Optical Properties of Metallic Nanoparticles

Optical Properties of Metallic Nanoparticles
Author: Andreas Trügler
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 217
Release: 2016-03-29
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783319250748

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This book introduces the fascinating world of plasmonics and physics at the nanoscale, with a focus on simulations and the theoretical aspects of optics and nanotechnology. A research field with numerous applications, plasmonics bridges the gap between the micrometer length scale of light and the secrets of the nanoworld. This is achieved by binding light to charge density oscillations of metallic nanostructures, so-called surface plasmons, which allow electromagnetic radiation to be focussed down to spots as small as a few nanometers. The book is a snapshot of recent and ongoing research and at the same time outlines our present understanding of the optical properties of metallic nanoparticles, ranging from the tunability of plasmonic resonances to the ultrafast dynamics of light-matter interaction. Beginning with a gentle introduction that highlights the basics of plasmonic interactions and plasmon imaging, the author then presents a suitable theoretical framework for the description of metallic nanostructures. This model based on this framework is first solved analytically for simple systems, and subsequently through numerical simulations for more general cases where, for example, surface roughness, nonlinear and nonlocal effects or metamaterials are investigated.

Metallic Nanoparticles

Metallic Nanoparticles
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 402
Release: 2008-11-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780080559698

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Metallic nanoparticles display fascinating properties that are quite different from those of individual atoms, surfaces or bulk rmaterials. They are a focus of interest for fundamental science and, because of their huge potential in nanotechnology, they are the subject of intense research effort in a range of disciplines. Applications, or potential applications, are diverse and interdisciplinary. They include, for example, use in biochemistry, in catalysis and as chemical and biological sensors, as systems for nanoelectronics and nanostructured magnetism (e.g. data storage devices), where the drive for further miniaturization provides tremendous technological challenges and, in medicine, there is interest in their potential as agents for drug delivery.The book describes the structure of metallic nanoparticles, the experimental and theoretical techniques by which this is determined, and the models employed to facilitate understanding. The various methods for the production of nanoparticles are outlined. It surveys the properties of clusters and the methods of characterisation, such as photoionization, optical spectroscopy, chemical reactivity and magnetic behaviour, and discusses element-specific information that can be extracted by synchrotron-based techniques such as EXAFS, XMCD and XMLD. The properties of clusters can vary depending on whether they are free, deposited on a surface or embedded in a matrix of another material; these issues are explored. Clusters on a surface can be formed by the diffusion and aggregation of atoms; ways of modelling these processes are described. Finally we look at nanotechnology and examine the science behind the potential of metallic nanoparticles in chemical synthesis, catalysis, the magnetic separation of biomolecules, the detection of DNA, the controlled release of molecules and their relevance to data storage.The book addresses a wide audience. There was a huge development of the subject beginning in the mid-1980s where researchers began to study the properties of free nanoparticle and models were developed to describe the observations. The newcomer is introduced to the established models and techniques of the field without the need to refer to other sources to make the material accessible. It then takes the reader through to the latest research and provides a comprehensive list of references for those who wish to pursue particular aspects in more detail. It will also be an invaluable handbook for the expert in a particular aspect of nanoscale research who wishes to acquire knowledge of other areas.The authors are specialists in different aspects of the subject with expertise in physics and chemistry, experimental techniques and computational modelling, and in interdisciplinary research. They have collaborated in research. They have also collaborated in writing this book, with the aim from the outset of making it is a coherent whole rather than a series of independent loosely connected articles. * Appeals to a wide audience* Provides an introduction to established models and techniques in the field* Comprehensive list of references

Metal Nanoparticles and Clusters

Metal Nanoparticles and Clusters
Author: Francis Leonard Deepak
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 426
Release: 2017-11-17
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783319680538

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​This book covers the continually expanding field of metal nanoparticles and clusters, in particular their size-dependent properties and quantum phenomena. The approaches to the organization of atoms that form clusters and nanoparticles have been advancing rapidly in recent times. These advancements are described through a combination of experimental and computational approaches and are covered in detail by the authors. Recent highlights of the various emerging properties and applications ranging from plasmonics to catalysis are showcased.

Metal Nanoparticles in Microbiology

Metal Nanoparticles in Microbiology
Author: Mahendra Rai,Nelson Duran
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 306
Release: 2011-04-02
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783642183126

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Following an introduction to biogenic metal nanoparticles, this book presents how they can be biosynthesized using bacteria, fungi and yeast, as well as their potential applications in biomedicine. It is shown that the synthesis of nanoparticles using microbes is eco-friendly and results in reproducible metal nanoparticles of well-defined sizes, shapes and structures. This biotechnological approach based on the process of biomineralization exploits the effectiveness and flexibility of biological systems. Chapters include practical protocols for microbial synthesis of nanoparticles and microbial screening methods for isolating a specific nanoparticle producer as well as reviews on process optimization, industrial scale production, biomolecule-nanoparticle interactions, magnetosomes, silver nanoparticles and their numerous applications in medicine, and the application of gold nanoparticles in developing sensitive biosensors.

