Nanomagnetism and Spintronics

Nanomagnetism and Spintronics
Author: Teruya Shinjo
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 372
Release: 2013-10-07
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780444632777

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The concise and accessible chapters of Nanomagnetism and Spintronics, Second Edition, cover the most recent research in areas of spin-current generation, spin-calorimetric effect, voltage effects on magnetic properties, spin-injection phenomena, giant magnetoresistance (GMR), and tunnel magnetoresistance (TMR). Spintronics is a cutting-edge area in the field of magnetism that studies the interplay of magnetism and transport phenomena, demonstrating how electrons not only have charge but also spin. This second edition provides the background to understand this novel physical phenomenon and focuses on the most recent developments and research relating to spintronics. This exciting new edition is an essential resource for graduate students, researchers, and professionals in industry who want to understand the concepts of spintronics, and keep up with recent research, all in one volume. Provides a concise, thorough evaluation of current research Surveys the important findings up to 2012 Examines the future of devices and the importance of spin current

Nanomagnetism and Spintronics

Nanomagnetism and Spintronics
Author: Teruya Shinjo
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2009-06-29
Genre: Science
ISBN: 0080932169

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Spintronics is a newly developing area in the field of magnetism, in which the interplay of magnetism and transport phenomena is studied experimentally and theoretically. This book introduces the recent progresses in the research relating to spintronics. * Presents in-depth analysis of this fascinating and technologically important new branch of nanoscience * Edited text with contributions from acknowledged leaders in the field * This handbook and guide will appeal to students and researchers in the fields of electronic devices and materials

Nanomagnetism and Spintronics

Nanomagnetism and Spintronics
Author: Farzad Nasirpouri,Alain Nogaret
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 401
Release: 2011
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789814273053

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Nanomagnetism and spintronics are two close subfields of nanoscience, explaining the effect of substantial magnetic properties of matter when the materials fabrication is realized at a comparable length size. Nanomagnetism deals with the magnetic phenomena specific to the structures having dimensions in the submicron range. The fact that the electronic transport properties of materials are dependent on the magnetic properties' artificial nanostructures, i.e., giant magnetoresistance (GMR) or tunneling magnetoresistance (TMR), has revolutionized spintronics science and technology. This book explains the concepts of nanomagnetism and spintronics by viewing the most recent research works from internationally distinguished research groups. Placing special emphasis on crucial fundamental and technical aspects of nanomagnetism and spintronics, it serves as a one-stop reference for universities offering postgraduate programs in nanotechnology or related disciplines. This unique book deals with all three stages required for conducting research in nanomagnetism and spintronics including fabrication, characterization and applications of nanomagnetic and spintronics materials, providing general concepts and an insightful overview of this subject for research students and scientists from different backgrounds investigating the multidisciplinary area of nanotechnology.

Nanomagnetism and Spintronics

Nanomagnetism and Spintronics
Author: Teruya Shinjo
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 372
Release: 2013-10-07
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128086759

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This overview is a brief introduction to the subjects covered by this book, nanomagnetism and spintronics. The discovery of giant magnetoresistance (GMR) effect is described together with a short summary of the studies prior to the experiments on GMR. Studies on various kinds of magnetoresistance (MR) effect that were inspired by the GMR effect are reviewed and recent topics are introduced. In many novel phenomena involving the interplay of electric conductance and magnetization, the role of the “spin current” has been revealed to be important and the possibility for exploiting these phenomena in spintronics devices has been suggested. Nanoscale devices are indispensable to fundamental studies on spintronics and also to various technical devices, and therefore gaining an understanding of nanomagnetism is a crucial current issue. At the end of this section, the scope of this book is described in brief with the content of each chapter.

Nanomagnetism

Nanomagnetism
Author: Claude Fermon,Marcel Van de Voorde
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 346
Release: 2017-03-17
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783527699063

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This first book to focus on the applications of nanomagnetism presents those already realized while also suggesting bold ideas for further breakthroughs. The first part is devoted to the concept of spin electronics and its use for data storage and magnetic sensing, while the second part concentrates on magnetic nanoparticles and their use in industrial environment, biological and medical applications. The third, more prospective part goes on to describe emerging applications related to spin current creation and manipulation, dynamics, spin waves and binary logic based on nano-scale magnetism. With its unique choice of topics and authors, this will appeal to academic as well as corporate researchers in a wide range of disciplines from physics via materials science to engineering, chemistry and life science.

