Cohesive Sediments in Open Channels

Cohesive Sediments in Open Channels
Author: Emmanuel Partheniades
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2009-04-23
Genre: Science
ISBN: 0080877974

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Control the impact of cohesive sediments on open channels by managing the effects of silt, clay and other sediments in harbors, estuaries and reservoirs. Cohesive Sediments in Open Channels provides you with a practical framework for understanding how cohesive sediments are transported, deposited and eroded. One of the first books to approach the subject from an engineering’s perspective, this book supplies insight into applying hydraulic design as well as understanding the behavior of cohesive sediments in a flow field. Properties and of the nature and the origin of the interparticle physicochemical forces The forces between clay particles and the process of flocculation Processes and dynamics of flocculation and the hydrodynamic behavior of cohesive sediments Transport processes of sediments by flowing water and related equations are first presented and explained Deposition and resuspension of beds deposited from suspension from flowing waters Engineering applications of the hydraulics of cohesive sediments

Cohesive Sediments in Open Channels

Cohesive Sediments in Open Channels
Author: Emmanuel Partheniades
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 392
Release: 2009-03-23
Genre: Science
ISBN: UCSD:31822037176203

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Control the impact of cohesive sediments on open channels by managing the effects of silt, clay and other sediments in harbors, estuaries and reservoirs. Cohesive Sediments in Open Channels provides you with a practical framework for understanding how cohesive sediments are transported, deposited and eroded. One of the first books to approach the subject from an engineering's perspective, this book supplies insight into applying hydraulic design as well as understanding the behavior of cohesive sediments in a flow field. Properties and of the nature and the origin of the interparticle physicochemical forces The forces between clay particles and the process of flocculation Processes and dynamics of flocculation and the hydrodynamic behavior of cohesive sediments Transport processes of sediments by flowing water and related equations are first presented and explained Deposition and resuspension of beds deposited from suspension from flowing waters Engineering applications of the hydraulics of cohesive sediments

Fine Sediment In Open Water From Fundamentals To Modeling

Fine Sediment In Open Water  From Fundamentals To Modeling
Author: Johan C Winterwerp,Thijs Van Kessel,Bas Van Maren,Bram C Van Prooijen
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 644
Release: 2021-11-08
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9789811243646

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Fine Sediment in Open Water is mainly written for professional engineers working in estuaries and coastal systems. It provides the basis for a fundamental understanding of the physical, biological and chemical processes governing the transport and fate of fine sediment in open water and explains how this understanding can steer engineering studies with numerical models. This is a unique treatment of processes at a variety of spatial and temporal scales, from the micro-scale (colloid scale) to system-wide scales, and from intra-tidal time periods to decades.Beginning with the processes governing the transport and fate of fine sediment in shallow open water, the first eight chapters are dedicated to the hydrodynamic, soil mechanics and biological processes which determine fine sediment concentrations in the water column, in/on the bed and the exchange of sediment between bed and water column. The next two chapters treat the net fluxes of fine sediment as a function of asymmetries in forcing and sediment properties. These fundamental processes form the basis for the subsequent chapters on modeling in which the governing equations are presented, and tools are provided to aggregate and parameterize the various processes elaborated in the first eight chapters. Further, any numerical model study should be based on a conceptual model, as illustrated in the final five chapters, which provide examples of numerical modeling studies on the transport and fate of fine sediment in a coastal sea, an estuary, a tidal river, a lake, and around and within a harbor basin.Related Link(s)

Cohesive Sediments

Cohesive Sediments
Author: Neville Burt,R. Parker,Jacqueline Watts
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 490
Release: 1997-04-03
Genre: Science
ISBN: UCSD:31822025898099

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There is an alarming tendency today to assume that something calculated by a computer must be correct, yet the phrase 'garbage in, garbage out' (gigo) is possibly nowhere more (generally) appropriate than in computer modelling of cohesive sediment behaviour. The behaviour of 'mud' is highly complex and one only needs to look at a sample under a microscope to see why - the variety of particle shapes, not to mention the presence of living organisms, make it a substance with properties virtually unique to its situation which even change with time. For many years most researchers tended to avoid it, preferring to study sand and gravel, but a dedicated few tackled it and found a forum for discussing their work in the first Cohesive Sediments Workshop in Florida in 1980. The workshop met about every three years resulting in publication of some of the most definitive papers on the subject. By 1994 it was time to recognise the extensive research being carried on in Europe by holding the workshop in that region. Intercoh '94 (the 4th Nearshore and Estuarine Cohesive Sediment Transport Conference) drew together about 100 of the world's leading researchers in the field. The resulting papers, presented in this volume, truly represent the definitive state of the art on the measurement and modelling of mud properties today.

