The Management of Scientific Integrity within Academic Medical Centers

The Management of Scientific Integrity within Academic Medical Centers
Author: Peter Snyder,Linda C. Mayes,William E. Smith
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2015-01-06
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780124059290

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The Management of Scientific Integrity within Academic Medical Centers discusses the impact scientific misconduct has in eight complex case studies. Authors look at multifaceted mixtures of improper behavior, poor communication, cultural issues, adverse medical/health issues, interpersonal problems and misunderstandings to illustrate the challenge of identifying and managing what went wrong and how current policies have led to the establishment of quasi legal processes within academic institutions. The book reviews the current global regulations and concludes with a section authored by a US federal court judge who provides his perspective on the adequacy of current regulations and policies. Shows how complex most scientific integrity cases are, and how little is clear cut in the adjunction of each Discusses how timely and important scientific misconduct is, and its impact on science at large Reviews the current regulations and policies that guide how we manage scientific integrity Examines this complexity in 8 anonymous case studies Concludes with a section authored by an expertly qualified federal court judge

Integrity of Scientific Research

Integrity of Scientific Research
Author: Joel Faintuch,Salomão Faintuch
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 588
Release: 2022-10-13
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783030996802

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This book provides a scientific and ethical approach to all forms of fraud and misconduct focusing on a scholarly however practice-oriented description of the problems, roots and potential solutions. Organized in dedicated parts, an international team of experts systematically analyzes the most prevalent forms of misconduct, ghost writing, pseudo-science, dubious trials, predatory journals, fake news, mistreatment and harassment, in research, publications, at academic institutions, and in the professional and healthcare environment. A special focus is given to corrective interventions and the role of prevention, education and training. Comprehensive in its scope, the book offers an easy-to-read overview along with a number of real cases for experienced and novice personnel alike. The significance of scientific integrity and research ethics increased during the last couple of years and ethic committees and offices have become an integral part at universities, hospitals, research institutions, government agencies and major private organizations all over the world. Thus, this book provides an indispensable, comprehensive overview across disciplines and for everybody working in research and affiliated institutions. Chapter 37 is available open access under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License via link.springer.com.

Research in the Biomedical Sciences

Research in the Biomedical Sciences
Author: Michael Williams,Michael Curtis,Kevin Mullane
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 382
Release: 2017-10-20
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128047262

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Research in the Biomedical Sciences: Transparent and Reproducible documents the widespread concerns related to reproducibility in biomedical research and provides a best practices guide to effective and transparent hypothesis generation, experimental design, reagent standardization (including validation and authentication), statistical analysis, and data reporting. The book addresses issues in the perceived value of the existing peer review process and calls for the need for improved transparency in data reporting. It reflects new guidelines for publication that include manuscript checklists, replication/reproducibility initiatives, and the potential consequences for the biomedical research community and societal health and well-being if training, mentoring, and funding of new generations of researchers and incentives for publications are not improved. This book offers real world examples, insights, and solutions to provide a thought-provoking and timely resource for all those learning about, or engaged in, performing and supervising research across the biomedical sciences. Provides a “big picture perspective on the scope of reproducibility issues and covers initiatives that have potential as effective solutions Offers real-world research context for transparent, reproducible experimental design, execution and reporting of biomedical research with the potential to address aspects of the translational gap in drug discovery Highlights the importance of reproducibility and the necessary changes in biomedical and pharmaceutical research training and incentives to ensure sustainability

Fostering Integrity in Research

Fostering Integrity in Research
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on Science, Engineering, Medicine, and Public Policy,Committee on Responsible Science
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 327
Release: 2018-01-13
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780309391252

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The integrity of knowledge that emerges from research is based on individual and collective adherence to core values of objectivity, honesty, openness, fairness, accountability, and stewardship. Integrity in science means that the organizations in which research is conducted encourage those involved to exemplify these values in every step of the research process. Understanding the dynamics that support â€" or distort â€" practices that uphold the integrity of research by all participants ensures that the research enterprise advances knowledge. The 1992 report Responsible Science: Ensuring the Integrity of the Research Process evaluated issues related to scientific responsibility and the conduct of research. It provided a valuable service in describing and analyzing a very complicated set of issues, and has served as a crucial basis for thinking about research integrity for more than two decades. However, as experience has accumulated with various forms of research misconduct, detrimental research practices, and other forms of misconduct, as subsequent empirical research has revealed more about the nature of scientific misconduct, and because technological and social changes have altered the environment in which science is conducted, it is clear that the framework established more than two decades ago needs to be updated. Responsible Science served as a valuable benchmark to set the context for this most recent analysis and to help guide the committee's thought process. Fostering Integrity in Research identifies best practices in research and recommends practical options for discouraging and addressing research misconduct and detrimental research practices.

