Defect Induced Magnetism in Oxide Semiconductors

Defect Induced Magnetism in Oxide Semiconductors
Author: Parmod Kumar,Jitendra Pal Singh,Vinod Kumar
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 738
Release: 2023-05-26
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780323909082

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Defect-Induced Magnetism in Oxide Semiconductors provides an overview of the latest advances in defect engineering to create new magnetic materials and enable new technological applications. First, the book introduces the mechanisms, behavior, and theory of magnetism in oxide semiconductors and reviews the methods of inducing magnetism in these materials. Then, strategies such as pulsed laser deposition and RF sputtering to grow oxide nanostructured materials with induced magnetism are discussed. This is followed by a review of the most relevant postdeposition methods to induce magnetism in oxide semiconductors including annealing, ion irradiation, and ion implantation. Examples of defect-induced magnetism in oxide semiconductors are provided along with selected applications. This book is a suitable reference for academic researchers and practitioners and for people engaged in research and development in the disciplines of materials science and engineering. Reviews the magnetic, electrical, dielectric and optical properties of oxide semiconductors with defect-induced magnetism Discusses growth and post-deposition strategies to grow oxide nanostructured materials such as oxide thin films with defect-induced magnetism Provides examples of materials with defect-induced magnetism such as zinc oxide, cerium dioxide, hafnium dioxide, and more

Advanced Synthesis and Medical Applications of Calcium Phosphates

Advanced Synthesis and Medical Applications of Calcium Phosphates
Author: S.S. Nanda,Jitendra Pal Singh,Sanjeev Gautam,Dong Kee Yi
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 180
Release: 2024-05-15
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781040021262

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Calcium phosphate materials are used in many medical and dental applications. Advanced Synthesis and Medical Applications of Calcium Phosphates covers the structure, chemistry, synthesis, and properties of both natural and synthetic calcium-based biomaterials and details a variety of medical applications. Depicts the latest advances in using calcium phosphates in bone regeneration and tissue engineering Includes the latest generation of regenerative biomaterials with an integrated perspective combining both research and clinical issues Provides an understanding of the clinical targets and requirements for regenerative medicine Detailing fundamentals through applications, this book helps biomaterials researchers to better understand the clinical targets and requirements for use of these materials for optimal synthesis and development.

Calcium Based Materials

Calcium Based Materials
Author: S.S. Nanda,Jitendra Pal Singh,Sanjeev Gautam,Dong Kee Yi
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 204
Release: 2024-05-15
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781040021255

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Calcium-based natural minerals are important for a wide range of applications. Though these materials are available in nature, researchers are working toward developing them in the laboratory. Calcium-Based Materials: Processing, Characterization, and Applications introduces the possibility of designing these materials for particular applications. Introduces a variety of calcium-based materials and discusses synthesis, growth, and stability Provides in-depth coverage of calcium carbonate Discusses applications of calcium-based minerals in different fields Includes details on synchrotron X-ray tools for case minerals This comprehensive text is aimed at researchers in materials science, engineering, and bioengineering.

Ion Beam Induced Defects and Their Effects in Oxide Materials

Ion Beam Induced Defects and Their Effects in Oxide Materials
Author: Parmod Kumar,Jitendra Pal Singh,Vinod Kumar,K. Asokan
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 68
Release: 2022-02-23
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783030938628

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This book provides an overview of the applications of ion beam techniques in oxide materials. Oxide materials exhibit defect-induced physical properties relevant to applications in sensing, optoelectronics and spintronics. Defects in these oxide materials also lead to magnetism in non-magnetic materials or to a change of magnetic ordering in magnetic materials. Thus, an understanding of defects is of immense importance. To date, ion beam tools are considered the most effective techniques for producing controlled defects in these oxides. This book will detail the ion beam tools utilized for creating defects in oxides.

Oxide Semiconductors

Oxide Semiconductors
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 369
Release: 2013-05-18
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780123965455

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Semiconductors and Semimetals has distinguished itself through the careful selection of well-known authors, editors, and contributors. Originally widely known as the "Willardson and Beer" Series, it has succeeded in publishing numerous landmark volumes and chapters. The series publishes timely, highly relevant volumes intended for long-term impact and reflecting the truly interdisciplinary nature of the field. The volumes in Semiconductors and Semimetals have been and will continue to be of great interest to physicists, chemists, materials scientists, and device engineers in academia, scientific laboratories and modern industry. Written and edited by internationally renowned experts Relevant to a wide readership: physicists, chemists, materials scientists, and device engineers in academia, scientific laboratories and modern industry

Novel Functional Magnetic Materials

Novel Functional Magnetic Materials
Author: Arcady Zhukov
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 446
Release: 2016-03-03
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783319261065

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This book presents current research on advanced magnetic materials and multifunctional composites. Recent advances in technology and engineering have resulted from the development of advanced magnetic materials with improved functional magnetic and magneto-transport properties. Certain industrial sectors, such as magnetic sensors, microelectronics, and security, demand cost-effective materials with reduced dimensionality and desirable magnetic properties such as enhanced magnetic softness, giant magnetic field sensitivity, and large magnetocaloric effect. Expert chapters present the most up-to-date information on the fabrication process, processing, tailoring of properties, and applications of different families of modern functional materials for advanced smart applications. Topics covered include novel magnetic materials and applications; amorphous and nanocrystalline magnetic materials and applications; hard magnetic materials; magnetic shape memory alloys; and magnetic oxides. The book's highly interdisciplinary and forward-looking approach will benefit the scientific community, particularly researchers and advanced graduate students working in the field of advanced magnetic materials, composites, and high-performance sensor and microwave devices.

Spintronics Handbook Second Edition Spin Transport and Magnetism

Spintronics Handbook  Second Edition  Spin Transport and Magnetism
Author: Evgeny Y. Tsymbal,Igor Žutić
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 530
Release: 2019-05-20
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780429784378

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The second edition offers an update on the single most comprehensive survey of the two intertwined fields of spintronics and magnetism, covering the diverse array of materials and structures, including silicon, organic semiconductors, carbon nanotubes, graphene, and engineered nanostructures. It focuses on seminal pioneering work, together with the latest in cutting-edge advances, notably extended discussion of two-dimensional materials beyond graphene, topological insulators, skyrmions, and molecular spintronics. The main sections cover physical phenomena, spin-dependent tunneling, control of spin and magnetism in semiconductors, and spin-based applications.

Functional Metal Oxide Nanostructures

Functional Metal Oxide Nanostructures
Author: Junqiao Wu,Jinbo Cao,Wei-Qiang Han,Anderson Janotti,Ho-Cheol Kim
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 371
Release: 2011-09-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781441999313

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Metal oxides and particularly their nanostructures have emerged as animportant class of materials with a rich spectrum of properties and greatpotential for device applications. In this book, contributions from leadingexperts emphasize basic physical properties, synthesis and processing, and thelatest applications in such areas as energy, catalysis and data storage. Functional Metal Oxide Nanostructuresis an essential reference for any materials scientist or engineer with aninterest in metal oxides, and particularly in recent progress in defectphysics, strain effects, solution-based synthesis, ionic conduction, and theirapplications.