Risk Factors in Depression

Risk Factors in Depression
Author: Keith S. Dobson,David J. A Dozois
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 510
Release: 2011-09-02
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 0080560563

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Depression is one of the most common mental health disorders, affecting 14% of all people at some point in their lifetime. Women are twice as likely to become depressed as men, but beyond gender there are a variety of risk factors that influence the prevalence and likelihood of experiencing depression. Risk Factors in Depression consolidates research findings on risk factors into one source, for ease of reference for both researchers and clinicians in practice. The book divides risk factors into biological, cognitive, and social risk factors. This provides researchers with the opportunity to examine the interface among different theoretical perspectives and variables, and to look for the opportunity for more complex and explanatory models of depression. Allows reader to compare and contrast the relative states of development of different models and their databases Examines the predictive power of these models related to various phases of clinical depression, including onset, maintenance, and relapse Provides an examination of the therapeutic implications of comprehensive and integrative models of depression

Risk Factors in Depression

Risk Factors in Depression
Author: Keith S. Dobson,David J. A. Dozois
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 483
Release: 2008
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 0080450784

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Depression is one of the most common mental health disorders, affecting 14% of all people at some point in their lifetime. 'Risk Factors in Depression' consolidates research findings on risk factors into one source, for ease of reference for both researchers and clinicians in practice. The book divides risk factors into biological, cognitive and social risk factors.

Depression in Parents Parenting and Children

Depression in Parents  Parenting  and Children
Author: Institute of Medicine,National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Children, Youth, and Families,Committee on Depression, Parenting Practices, and the Healthy Development of Children
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 488
Release: 2009-10-28
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780309121781

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Depression is a widespread condition affecting approximately 7.5 million parents in the U.S. each year and may be putting at least 15 million children at risk for adverse health outcomes. Based on evidentiary studies, major depression in either parent can interfere with parenting quality and increase the risk of children developing mental, behavioral and social problems. Depression in Parents, Parenting, and Children highlights disparities in the prevalence, identification, treatment, and prevention of parental depression among different sociodemographic populations. It also outlines strategies for effective intervention and identifies the need for a more interdisciplinary approach that takes biological, psychological, behavioral, interpersonal, and social contexts into consideration. A major challenge to the effective management of parental depression is developing a treatment and prevention strategy that can be introduced within a two-generation framework, conducive for parents and their children. Thus far, both the federal and state response to the problem has been fragmented, poorly funded, and lacking proper oversight. This study examines options for widespread implementation of best practices as well as strategies that can be effective in diverse service settings for diverse populations of children and their families. The delivery of adequate screening and successful detection and treatment of a depressive illness and prevention of its effects on parenting and the health of children is a formidable challenge to modern health care systems. This study offers seven solid recommendations designed to increase awareness about and remove barriers to care for both the depressed adult and prevention of effects in the child. The report will be of particular interest to federal health officers, mental and behavioral health providers in diverse parts of health care delivery systems, health policy staff, state legislators, and the general public.

Social Isolation and Loneliness in Older Adults

Social Isolation and Loneliness in Older Adults
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on the Health and Medical Dimensions of Social Isolation and Loneliness in Older Adults
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 317
Release: 2020-05-14
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 9780309671033

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Social isolation and loneliness are serious yet underappreciated public health risks that affect a significant portion of the older adult population. Approximately one-quarter of community-dwelling Americans aged 65 and older are considered to be socially isolated, and a significant proportion of adults in the United States report feeling lonely. People who are 50 years of age or older are more likely to experience many of the risk factors that can cause or exacerbate social isolation or loneliness, such as living alone, the loss of family or friends, chronic illness, and sensory impairments. Over a life course, social isolation and loneliness may be episodic or chronic, depending upon an individual's circumstances and perceptions. A substantial body of evidence demonstrates that social isolation presents a major risk for premature mortality, comparable to other risk factors such as high blood pressure, smoking, or obesity. As older adults are particularly high-volume and high-frequency users of the health care system, there is an opportunity for health care professionals to identify, prevent, and mitigate the adverse health impacts of social isolation and loneliness in older adults. Social Isolation and Loneliness in Older Adults summarizes the evidence base and explores how social isolation and loneliness affect health and quality of life in adults aged 50 and older, particularly among low income, underserved, and vulnerable populations. This report makes recommendations specifically for clinical settings of health care to identify those who suffer the resultant negative health impacts of social isolation and loneliness and target interventions to improve their social conditions. Social Isolation and Loneliness in Older Adults considers clinical tools and methodologies, better education and training for the health care workforce, and dissemination and implementation that will be important for translating research into practice, especially as the evidence base for effective interventions continues to flourish.

Reducing Risks for Mental Disorders

Reducing Risks for Mental Disorders
Author: Institute of Medicine,Committee on Prevention of Mental Disorders
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 636
Release: 1994-01-01
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780309049399

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The understanding of how to reduce risk factors for mental disorders has expanded remarkably as a result of recent scientific advances. This study, mandated by Congress, reviews those advances in the context of current research and provides a targeted definition of prevention and a conceptual framework that emphasizes risk reduction. Highlighting opportunities for and barriers to interventions, the book draws on successful models for the prevention of cardiovascular disease, injuries, and smoking. In addition, it reviews the risk factors associated with Alzheimer's disease, schizophrenia, alcohol abuse and dependence, depressive disorders, and conduct disorders and evaluates current illustrative prevention programs. The models and examination provide a framework for the design, application, and evaluation of interventions intended to prevent mental disorders and the transfer of knowledge about prevention from research to clinical practice. The book presents a focused research agenda, with recommendations on how to develop effective intervention programs, create a cadre of prevention researchers, and improve coordination among federal agencies.

