Determining Mycotoxins and Mycotoxigenic Fungi in Food and Feed

Determining Mycotoxins and Mycotoxigenic Fungi in Food and Feed
Author: Sarah De Saeger
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 456
Release: 2011-02-07
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780857090973

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Mycotoxins - toxic secondary metabolites produced by mycotoxigenic fungi – pose a significant risk to the food chain. Indeed, they may be the most hazardous of all food contaminants in terms of chronic toxicity and legislative limits on their levels in food and feed continue to be developed worldwide. Rapid and reliable methods for the determination of both mycotoxigenic fungi and mycotoxins in food and feed are therefore essential. This book reviews current and emerging methods in this area. Part one focuses on the essentials of mycotoxin determination, covering sampling, sample preparation and clean-up and key determination techniques, such as chromatographic separation, liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry and immunochemical methods. Part two then goes on to describe quality assurance, official methods and performance criteria for determining mycotoxins in food and feed. Topics covered include laboratory accreditation, method validation and measurement uncertainty. The development and analysis of biomarkers for mycotoxins are discussed in part three. Individual chapters focus on detecting exposure in humans and animals. Part four is concerned with the processes involved in determining mycotoxigenic fungi in food and feed. It also describes the identification of genes and gene clusters involved in mycotoxin synthesis, as well as DNA barcoding of toxigenic fungi. Finally, part five explores some of the emerging methods for mycotoxin analysis, ranging from bio-sensing to spectroscopic techniques. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Determining mycotoxins and mycotoxigenic fungi in food and feed is a standard reference for all those concerned with reducing mycotoxin contamination in the food chain. Focuses on the essentials of mycotoxin determination, covering sampling, sample preparation, clean-up and key determination techniques Documents quality assurance and official methods and performance criteria for determining mycotoxins in food and feed Explores the processes of determining mycotoxigenic fungi in food and feed including the identification of genes and gene clusters

Mycotoxigenic Fungi

Mycotoxigenic Fungi
Author: Antonio Moretti,Antonia Susca
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 383
Release: 2016
Genre: Life sciences
ISBN: 149396707X

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This thorough volume explores the possibility of detecting and identifying toxigenic fungi, able to produce secondary metabolites known as mycotoxins, which cause severe health problems in humans and animals after exposure to contaminated food and feed, having a broad range of toxic effects, including carcinogenicity, neurotoxicity, and reproductive and developmental toxicity. Beginning with a section on fungal genera and species of major significance along with their associated mycotoxins, the book continues with sections on Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)-based methods for the detection and identification of mycotoxigenic fungi, PCR-based methods for multiplex detection of mycotoxigenic fungi, as well as sections on combined approaches and new methodologies. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and practical, Mycotoxigenic Fungi: Methods and Protocols will aid researchers working in this vital field to provide insight into possible actions to reduce mycotoxin contamination of crop plants and the food/feed byproducts.

Anti Mycotoxin Strategies for Food and Feed

Anti Mycotoxin Strategies for Food and Feed
Author: Deepa Nagaraju,Sreenivasa Marikunte Yanjarappa,Premila N. Achar,Angel Medina Vaya
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 292
Release: 2023-11-28
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781394160822

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Anti-Mycotoxin Strategies for Food and Feed Up-to-date information on mycotoxigenic fungi and toxins, with methods to control them in food and feed Anti-Mycotoxin Strategies for Food and Feed focuses on strategies to control the health risk of mycotoxins associated with cereals, pulses, and vegetables during post and pre harvest stages, in addition to foods, food-based products, and feeds. Each chapter is carefully designed to offer information elucidating various strategies, which include physical, chemical, and biological methods. The book provides a combined approach of advanced techniques used against mycotoxigenic fungi, which is helpful in studying the strategies for different mycotoxins. Special attention has been paid to diseases caused by mycotoxigenic fungi and their destructive effect on either preharvest, post-harvest, or storage, and their respective toxins which pose a long-term health risk to humans and animals, if contaminated food or feed enter our food chain. The primary focus of the text is on the recent and advanced approaches and strategies including control, detoxification, degradation and binding methods, with graphical representations of protocols with supporting tables and figures. Anti-Mycotoxin Strategies discusses specific sample topics such as: Advanced anti-fumonisin strategies and strategies for the control of aflatoxigenic Aspergillus species in contaminated food and feed Innovative strategies to decontaminate Ochratoxin A and Zearalenone. Effects of toxic citrinin, patulin and Ergot alkaloids in animals, birds, and humans, and effective mitigation strategies as its control measures. Detoxification and Decontamination strategies of Deoxynivalenol an emetic toxin, Trichothecenes, T-2/HT-2 toxin and nivalenol associated in food and feed as contaminants. Presenting and discussing mycotoxin management strategies at length and enabling readers to reduce or eliminate health hazards to humans and animals, Anti-Mycotoxin Strategies is an essential resource for mycologists, mycotoxicologists, Microbiologists, Food technology professionals in the food, seed, and feed industries, scientists, students, researchers, and farmers / agriculturists.

