Heterogeneous Catalysis in Sustainable Synthesis

Heterogeneous Catalysis in Sustainable Synthesis
Author: Bela Torok,Christian Schaefer,Anne Kokel
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 678
Release: 2021-09-17
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128178263

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Heterogeneous Catalysis in Sustainable Synthesis is a practical guide to the use of solid catalysts in synthetic chemistry that focuses on environmentally benign applications. Collating essential information on solid catalysts into a single volume, it reveals how the efficient use of heterogeneous catalysts in synthetic chemistry can support sustainable applications. Beginning with a review of the fundamentals of heterogeneous catalytic synthesis, the book then explores the basic concepts of heterogeneous catalytic reactions from adsorption to catalyst poisons, the use of non-traditional activation methods, recommended solvents, the major types of both metal and non-metal solid catalysts, and applications of these catalysts in sustainable synthesis. Based on the extensive experience of its expert author, this book aims to encourage and support synthetic chemists in using solid catalysts in their own work, while also highlighting the important link between heterogeneous catalysis and sustainability to all those interested. Combines foundational knowledge with a focus on practical applications Organizes information by reaction type, allowing readers to easily find examples of how to carry out specific reaction types with solid catalysts Highlights emerging areas such as nanoparticle catalysis and metal-organic framework (MOF) based catalysts

Design And Applications Of Single site Heterogeneous Catalysts Contributions To Green Chemistry Clean Technology And Sustainability

Design And Applications Of Single site Heterogeneous Catalysts  Contributions To Green Chemistry  Clean Technology And Sustainability
Author: John Meurig Thomas
Publsiher: World Scientific Publishing Company
Total Pages: 324
Release: 2012-04-16
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781848169296

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For far too long chemists and industrialists have relied on the use of aggressive reagents such as nitric and sulphuric acids, permanganates and dichromates to prepare the massive quantities of both bulk and fine chemicals that are needed for the maintenance of civilised life — materials such as fuels, fabrics, foodstuffs, fertilisers and pharmaceuticals. Such aggressive reagents generate vast quantities of environmentally harmful and often toxic by-products, including the oxides of nitrogen, of metal oxides and carbon dioxide.Now, owing to recent advances made in the synthesis of nanoporous solids, it is feasible to design new solid catalysts that enable benign, mild oxidants to be used, frequently without utilising solvents, to manufacture the products that the chemical, pharmaceutical, agro- and bio-chemical industries require. These new solid agents are designated single-site heterogeneous catalysts (SSHCs). Their principal characteristics are that all the active sites present in the high-area solids are identical in their atomic environment and hence in their energy of interaction with reactants, just as in enzymes.Single-site heterogeneous catalysts now occupy a position of growing importance both academically and in their potential for commercial exploitation. This text, the only one devoted to such catalysts, dwells both on principles of design and on applications, such as the benign synthesis of nylon 6 and vitamin B3. It equips the reader with unifying insights required for future catalytic adventures in the quest for sustainability in the materials used by humankind.Anyone acquainted with the language of molecules, including undergraduates in the physical and biological sciences, as well as graduates in engineering and materials science, should be able to assimilate the principles and examples presented in this book. Inter alia, it describes how clean technology and ‘green’ processes may be carried out in an environmentally responsible manner.

Catalysis for Sustainability

Catalysis for Sustainability
Author: Thomas P. Umile, Ph.D
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 214
Release: 2015-08-05
Genre: Nature
ISBN: 9781466586864

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Catalysis for Sustainability: Goals, Challenges, and Impacts explores the intersection between catalytic science and sustainable technologies as a means to addressing current economic, social, and environmental problems. These problems include harnessing alternative energy sources, pollution prevention and remediation, and the manufacturing of commodity products. The book describes the nature of catalysis regarding sustainability and presents challenges to accomplishing sustainability as well as the significance of proven or potential success. The contributors have backgrounds in academia and industry to create a more integrated picture of the issues involving sustainability and catalysis. Broad in scope, the book covers topics such as traditional metal-mediated catalysis, organocatalysis, biocatalysis, biomimicry, and heterogeneous catalysis. It includes chapters dedicated to specific research areas of catalysis as they pertain to their effectiveness, their economic and environmental benefits, and the challenges researchers face in actualizing solutions. It also contains a chapter on the application of life cycle analysis to catalytic processes, demonstrating the need to holistically consider the sustainable impacts of a process. The book can be read in a straightforward fashion or skimmed without forfeiting understanding of the narrative on the strategies and intentions of research and development. Throughout the book the requirements of sustainability are measured by the triple bottom line of environmental, economic, and social impacts. It highlights real-world implementations of catalytic processes in drug development, manufacturing, polymers, and energy. Catalysis for Sustainability: Goals, Challenges, and Impacts is a strong and versatile text. It provides an introduction to the field and the issues with which it is concerned, as well as a detailed and far-reaching discussion on current achievements and future progress.

