Polyolefin Fibres

Polyolefin Fibres
Author: S C O Ugbolue
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 590
Release: 2017-06-09
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780081012512

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Polyolefin Fibres: Structure, Properties and Industrial Applications, Second Edition, explores one of the most widely used commercial polymers, with a focus on the most important polyolefins, namely polyethylene, polypropylene, and polyolefin bicomponent fibres. These versatile fibres are durable, chemically resistant, lightweight, economical, and functional. This new edition has been updated and expanded to include cutting-edge research on a broad range of advanced applications. Part I covers the structure and properties of polyolefin fibres, incorporating a new chapter on the environmental aspects of polyolefin use. Part II examines the methods for improving the functionality of polyolefins, providing essential information for those engaged in developing high-performance materials. A final group of chapters addresses how polyolefin fibres can be incorporated into specific textile applications, such as automotive, geotextile, biomedical, and hygiene products, and explores potential future development. This book is an essential reference for textile technologists and manufacturers, polymer and fibre scientists, yarn and fabric manufacturers, biomedical and device engineers, and industrialists and researchers. Introduces the types, properties and structure of polyolefin fibers for readers new to the polyolefins field Examines methods to improve the functionality of polyolefin fibers, providing essential information for textile technologists and research and development managers engaged in developing high-performance materials Presents existing and potential applications of polyolefin fibers, exploring how they can expand the range of commercial polyolefin-based products

Polyolefin Fibres

Polyolefin Fibres
Author: S C O Ugbolue
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 428
Release: 2009-01-28
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781845695552

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Polyolefins are one of the most widely used commercial polymers. This book reviews the most important polyolefins, including polyethylene and polypropylene. These versatile fibres are durable, chemically resistant, lightweight, economical and functional. Polyolefin fibres: industrial and medical applications provides a comprehensive review of the structure and properties of this group of fibres, together with methods to improve the functionality of polyolefins and their range of applications. The first set of chapters discusses the different types of polyolefins, their structural and chemical properties as well as their production methods. The second group of chapters examines how to improve the functionality of polyolefin fibres. A final group of chapters addresses how polyolefins can be incorporated into specific applications such as industrial, medical and automotive products. Written by a distinguished team of international contributors, Polyolefin fibres: industrial and medical applications is a quintessential reference for textile technologists, fibre scientists, yarn and fabric manufacturers and also those in academia. Reviews the most important polyolefins including polyethylene and polyproplene, their structural and chemical properties as well as production methods Examines methods to improve the functionality of polyolefin fibres including production methods and quality control

Handbook of Textile Fibre Structure

Handbook of Textile Fibre Structure
Author: Stephen Eichhorn,J. W. S. Hearle,M Jaffe,T Kikutani
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 528
Release: 2009-10-19
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781845696504

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Due to their complexity and diversity, understanding the structure of textile fibres is of key importance. This authoritative two-volume collection provides a comprehensive review of the structure of an extensive range of textile fibres. Volume 1 begins with an introductory set of chapters on fibre structure and methods to characterise fibres. The second part of the book covers the structure of manufactured polymer fibres such as polyester, polyamides, polyolefin, elastomeric and aramid fibres as well as high-modulus, high-tenacity polymer fibres. Chapters discuss fibre formation during processing and how this affects fibre structure and mechanical properties. A companion volume reviews natural, regenerated, inorganic and specialist fibres. Edited by leading authorities on the subject and with a team of international authors, the two volumes of the Handbook of textile fibre structure is an essential reference for textile technologists, fibre scientists, textile engineers and those in academia. The first title of a authoritative two-volume collection that provides a comprehensive review of the structure of a range of textile fibres Provides an overview of the development of fibre structure and methods to characterise fibres Examines the structure of both traditional and new fibres and natural and manufactured fibres

High Performance Fiber Reinforced Cement Composites 2

High Performance Fiber Reinforced Cement Composites 2
Author: A.E. Naaman,H.W. Reinhardt
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 536
Release: 1996-06-20
Genre: Architecture
ISBN: 0419211802

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The leading international authorities bring together in this contributed volume the latest research and current thinking on advanced fiber reinforced cement composites. Under rigorous editorial control, 13 chapters map out the key properties and behaviour of these materials, which promise to extend their applications into many more areas in the coming years.

