Surface Modification of Textiles

Surface Modification of Textiles
Author: Q Wei
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2009-08-26
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781845696689

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The surface of textiles offers an important platform for functional modifications in order to meet special requirements for a variety of applications. The surface modification of textiles may be achieved by various techniques ranging from traditional solution treatment to biological approaches. This book reviews fundamental issues relating to textile surfaces and their characterisation and explores the exciting opportunities for surface modification of a range of different textiles. Introductory chapters review some important surface modification techniques employed for improved functional behaviour of textiles and the various surface characterisation methods available. Further chapters examine the different types of surface modification suitable for textiles, ranging from the use of plasma treatments and physical vapour deposition to the use of nanoparticles. Concluding chapters discuss surface modification strategies for various applications of textiles. Surface modification of textiles is a valuable resource for chemists, surface scientists, textile technologists, fibre scientists, textile engineers and textile students. Reviews fundamental issues relating to textiles surfaces and their characterisation Examines various types of surface modification suitable for textiles, including plasma treatments and nanoparticles Discusses surface modification strategies for textile applications such as expansion into technical textile applications

Surface Modification of Textiles

Surface Modification of Textiles
Author: Q Wei
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 0
Release: 2009-09-23
Genre: Science
ISBN: 1439811024

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Covering everything from traditional solution treatment to biological approaches, this book reviews fundamental issues relating to textile surfaces and their characterization. It explores the exciting opportunities for surface modification in a range of different textiles to meet special requirements for various applications. Introductory chapters review some important surface modification techniques employed for improved functional behavior of textiles and the various surface characterization methods available. Further chapters examine the different types of surface modification suitable for textiles, ranging from the use of plasma treatments and physical vapor deposition, to the use of nanoparticles. The book concludes by discussing surface modification strategies for various applications of textiles.

Frontiers of Textile Materials

Frontiers of Textile Materials
Author: Mohd Shabbir,Shakeel Ahmed,Javed N. Sheikh
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2020-03-10
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781119620419

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The book “Frontiers and Textile Materials will deal with the important materials that can be utilized for value-addition and functionalization of textile materials. The topics covered in this book includes the materials like enzymes, polymers, etc. that are utilized for conventional textile processing and the advanced materials like nanoparticles which are expected to change the horizons of textiles. The futuristic techniques for textile processing like plasma are also discussed.

Biodegradable Green Composites

Biodegradable Green Composites
Author: Susheel Kalia
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 377
Release: 2016-02-29
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781118911099

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This book comprehensively addresses surface modification of natural fibers to make them more effective, cost-efficient, and environmentally friendly. Topics include the elucidation of important aspects surrounding chemical and green approaches for the surface modification of natural fibers, the use of recycled waste, properties of biodegradable polyesters, methods such as electrospinning, and applications of hybrid composite materials.

Textile Finishing

Textile Finishing
Author: K. L. Mittal,Thomas Bahners
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 588
Release: 2017-08-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781119426851

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Textiles have been historically and traditionally used to make clothes, but even in ancient times there were technical textiles for making sails, tents, etc. Today, technical textiles are used in various industries for a host of purposes and applications. Recently, there have been exciting developments on various fronts in the textile field to impart novel and innovative functionalities to textiles, e.g., easy-to-clean or dirt-repellent, flame retardancy, anti-bacterial, and fog-harvesting properties, to name a few. Also, textiles for electronics based on graphene, CNTs and other nanomaterials, conductive textiles, textiles for sensor function, textile-fixed catalysts, textiles for batteries and energy storage, textiles as substrates for tissue engineering, and textiles for O/W separation have appeared in the literature. All this has been possible through adopting novel ways for finishing textiles, e.g., by appropriate surface modification techniques, and utilizing biomimetic concepts borrowed from nature. This unique book entitled “Textile Finishing: Recent Developments and Future Trends” is divided into four parts: Part 1: Recent Developments/Current Challenges in Textile Finishing; Part 2: Surface Modification Techniques for Textiles; Part 3: Innovative Functionalities of Textiles; Part 4: Fiber-Reinforced Composites. The topics covered include: Antimicrobial textile finishes; flame retardant textile finishing; “self-cleaning” or easy-to-clean textiles; metallization of textiles; atmospheric pressure plasma, and uv-based photochemical surface modification of textiles; tunable wettability of textiles; 3D textile structures for fog harvesting; textile-fixed catalysts; medical textiles as substrates for tissue engineering; and fiber-reinforced “green” or “greener” biocomposites and the relevance of fiber/matrix adhesion.

