The Blood Cerebrospinal Fluid Barrier

The Blood Cerebrospinal Fluid Barrier
Author: Wei Zheng,Adam Chodobski
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 668
Release: 2005-03-30
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 1420023403

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Despite the existence of two barrier systems in the brain, research over the last century has mostly focused on the blood-brain barrier rather than on the blood-CSF barrier. Today, there is a greater understanding of the function of the blood-CSF barrier and of the choroid plexus, a tissue that is the primary site of this barrier. With the growing number of studies that focus on the role of the blood-CSF barrier in CNS homeostasis and neurological disorders, a modern overview of the blood-CSF barrier is long overdue. The Blood-Cerebrospinal Fluid Barrier is exclusively devoted to the blood-CSF barrier. Internationally renowned experts discuss the most recent progress in the field of choroid plexus physiology and update our knowledge of the function of the blood-CSF barrier. The book begins with an overview of the development and morphology of the choroid plexus, and then covers various aspects of its function, such as the regulation of choroidal blood flow, ion transport, and the production and transport of polypeptides. Following an extensive section on the role of the choroid plexus in CNS disorders, the final section discusses in vitro, in vivo, and in situ models of the blood-CSF barrier. This unique book analyzes a wealth of new research on the proven and potential roles of the choroid plexus/blood-CSF barrier in the brain. It is a valuable resource that will foster future studies in neuroscience, pharmacology, and toxicology.

Role of the Choroid Plexus in Health and Disease

Role of the Choroid Plexus in Health and Disease
Author: Jeppe Praetorius,Bonnie Blazer-Yost,Helle Damkier
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 287
Release: 2020-04-17
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781071605363

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This book highlights the importance of the choroid plexus, which forms the blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier and is the site of the major production of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The authors show that this barrier is crucial for maintaining important compositional differences between the blood plasma and the CSF. The choroid plexus epithelial cells also prevent the spread of infectious agents and other blood-borne entities to the brain tissue. Chapter topics range from the production of CSF by electrolyte regulation in the choroid plexus, to details on the selectively transporting nature of this barrier. Further, the authors elaborate on the important roles of CSF in sustaining brain health by providing hydration, solutes, and nutrients to the brain tissue. Readers will also learn how CSF circulates signaling molecules within the compartments of the brain and removes waste products from the brain tissue. Elucidating the regulation of these processes in the choroid plexus is not only important for the readers’ understanding of normal brain development and function, but is also crucial for resolving a variety of cerebral challenges that lead to brain edema, as well as developing treatments for diseases. The book discusses disease models like hydrocephalus, sleep disorders, and age-related dementia. Its comprehensive coverage makes this volume a valuable resource for researchers in cell and neurophysiology, as well as graduate students of the neurosciences.

The Choroid Plexus and Cerebrospinal Fluid Emerging Roles in CNS Development Maintenance and Disease Progression

The Choroid Plexus and Cerebrospinal Fluid  Emerging Roles in CNS Development  Maintenance  and Disease Progression
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2024
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: OCLC:972039416

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The Cerebrospinal Fluid

The Cerebrospinal Fluid
Author: Robert M. Herndon,Roger A. Brumback
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 346
Release: 2012-12-06
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781461315919

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For centuries the great minds of medical science puzzled over the importance of the cerebrospinal fluid. As far back as Hippocrates, it was thought that this "phlegm" that flooded the intracranial contents had pathological significance. However, not until the late 1800s, when Quincke introduced and popularized lumbar puncture, did physicians take an interest in the study of this fluid in relation to clinical illness. Since then a variety of techniques for obtaining cerebrospinal fluid from various sites have developed, and the relationship of cerebrospinal fluid to a variety of disease processes has received considerable study. In this volume, we have attempted to assemble reviews of some of these important developments during the past century. Chapter 1 contains a historical review of key investigations that helped shape our concepts of cerebrospinal fluid from the earliest recorded description by the author of the Edwin Smith Surgical Papyrus in the seventeenth century B. C. to contemporaries such as Kabat, Glusman, and Knaub, who introduced quantitative determinations of cerebrospinal fluid gamma globulin levels. In Chapter 2 there is a description of our current understanding of the anatomical compartment for the cerebrospinal fluid and the physiology of its formation, circulation, and absorption. Dr. Richard Leech in Chapter 3 contributes a comprehensive description of the disorders associated with excessive quanti ties of cerebrospinal fluid-commonly referred to as hydrocephalus. A variety of techniques for properly collecting and evaluating cerebrospinal fluid are detailed in Chapter 4.

