Cytogenomics

Cytogenomics
Author: Thomas Liehr
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 430
Release: 2021-05-25
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128235805

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Cytogenomics demonstrates that chromosomes are crucial in understanding the human genome and that new high-throughput approaches are central to advancing cytogenetics in the 21st century. After an introduction to (molecular) cytogenetics, being the basic of all cytogenomic research, this book highlights the strengths and newfound advantages of cytogenomic research methods and technologies, enabling researchers to jump-start their own projects and more effectively gather and interpret chromosomal data. Methods discussed include banding and molecular cytogenetics, molecular combing, molecular karyotyping, next-generation sequencing, epigenetic study approaches, optical mapping/karyomapping, and CRISPR-cas9 applications for cytogenomics. The book’s second half demonstrates recent applications of cytogenomic techniques, such as characterizing 3D chromosome structure across different tissue types and insights into multilayer organization of chromosomes, role of repetitive elements and noncoding RNAs in human genome, studies in topologically associated domains, interchromosomal interactions, and chromoanagenesis. This book is an important reference source for researchers, students, basic and translational scientists, and clinicians in the areas of human genetics, genomics, reproductive medicine, gynecology, obstetrics, internal medicine, oncology, bioinformatics, medical genetics, and prenatal testing, as well as genetic counselors, clinical laboratory geneticists, bioethicists, and fertility specialists. Offers applied approaches empowering a new generation of cytogenomic research using a balanced combination of classical and advanced technologies Provides a framework for interpreting chromosome structure and how this affects the functioning of the genome in health and disease Features chapter contributions from international leaders in the field

Plant Cytogenetics and Cytogenomics

Plant Cytogenetics and Cytogenomics
Author: Tony Heitkam,Sònia Garcia
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 563
Release: 2023-07-21
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781071632260

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This book provides an up-to-date account of the most widespread methods used by specialists in the field of plant cytogenetics and the emerging field of cytogenomics that will likely soon be adapted by more labs. From the classical basic karyological approaches to the most recent genomics-informed and computational methods, the volume explores genome size and ploidy level estimation, chromosome fixation, preparation, and manipulation, banding and staining techniques, in situ hybridization, as well as numerous methods that integrate cytogenetics with bioinformatics and computational genomics. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step and readily reproducible laboratory protocols, as well as tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and practical, Plant Cytogenetics and Cytogenomics: Methods and Protocols serves as an ideal resource for plant scientists interested in molecular and evolutionary biology, breeding, systematics, and plant -omics in general.

Cytogenomics Structural Organization and Evolution of Genomes

Cytogenomics  Structural Organization and Evolution of Genomes
Author: Ricardo Utsunomia,Francisco J. Ruiz-Ruano,Magdalena Vaio
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 157
Release: 2022-07-04
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9782889764914

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The AGT Cytogenetics Laboratory Manual

The AGT Cytogenetics Laboratory Manual
Author: Marilyn S. Arsham,Margaret J. Barch,Helen J. Lawce
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 1216
Release: 2017-04-24
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781119061229

