Caffeine for the Sustainment of Mental Task Performance

Caffeine for the Sustainment of Mental Task Performance
Author: Institute of Medicine,Food and Nutrition Board,Committee on Military Nutrition Research
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 172
Release: 2002-01-07
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780309082587

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This report from the Committee on Military Nutrition Research reviews the history of caffeine usage, the metabolism of caffeine, and its physiological effects. The effects of caffeine on physical performance, cognitive function and alertness, and alleviation of sleep deprivation impairments are discussed in light of recent scientific literature. The impact of caffeine consumption on various aspects of health, including cardiovascular disease, reproduction, bone mineral density, and fluid homeostasis are reviewed. The behavioral effects of caffeine are also discussed, including the effect of caffeine on reaction to stress, withdrawal effects, and detrimental effects of high intakes. The amounts of caffeine found to enhance vigilance and reaction time consistently are reviewed and recommendations are made with respect to amounts of caffeine appropriate for maintaining alertness of military personnel during field operations. Recommendations are also provided on the need for appropriate labeling of caffeine-containing supplements, and education of military personnel on the use of these supplements. A brief review of some alternatives to caffeine is also provided.

Pharmaceutical Jurisprudence

Pharmaceutical Jurisprudence
Author: Dr. B. S. Kuchekar
Publsiher: Pragati Books Pvt. Ltd.
Total Pages: 152
Release: 2008-01-08
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 8185790280

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Introduction to Basics of Pharmacology and Toxicology

Introduction to Basics of Pharmacology and Toxicology
Author: Abialbon Paul,Nishanthi Anandabaskar,Jayanthi Mathaiyan,Gerard Marshall Raj
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 1156
Release: 2021-03-13
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9789813360099

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This book explains the pharmacological relationships between the various systems in the human body. It offers a comprehensive overview of the pharmacology concerning the autonomic, central, and peripheral nervous systems. Presenting up-to-date information on chemical mediators and their significance, it highlights the therapeutic aspects of several diseases affecting the cardiovascular, renal, respiratory, gastrointestinal, endocrinal, and hematopoietic systems. The book also includes drug therapy for microbial and neoplastic diseases. It also comprises sections on immunopharmacology, dermatological, and ocular pharmacology providing valuable insights into these emerging and recent topics. Covering the diverse groups of drugs acting on different systems, the book reviews their actions, clinical uses, adverse effects, interactions, and subcellular mechanisms of action. It is divided into 11 parts, subdivided into several chapters that evaluate the basic pharmacological principles that govern the different types of body systems. This book is intended for academicians, researchers, and clinicians in industry and academic institutions in pharmaceutical, pharmacological sciences, pharmacy, medical sciences, physiology, neurosciences, biochemistry, molecular biology and other allied health sciences.

Small Animal Clinical Pharmacology

Small Animal Clinical Pharmacology
Author: Jill E. Maddison,Stephen W. Page,David B. Church
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 600
Release: 2008
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780702028588

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Small Animal Clinical Pharmacology is a practical, clinically-oriented pharmacology text designed to provide the veterinary student and practitioner with all the relevant information needed when designing drug treatment regimens for pets in small animal veterinary practice. Comprehensively updated and revised, the second edition of this core text covers essential new information on drugs used in the management of a range of presenting conditions including heart disease and cardiac arrhythmias. For the second edition new authors, superb new illustrations and a second colour have all been introduced. With its unique approach combining a thorough understanding of the pharmacological action of drugs with a basic understanding of the relevant physiology and pathophysiology of systems and tissues affected, Small Animal Clinical Pharmacology continues to be an indispensable book for all veterinary students and practitioners. Organised by drug class in a uniform and detailed structure which means it is easy to locate key information on dose rates, routes of administration, drug interactions and special considerations at a glance Key chapters based around treatment of disorders of particular body systems, eg cardiovascular and thyroid disorders Essential introductory chapters covering pharmacokinetics, general pharmacological principles and adverse reactions for a thorough basic grounding in the subject All authors are experienced clinicians and recognised experts in their field who bring a down to earth and practical approach to the text

