Wastewater Reuse and Current Challenges

Wastewater Reuse and Current Challenges
Author: Despo Fatta-Kassinos,Dionysios D. Dionysiou,Klaus Kümmerer
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 261
Release: 2016-01-28
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783319238920

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This volume discusses the current challenges related to the reuse of wastewater. It reviews the analytical methodologies for evaluating emerging contaminants and their transformation products, the sensitivity of various bioassays for assessing the biological effects of treated wastewater, and the bioavailability and uptake of organic contaminants during crop irrigation. It describes in detail the physicochemical and microbiological alterations in soil resulting from irrigation with treated urban wastewater, and discusses our current understanding of antibiotic resistance in wastewater treatment plants and in downstream environments. The book also includes an analysis of the effect of wastewater entering drinking water sources and production, and provides updated information on wastewater reuse for irrigation in North Africa. It presents an important integration tool for water recovery, known as water pinch analysis, and finally showcases two other examples of reuse – one in the paper industry and one in landfill management. It is of interest to experts from various fields of research, including analytical and environmental chemistry, toxicology and environmental and sanitary engineering.

Water Reuse

Water Reuse
Author: Chris Binnie,Martin Kimber
Publsiher: IWA Publishing
Total Pages: 649
Release: 2008-05-14
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781843390893

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Water Reuse: An International Survey of current practice, issues and needs examines water reuse practices around the world from different perspectives. The objective is to show how differently wastewater reuse is conceived and practised around the world as well as to present the varied needs and possibilities for reusing wastewater. In the first section water reuse practices around the world are described for regions having common water availability, reuse needs and social aspects. The second section refers to the “stakeholders” point of view. Each reuse purpose demands different water quality, not only to protect health and the environment but also to fulfil the requirements of the specific reuse. Reuses considered are agricultural, urban agriculture as a special case of the former, municipal and industrial. Alongside these uses, the indirect reuse for human consumption through aquifer recharge is also discussed. The third section deals with emerging and controversial topics. Ethical and economical dilemmas in the field are presented as a subject not frequently addressed in this field. The role of governments in respect of public policy in reuse is discussed as well as the different international criteria and standards for reusing wastewater. The importance of public acceptance and the way to properly handle it is also considered. The fourth section of the book presents contrasting case studies; typical situations in the developed world (Japan and Germany) are compared to those in developing countries (Pakistan and Brazil) for agricultural and industrial reuse. Indirect planned reuse for human consumption (Germany) is compared with an unplanned one (Mexico). The Windhoek, Namibia case study is presented to emphasize why if the direct reuse of wastewater for human consumption has been performed with success for more than 35 years it is still the only example of this type around the world. To illustrate the difficulties of having a common framework for regulating water reuse in several countries, the Mediterranean situation is described. Other case studies presented refer to the reuse situation in Israel, Spain, Cameroon, Nepal and Vietnam, these latter countries being located in water rich areas. This book will be an invaluable information source for all those concerned with water reuse including water utility managers, wastewater policy makers and water resources planners as well as researchers and students in environmental engineering, water resources planning and sanitary engineering. Scientific and Technical Report No. 20

Wastewater Treatment and Reuse Present and Future Perspectives in Technological Developments and Management Issues

Wastewater Treatment and Reuse     Present and Future Perspectives in Technological Developments and Management Issues
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 266
Release: 2020-09-16
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128201718

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Wastewater Treatment and Reuse – Present and Future Perspectives in Technological Developments and Management Issues, Volume 5 explores a wide breadth of emerging and state-of-the-art technologies, with chapters in this new release covering In which direction are worldwide regulations for direct reuse of reclaimed water moving?, A focus on the California experience on the reuse of reclaimed water – Current trends and future perspectives in the regulation, Water scarcity and climate change in the Mediterranean area: is reuse of reclaimed water a strategy to face these problems?, Environmental risks due to the reuse of treated sludge for agricultural purposes, and much more. Covers a wide breadth of emerging and state-of-the-art technologies Includes contributions from an international board of authors Provides a comprehensive set of reviews

Water Reuse

Water Reuse
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Water Science and Technology Board,Committee on the Assessment of Water Reuse as an Approach to Meeting Future Water Supply Needs
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 276
Release: 2012-07-17
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780309224628

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Expanding water reuse-the use of treated wastewater for beneficial purposes including irrigation, industrial uses, and drinking water augmentation-could significantly increase the nation's total available water resources. Water Reuse presents a portfolio of treatment options available to mitigate water quality issues in reclaimed water along with new analysis suggesting that the risk of exposure to certain microbial and chemical contaminants from drinking reclaimed water does not appear to be any higher than the risk experienced in at least some current drinking water treatment systems, and may be orders of magnitude lower. This report recommends adjustments to the federal regulatory framework that could enhance public health protection for both planned and unplanned (or de facto) reuse and increase public confidence in water reuse.

