Failure Analysis and Fractography of Polymer Composites

Failure Analysis and Fractography of Polymer Composites
Author: Emile Greenhalgh
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 608
Release: 2009-09-28
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781845696818

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The growing use of polymer composites is leading to increasing demand for fractographic expertise. Fractography is the study of fracture surface morphologies and it gives an insight into damage and failure mechanisms, underpinning the development of physically-based failure criteria. In composites research it provides a crucial link between predictive models and experimental observations. Finally, it is vital for post-mortem analysis of failed or crashed polymer composite components, the findings of which can be used to optimise future designs.Failure analysis and fractography of polymer composites covers the following topics: methodology and tools for failure analysis; fibre-dominated failures; delamination-dominated failures; fatigue failures; the influence of fibre architecture on failure; types of defect and damage; case studies of failures due to overload and design deficiencies; case studies of failures due to material and manufacturing defects; and case studies of failures due to in-service factors.With its distinguished author, Failure analysis and fractography of polymer composites is a standard reference text for researchers working on damage and failure mechanisms in composites, engineers characterising manufacturing and in-service defects in composite structures, and investigators undertaking post-mortem failure analysis of components. The book is aimed at both academic and industrial users, specifically final year and postgraduate engineering and materials students researching composites and industry designers and engineers in aerospace, civil, marine, power and transport applications. Examines the study of fracture surface morphologies in uderstanding composite structural behaviour Discusses composites research and post-modern analysis of failed or crashed polymer composite components Provides an overview of damage mechanisms, types of defect and failure criteria

Fracture Failure Analysis of Fiber Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composites

Fracture Failure Analysis of Fiber Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composites
Author: Sanjay Mavinkere Rangappa,Thottyeapalayam Palanisamy Satishkumar,Marta Maria Moure Cuadrado,Suchart Siengchin,Claudia Barile
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 212
Release: 2021-04-19
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9789811606427

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This book presents a unified approach to fracture behavior of natural and synthetic fiber-reinforced polymer composites on the basis of fiber orientation, the addition of fillers, characterization, properties and applications. In addition, the book contains an extensive survey of recent improvements in the research and development of fracture analysis of FRP composites that are used to make higher fracture toughness composites in various applications.The FRP composites are an emerging area in polymer science with many structural applications. The rise in materials failure by fracture has forced scientists and researchers to develop new higher strength materials for obtaining higher fracture toughness. Therefore, further knowledge and insight into the different modes of fracture behavior of FRP composites are critical to expanding the range of their application.

Fractography in Failure Analysis of Polymers

Fractography in Failure Analysis of Polymers
Author: Michael D. Hayes,Dale B. Edwards,Anand R. Shah
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 436
Release: 2024-01-12
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780443190049

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Fractography in Failure Analysis of Polymers, Second Edition, provides a practical guide to the science of fractography and its application in the failure analysis of plastic components. In addition to a brief background on the theory of fractography, the authors discuss the various fractographic tools and techniques used to identify key fracture characteristics. The Second Edition includes additional material related to polymer life prediction testing and analysis. Case studies have been expanded, including a wide range of polymer types, new technologies, applications, and failure modes, as well as best practice guidelines enabling engineers to apply these lessons to their own work. Detailed images and their appropriate context are presented for reference in failure investigations. This text is vital for engineers who must determine the root causes of failure when it occurs, helping them further study the ramifications of product liability claims, environmental concerns, and brand image. This is also a valuable resource for all plastics professionals, including manufacturers, product designers, and consultants, forensic investigators, as well as educators in materials science. Presents comprehensive coverage of applied fractography, enabling improved reliability and longevity of plastic parts and products Includes case studies that demonstrate material selection decisions and how to reduce failure rates Provides best practice on how to analyze the cause of material failures, along with guidelines on improving design and manufacturing decisions

Fractography and Failure Mechanisms of Polymers and Composites

Fractography and Failure Mechanisms of Polymers and Composites
Author: Anne C. Roulin-Moloney
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 568
Release: 1989-06-06
Genre: Juvenile Nonfiction
ISBN: UOM:39015047335479

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Characterization and Failure Analysis of Plastics

