MicroRNA in Regenerative Medicine

MicroRNA in Regenerative Medicine
Author: Chandan K. Sen
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 1134
Release: 2023-05-08
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128207222

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Regulating virtually all biological processes, the genome’s 2,654 newly discovered variants of mature microRNAs – short ribonucleic acid molecules found in eukaryotic cells – hold a key role in the body’s toolkit of regenerative and reparative capacities. Identifying how to activate and deliver these specialist molecules may aid in the repair and regeneration of major tissue and organ damage in future therapies. In MicroRNA and Regenerative Medicine, Second Edition, over 50 leading experts address foundational and emerging topics in the field. Concisely summarizing and evaluating key findings from new research and their translational application, contributors examine current and future significance of clinical research in the miRNA area. Coverage encompasses all major aspects of fundamental stem cell and developmental biology, including the uses of miRNA in cell and tissue plasticity, developmental biology, tissue repair, and regeneration. In particular, contributors provide focused coverage of methodologies for regenerative intervention and tissue engineering. Topics new to this edition include proteomic changes during tissue repair and regeneration, horizontal transfer of miRNAs in tissue regeneration, tissue stemness, peripheral nerve regeneration, miRNA as biomarkers, microRNA in pregnancy and embryo development, exogenous and diet derived microRNA in tissue development, ocular microRNA, mitochondrial microRNA, sensory hair cell death and regeneration, and microRNA in senescence. Features chapter contributions from international leaders in the field, covering the spectrum from bench to bedside Includes short, applied chapters offering focused discussion and practical examples Incorporates multi-color text layout with more than 150 color figures to illustrate important findings

RNAi and MicroRNA Mediated Gene Regulation in Stem Cells

RNAi and MicroRNA Mediated Gene Regulation in Stem Cells
Author: Baohong Zhang,Edmund J. Stellwag
Publsiher: Methods in Molecular Biology
Total Pages: 286
Release: 2010-08-16
Genre: Medical
ISBN: STANFORD:36105211750620

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This cutting-edge text will be a valuable resource for scientists and aspiring graduate students interested in the intersection of RNAi, miRNA, and stem cell molecular biology and exciting areas of research such as regenerative medicine and cancer.

Exosomes Stem Cells and MicroRNA

Exosomes  Stem Cells and MicroRNA
Author: Karl L. Mettinger,Pranela Rameshwar,Vinod Kumar
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 154
Release: 2018-05-12
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783319744704

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This volume provides insight into the pivotal roles of stem cells, exosomes and other microvesicles in biofunction and molecular mechanisms and their therapeutic potential in translational nanomedicine. It further highlights evidence from recent studies as to how stem cell derived exosomes and microRNAs may restore and maintain tissue homeostasis, enable cells to recover critical cellular functions and begin repair regeneration. These early studies in animal models of aging also show evidence of improved immune, cardiovascular and cognitive functions as well as improved health span and life span. The use of exosomes from body fluids to define specific biomarkers for various tumors may also clear the path to patient-targeted treatments by developing exosome-derived microRNA based cancer therapeutics. It is essential reading for graduate students, research fellow and biomedical researchers in academia or the pharmaceutical or biotech industries.

Transcriptional and Translational Regulation of Stem Cells

Transcriptional and Translational Regulation of Stem Cells
Author: Gary Hime,Helen Abud
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 371
Release: 2013-05-22
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9789400766211

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This volume describes the latest findings on transcriptional and translational regulation of stem cells. Both transcriptional activators and repressors have been shown to be crucial for the maintenance of the stem cell state. A key element of stem cell maintenance is repression of differentiation factors or developmental genes – achieved transcriptionally, epigenetically by the Polycomb complex, and post-transcriptionally by RNA-binding proteins and microRNAs. This volume takes two approaches to this topic – (1) illustrating the general principles outlined above through a series of different stem cell examples – embryonic, iPS and adult stem cells, and (2) describing several molecular families that have been shown to have roles in regulation of multiple stem cell populations.