Sustainable Organic Synthesis

Sustainable Organic Synthesis
Author: Dr Stefano Protti,Professor Alessandro Palmieri
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 602
Release: 2021-10-29
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781839162039

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Recent years have seen huge growth in the area of sustainable chemistry. In order to meet the chemical needs of the global population whilst minimising impacts on health and the environment it is essential to keep reconsidering and improving synthetic processes. Sustainable Organic Synthesis is a comprehensive collection of contributions, provided by specialists in Green Chemistry, covering topics ranging from catalytic approaches to benign and alternative reaction media, and innovative and more efficient technologies.

Heterogeneous Catalysis for Energy Applications

Heterogeneous Catalysis for Energy Applications
Author: Tomas R Reina,Jose A Odriozola
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 533
Release: 2020-08-27
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781788019583

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Heterogeneous catalysis plays a central role in the global energy paradigm, with practically all energy-related process relying on a catalyst at a certain point. The application of heterogeneous catalysts will be of paramount importance to achieve the transition towards low carbon and sustainable societies. This book provides an overview of the design, limitations and challenges of heterogeneous catalysts for energy applications. In an attempt to cover a broad spectrum of scenarios, the book considers traditional processes linked to fossil fuels such as reforming and hydrocracking, as well as catalysis for sustainable energy applications such as hydrogen production, photocatalysis, biomass upgrading and conversion of CO2 to clean fuels. Novel approaches in catalysts design are covered, including microchannel reactors and structured catalysts, catalytic membranes and ionic liquids. With contributions from leaders in the field, Heterogeneous Catalysis for Energy Applications will be an essential toolkit for chemists, physicists, chemical engineers and industrials working on energy.

Sustainable Catalysis

Sustainable Catalysis
Author: Rafael Luque,Frank Leung-Yuk Lam
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 292
Release: 2018-05-07
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783527338672

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Highlighting sustainable catalytic processes in synthetic organic chemistry and industry, this useful guide places special emphasis on catalytic reactions carried out at room temperature. It describes the fundamentals, summarizes key advances, and covers applications in industrial processes in the field of energy generation from renewables, food science, and pollution control. Throughout, the latest research from various disciplines is combined, such as homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis, biocatalysis, and photocatalysis. The book concludes with a chapter on future trends and energy challenges for the latter half of the 21st century. With its multidisciplinary approach this is an essential reference for academic and industrial researchers in catalysis science aiming to design more sustainable and energy-efficient processes.

Aqueous Mediated Heterogeneous Catalysis

Aqueous Mediated Heterogeneous Catalysis
Author: Asit K. Chakraborti,Bubun Banerjee
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 270
Release: 2022-06-21
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783110733846

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Heterogeneous catalysts are an important tool for greener catalytic processes due to the ease of their removal from the reaction mixture and feasibility of reuse. When these catalysts can operate in the ideal green solvent, water, they improve the sustainability of the process. This book explores aqueous mediated heterogeneous catalysts and their use in synthesis. Topics covered include nanomaterials, quantum dots, metal organic frameworks, and their use as catalysts.

Advanced Functional Solid Catalysts for Biomass Valorization

Advanced Functional Solid Catalysts for Biomass Valorization
Author: Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Putla Sudarsanam
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 276
Release: 2020-05-29
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128226735

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Advanced Functional Solid Catalysts for Biomass Valorization presents the basic concepts in catalysis (homogeneous, heterogeneous, and enzymatic) and the properties of various kinds of heterogeneous solid catalysts, including their structure, porosity, particle size, BET surface area, acid-base, and redox properties. Useful information about biorefineries, types of biomass feedstocks, their structures and properties as well as about several potential catalytic routes for biomass upgrading to useful fuels and chemicals is provided in this book. Importantly, this book covers the most recent developments toward functionalization of various solid catalysts, optimization of catalysts’ properties, developing cascade catalytic strategies, exploring reaction kinetics/mechanisms, and evaluating catalysts’ stability/reusability during biomass upgrading. Current challenges and opportunities for the future biorefineries as well as for the design of advanced functional solid catalysts are critically discussed. Describes catalysis as a promising technology for the development of eco-friendly and economically viable strategies for several important energy and environmental applications. Covers heterogeneous solid catalysts because of their versatile benefits in terms of catalysts’ synthesis, production cost, stability, and reusability as compared to homogeneous liquid catalysts. Provides promising strategies for the design of new catalytic materials, such as carbon materials, metal–organic frameworks, zeolites, and mesoporous silicas. Describes functional solid catalysts for developing one-pot cascade processes for efficient biomass valorization and other vital chemical transformations.