The Microbiome in Prenatal and Neonatal Life

The Microbiome in Prenatal and Neonatal Life
Author: Josef Neu
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 170
Release: 2021-01-13
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128206096

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The Microbiome in Prenatal and Neonatal Life clarifies that the microbiome in the maternal fetal unit and immediate changes that occur as new microbes are acquired postnatally play major roles in subsequent health and disease. Rapidly developing technologies for multi-omic analyses and systems biology are shifting paradigms in both scientific knowledge and clinical care with regard to this topic. In essence, we are changing the idea that newborns emerge from sterile environments. As such, in-utero colonization may have impacts on the development of immunity and metabolism that, with epigenetic modifications, will lead to diseases in later life. In addition, the microbial profile that develops during and after birth depends on mode of delivery, type of feeding (human milk versus formula), and various other environmental factors to which the newborn is exposed. Discusses the critical nonredundant timeframe in a newborn's life during which many factors drive immune and tissue maturation and influence the susceptibility to immune-mediated and other diseases in adult life Proves that the fetus and uterine membranes are exposed to not only microbes in close proximity but also to microbial products from metabolism of microbes in the mother Shows that since early life periods are a critical window for development, epigenetic and/or immunologic alterations may occur that can affect not only the infant during his/her lifetime but also subsequent generations Gives insight into factors that may affect the newborn microbiome and subsequent development

Prenatal Stress and Child Development

Prenatal Stress and Child Development
Author: Ashley Wazana,Eszter Székely,Tim F. Oberlander
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 653
Release: 2021-04-19
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9783030601591

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This book examines the complex impact of prenatal stress and the mechanism of its transmission on children’s development and well-being, including prenatal programming, epigenetics, infl ammatory processes, and the brain-gut microbiome. It analyzes current findings on prenatal stressors affecting pregnancy, including preconception stress, prenatal maternal depression, anxiety, and pregnancy-specific anxieties. Chapters explore how prenatal stress affects cognitive, affective, behavioral, and neurobiological development in children while pinpointing core processes of adaptation, resilience, and interventions that may reduce negative behaviors and promote optimal outcomes in children. Th is complex perspective on mechanisms by which early environmental influences interact with prenatal programming of susceptibility aims to inform clinical strategies and future research targeting prenatal stress and its cyclical impact on subsequent generations. Key areas of coverage include: The developmental effects of prenatal maternal stress on children. Epigenetic effects of prenatal stress. Intergenerational transmission of parental early life stress. The microbiome-gut-brain axis and the effects of prenatal stress on early neurodevelopment. The effect of prenatal stress on parenting. Gestational stress and resilience. Prenatal stress and children’s sleeping behavior. Prenatal, perinatal, and population-based interventions to prevent psychopathology. Prenatal Stress and Child Development is an essential resource for researchers, professors and graduate students as well as clinicians, therapists, and related professionals in infancy and early childhood development, maternal and child health, developmental psychology, pediatrics, social work, child and adolescent psychiatry, developmental neuroscience, and related behavioral and social sciences and medical disciplines. Excerpt from the foreword: “I would make the plea that in addition to anyone with an interest in child development, this book should be essential reading for researchers pursuing “pre-clinical, basic science models of neurodevelopment and brain health”.... This book provides what in my mind is the most advanced compilation of existing knowledge and state-of-the-art science in the field of prenatal psychiatry/psychology (and perhaps in the entire field of prenatal medicine). This volume can brilliantly serve to focus future directions in our understanding of the perinatal determinants of brain health.” Michael J Meaney James McGill Professor of Medicine Translational Neuroscience Programme Adjunct Professor of Paediatrics

Fetal and Neonatal Physiology E Book

Fetal and Neonatal Physiology E Book
Author: Richard Polin,Steven H. Abman,David H. Rowitch,William Benitz
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 2381
Release: 2016-05-11
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780323352321

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Fetal & Neonatal Physiology provides neonatologist fellows and physicians with the essential information they need to effectively diagnose, treat, and manage sick and premature infants. Fully comprehensive, this resource continues to serve as an excellent reference tool, focusing on the basic science needed for exam preparation and the key information required for full-time practice. The 5th edition is the most substantially updated and revised edition ever. In the 5 years since the last edition published, there have been thousands of publications on various aspects of development of health and disease; Fetal and Neonatal Physiology synthesizes this knowledge into definitive guidance for today's busy practitioner. Offers definitive guidance on how to effectively manage the many health problems seen in newborn and premature infants. Chapters devoted to clinical correlation help explain the implications of fetal and neonatal physiology. Allows you to apply the latest insights on genetic therapy, intrauterine infections, brain protection and neuroimaging, and much more. Expert Consult eBook version included with purchase. This enhanced eBook experience allows you to search all of the text, figures, images, and references from the book on a variety of devices. Features a fantastic new 4-color design with 1,000 illustrations, 170+ chapters, and over 350 contributors. 16 new chapters cover such hot topics as Epigenetics; Placental Function in Intrauterine Growth Restriction; Regulation of Pulmonary Circulation; The Developing Microbiome of the Fetus and Newborn; Hereditary Contribution to Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia; Mechanistic Aspects of Phototherapy for Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia; Cerebellar Development; Pathophysiology of Neonatal Sepsis; Pathophysiology of Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of the Newborn; Pathophysiology of Meconium Aspiration Syndrome; Pathophysiology of Ventilator Dependent Infants; Pathophysiology of Hypoxic-Ischemic Brain Injury; Pathophysiology of Neonatal White Matter Injury; Pathophysiology of Meningitis; Pathophysiology of Preeclampsia; and Pathophysiology of Chorioamnionitis. New Pathophysiology of Neonatal Diseases section highlights every process associated with a disease or injury, all in one place. In-depth information, combined with end-of-chapter summaries, enables deep or quick use of the text.