Surface Characteristics of Fibers and Textiles

Surface Characteristics of Fibers and Textiles
Author: Christopher Pastore,Paul Kiekens
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 316
Release: 2000-12-06
Genre: Science
ISBN: 0824700023

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An exploration of the surface characteristics of fibres and textiles. It emphasizes how fibre surface affects permeability, stiffness, strength, dyeing, wrinkling, and other performance characteristics to optimize production. It also illustrates methods for developing wrinkle-resistant finishes on fibre surfaces using environmentally friendly techniques.

Plasma Technologies for Textiles

Plasma Technologies for Textiles
Author: Roshan Shishoo
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2007-02-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781845692575

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Plasma technologies present an environmentally-friendly and versatile way of treating textile materials in order to enhance a variety of properties such as wettability, liquid repellency, dyeability and coating adhesion. Recent advances made in commercially viable plasma systems have greatly increased the potential of using plasma technology in industrial textile finishing. This pioneering book provides an essential guide to both the technology and science related to plasmas and its practical applications in the textile industry. The first part of the book discusses the science and technology behind plasmas. Chapters give detailed and comprehensive descriptions on the characteristics of plasmas and methods of control and treatment in the processing of textiles. Both low pressure cold plasma and atmospheric pressure cold plasma processes are described as well as the diagnosis and control of plasma parameters in plasma generating reactors. A chapter is devoted to the use of plasma technology to achieve nanoscale treatment of textile surfaces. The second part of the book concentrates on specific applications of plasma technologies. Chapters cover treatments for water and oil repellency of textiles, engineering of biomedical textiles and woollen finishing techniques through the use of plasma technologies. Further chapters cover the modification of fibres for use in composites and the potential use of plasma technologies for the finishing of fabrics made of man made fibres. The final chapter in the book gives a comprehensive analysis of the surface chemical and physical characterisation of plasma treated fabrics. Written by a distinguished international team of experts, Plasma technologies for textiles is an invaluable reference for researchers, scientists and technologists alike. Summarises both the science and technology of plasma processing, and its practical applications Discusses how plasma technology improves textile properties such as wettability and liquid repelling An invaluable reference for researchers, scientists and technologists

Eco Friendly Textile Dyeing and Finishing

Eco Friendly Textile Dyeing and Finishing
Author: Jamshed A Khan
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 341
Release: 2016-04-01
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 1681173239

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Years of human ignorance has diminished our natural resources and aged our planet. Now, people are making an effort to change the way they are treating the planet. Being more environmentally conscious about the impact materials used for fashion have on our planet is one-way designers can reduce waste and help enable a better world. By going eco-friendly can be less harmful to our natural resources. Not all fashion is following this eco-friendly trend, but more designers are embracing the trend toward eco-fashion than ever before. If the entire fashion industry became eco-friendly, it would make a huge difference for future generations because the fashion industry employs over a billion people globally. There is need for eco-friendly wet processing that is sustainable and beneficial methods. Number of sustainable practices has been implemented by various textile processing industries such as Eco- friendly bleaching; Peroxide bleaching; Eco-friendly dyeing and Printing; Low impact dyes; Natural dyes; Azo Free dyes; Phthalates Free Printing. There are a variety of materials considered "environmentally-friendly" for a variety of reasons. The industry is desperately in the need of newer and very efficient dyeing/finishing and functional treatments of textiles. There is growing awareness and readiness to adapt new perspective on industrial upgradation of Cleaner Production Programme, such new technologies help enterprises achieve green production and cost reduction at the same time. Green Production has become necessary for enterprises under the upgrade and transformation policy. The book Eco-Friendly Textile Dyeing and Finishing covers topics in the area of sustainable practices in textile dyeing and finishing.