Environmental Assessment of Renewable Energy Conversion Technologies

Environmental Assessment of Renewable Energy Conversion Technologies
Author: Paris A. Fokaides,Phoebe-Zoe Morsink-Georgali,Angeliki Kylili
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 331
Release: 2022-06-11
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128173763

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Environmental Assessment of Renewable Energy Conversion Technologies provides state-of-the-art coverage in both non-fossil energy conversion and storage techniques, as well as in their environmental assessment. This includes goal and scope, analysis boundaries, inventory and the impact assessment employed for the evaluation of these applications, as well as the environmental footprint of the technologies. The book compiles information currently available only in different sources concerning the environmental assessment of sustainable energy technologies, allowing for the comparative assessments of different technologies given specific boundary conditions, such as renewable potential and other specific features of discussed technologies. It offers readers a comprehensive overview of the entire energy supply chain, namely from production to storage, by allowing the consideration of different production and storage combinations, based on their environmental assessment. Provides an overview of the environmental assessment process of renewable energy conversion and storage technologies Includes state-of-the-art approaches and techniques for the comprehensive environmental assessment of individual sustainable energy conversion and storage technologies and their applications Features comparative assessments of different technologies

Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conversion

Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conversion
Author: Shiva Gorjian,Ashish Shukla
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2020-07-17
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128226414

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Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conversion - Technologies, Applications and Environmental Impacts features comprehensive and up-to-date knowledge on the photovoltaic solar energy conversion technology and describes its different aspects in the context of most recent scientific and technological advances. It also provides an insight into future developments in this field by covering four distinct topics include "PV Cells and Modules", "Applications of PV Systems", "Life Cycle and Environmental Impacts" and "PV Market and Policies". An up-to-date reference book on the advances of photovoltaic solar energy conversion technology Describes different aspects of PV and PVT technologies in a comprehensive way Provides information on design, development, and monitoring of PV systems Covers applications of PV and PVT systems in the urban, industry, and agriculture sectors Features new concepts, environmental impacts, market and policies of the PV technology

Renewable Energy

Renewable Energy
Author: Martin Kaltschmitt,Wolfgang Streicher,Andreas Wiese
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 564
Release: 2007-06-03
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783540709497

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The utilisation of renewable energies is not at all new; in the history of mankind renewable energies have for a long time been the primary possibility of generating energy. This only changed with industrial revolution when lignite and hard coal became increasingly more important. Later on, also crude oil gained importance. Offering the advantages of easy transportation and processing also as a raw material, crude oil has become one of the prime energy carriers applied today. Moreover, natural gas used for space heating and power provision as well as a transportation fuel has become increasingly important, as it is abundantly available and only requires low investments in terms of energy conversion facilities. As fossil energy carriers were increasingly used for energy generation, at least by the industrialised countries, the application of renewable energies decreased in absolute and relative terms; besides a few exceptions, renewable energies are of secondary importance with regard to overall energy generation.

Life Cycle Assessment of Renewable Energy Sources

Life Cycle Assessment of Renewable Energy Sources
Author: Anoop Singh,Deepak Pant,Stig Irving Olsen
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 293
Release: 2013-09-02
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781447153641

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Governments are setting challenging targets to increase the production of energy and transport fuel from sustainable sources. The emphasis is increasingly on renewable sources including wind, solar, geothermal, biomass based biofuel, photovoltaics or energy recovery from waste. What are the environmental consequences of adopting these other sources? How do these various sources compare to each other? Life Cycle Assessment of Renewable Energy Sources tries to answer these questions based on the universally adopted method of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). This book introduces the concept and importance of LCA in the framework of renewable energy sources and discusses the key issues in conducting their LCA. This is followed by an in-depth discussion of LCA for some of the most common bioenergy sources such as agricultural production systems for biogas and bioethanol, biogas from grass, biodiesel from palm oil, biodiesel from used cooking oil and animal fat, Jatropha biodiesel, lignocellulosic bioethanol, ethanol from cassava and sugarcane molasses, residential photovoltaic systems, wind energy, microalgal biodiesel, biohydrogen and biomethane. Through real examples, the versatility of LCA is well emphasized. Written by experts all over the globe, the book is a cornucopia of information on LCA of bioenergy systems and provides a platform for stimulation of new ideas and thoughts. The book is targeted at practitioners of LCA and will become a useful tool for researchers working on different aspects of bioenergy.