Metal Nanoparticles

Metal Nanoparticles
Author: Daniel L. Fedlheim,Colby A. Foss
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 348
Release: 2001-10-26
Genre: Science
ISBN: 0585404399

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A state-of-the-art reference, Metal Nanoparticles offers the latest research on the synthesis, characterization, and applications of nanoparticles. Following an introduction of structural, optical, electronic, and electrochemical properties of nanoparticles, the book elaborates on nanoclusters, hyper-Raleigh scattering, nanoarrays, and several applications including single electron devices, chemical sensors, biomolecule sensors, and DNA detection. The text emphasizes how size, shape, and surface chemistry affect particle performance throughout. Topics include synthesis and formation of nanoclusters, nanosphere lithography, modeling of nanoparticle optical properties, and biomolecule sensors.

Metal Nanoparticles and Nanoalloys

Metal Nanoparticles and Nanoalloys
Author: Roy L. Johnston,Jess P. Wilcoxon
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 313
Release: 2012-05
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780080963570

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The field of nanoscience has undergone tremendous growth in the past decade as the number of applications of nanoparticles and nanostructured materials have proliferated. Metal nanoparticles have attracted particular interest due to their potential for applications in areas as diverse as catalysis, medicine and opto-electronics. The chemical and physical properties of metal nanoparticles can vary smoothly or discontinuously with nanoparticle size, depending on the size regime and the property. In the case of bi- or multimetallic nanoparticles ("nanoalloys"), these properties also depend on the elemental composition and the chemical ordering - how the metals are distributed in the nanoparticles.It is this tunability of behavior that makes metal nanoparticles and nanoalloys so versatile and appealing. This book begins with a tutorial introducing the theoretical ideas and models that have been developed to understand metal nanoparticles. It gives an overview of experimental methods for generating and characterizing metal nanoparticles and nanoalloys and of their properties and applications, providing an introduction to material covered in more depth in subsequent chapters. A major theme of all the chapters is the effect of nanoparticle size, shape and surface chemistry on their properties - especially optical and catalytic properties. A unified discussion of the inter-relations between modelling, synthesis and physical properties of nanoparticles and nanoalloys A discussion of the most promising new catalytic and photocatalytic applications of nanoparticles and the approaches used to achieve these goals A tutorial introduction which provides a basis for understanding the subsequent specialized chapters

Metallic Nanoparticles for Health and the Environment

Metallic Nanoparticles for Health and the Environment
Author: Md Sabir Alam,Md Noushad Javed,Jamilur R. Ansari
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2023-10-16
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781000967012

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Metallic Nanoparticles for Health and the Environment covers different routes of synthesis for metallic nanoparticles and their process variables. Both the functions and roles of these particles as a drug delivery system and diagnostic agent and other potential theranostic purposes against metabolic disorders, photocatalysis applications, as well as wastewater treatments, are discussed. The book compares the different properties of bulk metallic forms and their nanoparticulated forms. It discusses the mechanisms and impacts of different process variables in different synthesis routes, as well as emerging trends in clinics and so forth. Features: Covers different routes of synthesis to create metallic nanoparticles (MNPs) of different characteristics with reference to bulk forms of metals. Describes formulation parameters that have a significant effect on these MNPs including dimensions, morphology, mechanism, surface properties, and other characteristics. Discusses different roles and performances of MNPs in photothermal therapy, metabolic disorders, mechanisms in bacterial, fungal, and viral infections, and inflammatory pathways. Reviews the potential and emerging roles of different MNPs with site target delivery applications and genetic manipulation purposes. Examines the advantages and challenges of these MNPs against remediation of pollutants and toxicants, owing to their superior surface catalytic activities. This book is aimed at researchers and professionals in nanomaterials, pharmaceuticals, and drug delivery.

Metal Nanoparticles in Pharma

Metal Nanoparticles in Pharma
Author: Mahendra Rai, Ph.D,Ranjita Shegokar, Ph.D
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 493
Release: 2017-11-14
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783319637907

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Completely dedicated to the biomedical applications of metal nanoparticles, this book covers the different toxicity problems found in healthcare situations and also provides comprehensive info on the use of metal nanoparticles in treating various diseases. Metal Nanoparticles in Pharma is the first edited volume to set up the discussion for a clinical setting and to target a pharmaceutical audience of academic and industry-based researchers.