Symmetry Structure and Spacetime

Symmetry  Structure  and Spacetime
Author: Dean Rickles
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 244
Release: 2008
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780444531162

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In this book Rickles considers several interpretative difficulties raised by gauge-type symmetries (those that correspond to no change in physical state). The ubiquity of such symmetries in modern physics renders them an urgent topic in philosophy of physics. Rickles focuses on spacetime physics, and in particular classical and quantum general relativity. Here the problems posed are at their most pathological, involving the apparent disappearance of spacetime! Rickles argues that both traditional ontological positions should be replaced by a structuralist account according to which relational structure is what the physics is about. · Unified treatment of gauge symmetries and their relationship to ontology in physics · Brings philosophy of space and time into step with developments in modern physics · Argues against the received view on the implications of symmetries in physics · Provides elementary treatments of technical issues · Illustrates a novel defense of structuralism

Symmetries in Physics

Symmetries in Physics
Author: Katherine Brading,Elena Castellani
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2003-12-04
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781139442022

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Symmetry considerations dominate modern fundamental physics, both in quantum theory and in relativity. This book presents a collection of philosophy-on-physics papers, highlighting the main issues and controversies, and providing an entry into the subject for both physicists and philosophers. It covers topical issues such as the significance of gauge symmetry, particle identity in quantum theory, how to make sense of parity violation, the role of symmetry-breaking, the empirical status of symmetry principles, and so forth, along with more traditional problems in the philosophy of science. These include the status of the laws of nature, the relationships between mathematics, physical theory, and the world, and the extent to which mathematics dictates physics. A valuable reference for students and researchers, it will also be of interest to those studying the foundations of physics, philosophy of physics and philosophy of science.

God Time and Eternity

God  Time  and Eternity
Author: W.L. Craig,William Lane Craig
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 338
Release: 2001-09-30
Genre: Philosophy
ISBN: 1402000111

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In this highly original and ground-breaking work, the author brings together discussions in the philosophy of time and space, philosophy of language, phenomenology, philosophy of science, Special and General Relativity, classical cosmology, quantum mechanics, and so forth, with the concerns of philosophy of religion and theology, in order to craft a philosophically informed and scientifically tenable doctrine of divine eternity and God's relationship to time.

The Tenseless Theory of Time

The Tenseless Theory of Time
Author: W.L. Craig
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 262
Release: 2013-03-09
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789401734738

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he present book and its companion volume The Tensed Theory of Time: a T Critical Examination are an attempt to adjudicate what one recent discussant has called "the most fundamental question in the philosophy of time," namely, "whether a static or a dynamic conception ofthe world is correct. "] I had originally intended to treat this question in the space of a single volume; but the study swelled into two. I found that an adequate appraisal of these two competing theories of time requires a wide-ranging discussion of issues in metaphysics, philosophy of language, phenomenology, philosophy of science, philosophy of space and time, and even philosophy of religion, and that this simply could not be done in one volume. If these volumes succeed in making a contribution to the debate, it will be precisely because of the synoptic nature of the discussion therein. Too often the question of the nature of time has been prematurely answered by some philosopher or physicist simply because he is largely ignorant of relevant discussions outside his chosen field of expertise. In these two complementary but independent volumes I have attempted to appraise what I take to be the most important arguments drawn from a variety of fields for and against each theory of time.