Wastewater Treatment and Reuse Lessons Learned in Technological Developments and Management Issues

Wastewater Treatment and Reuse   Lessons Learned in Technological Developments and Management Issues
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 270
Release: 2020-10-22
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780323856850

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Wastewater Treatment and Reuse - Lessons Learned in Technological Developments and Management Issues, Volume 6 explores emerging and state-of-the-art technologies. Chapters cover Treatment options for the direct reuse of reclaimed water in developing countries, Water reuse in India: Current perspectives and future potential, Water reuse practices, solutions and trends at international, Impact of the use of treated wastewater for agricultural need: behavior of organic micropollutants in soil, transfer to crops, and related risks, Environmental risks of sewage sludge reuse in agriculture, Modeling tools for risk management in reclaimed wastewater reuse systems: Focus on contaminants of emerging concern (CECs), and much more. Covers a wide breadth of emerging and state-of-the-art technologies Includes contributions from an international board of authors Provides a comprehensive set of reviews on wastewater treatments and reuse

A B processes Towards Energy Self sufficient Municipal Wastewater Treatment

A B processes  Towards Energy Self sufficient Municipal Wastewater Treatment
Author: Yu Liu,Jun Gu,Meng Zhang
Publsiher: IWA Publishing
Total Pages: 184
Release: 2019-11-15
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781789060072

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The principle of the conventional activated sludge (CAS) for municipal wastewater treatment is primarily based on biological oxidation by which organic matters are converted to biomass and carbon dioxide. After more than 100 years’ successful application, the CAS process is receiving increasing critiques on its high energy consumption and excessive sludge generation. Currently, almost all municipal wastewater treatment plants with the CAS as a core process are being operated in an energy-negative fashion. To tackle such challenging situations, there is a need to re-examine the present wastewater treatment philosophy by developing and adopting novel process configurations and emerging technologies. The solutions going forward should rely on the ways to improve direct energy recovery from wastewater, while minimizing in-plant energy consumption. This book begins with a critical overview of the energy situation and challenges in current municipal wastewater treatment plants, showing the necessity of the paradigm shift from removal to recovery in terms of energy and resource. As such, the concept of A-B process is discussed in detail in the book. It appears that various A-B process configurations are able to provide possible engineering solutions in which A-stage is primarily designed for COD capture with the aim for direct anaerobic treatment without producing excessive biosludge, while B-stage is designated for nitrogen removal. Making the wastewater treatment energy self-sustainable is obviously of global significance and eventually may become a game changer for the global market of the municipal wastewater reclamation technology. The principal audiences include practitioners, professionals, university researchers, undergraduate and postgraduate students who are interested and specialized in municipal wastewater treatment and process design, environmental engineering, and environmental biotechnology.

Industrial Wastewater Treatment Recycling and Reuse

Industrial Wastewater Treatment  Recycling and Reuse
Author: Vivek V. Ranade,Vinay M Bhandari
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 576
Release: 2014-07-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780444634030

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Industrial Wastewater Treatment, Recycling and Reuse is an accessible reference to assist you when handling wastewater treatment and recycling. It features an instructive compilation of methodologies, including advanced physico-chemical methods and biological methods of treatment. It focuses on recent industry practices and preferences, along with newer methodologies for energy generation through waste. The book is based on a workshop run by the Indus MAGIC program of CSIR, India. It covers advanced processes in industrial wastewater treatment, applications, and feasibility analysis, and explores the process intensification approach as well as implications for industrial applications. Techno-economic feasibility evaluation is addressed, along with a comparison of different approaches illustrated by specific case studies. Industrial Wastewater Treatment, Recycling and Reuse introduces you to the subject with specific reference to problems currently being experienced in different industry sectors, including the petroleum industry, the fine chemical industry, and the specialty chemicals manufacturing sector. Provides practical solutions for the treatment and recycling of industrial wastewater via case studies Instructive articles from expert authors give a concise overview of different physico-chemical and biological methods of treatment, cost-to-benefit analysis, and process comparison Supplies you with the relevant information to make quick process decisions

Safe Use of Wastewater in Agriculture

Safe Use of Wastewater in Agriculture
Author: Hiroshan Hettiarachchi,Reza Ardakanian
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 175
Release: 2018-03-09
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783319742687

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This book offers a broad and global level description of the current status of wastewater use in agriculture and then brings the readers to various places in the MENA Region and Europe to explain how some countries and regions have addressed the challenges during implementation. On a global scale, over 20 million hectares of agricultural land are irrigated using wastewater. This is one good, and perhaps the most prominent, example of the safe use potential of wastewater. Water scarcity and the cost of energy and fertilisers are among the main factors driving millions of farmers and other entrepreneurs to make use of wastewater. In order to address the technical, institutional, and policy challenges of safe water reuse, developing countries and countries in transition need clear institutional arrangements and more skilled human resources, with a sound understanding of the opportunities and potential risks of wastewater use. Stakeholders in wastewater irrigation who need to implement from scratch or improve current conditions, find it difficult to gather the necessary information on practical implementation aspects. The main objective of this book is to bridge that gap.