The Power of Renewables

The Power of Renewables
Author: Chinese Academy of Engineering,Chinese Academy of Sciences,National Research Council,National Academy of Engineering,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on U.S.-China Cooperation on Electricity from Renewable Resources
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2011-01-29
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780309160001

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The United States and China are the world's top two energy consumers and, as of 2010, the two largest economies. Consequently, they have a decisive role to play in the world's clean energy future. Both countries are also motivated by related goals, namely diversified energy portfolios, job creation, energy security, and pollution reduction, making renewable energy development an important strategy with wide-ranging implications. Given the size of their energy markets, any substantial progress the two countries make in advancing use of renewable energy will provide global benefits, in terms of enhanced technological understanding, reduced costs through expanded deployment, and reduced greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions relative to conventional generation from fossil fuels. Within this context, the U.S. National Academies, in collaboration with the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and Chinese Academy of Engineering (CAE), reviewed renewable energy development and deployment in the two countries, to highlight prospects for collaboration across the research to deployment chain and to suggest strategies which would promote more rapid and economical attainment of renewable energy goals. Main findings and concerning renewable resource assessments, technology development, environmental impacts, market infrastructure, among others, are presented. Specific recommendations have been limited to those judged to be most likely to accelerate the pace of deployment, increase cost-competitiveness, or shape the future market for renewable energy. The recommendations presented here are also pragmatic and achievable.

Rethinking the Environmental Impacts of Renewable Energy

Rethinking the Environmental Impacts of Renewable Energy
Author: Alexander Clarke
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 0
Release: 2016
Genre: Renewable energy sources
ISBN: 0415722179

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Introduction -- Literature survey -- Theory -- Questions raised by the theory -- Setting up the test -- Initial results and first conclusions -- Extension of the hypothesis to other water based renewable sources chapter 8 extension of the hypothesis to low power flux density sources -- Conclusions

Rethinking the Environmental Impacts of Renewable Energy

Rethinking the Environmental Impacts of Renewable Energy
Author: Alexander Clarke
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 252
Release: 2016-08-25
Genre: Nature
ISBN: 9781317205449

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Renewable energy is important as a substitute for finite fossil fuels and inflexible nuclear power and could conceivably power the world. However, this is challenging as the world is currently 80% dependent on fossil fuels, and renewable sources produce only about 15% of total energy. Conversion technologies for use with many of the eight different primary sources of renewable energy are only just emerging as viable technologies. While renewable energy sources will not run out, and their use involves little or no release of carbon dioxide or ionising wastes, they do have local environmental impacts of their own. This book analyses the nature of environmental impacts from renewable sources. A novel method of assessing impacts is explored based on a set of parameters centred on how diffuse or concentrated the energy flow is. The approach that is developed will inform engineers, designers, policy makers and planners as well as researchers in the area.

Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency

Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency
Author: Aidan Duffy,Martin Rogers,Lacour Ayompe
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2015-04-16
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9781118631034

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The recent rise to prominence of renewable energy and energy efficiency has been driven by their potential to lower the environmental impacts of energy use. As these technologies mature they must demonstrate not only their environmental benefits, but also their economic competitiveness. The relative costs and benefits of each potential project, whether large or small, must be systematically modelled and assessed before they can be financed and implemented. Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency: Assessment of Projects and Policies deals with the appraisal of such projects against financial and non-financial criteria, illustrating the assessment tools necessary to make appropriate, evidence based decisions as efficiently as possible. The most important technologies are first described, stressing their economic and performance characteristics. Key project appraisal concepts are then introduced, approaches to modelling the cash flows in energy projects are described, and the issues of uncertainty and optimisation are fully discussed. These financial concepts, together with methods for estimating greenhouse gas emissions, are extended to address aspects of energy policy. Illustrated with many case studies this is an ideal introduction to financial and non-financial appraisal techniques as applied to energy efficient and renewable energy technologies.