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Cytogenetics is the study of chromosome morphology, structure, pathology, function, and behavior. The field has evolved to embrace molecular cytogenetic changes, now termed cytogenomics. Cytogeneticists utilize an assortment of procedures to investigate the full complement of chromosomes and/or a targeted region within a specific chromosome in metaphase or interphase. Tools include routine analysis of G-banded chromosomes, specialized stains that address specific chromosomal structures, and molecular probes, such as fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and chromosome microarray analysis, which employ a variety of methods to highlight a region as small as a single, specific genetic sequence under investigation. The AGT Cytogenetics Laboratory Manual, Fourth Edition offers a comprehensive description of the diagnostic tests offered by the clinical laboratory and explains the science behind them. One of the most valuable assets is its rich compilation of laboratory-tested protocols currently being used in leading laboratories, along with practical advice for nearly every area of interest to cytogeneticists. In addition to covering essential topics that have been the backbone of cytogenetics for over 60 years, such as the basic components of a cell, use of a microscope, human tissue processing for cytogenetic analysis (prenatal, constitutional, and neoplastic), laboratory safety, and the mechanisms behind chromosome rearrangement and aneuploidy, this edition introduces new and expanded chapters by experts in the field. Some of these new topics include a unique collection of chromosome heteromorphisms; clinical examples of genomic imprinting; an example-driven overview of chromosomal microarray; mathematics specifically geared for the cytogeneticist; usage of ISCN’s cytogenetic language to describe chromosome changes; tips for laboratory management; examples of laboratory information systems; a collection of internet and library resources; and a special chapter on animal chromosomes for the research and zoo cytogeneticist. The range of topics is thus broad yet comprehensive, offering the student a resource that teaches the procedures performed in the cytogenetics laboratory environment, and the laboratory professional with a peer-reviewed reference that explores the basis of each of these procedures. This makes it a useful resource for researchers, clinicians, and lab professionals, as well as students in a university or medical school setting.

Iscn 2020

Iscn 2020
Author: Jean McGowan-Jordan,Ros J. Hastings,Sarah Moore
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 164
Release: 2020-12-31
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 3318067067

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This reprint of 'Cytogenetic and Genome Research' contains contributions discussing the subject in-depth. 'Cytogenetic and Genome Research' is a well-respected, international peer-reviewed journal in genetics.

Cytogenetics and Molecular Cytogenetics

Cytogenetics and Molecular Cytogenetics
Author: Thomas Liehr
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 422
Release: 2022-12-07
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781000800401

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Genomic technologies provide the means of diagnosis and management of many human diseases. Without insights from cytogenetics, correct interpretation of modern high-throughput results is difficult, if not impossible. This book summarizes applications of cytogenetics and molecular cytogenetics for students, clinicians and researchers in genetics, genomics and diagnostics. The book combines the state-of-the-art knowledge and practical expertise from leading researchers and clinicians and provides a comprehensive overview of current medical and research applications of many of these technologies. KEY FEATURES • Provides clear summaries of fluorescence in situ hybridization technologies and others • Comprehensively covers established and emerging methods • Chapters from an international team of leading researchers • Useful for students, researchers and clinicians

The Principles of Clinical Cytogenetics

The Principles of Clinical Cytogenetics
Author: Steven Gersen,Martha B. Keagle
Publsiher: Humana Press
Total Pages: 0
Release: 2010-10-12
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 1617370703

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This book provides a comprehensive, in-depth explanation of the basic concepts and interpretations involved in chromosome analysis, a critical technique in the diagnosis, prognosis, and monitoring of a wide variety of conditions. Designed for the health care provider who must use and explain the often complex results of these tests, this book details in understandable language the various applications of chromosome analysis in clinical settings and the clinical significance of abnormal results. In addition, the book offers an informative tutorial on basic laboratory procedures (including microscopy, photomicrography, automation, computerized karyotyping, and QA/QC), reports on novel synergistic technologies such as FISH, and discusses issues in genetic counseling. Enlightening and accessible, The Principles of Clinical Cytogenetics constitutes an indispensable reference for today's physicians and managed care practitioners who depend on the cytogenetics laboratory for the diagnosis of their patients' ailments.

Cytogenetics

Cytogenetics
Author: Marcelo L. Larramendy,Sonia Soloneski
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 174
Release: 2019-05-10
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781838804053

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Cytogenetics - Past, Present, and Further Perspectives discusses events that influenced the development of cytogenetics as a specialty within biology, with special attention paid to methodological achievements developed worldwide that have driven the field forward. Improvements to the resolution of chromosome analysis followed closely the introduction of innovative analytical technologies. In that sense, this book reviews and provides a brief account of the structure of chromosomes and stresses the high structural conservation in different species with an emphasis on aspects that require further research. However, it should be kept in mind that the future of cytogenetics will likely depend on improved knowledge of chromosome structure and function.