounds Provides discipline-specific chapters that cover medicinal chemistry and clinical applications Provides an overview of more than 200 chemical classes and lead compounds, acting on selected molecular targets that are of relevance to any neurodegenerative disorder Coverage of misfolding diseases, chaperone proteins, ubiquitination and autophagy/oncology makes this book suitable for structural neurochemists, chemists, biologists, non-CNS scientists, and scientists interested in drug discovery

Molecular Targets in Protein Misfolding and Neurodegenerative Disease

Molecular Targets in Protein Misfolding and Neurodegenerative Disease
Author: Pierfausto Seneci
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 314
Release: 2014-10-07
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128004999

Download Molecular Targets in Protein Misfolding and Neurodegenerative Disease Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Aimed at "drug discoverers" – i.e. any scientist who is interested in neurodegenerative diseases in general, and in finding disease-modifying treatments in particular – the first edition of Molecular Targets in Protein Misfolding and Neurodegenerative Disease will contain both a detailed, discipline-specific coverage (paragraphs on medicinal chemistry, on clinical and preclinical characterization of compounds in development, on target identification and validation, on genetic factors influencing a pathology, etc.) and a drug discovery-oriented, overall evaluation of each target (validation, druggability, existing leads, etc.). Together these will satisfy the needs of various audiences, including in vitro biologists, pharmacologists, medicinal chemists, etc. Written to provide a comprehensive coverage of disease-modifying mechanisms and compounds against neurodegenerative diseases Provides a “drug discovery application oriented perspective, evaluating targets and candidates for their overall therapeutic potential Provides discipline-specific chapters (medicinal chemistry, target validation, preclinical and clinical development Provides an overview on a number of molecular mechanisms (e.g. phosphorylation, chaperon refolding, ubiquitination, autophagy, microtubule transportation, protease cleavage, etc.) with relevance for any disease area Contains a more thorough description of the therapeutic relevance of ~10 specific molecular targets

Quality Control of Cellular Protein in Neurodegenerative Disorders

Quality Control of Cellular Protein in Neurodegenerative Disorders
Author: Uddin, Md. Sahab,Ashraf, Ghulam Md.
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 515
Release: 2020-02-14
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781799813187

Download Quality Control of Cellular Protein in Neurodegenerative Disorders Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Protein misfolding and aggregation are hallmarks of several neurodegenerative proteinopathies. Though multiple factors like aging, oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, proteotoxic insults, genetic inconsistency, etc. are responsible for the dysfunction of the neuronal protein quality control system, targeting protein quality control has become an auspicious approach to halt the propagation of neurodegeneration. Quality Control of Cellular Protein in Neurodegenerative Disorders provides diverse aspects exploring the role of the protein quality control in neurodegenerative disorders and potential therapeutic strategies to combat the development and propagation of neurodegeneration. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics such as molecular chaperones, protein misfolding, and stress signaling, this book is ideally designed for neurobiologists, neuropsychologists, neurophysiologists, medical professionals, neuropathologists, researchers, academicians, students, and practitioners engaged in studies of the protein quality control system in neuronal cells.

Leucine Rich Repeat Kinase 2 LRRK2

Leucine Rich Repeat Kinase 2  LRRK2
Author: Hardy J. Rideout
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 271
Release: 2017-03-28
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783319499697

Download Leucine Rich Repeat Kinase 2 LRRK2 Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

This is the first book to assemble the leading researchers in the field of LRRK2 biology and neurology and provide a snapshot of the current state of knowledge, encompassing all major aspects of its function and dysfunction. The contributors are experts in cell biology and physiology, neurobiology, and medicinal chemistry, bringing a multidisciplinary perspective on the gene and its role in disease. The book covers the identification of LRRK2 as a major contributor to the pathogenesis of Parkinson's Disease. It also discusses the current state of the field after a decade of research, putative normal physiological roles of LRRK2, and the various pathways that have been identified in the search for the mechanism(s) of its induction of neurodegeneration.

Molecular Chaperones in Health and Disease

Molecular Chaperones in Health and Disease
Author: Matthias Gaestel
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 442
Release: 2006-01-18
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783540297178

Download Molecular Chaperones in Health and Disease Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Molecular chaperones are involved in a wide variety of essential cellular processes in living cells. A subset of molecular chaperones have been initially described as heat shock proteins protecting cells from stress damage by keeping cellular proteins in a folding competent state and preventing them from irreversible aggregation. Later it became obvious that molecular chaperones are also expressed constitutively in the cell and are involved in complex processes such as protein synthesis, intracellular protein transport, post-translational modification and secretion of proteins as well as receptor signalling. Hence, it is not surprising that molecular chaperones are implicated in the pathogenesis of many relevant diseases and could be regarded as potential pharmacological targets. Starting with the analysis of the mode of action of chaperones at the molecular, cellular and organismic level, this book will then describe specific aspects where modulation of chaperone action could be of pharmacological and therapeutic interest.