An Introduction to Hydraulics of Fine Sediment Transport

An Introduction to Hydraulics of Fine Sediment Transport
Author: Ashish J Mehta
Publsiher: World Scientific Publishing Company
Total Pages: 1060
Release: 2013-09-30
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9789814449502

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This book presents observations on the phenomena of fine sediment transport and their explanations under process-related divisions such as flocculation, erosion, and deposition. The text is a compilation of the author's lecture notes from nearly four decades of teaching and guiding graduate students in civil and coastal engineering. Illustrations of fine sediment transport processes and their complexities given in the book are taken from field and laboratory-based observations by the author and his students, as well as numerous investigators. The wide-ranging composition of particles (of inorganic and organic matter), their universal presence and their complex interactions with hydraulic forces make this branch of science a difficult one to deal with in a single treatise. It is therefore essential to study fine sediment transport as an independent subject rather than cover it in no more than a single chapter as many texts on coarse sediment transport have done. Even though the entire coverage is “introductory”, the twelve chapters collectively include more material than what can be reasonably dealt with in a one semester, three-credit course. The book includes an extensive description of the components of fine-grained — especially cohesive — sediment transport. It covers the development of the subject in scientific and engineering applications mainly from the 1950s to its present state. Solved examples and chapter-end exercises are also included. This text is aimed at senior civil engineering undergraduates and graduate students who, in the normal course of their study, seldom come across the subject of fine sediment transport in their curricula. Interested students should have a basic understanding of the mechanics of fluid flow and open channel hydraulics.

Introduction To Hydraulics Of Fine Sediment Transport An Second Edition

Introduction To Hydraulics Of Fine Sediment Transport  An  Second Edition
Author: Ashish J Mehta
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 1054
Release: 2022-11-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9789811257254

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This book expounds the hydraulics of fine sediment which is almost ubiquitously found in coastal and estuarine waters, and in rivers, lakes, and reservoirs. Although the basic subject may be categorized as applied marine physics in shallow waters, several physicochemical and biological effects on particulate transport have been addressed.In this second edition most of the chapters have been substantially updated, rewritten, and expanded. Overall, a significant change has also been made throughout by replacing sediment concentration, a unit dependent quantity at the heart of numerous descriptions, measurements, and calculations, with the nondimensional sediment volume fraction. It marks a divergence in the manner in which fine sediment transport data and calculations are conventionally presented.The book is mainly written for civil engineering seniors and graduate students, to offer a comprehensive foundation in hydraulics of fine sediment. The book is also a useful reference for researchers interested in the effects of physical chemistry and biology on fine sediment transport in water and to an extent on coastal and estuarine morphodynamics, sediment transport, port and harbor engineering, and applied shallow watwer marine physics. The book is also recommended reading for those interested in understanding particle transport in water.Related Link(s)

Turbulence and Flow Sediment Interactions in Open Channel Flows

Turbulence and Flow   Sediment Interactions in Open Channel Flows
Author: Roberto Gaudio
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2021-06-04
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783039438990

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The main focus of this Special Issue of Water is the state-of-the-art and recent research on turbulence and flow–sediment interactions in open-channel flows. Our knowledge of river hydraulics is deepening, thanks to both laboratory/field experiments related to the characteristics of turbulence and their link to erosion, transport, deposition, and local scouring phenomena. Collaboration among engineers, physicists, and other experts is increasing and furnishing new inter-/multidisciplinary perspectives to the research of river hydraulics and fluid mechanics. At the same time, the development of both sophisticated laboratory instrumentation and computing skills is giving rise to excellent experimental–numerical comparative studies. Thus, this Special Issue, with ten papers by researchers from many institutions around the world, aims at offering a modern panoramic view on all the above aspects to the vast audience of river researchers.

River Sedimentation

River Sedimentation
Author: Silke Wieprecht,Stefan Haun,Karolin Weber,Markus Noack,Kristina Terheiden
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 282
Release: 2016-11-30
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781317225317

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Sediment dynamics in fluvial systems is of great ecological, economic and human-health-related significance worldwide. Appropriate management strategies are therefore needed to limit maintenance costs as well as minimize potential hazards to the aquatic and adjacent environments. Human intervention, ranging from nutrient/pollutant release to physical modifications, has a large impact on sediment quantity and quality and thus on river morphology as well as on ecological functioning. Truly understanding sediment dynamics requires as a consequence a multidisciplinary approach.River Sedimentation contains the peer-reviewed scientific contributions presented at the 13th International Symposium on River Sedimentation (ISRS 2016, Stuttgart, Germany, 19-22 September 2016), and includes recent accomplishments in theoretical developments, numerical modelling, experimental laboratory work, field investigations and monitoring as well as management methodologies.