Innovations and Frontiers in Neonatology

Innovations and Frontiers in Neonatology
Author: Egbert Herting,Wieland Kiess
Publsiher: S. Karger AG (Switzerland)
Total Pages: 0
Release: 2020
Genre: Neonatology
ISBN: 3318066206

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Innovations and Frontiers in Neonatology provides up-to-date information for clinicians and scientists interested in perinatal medicine. Neonatal transition, neonatal medicine from a global perspective, aspects of care including nutrition, respiratory and temperature management, resuscitation, family-centered approaches, and problems of the term newborn are covered as are complications and long-term consequences of preterm birth. Should we ventilate and how? What are the lifelong consequences of being born too small? How can we protect the neonatal brain? Can we actively influence the microbiome? Can we achieve individualized medicine with the help of metabolomics, for example? Are stem cells the miracle cure? These are just a few of the questions that world experts cover in this book while, at the same time, they take a look at the future of neonatal medicine.

Microbes and the Mind

Microbes and the Mind
Author: C.S.M. Cowan,B.E. Leonard
Publsiher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Total Pages: 158
Release: 2021-05-06
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783318068566

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Interest in the mind-body connection has grown in recent years, with accumulating evidence showing that the gut microbiome can alter behavioral, neural, and psychological outcomes. This publication brings together a group of international experts who are investigating the microbiome and its potential to contribute to the causes and treatment of mental illness. The contributions are not aimed solely at specialists in clinical and experimental neuroscience. They cover a range of key topics, including the role of the microbiome in mental health and specific psychiatric disorders that occur across the lifespan, interactions with the immune system, diet, and pharmacological interventions. Furthermore, the microbial metabolite production and the potential for psychobiotic interventions that target the microbiome to improve mental health outcomes are discussed. This book is unique in its focus on the mechanisms and consequences of the activities of gut microorganisms in mental health and illness, providing expert insight into the current state of the art and important future directions for this emerging area of research. Additionally, it provides an excellent knowledge base for newcomers and a refresher for researchers and clinicians working in the fields of neuroscience, psychology, or psychiatry.

Yaffe and Aranda s Neonatal and Pediatric Pharmacology

Yaffe and Aranda s Neonatal and Pediatric Pharmacology
Author: Jacob V. Aranda
Publsiher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Total Pages: 2499
Release: 2020-11-05
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781975112493

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The premier comprehensive textbook in the field, Yaffe and Aranda’s Neonatal and Pediatric Pharmacology, Fifth Edition, provides an authoritative overview of all aspects of drug therapy in newborns, children, and adolescents. It offers evidence-based guidelines for safe, effective, and rational drug therapy, including specific recommendations for all major drug classes and diseases. Now in a vibrant two-color format, this fully revised reference is an indispensable resource for pediatricians, neonatologists, pediatric residents, and fellows in different pediatric subspecialties, including neonatal medicine and pediatric critical care.

Impact of Microbiome on Gut Mucosal Immunity in Health and Disease

Impact of Microbiome on Gut Mucosal Immunity in Health and Disease
Author: Oscar Gilberto Gomez-Duarte,Pearay Ogra,Tobias R. Kollmann,Cecil Czerkinsky
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 249
Release: 2022-11-07
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9782832504024

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Fetal and Neonatal Physiology

Fetal and Neonatal Physiology
Author: Richard Polin,Steven H. Abman,David H. Rowitch,William Benitz
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 2555
Release: 2021-07-29
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780323712859

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Offering the comprehensive, authoritative information needed for effective diagnosis, treatment, and management of sick and premature infants, Fetal and Neonatal Physiology, 6th Edition, is an invaluable resource for board review, clinical rounds, scientific research, and day-to-day practice. This trusted two-volume text synthesizes recent advances in the field into definitive guidance for today’s busy practitioner, focusing on the basic science needed for exam preparation and key information required for full-time practice. It stands alone as the most complete text available in this complex and fast-changing field, yet is easy to use for everyday application. Offers definitive guidance on how to effectively manage the many health problems seen in newborn and premature infants. Contains new chapters on Pathophysiology of Genetic Neonatal Disease, Genetic Variants and Neonatal Disease, and Developmental Biology of Lung Stem Cells, as well as significantly revised chapters on Cellular Mechanisms of Neonatal Brain Injury, Neuroprotective Therapeutic Hypothermia, Enteric Nervous System Development and Gastrointestinal Motility, and Physiology of Twin-Twin Transfusion. Features 1,000 full-color diagrams, graphs and anatomic illustrations, 170+ chapters, and more than 350 global contributors. Includes chapters devoted to clinical correlation that help explain the implications of fetal and neonatal physiology, as well as clinical applications boxes throughout. Provides summary boxes at the end of each chapter and extensive cross-referencing between chapters for quick reference and review. Allows you to apply the latest insights on genetic therapy, intrauterine infections, brain protection and neuroimaging, and much more.