The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Physics

The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Physics
Author: Eleanor Knox,Alastair Wilson
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 786
Release: 2021-09-28
Genre: Philosophy
ISBN: 9781317227144

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The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Physics is a comprehensive and authoritative guide to the state of the art in the philosophy of physics. It comprisess 54 self-contained chapters written by leading philosophers of physics at both senior and junior levels, making it the most thorough and detailed volume of its type on the market – nearly every major perspective in the field is represented. The Companion’s 54 chapters are organized into 12 parts. The first seven parts cover all of the major physical theories investigated by philosophers of physics today, and the last five explore key themes that unite the study of these theories. I. Newtonian Mechanics II. Special Relativity III. General Relativity IV. Non-Relativistic Quantum Theory V. Quantum Field Theory VI. Quantum Gravity VII. Statistical Mechanics and Thermodynamics VIII. Explanation IX. Intertheoretic Relations X. Symmetries XI. Metaphysics XII. Cosmology The difficulty level of the chapters has been carefully pitched so as to offer both accessible summaries for those new to philosophy of physics and standard reference points for active researchers on the front lines. An introductory chapter by the editors maps out the field, and each part also begins with a short summary that places the individual chapters in context. The volume will be indispensable to any serious student or scholar of philosophy of physics.

Structural Realism

Structural Realism
Author: Elaine Landry,Dean Rickles
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 214
Release: 2012-01-05
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789400725782

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Structural realism has rapidly gained in popularity in recent years, but it has splintered into many distinct denominations, often underpinned by diverse motivations. There is, no monolithic position known as ‘structural realism,’ but there is a general convergence on the idea that a central role is to be played by relational aspects over object-based aspects of ontology. What becomes of causality in a world without fundamental objects? In this book, the foremost authorities on structural realism attempt to answer this and related questions: ‘what is structure?’ and ‘what is an object?’ Also featured are the most recent advances in structural realism, including the intersection of mathematical structuralism and structural realism, and the latest treatments of laws and modality in the context of structural realism. The book will be of interest to philosophers of science, philosophers of physics, metaphysicians, and those interested in foundational aspects of science.

Space time Symmetry and Quantum Yang Mills Gravity

Space time Symmetry and Quantum Yang Mills Gravity
Author: Jong-Ping Hsu,Leon Hsu
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 289
Release: 2013
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789814436199

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YangOCoMills gravity is a new theory, consistent with experiments, that brings gravity back to the arena of gauge field theory and quantum mechanics in flat space-time. It provides solutions to long-standing difficulties in physics, such as the incompatibility between Einstein''s principle of general coordinate invariance and modern schemes for a quantum mechanical description of nature, and Noether''s OCyTheorem IIOCO which showed that the principle of general coordinate invariance in general relativity leads to the failure of the law of conservation of energy. YangOCoMills gravity in flat space-time appears to be more physically coherent than conventional gravity in curved space-time. The problems of quantization of the gravitational field, the operational meaning of space-time coordinates and momenta, and the conservation of energy-momentum are all resolved in YangOCoMills gravity.The aim of this book is to provide a treatment of quantum YangOCoMills gravity, with an emphasis on the ideas and evidence that the gravitational field is the manifestation of space-time translational symmetry in flat space-time, and that there exists a fundamental space-time symmetry framework that can encompass all of physics, including gravity, for all inertial and non-inertial frames of reference.

Gauge Symmetries Symmetry Breaking and Gauge Invariant Approaches

Gauge Symmetries  Symmetry Breaking  and Gauge Invariant Approaches
Author: Philipp Berghofer,Jordan François,Simon Friederich,Henrique Gomes,Guy Hetzroni,Axel Maas,René Sondenheimer
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 124
Release: 2023-07-31
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781009197311

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Gauge symmetries play a central role, both in the mathematical foundations as well as the conceptual construction of modern (particle) physics theories. However, it is yet unclear whether they form a necessary component of theories, or whether they can be eliminated. It is also unclear whether they are merely an auxiliary tool to simplify (and possibly localize) calculations or whether they contain independent information. Therefore their status, both in physics and philosophy of physics, remains to be fully clarified. This Element reviews the current state of affairs on both the philosophy and the physics side. In particular, it focuses on the circumstances in which the restriction of gauge theories to gauge invariant information on an observable level is warranted, using the Brout-Englert-Higgs theory as an example of particular current importance. Finally, the authors determine a set of yet to be answered questions to clarify the status of gauge symmetries.