Characterization and Failure Analysis of Plastics
Author: ASM International,Steve Lampman
Publsiher: ASM International
Total Pages: 486
Release: 2003-01-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781615030736

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The selection and application of engineered materials is an integrated process that requires an understanding of the interaction between materials properties, manufacturing characteristics, design considerations, and the total life cycle of the product. This reference book on engineering plastics provides practical and comprehensive coverage on how the performance of plastics is characterized during design, property testing, and failure analysis. The fundamental structure and properties of plastics are reviewed for general reference, and detailed articles describe the important design factors, properties, and failure mechanisms of plastics. The effects of composition, processing, and structure are detailed in articles on the physical, chemical, thermal, and mechanical properties. Other articles cover failure mechanisms such as: crazing and fracture; impact loading; fatigue failure; wear failures, moisture related failure; organic chemical related failure; photolytic degradation; and microbial degradation. Characterization of plastics in failure analysis is described with additional articles on analysis of structure, surface analysis, and fractography.

Plastics Failure Analysis and Prevention

Plastics Failure Analysis and Prevention
Author: John Moalli
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 345
Release: 2001-12-31
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780815518655

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This book contains analysis of reasons that cause products to fail. General methods of product failure evaluation give powerful tools in product improvement. Such methods, discussed in the book, include practical risk analysis, failure mode and effect analysis, preliminary hazard analysis, progressive failure analysis, fault tree analysis, mean time between failures, Wohler curves, finite element analysis, cohesive zone model, crack propagation kinetics, time-temperature collectives, quantitative characterization of fatigue damage, and fracture maps. Methods of failure analysis are critical to for material improvement and they are broadly discussed in this book. Fractography of plastics is relatively a new field which has many commonalities with fractography of metals. Here various aspects of fractography of plastics and metals are compared and contrasted. Fractography application in studies of static and cycling loading of ABS is also discussed. Other methods include SEM, SAXS, FTIR, DSC, DMA, GC/MS, optical microscopy, fatigue behavior, multiaxial stress, residual stress analysis, punch resistance, creep-rupture, impact, oxidative induction time, craze testing, defect analysis, fracture toughness, activation energy of degradation. Many references are given in this book to real products and real cases of their failure. The products discussed include office equipment, automotive compressed fuel gas system, pipes, polymer blends, blow molded parts, layered, cross-ply and continuous fiber composites, printed circuits, electronic packages, hip implants, blown and multilayered films, construction materials, component housings, brake cups, composite pressure vessels, swamp coolers, electrical cables, plumbing fittings, medical devices, medical packaging, strapping tapes, balloons, marine coatings, thermal switches, pressure relief membranes, pharmaceutical products, window profiles, and bone cements.

Compositional and Failure Analysis of Polymers

Compositional and Failure Analysis of Polymers
Author: John Scheirs
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 812
Release: 2000-10-03
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 0471625728

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Ein Praxisleitfaden der Polymeranalyse für alle, die sich in Polymerlabors mit Analytik, Qualitätskontrolle oder Produktentwicklung beschäftigen. Der Autor erläutert, aus seinem umfangreichen Erfahrungsschatz, welche Probleme in welchen Situationen auftreten können. Viele Fallstudien helfen bei der Anwendung der Erkenntnisse im Laboralltag. Mit einer umfangreichen Datensammlung zu physikalischen Eigenschaften von Polymeren! (07/00)

Failure Analysis of Industrial Composite Materials

Failure Analysis of Industrial Composite Materials
Author: E. E. Gdoutos,K. Pilakoutas,C. A. Rodopoulos
Publsiher: McGraw Hill Professional
Total Pages: 580
Release: 2000
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 0071345175

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All the answers you need to understand, diagnose, and avoid composite material failures in a single guide. This book spotlights every aspect of fracture and failure in polymer, ceramic, and metal matrix materials, putting the latest data at your fingertips. From crack initiation to crack growth, from notch-size effect to damage-tolerant design, here is quality and safety assurance and support you can count on from international leaders in the field. You get: The latest testing and analysis procedures Detailed data on the complete range of causes of fractures and failures in a broad range of materials Engineering confidence levels and their determination Design criteria for materials and applications Specific case studies in aerospace, construction, and medical engineering More