Ultrathin Magnetic Structures III

Ultrathin Magnetic Structures III
Author: J.A.C. Bland,Bretislav Heinrich
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 318
Release: 2009-09-02
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 3540801774

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The ability to understand and control the unique properties of interfaces has created an entirely new field of magnetism which already has a profound impact in technology and is providing the basis for a revolution in electronics. The last decade has seen dramatic progress in the development of magnetic devices for information technology but also in the basic understanding of the physics of magnetic nanostructures. This volume describes thin film magnetic properties and methods for characterising thin film structure topics that underpin the present 'spintronics' revolution in which devices are based on combined magnetic materials and semiconductors. Volume IV deals with the fundamentals of spintronics: magnetoelectronic materials, spin injection and detection, micromagnetics and the development of magnetic random access memory based on GMR and tunnel junction devices. Together these books provide readers with a comprehensive account of an exciting and rapidly developing field. The treatment is designed to be accessible both to newcomers and to experts already working in this field who would like to get a better understanding of this very diversified area of research.

Nanomagnetism and Spintronics

Nanomagnetism and Spintronics
Author: Teruo Ono,Teruya Shinjo
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 372
Release: 2013-10-07
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128086780

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Dynamical behavior of magnetic domain wall (DW) is one of the main issues in the field of spintronics. In this chapter, several experimental studies in DW dynamics in nanomagnetic systems are described. For the study of DW motion in nanoscale wires, samples with a trilayer structure, ferromagnetic/nonmagnetic/ferromagnetic, were prepared and the position of DW was estimated from electrical resistance measurements using giant magnetoresistance principle. The velocity of DW driven by an external field has been evaluated from the resistance change. On the other hand, current-driven DW motion in a single wire of ferromagnetic layer was studied by magnetic force microscopy (MFM). All-electrical control and local detection of multiple magnetic DWs are also shown. Magnetic vortex structures are realized in nanoscale ferromagnetic dot systems. The behavior of vortex core magnetization was observed by MFM. Recent topics such as the switching of vortex core driven by a high frequency AC are introduced. Furthermore, all-electrical operation of a magnetic vortex core memory cell is demonstrated.

Nanomagnetism and Spintronics

Nanomagnetism and Spintronics
Author: André Thiaville,Yoshinobu Nakatani
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 372
Release: 2013-10-07
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128086803

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Spin-transfer torque manifests itself in two main geometries, either submicrometer diameter pillars composed of magnetic multilayers, flooded by a current perpendicular to plane (CPP), or nanowires with current flowing in their plane (CIP). The first situation can be described rather well, from the magnetic point of view, in the framework of the macrospin model (see by Y. Suzuki). In the latter case, the typical situation is that of a magnetic domain wall under CIP current, with many internal degrees of freedom. In by H. Kohno and G. Tatara, a simplest model of the domain wall, called collective coordinates model, has been introduced to study this question. In this chapter, we will address the entire manifold of the degrees of freedom in the domain wall by micromagnetic numerical simulations, and apply this to the physics of CIP spin transfer in magnetic domain walls. We will consider soft magnetic materials only, where domain wall structures and dynamics are controlled by magnetostatics. This corresponds to the largest part of experiments that have been performed up to now, soft magnetic materials having generally lower coercive forces and domain wall propagation fields. The experimental counterpart to this chapter can be found in , by T. Ono and T. Shinjo. After briefly introducing micromagnetics and the typology of domain walls in samples shaped into nanostrips, we start by reviewing the field-driven dynamics in such samples. This situation was indeed considered first, historically, and led to the introduction of several useful concepts. Prominent among them are the separation between steady-state and precessional regimes, and the existence of a maximum velocity for a domain wall. The spin-transfer torque-induced domain wall dynamics will then be addressed, considering first the implementation of the CIP spin transfer torque in micromagnetics, with several components as introduced by theory. Comparison will be made to the field-driven case, with similarities and differences highlighted. In the nascent field of nanomagnetism and spintronics, micromagnetics can be considered to play the role of a translator. There are on one side experiments and on the other side theories about interaction between magnetization and spin-polarized electrical currents. Micromagnetics is a tool that translates the equations of the latter into quantitative predictions that can be compared to the former. Considering the present state of the subject of this book, with rapidly advancing experiments and theories, keeping in touch those two aspects of research is very important for its sound development. This is the objective of this chapter.