Orthopaedic Bone Cements

Orthopaedic Bone Cements
Author: S. Deb
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 0
Release: 2008-11-05
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 1420093029

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With an increasing number of bone cements available, it is vital that the correct material is selected for specific clinical procedures. A review of the most recent research in this field, this book covers such topics as hip replacements, verteboplasty and wear particles and osteolysis. It reviews materials and types of cement such as acrylic, polymethylmethacrylate and calcium phosphate cements and address the mechanical properties of bone cements such as fracture toughness and dynamic creep. The book closes with an examination of methods to enhance the properties of bone cements such as antibiotic loaded bone cements and bioactive cements.

Orthopaedic Bone Cements

Orthopaedic Bone Cements
Author: S Deb
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 423
Release: 2008-10-16
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781845695170

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Bone cements are widely used in orthopaedic applications to anchor implants to existing bone, reconstruct bone and deliver bioactive agents to the body. With an increasing number of bone cements available, it is vital that the correct material is selected for specific clinical procedures. Orthopaedic bone cements reviews the most recent research in this field. Part one discusses the current uses of orthopaedic bone cements with chapters on such topics as hip replacements, verteboplasty and wear particles and osteolysis. Part two reviews materials and types of cement such as acrylic, polymethylmethacrylate and calcium phosphate cements. Chapters in Part three address the mechanical properties of bone cements such as fracture toughness and dynamic creep. The final section examines methods to enhance the properties of bone cements with coverage of themes such as antibiotic loaded bone cements and bioactive cements. With its eminent editor and multidisciplinary team of international contributors, Orthopaedic bone cements is an invaluable reference for materials scientists, medical researchers and all those involved in the development of bone cements for orthopaedic applications and joint replacement. Provides a review of recent research focussing on improving the mechanical and biological performance of bone cements Discusses the current applications of bone cements particularly in hip replacement, verteboplasty and wear particles Reviews types of materials and acrylic, polymethlymethacrylate and calcium phosphate as types of cements

Bone Cements and Cementing Technique

Bone Cements and Cementing Technique
Author: U. Henze,G.H.I.M. Walenkamp,D.W. Murray,H.-J. Kock
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2012-12-06
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783642594786

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G. H. I. M. WALENKAMP, D. W. MURRAY Since the first use of bone cement, there has been much discussion about this important tool in arthroplasty. Many authors consider the cemented prosthesis as the gold standard when evaluating the outcome of primary prostheses. In a large number of total hip arthroplasties, as registered in the Scandi navian Hip Registers, important differences in revision risks have been docu mented between hospitals. These differences are partly due to the use of di verse cement techniques. In the analysis of data, the influence of these tech niques, as well as the different cement types, is clear. A recent disaster with a newly developed cement also illustrated that the quality of the cement must be assured, and that the introduction of a new material must be carefully prepared and followed-up. The new Palamed cement has been developed by the makers of the well known Palacos and Refobacin Palacos, which appeared to be the best ce ments in the Swedish register. An improvement was noted in slightly better handling characteristics, but the end product is the same as Palacos. As men tioned, this cement will be carefully followed-up in the near future. However, its introduction is a good reason to gather the expertise of some of the lead ing figures in the field in this book. II History of Bone Cements CHAPTER 2. 1 Industrial Development of Bone Cement Twenty-Five Years of Experience w. EGE, K. D.

The Well Cemented Total Hip Arthroplasty

The Well Cemented Total Hip Arthroplasty
Author: Steffen Breusch,Henrik Malchau
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 389
Release: 2006-02-08
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783540289241

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Cemented Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA) remains one of the most successful procedures in Orthopaedic surgery. It has become very clear that it is the surgical expertise, in particular the quality of the cementing technique, which will affect long-term outcome and success. It is the intention of this book to provide an up-to-date comprehensive assessment of the entire field of cemented THA. Special emphasis has been given to practice-relevant aspects: well-illustrated and detailed operative steps as a practical guideline, a basic science chapter and long-term outcome data are provided. Minimally invasive surgery, modern perioperative management and patient fast tracking are covered. A number of highly respected experts have contributed to this in-depth compilation of the "state of the art" in 2005. This book is written and intended for both, trainees and established arthroplasty surgeons who are dedicated to perform a well-cemented THA.

PMMA Cements

PMMA Cements
Author: Klaus-Dieter Kühn
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 291
Release: 2014-01-13
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 3642415369

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Cementing endoprostheses is one of the most frequently performed orthopedic procedures in the world today. PMMA cements are used to anchor artificial joints. They fill up the free space between the prosthesis and bone and constitute a very important elastic zone. Owing to their optimal rigidity the cement can evenly buffer the forces acting against the bone. Although the bone cement which are currently commercially available are all based on the same chemical substance (methyl methacrylate = MMA), their physical and chemical properties differ. The completely revised second addition of the book “PMMA (Bone) Cements” could not have a better timing. In a contemporary overview about biological, physical and chemical characteristics of PMMA cement, physicians, material developers, pharmacists, microbiologist, and economists should gain a basic understanding of the subject. It should also serve them as a reference book. In particular for future physicians and hospital personnel numerous questions will be addressed which have been posed during trainings, congresses and expert gatherings concerning the use of PMMA cement in the operating theater in a save and competent way. Also for decision makers at the hospital administration a comprehensive platform has been created which can be used as a basis of their assessment.

Bone Cements

Bone Cements
Author: Klaus-Dieter Kühn
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 283
Release: 2012-12-06
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783642597626

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Methyl methacrylate (MMA) is the basic component of bone cements. To use it, a dough is prepared from the liquid and powder by mixing right before application, which is normally done by the operating team. During its working phase the dough is then inserted into the tissue where polymerization is completed. Thus, the final implant polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) is only created at the implantation site. Besides methyl methacrylate, bone cements sometimes contain other methacrylates, such as butyl methacrylate. To achieve X-ray opacity, radiopacifiers (zirconium dioxide or barium sulfate) are added to the powder. Both the liquid and powder components contain additives (initiator and activator) that launch polymerization and control the set ting when mixed together. Moreover, softener and emulsifiers are some times used. The addition of antibiotics to the powder component in order to prevent or treat infections has become especially important. Commercial bone cements differ in composition and the course of curing. Some are designed for high and others for low viscosity. The way the user handles and applies the cement always crucially influences the quality of the implant. This is why clear and comprehensive information about the cements should be available to show the user how all the relevant factors work It should also be possible together and how they depend on each other.

Implant Bone Interface

Implant Bone Interface
Author: John Older
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 343
Release: 2012-12-06
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781447118114

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An update on current knowledge is given for surgeons and researchers involved in implant surgery and the development of implant arthroplasty. The contributions come from a distinguished international faculty of orthopaedic surgeons, biologists and engineers. They examine the junctional tissues between an implant and the bone in joint replacement surgery. The factors that influence junctional tissues and so affect the life-span of the implant are thoroughly discussed. These include: detailed data on the microscopy of the junctional tissues, the mechanical properties of cement, and the architecture of bone and implant design. The discussions following each contribution give meaningful insight into background information and the controversial aspects of surgical implants.

Acrylic Cement in Orthopaedic Surgery

Acrylic Cement in Orthopaedic Surgery
Author: John Charnley
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 148
Release: 1970
Genre: Acrylic resins
ISBN: UOM:39015003246330

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