Life Cycle and Criticality Assessment of Platinum Extraction Usage and Energy Applications

Life Cycle and Criticality Assessment of Platinum Extraction  Usage and Energy Applications
Author: Anup Pradhan,Nheta Willie,Junior Mabiza,Charles Mbohwa,Benedikt Buchspies
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2019-04
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 0128159111

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Recent Advances in Platinum based Fuel Cell Technology discusses past, present and future research works on platinum as it applies to fuel cells. It examines the global trends of platinum mining, processing and its application, with case studies from the Southern African region. Processing techniques and application of nanotechnology are also explored. The book offers a brief discussion on different types of fuel cell and a detailed description of platinum-based fuel cell technology. It includes the cutting edge technological advances driving the interest on these technologies. Environmental and socio-economic impacts of the production chain of fuel cell technology are evaluated using life cycle assessment, and criticality assessment of platinum group metals focusing on all aspects of its sustainability is also presented. Offers a comprehensive overview of the platinum value chain in relation to its application in energy technologies, including fuel cells and electrolyzers Presents trends and cutting-edge technologies Examines different perspectives, such as technologies of mining, processing, sustainability aspects and criticality for the use of platinum in fuel cells

Critical Metals Handbook

Critical Metals Handbook
Author: Gus Gunn
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 468
Release: 2014-03-03
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780470671719

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Mankind is using a greater variety of metals in greater quantities than ever before. As a result there is increasing global concern over the long-term availability of secure and adequate supplies of the metals needed by society. Critical metals, which are those of growing economic importance that might be susceptible to future scarcity, are a particular worry. For many of these we have little information on how they are concentrated in the Earth’s crust, how to extract them from their ores, and how to use, recycle and dispose of them effectively and safely. Published with the British Geological Survey, the Critical Metals Handbook brings together a wealth of knowledge on critical metals and provides a foundation for improving the future security and sustainability of critical metal supplies. Written by international experts, it provides a unique source of authoritative information on diverse aspects of the critical metals, including geology, deposits, processing, applications, recycling, environmental issues and markets. It is aimed at a broad non-specialist audience, including professionals and academics working in the exploration and mining sectors, in mining finance and investment, and in mineral processing and manufacturing. It will also be a valuable reference for policy makers concerned with resource management, land-use planning, eco-efficiency, recycling and related fields.

Critical Minerals and Materials Legislation

Critical Minerals and Materials Legislation
Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Energy and Natural Resources. Subcommittee on Energy
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 88
Release: 2011
Genre: Industrial minerals
ISBN: UCSD:31822038356507

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Application of Life Cycle Assessment to Estimate Environmental Impacts of Surface Coal Mining

Application of Life Cycle Assessment to Estimate Environmental Impacts of Surface Coal Mining
Author: Ofentse Ditsele
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 0
Release: 2010
Genre: Coal mines and mining
ISBN: OCLC:688636990

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"Coal plays an important role in meeting the energy needs of the World. Given its abundance and low cost, its use is bound to increase with the growing energy demand. Despite its importance, there are concerns over coal's environmental burdens. In order to extract and use coal in a sustainable manner, sustainability assessment has to be comprehensive. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) provides systematic and quantifiable measures for assessing environmental burdens of products and processes. Extensive LCA work has been done on coal use, particularly in electricity generation, but, the coal mining stage has been neglected, for the most part. This has resulted in data gaps in the life cycle inventory (LCI) of coal and, consequently, in the LCIs for electricity and other products that are linked to coal. The situation has resulted in incomplete assessments of the sustainability of coal extraction and use, and potential for suboptimal strategies for reducing the potential impacts of coal, especially in the mining stage. The aim of this study was to employ the general principles of the ISO 14040-49 series LCA standards, adapting them where necessary, to estimate the cradle-to-gate life cycle impacts of coal from surface mining in the United States. Five strip mines that produce bituminous coal were used as case studies. The study assessed the life cycle water use, land use, energy use, abiotic resource depletion and climate change impacts for each mine and compared the performances of the mines based on the impacts. For the studied mines, the life cycle potential water use impact is 178 liters/tonne of processed coal at the mine gate. The potential land use impacts range from 3 to 10 m2- year/tonne. The potential energy use impacts vary from 97 to 181 MJ/tonne, the abiotic resource depletion impacts vary from 7.8 to 9.4 kg Sb-equivalent/tonne, and the climate change impacts range from 38 to 92 kg CO2-equivalent/tonne. This study provides insight into contributions of mining processes to the impacts of coal. The results of the study contribute the much needed information to fill the data gaps in the LCI of coal, and provide baseline information that can aid the coal mining industry and public policy makers in the development of strategies and policies to sustainably exploit coal"--Abstract, leaf iii

Energy Research Abstracts

Energy Research Abstracts
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 526
Release: 1994-04
Genre: Power resources
ISBN: PSU:000052606328

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Comprehensive Biotechnology

Comprehensive Biotechnology
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 4876
Release: 2019-07-17
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780444640475

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Comprehensive Biotechnology, Third Edition, Six Volume Set unifies, in a single source, a huge amount of information in this growing field. The book covers scientific fundamentals, along with engineering considerations and applications in industry, agriculture, medicine, the environment and socio-economics, including the related government regulatory overviews. This new edition builds on the solid basis provided by previous editions, incorporating all recent advances in the field since the second edition was published in 2011. Offers researchers a one-stop shop for information on the subject of biotechnology Provides in-depth treatment of relevant topics from recognized authorities, including the contributions of a Nobel laureate Presents the perspective of researchers in different fields, such as biochemistry, agriculture, engineering, biomedicine and environmental science

The Role of the Chemical Sciences in Finding Alternatives to Critical Resources

The Role of the Chemical Sciences in Finding Alternatives to Critical Resources
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Chemical Sciences Roundtable
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 72
Release: 2012-06-30
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780309254298

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The Chemical Sciences Roundtable (CSR) was established in 1997 by the National Research Council (NRC). It provides a science oriented apolitical forum for leaders in the chemical sciences to discuss chemistry-related issues affecting government, industry, and universities. Organized by the National Research Council's Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology, the CSR aims to strengthen the chemical sciences by fostering communication among the people and organizations - spanning industry, government, universities, and professional associations - involved with the chemical enterprise. One way it does this is by organizing workshops that address issues in chemical science and technology that require national attention. In September 2011, the CSR organized a workshop on the topic, "The Role of Chemical Sciences in Finding Alternatives to Critical Resources." The one-and-a-half-day workshop addressed key topics, including the economic and political matrix, the history of societal responses to key mineral and material shortages, the applications for and properties of existing minerals and materials, and the chemistry of possible replacements. The workshop featured several presentations highlighting the importance of critical nonfuel mineral and material resources in history, catalysis, agriculture, and electronic, magnetic, and optical applications. The Role of the Chemical Sciences in Finding Alternatives to Critical Resources: A Workshop Summary explains the presentations and discussions that took place at the workshop. In accordance with the policies of the NRC, the workshop did not attempt to establish any conclusions or recommendations about needs and future directions, focusing instead on issues identified by the speakers.

Energy Abstracts for Policy Analysis

Energy Abstracts for Policy Analysis
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 666
Release: 1984
Genre: Power resources
ISBN: UCBK:C108567702

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