The Choroid Plexus in Health and Disease

The Choroid Plexus in Health and Disease
Author: Martin G. Netsky,Samruay Shuangshoti
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 364
Release: 2013-09-24
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781483193373

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The Choroid Plexus in Health and Disease is a collection of data and information elucidating the normal structure and function, and the clinical disorders of the choroid plexus in relation to embryology, anatomy, chemistry, and physiology. The book contains articles that discuss topics on the origin of choroid plexus and ependyma; normal structure of choroid plexus; physiology of the choroid plexus; heterotopic choroid plexus and ependyma; traumatic disorders and their effect on choroid plexus and ependyma; and metastatic tumor in the choroid plexus. Physiologists, neurologists, anatomists, teachers, and students in the medical field will find the book invaluable.

Role of the Choroid Plexus in Health and Disease

Role of the Choroid Plexus in Health and Disease
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 287
Release: 2020
Genre: Choroid plexus
ISBN: 1071605372

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This book highlights the importance of the choroid plexus, which forms the blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier and is the site of the major production of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The authors show that this barrier is crucial for maintaining important compositional differences between the blood plasma and the CSF. The choroid plexus epithelial cells also prevent the spread of infectious agents and other blood-borne entities to the brain tissue. Chapter topics range from the production of CSF by electrolyte regulation in the choroid plexus, to details on the selectively transporting nature of this barrier. Further, the authors elaborate on the important roles of CSF in sustaining brain health by providing hydration, solutes, and nutrients to the brain tissue. Readers will also learn how CSF circulates signaling molecules within the compartments of the brain and removes waste products from the brain tissue. Elucidating the regulation of these processes in the choroid plexus is not only important for the readers' understanding of normal brain development and function, but is also crucial for resolving a variety of cerebral challenges that lead to brain edema, as well as developing treatments for diseases. The book discusses disease models like hydrocephalus, sleep disorders, and age-related dementia. Its comprehensive coverage makes this volume a valuable resource for researchers in cell and neurophysiology, as well as graduate students of the neurosciences.

The Cerebral Circulation

The Cerebral Circulation
Author: Marilyn J. Cipolla
Publsiher: Biota Publishing
Total Pages: 82
Release: 2016-07-28
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781615047239

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This e-book will review special features of the cerebral circulation and how they contribute to the physiology of the brain. It describes structural and functional properties of the cerebral circulation that are unique to the brain, an organ with high metabolic demands and the need for tight water and ion homeostasis. Autoregulation is pronounced in the brain, with myogenic, metabolic and neurogenic mechanisms contributing to maintain relatively constant blood flow during both increases and decreases in pressure. In addition, unlike peripheral organs where the majority of vascular resistance resides in small arteries and arterioles, large extracranial and intracranial arteries contribute significantly to vascular resistance in the brain. The prominent role of large arteries in cerebrovascular resistance helps maintain blood flow and protect downstream vessels during changes in perfusion pressure. The cerebral endothelium is also unique in that its barrier properties are in some way more like epithelium than endothelium in the periphery. The cerebral endothelium, known as the blood-brain barrier, has specialized tight junctions that do not allow ions to pass freely and has very low hydraulic conductivity and transcellular transport. This special configuration modifies Starling's forces in the brain microcirculation such that ions retained in the vascular lumen oppose water movement due to hydrostatic pressure. Tight water regulation is necessary in the brain because it has limited capacity for expansion within the skull. Increased intracranial pressure due to vasogenic edema can cause severe neurologic complications and death.

Cerebrospinal Fluid Circulation and Associated Intracranial Dynamics

Cerebrospinal Fluid Circulation and Associated Intracranial Dynamics
Author: Dan Greitz
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 23
Release: 1993
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 9162808567

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