Current Perspectives in microRNAs miRNA

Current Perspectives in microRNAs  miRNA
Author: Shao-Yao Ying
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2008-09-12
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781402085338

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Nearly 97% of the human genome is the non-coding DNA, which varies from one species to another, and changes in these sequences are frequently noticed to manifest clinical and circumstantial malfunction. Numerous non-protein-coding genes are recently found to encode microRNAs, which are responsible for RNA-mediated gene silencing through RNA interference (RNAi)-like pathways. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), small single-stranded 17–25 nucleotide RNAs capable of interfering with intracellular messenger RNAs (mRNAs) that contain either complete or partial complementarity, are useful for the design of new therapies against cancer polymorphism and viral mutation. Currently over 1000 native miRNA species found in vertebrates and many more new miRNA homologs continue to be identified; however, most of their functions remain to be determined. In this book, many new perspectives of the miRNA research are reviewed and discussed, including their roles in stem cell maintenance, embryonic development, tissue differentiation, adult physiology, disease pathology, cancer research, viral infection, genetic engineering in plants, and utility in cosmetic applications. These new findings may not only provide significant insight into the various mechanisms of miRNAs but also offer a great opportunity in developing new therapeutic interventions.

Role of Exosomes in Biological Communication Systems

Role of Exosomes in Biological Communication Systems
Author: Faisal A. Alzahrani,Islam M. Saadeldin
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 373
Release: 2020-11-20
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9789811565991

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This book reviews the role of exosomes and extracellular vesicles in both normal and pathological conditions. It first explains isolation methods for exosomes, and analyzes their fine structure and biological functions. Further, it highlights exosomes’ role as the key regulator in embryonic-maternal communication, and in the pathogenesis of various diseases, including cancer and urogenital, infectious, and neurodegenerative diseases. Moreover, it reviews the latest advances in using stem-cell-derived exosomes as a cell-free strategy in regenerative medicine, as well as the potential of exosomal microRNA as a promising non-invasive biomarker and targetable factor in cancer diagnosis and treatment. Lastly, it explores the use of natural and synthetic exosomes as nano-vehicles for efficient drug delivery.

Stem Cells Regenerative Medicine

Stem Cells   Regenerative Medicine
Author: Krishnarao Appasani,Raghu K. Appasani
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 629
Release: 2010-11-01
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781607618607

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Defined as, “The science about the development of an embryo from the fertilization of the ovum to the fetus stage,” embryology has been a mainstay at universities throughout the world for many years. Throughout the last century, embryology became overshadowed by experimental-based genetics and cell biology, transforming the field into developmental biology, which replaced embryology in Biology departments in many universities. Major contributions in this young century in the fields of molecular biology, biochemistry and genomics were integrated with both embryology and developmental biology to provide an understanding of the molecular portrait of a “development cell.” That new integrated approach is known as stem-cell biology; it is an understanding of the embryology and development together at the molecular level using engineering, imaging and cell culture principles, and it is at the heart of this seminal book. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine: From Molecular Embryology to Tissue Engineering is completely devoted to the basic developmental, cellular and molecular biological aspects of stem cells as well as their clinical applications in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. It focuses on the basic biology of embryonic and cancer cells plus their key involvement in self-renewal, muscle repair, epigenetic processes, and therapeutic applications. In addition, it covers other key relevant topics such as nuclear reprogramming induced pluripotency and stem cell culture techniques using novel biomaterials. A thorough introduction to stem-cell biology, this reference is aimed at graduate students, post-docs, and professors as well as executives and scientists in biotech and pharmaceutical companies.

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Author: Sadatomo Tasaka
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 182
Release: 2022-02-22
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9789811683718

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Divided into thirteen chapters, this book provides a wealth of research-oriented findings and practical guidance, ranging from the definition, epidemiology and pathophysiology, to the diagnosis and management of the disease. Although acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is defined by the acute onset of noncardiogenic pulmonary edema, hypoxemia and the need for mechanical ventilation, it is a heterogeneous disease entity, which makes it difficult to develop specific therapies. Treatment tends to focus on lung-protective ventilation, and no specific pharmacotherapies have been identified. All chapters were written by respected experts in the field, and summarize the latest trends, share recent research findings, and outline future prospects. Specific chapters are devoted to novel, promising diagnostic approaches, such as microRNA, which may improve our ability to identify early ARDS or at-risk patients. In addition, a dedicated chapter explores cell-based therapies and regenerative medicine, which offer potential therapeutic options. Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome - Advances in Diagnostic Tools and Disease Management offers a valuable reference guide not only for young physicians and trainees, but also for experienced or teaching physicians, medical educators, and basic researchers. Readers will find the latest information on ARDS and come to understand the current challenges, encouraging them to further advance the diagnosis, treatment and clinical research on this disease.