Major Depressive Disorder

Major Depressive Disorder
Author: Yong-Ku Kim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 0
Release: 2017
Genre: Depression, Mental
ISBN: 1536119806

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This book focuses on risk factors, clinical and biological characteristics, and treatment options for depression. The aim of this book is to provide readers with an up-to-date understanding of the clinical and neurobiological underpinnings of depression as well as promising treatment for depression. The book is divided into five sections, the first of which examines the clinical heterogeneity of depression. Clinical symptoms, risk factors and treatment options of depression during neurodevelopment and neurodegeneration periods differ from those of depression in adults. Section II highlights bio-psychosocial factors in depression. Major depression cannot be understood without considering the psychosocial environment. Interaction between genetic susceptibility and the psychosocial context affect the occurrence of major depression. Section III focuses on biomarkers of depression. It covers from the overview of biomarkers, focusing on diagnosis, subtyping of depression and treatment response prediction to neuroimaging, genetics, and serum markers in depression. Section IV covers neurobiology and management for treatment-resistant depression. It discusses the etiological issues of treatment-resistant depression including genetic susceptibility, structural and functional MRI markers, neurogenesis, neuroinflammation and neuromodulation treatment for treatment-resistant depression. Section V highlights new perspectives of depression. Neurotrophic hypothesis-driven BDNF-TrkB signalling pathways and downstream of neurotransmitters have attracted attention to new pharmacologic targets. Homeostatic regulation of sleep, its dysregulation in mood disorders, and updated theories between inflammations and depression are discussed. The book will provide a better understanding of clinical and biological features and the management of depression, and will also function as a step onto the path toward the ultimate goal of predicting, preventing and treating depression.

DSM 5 Classification

DSM 5 Classification
Author: American Psychiatric Association
Publsiher: American Psychiatric Publishing
Total Pages: 0
Release: 2015-08-25
Genre: Mental illness
ISBN: 0890425663

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This handy DSM-5(R) Classification provides a ready reference to the DSM-5 classification of disorders, as well as the DSM-5 listings of ICD-9-CM and ICD-10-CM codes for all DSM-5 diagnoses. To be used in tandem with DSM-5(R) or the Desk Reference to the Diagnostic Criteria From DSM-5(R), the DSM-5(R) Classification makes accessing the proper diagnostic codes quick and convenient. With the advent of ICD-10-CM implementation in the United States on October 1, 2015, this resource provides quick access to the following: - The DSM-5(R) classification of disorders, presented in the same sequence as in DSM-5(R), with both ICD-9-CM and ICD-10-CM codes. All subtypes and specifiers for each DSM-5(R) disorder are included.- An alphabetical listing of all DSM-5 diagnoses with their associated ICD-9-CM and ICD-10-CM codes.- Separate numerical listings according to the ICD-9-CM codes and the ICD-10-CM codes for each DSM-5(R) diagnosis.- For all listings, any codable subtypes and specifiers are included with their corresponding ICD-9-CM or ICD-10-CM codes, if applicable. The easy-to-use format will prove indispensable to a diverse audience--for example, clinicians in a variety of fields, including psychiatry, primary care medicine, and psychology; coders working in medical centers and clinics; insurance companies processing benefit claims; individuals conducting utilization or quality assurance reviews of specific cases; and community mental health organizations at the state or county level.

Neurobiology of Depression

Neurobiology of Depression
Author: Joao Luciano de Quevedo,Andre Ferrer Carvalho,Carlos A. Zarate
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 471
Release: 2019-01-03
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128133347

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Neurobiology of Depression: Road to Novel Therapeutics synthesizes the basic neurobiology of major depressive disorder with discussions on the most recent advances in research, including the interacting pathways implicated in the pathophysiology of MDD, omics technologies, genetic approaches, and the development of novel optogenetic approaches that are changing research perspectives and revolutionizing research into depression. These basic foundational understandings on the neurobiology underlying the disorder, along with a comprehensive summary of the most recent advances in research are combined in this book to aid advanced students and researchers in their understanding of MDD. Depression is one of the most common mental-health disorders caused by a variety of genetic, biological, environmental and psychological factors. Major depressive disorder (MDD) is typically treated with first-line antidepressant agents that primarily target monoamine neurotransmission. However, only approximately one-third of patients with MDD achieve remission following a trial with such an antidepressant. Furthermore, MDD is a heterogeneous phenotype, and new frameworks, such as the NIMH Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) may provide a more accurate, biologically based comprehension of the symptomatic heterogeneity of this devastating illness. Aids readers in understanding major depressive disorder in the context of NIMH Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) recommendations Covers a range of existing and potential pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic treatment options, from lifestyle adjustments, to antidepressants and novel therapeutics Synthesizes discussions on the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying symptoms with the clinical aspects of depression