Power Plant Life Management and Performance Improvement

Power Plant Life Management and Performance Improvement
Author: John E Oakey
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 705
Release: 2011-09-28
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780857093806

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Coal- and gas-based power plants currently supply the largest proportion of the world’s power generation capacity, and are required to operate to increasingly stringent environmental standards. Higher temperature combustion is therefore being adopted to improve plant efficiency and to maintain net power output given the energy penalty that integration of advanced emissions control systems cause. However, such operating regimes also serve to intensify degradation mechanisms within power plant systems, potentially affecting their reliability and lifespan.Power plant life management and performance improvement critically reviews the fundamental degradation mechanisms that affect conventional power plant systems and components, as well as examining the operation and maintenance approaches and advanced plant rejuvenation and retrofit options that the industry are applying to ensure overall plant performance improvement and life management.Part one initially reviews plant operation issues, including fuel flexibility, condition monitoring and performance assessment. Parts two, three and four focus on coal boiler plant, gas turbine plant, and steam boiler and turbine plant respectively, reviewing environmental degradation mechanisms affecting plant components and their mitigation via advances in materials selection and life management approaches, such as repair, refurbishment and upgrade. Finally, part five reviews issues relevant to the performance management and improvement of advanced heat exchangers and power plant welds.With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Power plant life management and performance improvement is an essential reference for power plant operators, industrial engineers and metallurgists, and researchers interested in this important field. Provides an overview of the improvements to plant efficiency in coal- and gas-based power plants Critically reviews the fundamental degradation mechanisms that affect conventional power plant systems and components, noting mitigation routes alongside monitoring and assessment methods Addresses plant operation issues including fuel flexibility, condition monitoring and performance assessment

Power Generation Retrofitting

Power Generation Retrofitting
Author: Paul Winkle
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 168
Release: 2005-02-11
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 186058392X

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Power Generation Retrofitting – Optimizing Power Plant Performance reviews the experience of previous retrofitting projects and assesses the options currently available from power plant and equipment manufacturers. The book also considers the likely future demand for retrofit services from the UK and overseas markets. Power Generation Retrofitting – Optimizing Power Plant Performance will be of value to those involved in the management, operation, or maintenance of existing plant and to those involved in the design, development, and servicing of steam plant and auxiliary systems. CONTENTS INCLUDE: How high-tech fossil-fuel handling can minimize profit loss when retrofitting steam power generation plant Exchanging rotary heaters The role of the plate heat exchanger in achieving improved performance on steam power generation plant Low-mass-flux, vertical tube furnace retrofit at Yaomeng in the People’s Republic of China Optimized plant retrofits New life for older plants – recent utility boilers refurbishment experience.

Recent Improvements of Power Plants Management and Technology

Recent Improvements of Power Plants Management and Technology
Author: Aleksandar Nikolic,Žarko Janda
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 202
Release: 2017-07-13
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9789535133575

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Since first AC current high-power hydropower plant was put in operation, built by Nikola Tesla and George Westinghouse in 1895 on Niagara Falls, electrification of the world has dramatically changed. The growing power demand and energy consumption in the last decades require fundamental changes in the process, power production, and services. These requirements tend to use both conventional and nonconventional energy generation in order to have power plants economically useful and environmentally friendly to the society. The goal of this textbook is to provide an up-to-date review of this important topic with specific emphasis on the current guidelines for improving overall efficiency, lowering emissions, and using large share of renewable energy.

Guidance for Optimizing Nuclear Power Plant Maintenance Programmes

Guidance for Optimizing Nuclear Power Plant Maintenance Programmes
Author: International Atomic Energy Agency
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 160
Release: 2003
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: UOM:39015058214357

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The objective of the project on Optimization of Nuclear Power Plant Overall Performance within the IAEA's subprogramme of Nuclear Power Planning, Implementation and Performance is to systematically improve the overall performance and compeititiveness of nuclear power plants (NPPs) with due regard to safety through the application of technological and engineering best practices, including quality assurance/quality management, and the utilization of relevant databases. As an integrated part of this project, the Technical Working Group on Life Management of NPPs deals with the managerial and engineering aspects of NPP maintenance, its optimization process with special regard to the importance of condition monitoring in maintenance strategies and the contribution of maintenance to managing the lifetime of operating NPPs. This publication was developed in the above framework with the objective to collect and analyse proven maintenance optimization methods and techniques (engineering and organizational) in Member States.