Neurodegenerative Diseases New Insights for the Healthcare Professional 2013 Edition

Neurodegenerative Diseases  New Insights for the Healthcare Professional  2013 Edition
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: ScholarlyEditions
Total Pages: 338
Release: 2013-07-22
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781481660808

Download Neurodegenerative Diseases New Insights for the Healthcare Professional 2013 Edition Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Neurodegenerative Diseases: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ book that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Diagnosis and Screening. The editors have built Neurodegenerative Diseases: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Diagnosis and Screening in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Neurodegenerative Diseases: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Tau oligomers

Tau oligomers
Author: Jesus Avila,Naruhiko Sahara
Publsiher: Frontiers E-books
Total Pages: 114
Release: 2014-08-18
Genre: Medicine (General)
ISBN: 9782889192618

Download Tau oligomers Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) composed of intracellular aggregates of tau protein are a key neuropathological feature of Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) and other neurodegenerative diseases, collectively termed tauopathies. The abundance of NFTs has been reported to correlate positively with the severity of cognitive impairment in AD. However, accumulating evidences derived from studies of experimental models have identified that NFTs themselves may not be neurotoxic. Now, many of tau researchers are seeking a “toxic” form of tau protein. Moreover, it was suggested that a “toxic” tau was capable to seed aggregation of native tau protein and to propagate in a prion-like manner. However, the exact neurotoxic tau species remain unclear. Because mature tangles seem to be non-toxic component, “tau oligomers” as the candidate of “toxic” tau have been investigated for more than one decade. In this topic, we will discuss our consensus of “tau oligomers” because the term of “tau oligomers” [e.g. dimer (disulfide bond-dependent or independent), multimer (more than dimer), granular (definition by EM or AFM) and maybe small filamentous aggregates] has been used by each researchers definition. From a biochemical point of view, tau protein has several unique characteristics such as natively unfolded conformation, thermo-stability, acid-stability, and capability of post-translational modifications. Although tau protein research has been continued for a long time, we are still missing the mechanisms of NFT formation. It is unclear how the conversion is occurred from natively unfolded protein to abnormally mis-folded protein. It remains unknown how tau protein can be formed filaments [e.g. paired helical filament (PHF), straight filament and twisted filament] in cells albeit in vitro studies confirmed tau self-assembly by several inducing factors. Researchers are still debating whether tau oligomerization is primary event rather than tau phosphorylation in the tau pathogenesis. Inhibition of either tau phosphorylation or aggregation has been investigated for the prevention of tauopathies, however, it will make an irrelevant result if we don’t know an exact target of neurotoxicity. It is a time to have a consensus of definition, terminology and methodology for the identification of “tau oligomers”.

Oxidative Stress and Redox Signalling in Parkinson s Disease

Oxidative Stress and Redox Signalling in Parkinson   s Disease
Author: Rodrigo Franco,Jonathan A Doorn,Jean-Christophe Rochet
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 537
Release: 2017-07-25
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781782621881

Download Oxidative Stress and Redox Signalling in Parkinson s Disease Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Parkinson's Disease is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder affecting millions of people worldwide. In order to find neuroprotective strategies, a clear understanding of the mechanisms involved in the dopaminergic death of cells that progresses the disease is needed. Oxidative stress can be defined as an imbalance between the production of reactive species and the ability to detoxify them and their intermediates or by-products. Oxidative damage to lipids, proteins, and DNA has been detected in autopsies from individuals with Parkinson’s Disease and so links can be made between oxidative stress and Parkinson’s Disease pathogenesis. This book provides a thorough review of the mechanisms by which oxidative stress and redox signalling mediate Parkinson’s Disease. Opening chapters bring readers up to speed on basic knowledge regarding oxidative stress and redox signalling, Parkinson’s Disease, and neurodegeneration before the latest advances in this field are explored in detail. Topics covered in the following chapters include the role of mitochondria, dopamine metabolism, metal homeostasis, inflammation, DNA-damage and thiol-signalling. The role of genetics and gene-environment interactions are also explored before final chapters discuss the identification of potential biomarkers for diagnosis and disease progression and the future of redox/antioxidant based therapeutics. Written by recognized experts in the field, this book will be a valuable source of information for postgraduate students and academics, clinicians, toxicologists and risk assessment groups. Importantly, it presents the current research that might later lead to redox or antioxidant – based therapeutics for Parkinson’s disease.