Identification of Textile Fibers

Identification of Textile Fibers
Author: M M Houck
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 396
Release: 2009-01-30
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781845695651

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The identification of fibers is important to the textile industry, forensic science, fashion designers and historians among others. Identifying fibers involves observing the physical and chemical properties of the fiber for which there are a wide diversity of instruments available. This book provides a comprehensive review of fiber structure, the diversity of instruments available to identify fibers and applicications for a range of industries. The first part of the book examines the main fibers, their structure and characteristics. Part two focuses on methods of fiber identification, ranging from microscopic to DNA analysis. Specific applications, including how textiles are identified in forensic investigations. Identification of textile fibers is an important text for forensic scientists, police and lawyers who may be involved with the use of textile fibers to provide evidence in criminal cases. It will also be relevant for textile designers, technologists and inspectors wishing to assess fiber quality and understand fiber damage. Provides a comprehensive review of the main types of fibre together with their structure, characteristics and identification Assesses methods of fibre identification from optical microscopy to DNA analysis as well as instruments available to identify fibres

Identification of Textile Fibers

Identification of Textile Fibers
Author: M M Houck
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 0
Release: 2009-01-30
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 1845692667

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The identification of fibers is important to the textile industry, forensic science, fashion designers and historians among others. Identifying fibers involves observing the physical and chemical properties of the fiber for which there are a wide diversity of instruments available. This book provides a comprehensive review of fiber structure, the diversity of instruments available to identify fibers and applicications for a range of industries. The first part of the book examines the main fibers, their structure and characteristics. Part two focuses on methods of fiber identification, ranging from microscopic to DNA analysis. Specific applications, including how textiles are identified in forensic investigations. Identification of textile fibers is an important text for forensic scientists, police and lawyers who may be involved with the use of textile fibers to provide evidence in criminal cases. It will also be relevant for textile designers, technologists and inspectors wishing to assess fiber quality and understand fiber damage.

Identification of Textile Fibres

Identification of Textile Fibres
Author: M. M. Houck
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 0
Release: 2009-02-11
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 1439801142

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Identifying fibers involves observing the physical and chemical properties of the fiber for which there are a wide diversity of instruments available. This book provides a comprehensive review of fiber structure, the diversity of instruments available to identify fibers, and applications for a range of industries. The first part examines the main fibers, their structure, and characteristics. It then focuses on methods of fiber identification, ranging from microscopic to DNA analysis. In includes coverage of specific applications, including how textiles are identified in forensic investigations.

Handbook of Tensile Properties of Textile and Technical Fibres

Handbook of Tensile Properties of Textile and Technical Fibres
Author: A. R. Bunsell
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 696
Release: 2009-10-19
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781845696801

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Fibres usually experience tensile loads whether they are used for apparel or technical structures. Their form, which is long and fine, makes them some of the strongest materials available as well as very flexible. This book provides a concise and authoritative overview of tensile behaviour of a wide range of both natural and synthetic fibres used both in textiles and high performance materials. After preliminary chapters that introduce the reader to tensile properties, failure and testing of fibres, the book is split into two parts. Part one examines tensile properties and failure of natural fibres, such as cotton, hemp, wool and silk. Part two discusses the tensile properties and failure of synthetic fibres ranging from polyamide, polyester and polyethylene fibres to carbon fibres. Many chapters also provide a general background to the fibre, including the manufacture, microstructure, factors that affect tensile properties as well as methods to improve tensile failure. With its distinguished editor and array of international contributors, Handbook of tensile properties of textile and technical fibres is an important reference for fibre scientists, textile technologists and engineers, as well as those in academia. Provides an overview of tensile behaviour of a wide range of both natural and synthetic fibres Examines tensile characterisitics, tensile failure of textiles fibres and factors that affect tensile properties Discusses mircostructures and each type of fibre from manufacture to finished product

Handbook of Natural Fibres

Handbook of Natural Fibres
Author: Ryszard M Kozłowski
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 656
Release: 2012-10-19
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780857095503