Introduction to the Responsible Conduct of Research packages of 50 copies

Introduction to the Responsible Conduct of Research  packages of 50 copies
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Government Printing Office
Total Pages: 184
Release: 2024
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 0160790433

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Seeks to supplement existing resources by making a comprehensive overview of basic rules for responsible research available to all Public Health Service-funded researchers. It has been prepared with the needs of small and mid-size research institutions and beginning researchers in mind. Published by the Department of Health and Human Services Office of Research Integrity. Sold in packages of 50 copies under this stock number. Related items: Other products produced by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) can be found here:https://bookstore.gpo.gov/agency/193

Departments of Labor Health and Human Services Education and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2003

Departments of Labor  Health and Human Services  Education  and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2003
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 1260
Release: 2002
Genre: United States
ISBN: STANFORD:36105112085373

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Reconstructing Research Integrity

Reconstructing Research Integrity
Author: Barbara Redman
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 212
Release: 2023-03-23
Genre: Study Aids
ISBN: 9783031271113

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This book exposes significant threats to research integrity and identifies policies and practices that can reverse these trends. It is focused on human research and US policy. Recent assessments have shown inadequacies in institutions, policies, and practices that seriously compromise ethics. The presumed self-regulatory nature of the scientific endeavor has been exposed to have allowed unabated areas of poor-quality science, an incomplete and inaccessible scientific record, conflicts of interest, differing notions of accountability, virtually no evidence base to direct research integrity policy, and a growing sense of alienation, moral injury and even revolt among scientists. Reconstructing Research Integrity aims to capture ways of vigorously moving toward scientific and ethical rigor, including self-correction and emerging or already-successful initiatives. The book begins with analysis of the full system of institutions, policies, and practices involved in production, dissemination, and application of research, including an examination of the blind spots in research ethics ideology, policy, and practice. The book then identifies policies and practices that can reverse harmful ethical trends, such as strengthening Responsible Conduct of Research (RCR) training and improving self-regulation in the scientific community. Finally, the book discusses the constant evolution of research ethics and integrity, which is illustrated by emerging research fields like gene editing and data science. This book will be of interest to all research administrators in academic, commercial and government positions; to policy advisors at the National Science Foundation and at the National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine; to graduate students in research ethics; to advanced bioethics education programs across the globe; and to researchers and consultants in ELSI (ethical, legal, and social implications) programs.

Scientific Integrity

Scientific Integrity
Author: Francis L. Macrina
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 453
Release: 2014-07-01
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781683673514

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This widely adopted textbook provides the essential content and skill-building tools for teaching the responsible conduct of scientific research. Scientific Integrity covers the breadth of concerns faced by scientists: protection of animal and human experimental subjects, scientific publication, intellectual property, conflict of interest, collaboration, record keeping, mentoring, and the social and ethical responsibilities of scientists. Learning activities and resources designed to elucidate the principles of Scientific Integrity include Dozens of highly relevant, interactive case studies for discussion in class or online Numerous print and online resources covering the newest research guidelines, regulations, mandates and policies Discussion questions, role-playing exercises, and survey tools to promote critical thought Documents including published rules of conduct, sample experimentation protocols, and patent applications The new edition of Scientific Integrity responds to significant recent changes—new mandates, policies, laws, and other developments—in the field of responsible conduct of research. Dr. Macrina plants the seeds of awareness of existing, changing, and emerging standards in scientific conduct and provides the tools to promote critical thinking in the use of that information. Scientific Integrity is the original turnkey text to guide the next generations of scientists as well as practicing researchers in the essential skills and approaches for the responsible conduct of science.