Synthetic Fibres

Synthetic Fibres
Author: J E McIntyre
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 308
Release: 2004-10-29
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781845690427

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Synthetic fibres account for about half of all fibre usage, with applications in every field of fibre and textile technology. Although many classes of fibre based on synthetic polymers have been evaluated as potentially valuable commercial products, four of them - nylon, polyester, acrylic and polyolefin - dominate the market. These four account for approximately 98% by volume of synthetic fibre production, with polyester alone accounting for around 60%. Synthetic fibres: nylon, polyester, acrylic, polyolefin provides a brief history of the early evaluations that led to this situation, then looks in detail at the development and present status of each class in four substantial chapters. Synthesis of chemical intermediates, polymerisation methods, fibre spinning and orientation technology, texturing techniques, production of microfibres, and chemical variants, e.g. for modified dyeability, are considered in detail. This comprehensive and accessible book will appeal to textile technologists in industrial and academic research, chemical and synthetic fibre suppliers, and yarn and fabric manufacturers. Comprehensive overview of four major fibres

Textiles and Fashion

Textiles and Fashion
Author: Rose Sinclair
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 894
Release: 2014-11-08
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780857095619

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This major textbook is designed for students studying textiles and fashion at higher and undergraduate level, as well as those needing a comprehensive and authoritative overview of textile materials and processes. The first part of the book reviews the main types of natural and synthetic fibres and their properties. Part two provides a systematic review of the key processes involved first in converting fibres into yarns and then transforming yarns into fabrics. Part three discusses the range of range of finishing techniques for fabrics. The final part of the book looks specifically at the transformation of fabric into apparel, from design and manufacture to marketing. With contributions from leading experts in their fields, this major book provides the definitive one-volume guide to textile manufacture. Provides comprehensive coverage of the types and properties of textile fibres to yarn and fabric manufacture, fabric finishing, apparel production and fashion Focused on the needs of college and undergraduate students studying textiles or fashion courses Each chapter ends with a summary to emphasise key points, a comprehensive self-review section, and project ideas are also provided

Plasma Modification of Polyolefins

Plasma Modification of Polyolefins
Author: N. S. Baneesh,P. S. Sari,Tatana Vackova,Sabu Thomas
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 262
Release: 2021-11-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783030522643

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This book addresses plasma modification of polyolefin surfaces. It comprises 21 chapters divided into three major sections. The first section covers the different techniques used for plasma modification of polyolefin surfaces and the effects of various gases as a surrounding medium, while the second provides a detailed analysis of the physics and chemistry of plasma modification and discusses various innovative characterization techniques, as well as ageing of the modified surface. It focuses on the analysis of changes in polymers’ surface chemistry using various spectroscopic techniques, and of changes in their surface morphology after plasma treatment using optical microscopy, electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy. In addition, it provides detailed information on the characterization of modified polymer surfaces. The book’s third and last section covers a range of applications of plasma-modified polyolefin surfaces varying from the packaging industry to the biomedical field, and shares valuable insights on the lifecycle analysis of plasma modification and modified surfaces.

Chemical Testing of Textiles

Chemical Testing of Textiles
Author: Q Fan
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2005-09-28
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781845690694

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Chemical Testing of Textiles is a comprehensive book aimed at giving a full overview of chemical testing for both academics and industry. It provides an extensive coverage of the chemical analysis procedures for a broad range of textiles. It introduces fundamental chemical concepts and rudimentary procedures and tries to balance the theoretical and practical parts of the contents. In most cases, the chemical analysis is undertaken with a test method regulated and updated by a professional organization. It serves as a great accompaniment to Physical testing of textiles. It has been compiled with the hard work of a team of contributors including professors, material researchers and textile analysts from Canada, Britain, Germany, and the United States of America. The opening chapter deals with fibre and yarn identification and is followed by nine separate chapters discussing different chemical analyses with regard to textiles. These include leather, feather/down, textile wet processes, fibre finishes, coatings, performance related tests, wastewater, and dyes and pigments. This book is a valuable resource for academic and industrial chemists, lecturers and students of textile chemistry and related subjects. It will also serve as a practical guide for textile plant managers, process engineers, technologists, qualified practitioners, textile research and testing institutes, quality inspectors, chemist-colourists and textile designers. A comprehensive overview of the chemical testing of textiles for both academia and industry Provides extensive coverage of the chemical analysis procedures for a broad range of textiles Compiled by a worldwide team of renowned experts