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Growing awareness of environmental issues has led to increasing demand for goods produced from natural products, including natural fibres. The two-volume Handbook of natural fibres is an indispensible tool in understanding the diverse properties and applications of these important materials. Volume 1: Types, properties and factors affecting breeding and cultivation is an essential guide to a wide range of natural fibres, and highlights key techniques for their improvement. Part one reviews key types and fundamental properties of natural textile fibres. The production, identification and testing of a range of cotton, bast, silk and wool fibres are discussed, alongside bioengineered natural textile fibres. Part two goes on to explore the improvement of natural fibre properties and production through breeding and cultivation, beginning with a discussion of fibrous flax and cotton. Improved natural fibre production through the prevention of fungal growth is explored, along with the use of genetic engineering and biotechnology to enhance desirable characteristics. Finally, the wider impact of natural textile production is discussed, using wild silk enterprise programs as an example. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, the two volumes of the Handbook of natural fibres are essential texts for professionals and academics in textile science and technology. Provides an essential guide to a wide range of natural fibres and highlights key techniques for their improvement Reviews key types and fundamental properties of natural textile fibres, addressing the production, identification and testing of a range of cotton, bast, silk and wool fibres Explores the improvement of natural fibre properties and production through breeding and cultivation, beginning with a discussion of fibrous flax and cotton

Thermal Analysis of Textiles and Fibers

Thermal Analysis of Textiles and Fibers
Author: Michael Jaffe,Joseph D. Menczel
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 417
Release: 2020-03-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780081005811

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Thermal Analysis of Textiles and Fibers offers systematic and comprehensive coverage of the subject, from the principles of fiber structure and established TA methods, to advanced TA techniques and their application to high-performance fibers and textiles. Thermal analysis is a convenient method for assessing fiber and fabric performance as monitored under end-use relevant conditions. Expertise in this field requires knowledge of both TA methods and of fiber behavior, information that is brought together in this new volume. In recent years, thermal analysis has been applied to a variety of novel and high-performance fibers, such as Kevlar, Vectran, PBI, polyolefins, polypropylene, PAN and PVA, amongst others. TA techniques are also used in fiber identification, characterization and stability testing and may be combined with spectroscopic techniques to yield still more information about fiber properties. Includes chapters on novel and high-performance fibers that are used in assembling technical textiles Covers advanced TA methods, such as combined and modulated techniques Brings together focused information on TA for fibers and textiles that is not otherwise available in a single volume

Textile Fiber Atlas a Collection of Photomicrographs of Common Textile Fibers

Textile Fiber Atlas  a Collection of Photomicrographs of Common Textile Fibers
Author: Werner 1897- Von Bergen,Walter Krauss
Publsiher: Hassell Street Press
Total Pages: 100
Release: 2021-09-09
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 1014003652

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This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. To ensure a quality reading experience, this work has been proofread and republished using a format that seamlessly blends the original graphical elements with text in an easy-to-read typeface. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Experiments in Textile and Fibre Chemistry

Experiments in Textile and Fibre Chemistry
Author: Christopher Earland,David J. Raven
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2013-10-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781483279909

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Experiments in Textile and Fiber Chemistry focuses on selected experiments in the chemistry of fibrous polymers and ancillary materials designed primarily for undergraduate students in technical colleges, polytechnics, and universities. The book first reviews the determination of 'available' chlorine in sodium hypochlorite solution, hardness of water, and estimation of iron in water. The text also ponders on the determination of the saponification and iodine values of oils, use of the pH meter, and use of pH indicators and acid-base titrations. The publication examines the determination of the nitrogen content of organic substances by the Kjeldahl method; separation of amino acids by paper chromatography and paper electrophoresis; and thin layer chromatography. Identification of N-terminal amino acids by the 'Dansyl' method; supercontraction of wool; rendering wool resistant to acid dyeing; effect of breaking disulfide cross-links in wool; and the formation of lanthionine linkages in wool are discussed. The text is a valuable reference for textile and fiber experts interested in the chemistry of fibrous polymers and ancillary materials.