Interpretable Machine Learning

Interpretable Machine Learning
Author: Christoph Molnar
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2020
Genre: Artificial intelligence
ISBN: 9780244768522

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This book is about making machine learning models and their decisions interpretable. After exploring the concepts of interpretability, you will learn about simple, interpretable models such as decision trees, decision rules and linear regression. Later chapters focus on general model-agnostic methods for interpreting black box models like feature importance and accumulated local effects and explaining individual predictions with Shapley values and LIME. All interpretation methods are explained in depth and discussed critically. How do they work under the hood? What are their strengths and weaknesses? How can their outputs be interpreted? This book will enable you to select and correctly apply the interpretation method that is most suitable for your machine learning project.

Explainable Deep Learning AI

Explainable Deep Learning AI
Author: Jenny Benois-Pineau,Romain Bourqui,Dragutin Petkovic,Georges Quenot
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 348
Release: 2023-02-20
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9780323993883

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Explainable Deep Learning AI: Methods and Challenges presents the latest works of leading researchers in the XAI area, offering an overview of the XAI area, along with several novel technical methods and applications that address explainability challenges for deep learning AI systems. The book overviews XAI and then covers a number of specific technical works and approaches for deep learning, ranging from general XAI methods to specific XAI applications, and finally, with user-oriented evaluation approaches. It also explores the main categories of explainable AI – deep learning, which become the necessary condition in various applications of artificial intelligence. The groups of methods such as back-propagation and perturbation-based methods are explained, and the application to various kinds of data classification are presented. Provides an overview of main approaches to Explainable Artificial Intelligence (XAI) in the Deep Learning realm, including the most popular techniques and their use, concluding with challenges and exciting future directions of XAI Explores the latest developments in general XAI methods for Deep Learning Explains how XAI for Deep Learning is applied to various domains like images, medicine and natural language processing Provides an overview of how XAI systems are tested and evaluated, specially with real users, a critical need in XAI

Explainable AI Interpreting Explaining and Visualizing Deep Learning

Explainable AI  Interpreting  Explaining and Visualizing Deep Learning
Author: Wojciech Samek,Grégoire Montavon,Andrea Vedaldi,Lars Kai Hansen,Klaus-Robert Müller
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 435
Release: 2019-09-10
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9783030289546

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The development of “intelligent” systems that can take decisions and perform autonomously might lead to faster and more consistent decisions. A limiting factor for a broader adoption of AI technology is the inherent risks that come with giving up human control and oversight to “intelligent” machines. For sensitive tasks involving critical infrastructures and affecting human well-being or health, it is crucial to limit the possibility of improper, non-robust and unsafe decisions and actions. Before deploying an AI system, we see a strong need to validate its behavior, and thus establish guarantees that it will continue to perform as expected when deployed in a real-world environment. In pursuit of that objective, ways for humans to verify the agreement between the AI decision structure and their own ground-truth knowledge have been explored. Explainable AI (XAI) has developed as a subfield of AI, focused on exposing complex AI models to humans in a systematic and interpretable manner. The 22 chapters included in this book provide a timely snapshot of algorithms, theory, and applications of interpretable and explainable AI and AI techniques that have been proposed recently reflecting the current discourse in this field and providing directions of future development. The book is organized in six parts: towards AI transparency; methods for interpreting AI systems; explaining the decisions of AI systems; evaluating interpretability and explanations; applications of explainable AI; and software for explainable AI.

Explainable AI with Python

Explainable AI with Python
Author: Leonida Gianfagna,Antonio Di Cecco
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 202
Release: 2021-04-28
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9783030686406

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This book provides a full presentation of the current concepts and available techniques to make “machine learning” systems more explainable. The approaches presented can be applied to almost all the current “machine learning” models: linear and logistic regression, deep learning neural networks, natural language processing and image recognition, among the others. Progress in Machine Learning is increasing the use of artificial agents to perform critical tasks previously handled by humans (healthcare, legal and finance, among others). While the principles that guide the design of these agents are understood, most of the current deep-learning models are "opaque" to human understanding. Explainable AI with Python fills the current gap in literature on this emerging topic by taking both a theoretical and a practical perspective, making the reader quickly capable of working with tools and code for Explainable AI. Beginning with examples of what Explainable AI (XAI) is and why it is needed in the field, the book details different approaches to XAI depending on specific context and need. Hands-on work on interpretable models with specific examples leveraging Python are then presented, showing how intrinsic interpretable models can be interpreted and how to produce “human understandable” explanations. Model-agnostic methods for XAI are shown to produce explanations without relying on ML models internals that are “opaque.” Using examples from Computer Vision, the authors then look at explainable models for Deep Learning and prospective methods for the future. Taking a practical perspective, the authors demonstrate how to effectively use ML and XAI in science. The final chapter explains Adversarial Machine Learning and how to do XAI with adversarial examples.