Mycotoxins

Mycotoxins
Author: Patrick Berka Njobeh,Francois Stepman
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 182
Release: 2019-08-28
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781838818463

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This Edited Volume Mycotoxins - Impact and Management Strategies is a collection of reviewed and relevant research chapters, offering a comprehensive overview of recent developments in the field of Mycotoxicology. The book comprises of single chapters authored by various researchers and edited by an expert active in this research area. This book is divided into three sections. Section 1 consists of one chapter that gives an overview of the socioeconomic impact of mycotoxins. Section 2 has five chapters that address the prevention and control of aflatoxins both at pre- and post-harvest stages. Section 3 has two chapters that deal with health impact and control in the poultry industry. This publication aims at providing a thorough overview of the latest research efforts in the field and opens new possible research paths for further novel developments in addressing the problem of mycotoxins.

Mycotoxins in Fruits and Vegetables

Mycotoxins in Fruits and Vegetables
Author: R. Barkai-Golan,Nachman Paster
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 408
Release: 2011-09-02
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780080557854

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Mycotoxins are toxins produced by aerobic, microscopic fungus under special conditions of moisture and temperature. They colonize in a variety of foods from harvest to the grocer. Mycotoxins have gained world wide interest in recent years with the revelation of the effect of these toxins on health. A current example is the presence of ochratoxin A, a human carcinogen and nephrotoxin, in wines. The increased concern about fruit safety has led to increased studies throughout the world and enhanced awareness for stringent regulations governing mycotoxin limits in food. Presented in three defined sections, this is the first book to provide comprehensive analysis of the main mycotoxins contaminating fruits and vegetables and their derived products. The first section provides a safety evaluation of mycotoxins in fruits and vegetables, details regarding factors affecting mycotoxin production and diffusion in the fruit tissue, and recent methods for detection of mycotoxigenic fungi and mycotoxins produced by the fungi. The second part takes a critical look at the main individual mycotoxins and the third section focuses on approaches for prevention and control. * The first book dedicated to mycotoxins in fruits and vegetables * Presents mycological, mycotoxicological and phytopathological aspects of fruits and vegetables * Includes an analysis of detection, prevention and control methods for mycotoxigenic fungi and the mycotoxins they produce * Provides a complete risk assessment and safety evaluation of mycotoxins in perishable produce

Molecular Biology of Food and Water Borne Mycotoxigenic and Mycotic Fungi

Molecular Biology of Food and Water Borne Mycotoxigenic and Mycotic Fungi
Author: R. Russell M. Paterson,Nelson Lima
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 638
Release: 2015-06-24
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781466559882

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A part of the Food Microbiology Series, Molecular Biology of Food and Water Borne Mycotoxigenic and Mycotic Fungi reveals similarities between fungi present in/on food and water and those that cause human fungal diseases. The book covers food borne mycotoxigenic fungi in depth and examines food borne fungi from the standpoint of mycoses (i.e. funga

Mycotoxins in Food and Beverages

Mycotoxins in Food and Beverages
Author: Didier Montet,Catherine Brabet,Sabine Schorr-Galindo,Ramesh C. Ray
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 226
Release: 2021-06-02
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9781000427509

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Mycotoxins are secondary metabolites produced by fungi in a wide range of foods (cereals, peanut, tree nuts, dried fruits, coffee, cocoa, grapes, spices...) both in the field and after harvest, particularly during storage. They can also be found in processed foods of plant origin, or by transfer, in food products of animal (milk, eggs, meat and offal). Mycotoxins are of major concern since they can cause acute or chronic intoxications in both humans and animals which are sometimes fatal. Many countries, particularly in Europe, have set maximum acceptable levels for mycotoxins in food and feed. The book reviews the latest literature and innovations on important aspects of mycotoxins, e.g. mycotoxin producing fungi and the related ecosystems, mycotoxin occurrence, toxicity, analysis and management. Quantitative estimation of impacts of climate change on mycotoxin occurrence have been made recently, using predictive modelling. There is also a growing interest in studying the occurrence and toxicity of multiple mycotoxins in food and feed, including emerging or modified forms of mycotoxins. Innovative tools have also developed to detect and quantify toxinogenic fungi and their toxins. In order to reduce the use of chemicals that are harmful to the environment and health of consumers, alternative methods of prevention and decontamination of mycotoxins were tested in pre- and post-harvest, using microorganisms, natural substances or radiation treatments.

Mycotoxins in Food and Beverages

Mycotoxins in Food and Beverages
Author: Didier Montet,Catherine Brabet,Ramesh C. Ray,Sabine Galindo
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 308
Release: 2021-06-10
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781000370133

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Mycotoxins are secondary metabolites produced by fungi in a wide range of foods (cereals, peanut, tree nuts, dried fruits, coffee, cocoa, grapes, spices...) both in the field and after harvest, particularly during storage. They can also be found in processed foods of plant origin, or by transfer, in food products of animal (milk, eggs, meat and offal). Mycotoxins are of major concern since they can cause acute or chronic intoxications in both humans and animals which are sometimes fatal. Many countries, particularly in Europe, have set maximum acceptable levels for mycotoxins in food and feed. The book reviews the latest literature and innovations on important aspects of mycotoxins, e.g. mycotoxin producing fungi and the related ecosystems, mycotoxin occurrence, toxicity, analysis and management. Quantitative estimations of impacts of climate change on mycotoxin occurrence have been made recently, using predictive modelling. There is also a growing interest in the occurrence and toxicity of multiple mycotoxins in food and feed, including emerging or modified forms of mycotoxins. Innovative tools were also developed to detect and quantify toxinogenic fungi and their toxins. In order to reduce the use of chemicals that are harmful to the environment and health of consumers, alternative methods of prevention and decontamination of mycotoxins were tested in pre- and post-harvest, using microorganisms, natural substances or radiation treatments.