Probabilistic Safety Assessment for Optimum Nuclear Power Plant Life Management PLiM

Probabilistic Safety Assessment for Optimum Nuclear Power Plant Life Management  PLiM
Author: Gennadij V Arkadov,Alexander F Getman,Andrei N Rodionov
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 369
Release: 2012-09-27
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780857093998

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Probabilistic safety assessment methods are used to calculate nuclear power plant durability and resource lifetime. Successful calculation of the reliability and ageing of components is critical for forecasting safety and directing preventative maintenance, and Probabilistic safety assessment for optimum nuclear power plant life management provides a comprehensive review of the theory and application of these methods. Part one reviews probabilistic methods for predicting the reliability of equipment. Following an introduction to key terminology, concepts and definitions, formal-statistical and various physico–statistical approaches are discussed. Approaches based on the use of defect-free models are considered, along with those using binomial distribution and models based on the residual defectiveness of structural materials. The practical applications of probabilistic methods for strength reliability are subsequently explored in part two. Probabilistic methods for increasing the reliability and safety of nuclear power plant components are investigated, as are the use of such methods for optimising non-destructive tests, hydraulic tests, technical certification and planned-preventative maintenance. Finally, the book concludes with information on the use of probabilistic methods in ensuring leak tightness of nuclear power plant steam generator heat exchanger pipes. With its distinguished authors, Probabilistic safety assessment for optimum nuclear power plant life management is a valuable reference for all nuclear plant designers, operators, nuclear safety engineers and managers, as well as academics and researchers in this field. Discusses the theory and application of probabilistic safety assessment methods used to calculate nuclear power plant (NPP) durability and lifetime Reviews probabilistic methods in their application to NPP components and ageing pipelines for the forecasting of NPP resource lifetime and safety Addresses the key areas of probabilistic safety analysis, optimization of the operations through in-service inspection (ISI) utilising non-destructive testing, and maintenance, service and repair approaches

Nuclear Power Plant Life Management Processes

Nuclear Power Plant Life Management Processes
Author: International Atomic Energy Agency
Publsiher: IAEA
Total Pages: 140
Release: 2006
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: UOM:39015069111998

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This publication provides an overview of the various plant life management (PLiM) methodologies, technologies and processes to ensure long term operation of heavy water reactors (HWRs). Implementation of a systematic and comprehensive PLiM programme, such as that outlined in the publication, goes a long way towards meeting the overall goal of HWR owners and operators to successfully achieve design life and continued operation. Included in this publication are technical aspects of HWR PLiM, component specific technology considerations for condition assessment, an example of a proactive ageing management programme, and Ontario power generation experiences. Country reports from Argentina, Canada, India, the Republic of Korea and Romania are attached in an annex in order to share practices and experiences of PLiM programmes.

Thermal Power Plant Performance Analysis

Thermal Power Plant Performance Analysis
Author: Gilberto Francisco Martha de Souza
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 289
Release: 2012-01-04
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781447123095

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The analysis of the reliability and availability of power plants is frequently based on simple indexes that do not take into account the criticality of some failures used for availability analysis. This criticality should be evaluated based on concepts of reliability which consider the effect of a component failure on the performance of the entire plant. System reliability analysis tools provide a root-cause analysis leading to the improvement of the plant maintenance plan. Taking in view that the power plant performance can be evaluated not only based on thermodynamic related indexes, such as heat-rate, Thermal Power Plant Performance Analysis focuses on the presentation of reliability-based tools used to define performance of complex systems and introduces the basic concepts of reliability, maintainability and risk analysis aiming at their application as tools for power plant performance improvement, including: · selection of critical equipment and components, · definition of maintenance plans, mainly for auxiliary systems, and · execution of decision analysis based on risk concepts. The comprehensive presentation of each analysis allows future application of the methodology making Thermal Power Plant Performance Analysis a key resource for undergraduate and postgraduate students in mechanical and nuclear engineering.

Plant Life Management Models for Long Term Operation of Nuclear Power Plants

Plant Life Management Models for Long Term Operation of Nuclear Power Plants
Author: International Atomic Energy Agency
Publsiher: IAEA Nuclear Energy
Total Pages: 0
Release: 2015
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9201030142

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When nuclear power plants reach the end of their nominal design life, they undergo a special safety review and an ageing assessment of their essential structures, systems and components for the purpose of validating or renewing their licence to operate for terms beyond the service period originally intended. Three different plant life management models have been used to qualify these nuclear power plants to operate beyond their original design life. This publication presents a collection of sample licensing practices for long term operation among IAEA Member States. The various plant life management models used to obtain long term operation authorizations are described and comparisons drawn against the standard periodic safety review model. Lessons learned and warnings about possible complications and pitfalls are also described to minimize the licensing risk during operation and future long term operation applications. The main intention of this publication is to support nuclear power plant owners and operators planning an extension of plant operation beyond its original design life, but it also serves as a useful guide for those interested in procuring, from the beginning, the necessary tools to implement ageing management in their future plant with long term operation in mind.