Uncertainty in Pharmacology

Uncertainty in Pharmacology
Author: Adam LaCaze,Barbara Osimani
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 470
Release: 2020-02-20
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783030291792

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This volume covers a wide range of topics concerning methodological, epistemological, and regulatory-ethical issues around pharmacology. The book focuses in particular on the diverse sources of uncertainty, the different kinds of uncertainty that there are, and the diverse ways in which these uncertainties are (or could be) addressed. Compared with the more basic sciences, such as chemistry or biology, pharmacology works across diverse observable levels of reality: although the first step in the causal chain leading to the therapeutic outcome takes place at the biochemical level, the end-effect is a clinically observable result—which is influenced not only by biological actions, but also psychological and social phenomena. Issues of causality and evidence must be treated with these specific aspects in mind. In covering these issues, the book opens up a common domain of investigation which intersects the deeply intertwined dimensions of pharmacological research, pharmaceutical regulation and the related economic environment. The book is a collective endeavour with in-depth contributions from experts in pharmacology, philosophy of medicine, statistics, scientific methodology, formal and social epistemology, working in constant dialogue across disciplinary boundaries.

Medical Pharmacology and Therapeutics E Book

Medical Pharmacology and Therapeutics E Book
Author: Derek G. Waller,Tony Sampson
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 741
Release: 2013-08-07
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780702055034

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This book covers all the pharmacology you need, from basic science pharmacology and pathophysiology, through to clinical pharmacology to therapeutics, in line with the integrated approach of new medical curricula. The first section covers the basic principles, and the rest is organised by body systems. The book ends with sections on toxicity and prescribing practice. Integrates basic science pharmacology, clinical pharmacology and therapeutics Brief review of pathophysiology of major diseases Case histories and multiple choice questions (and answers) Tabular presentation of all common drugs within each class Section on further reading Kinetics chapter simplified with more practical examples Includes more on genetic issues Drug tables made more concise to make information more accessible Fully updated to reflect current clinical practice

A TEXT BOOK OF PHARMACOLOGY II

A TEXT BOOK OF PHARMACOLOGY II
Author: Dr. Surya Devarakonda, Dr. P. Sailaja Rao, Dr. Amtul Muqeet Rafia , Miss. Pasala mary
Publsiher: Shashwat Publication
Total Pages: 323
Release: 2023-09-11
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9788119517442

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The major aim to write this textbook is to provide information in articulate summarized manner to accomplish necessities of undergraduates as per PCI regulation. This volume is designed not only according to curriculum of undergraduate courses in pharmacy by PCI but also to communicate knowledge on Pharmaceutical Jurisprudence for post graduate learners. We assured this book will be originated very valuable by graduates, post graduates, professors and industrial learners. However any suggestion for further improvement of text are welcome and will be taken due note of.

Clinical Pharmacology During Pregnancy

Clinical Pharmacology During Pregnancy
Author: Donald Mattison
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2012-12-05
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780123860071

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Clinical Pharmacology During Pregnancy is written for clinicians, physicians, midwives, nurses, pharmacists and other medical professionals directly involved in the care of women during pregnancy. This book focuses on the impact of pregnancy on drug disposition and also includes coverage of treatments for diseases of specific body systems, as well as essential content on dosing and efficacy. Written in a clear and practical manner, this reference provides easily accessible information and clinical guidance on how best to treat women with medications during pregnancy. Utilizes an evidence-based approach for therapeutics during pregnancy Includes a summary of specific medications by indication with up-to-date information on dosing and efficacy in pregnancy for the given indication Highlights current research in this area and provides easily accessible and vital information for clinicians Complements the companion volume, Drugs During Pregnancy and Lactation by Schaefer et al and presents a bundling opportunity to the same target audience of medical professionals Includes a companion website containing support materials for professional or continuing education courses in OB pharmacology