Explainable and Interpretable Models in Computer Vision and Machine Learning

Explainable and Interpretable Models in Computer Vision and Machine Learning
Author: Hugo Jair Escalante,Sergio Escalera,Isabelle Guyon,Xavier Baró,Yağmur Güçlütürk,Umut Güçlü,Marcel van Gerven
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 299
Release: 2018-11-29
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9783319981314

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This book compiles leading research on the development of explainable and interpretable machine learning methods in the context of computer vision and machine learning. Research progress in computer vision and pattern recognition has led to a variety of modeling techniques with almost human-like performance. Although these models have obtained astounding results, they are limited in their explainability and interpretability: what is the rationale behind the decision made? what in the model structure explains its functioning? Hence, while good performance is a critical required characteristic for learning machines, explainability and interpretability capabilities are needed to take learning machines to the next step to include them in decision support systems involving human supervision. This book, written by leading international researchers, addresses key topics of explainability and interpretability, including the following: · Evaluation and Generalization in Interpretable Machine Learning · Explanation Methods in Deep Learning · Learning Functional Causal Models with Generative Neural Networks · Learning Interpreatable Rules for Multi-Label Classification · Structuring Neural Networks for More Explainable Predictions · Generating Post Hoc Rationales of Deep Visual Classification Decisions · Ensembling Visual Explanations · Explainable Deep Driving by Visualizing Causal Attention · Interdisciplinary Perspective on Algorithmic Job Candidate Search · Multimodal Personality Trait Analysis for Explainable Modeling of Job Interview Decisions · Inherent Explainability Pattern Theory-based Video Event Interpretations

Principles and Methods of Explainable Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare

Principles and Methods of Explainable Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare
Author: Albuquerque, Victor Hugo C. de,Srinivasu, P. Naga,Bhoi, Akash Kumar,Briones, Alfonso Gonza?lez
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 347
Release: 2022-05-20
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9781668437926

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Explainable artificial intelligence is proficient in operating and analyzing the unconstrainted environment in fields like robotic medicine, robotic treatment, and robotic surgery, which rely on computational vision for analyzing complex situations. Explainable artificial intelligence is a well-structured customizable technology that makes it possible to generate promising unbiased outcomes. The model’s adaptability facilitates the management of heterogeneous healthcare data and the visualization of biological structures through virtual reality. Explainable artificial intelligence has newfound applications in the healthcare industry, such as clinical trial matching, continuous healthcare monitoring, probabilistic evolutions, and evidence-based mechanisms. Principles and Methods of Explainable Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare discusses explainable artificial intelligence and its applications in healthcare, providing a broad overview of state-of-the-art approaches for accurate analysis and diagnosis. The book also encompasses computational vision processing techniques that handle complex data like physiological information, electronic healthcare records, and medical imaging data that assist in earlier prediction. Covering topics such as neural networks and disease detection, this reference work is ideal for industry professionals, practitioners, academicians, researchers, scholars, instructors, and students.

Deep Learning in Gaming and Animations

Deep Learning in Gaming and Animations
Author: Vikas Chaudhary,Moolchand Sharma,Prerna Sharma,Deevyankar Agarwal
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 174
Release: 2021-12-08
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9781000504378

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Over the last decade, progress in deep learning has had a profound and transformational effect on many complex problems, including speech recognition, machine translation, natural language understanding, and computer vision. As a result, computers can now achieve human-competitive performance in a wide range of perception and recognition tasks. Many of these systems are now available to the programmer via a range of so-called cognitive services. More recently, deep reinforcement learning has achieved ground-breaking success in several complex challenges. This book makes an enormous contribution to this beautiful, vibrant area of study: an area that is developing rapidly both in breadth and depth. Deep learning can cope with a broader range of tasks (and perform those tasks to increasing levels of excellence). This book lays a good foundation for the core concepts and principles of deep learning in gaming and animation, walking you through the fundamental ideas with expert ease. This book progresses in a step-by-step manner. It reinforces theory with a full-fledged pedagogy designed to enhance students' understanding and offer them a practical insight into its applications. Also, some chapters introduce and cover novel ideas about how artificial intelligence (AI), deep learning, and machine learning have changed the world in gaming and animation. It gives us the idea that AI can also be applied in gaming, and there are limited textbooks in this area. This book comprehensively addresses all the aspects of AI and deep learning in gaming. Also, each chapter follows a similar structure so that students, teachers, and industry experts can orientate themselves within the text. There are few books in the field of gaming using AI. Deep Learning in Gaming and Animations teaches you how to apply the power of deep learning to build complex reasoning tasks. After being exposed to the foundations of machine and deep learning, you will use Python to build a bot and then teach it the game's rules. This book also focuses on how different technologies have revolutionized gaming and animation with various illustrations.

Hands On Explainable AI XAI with Python

Hands On Explainable AI  XAI  with Python
Author: Denis Rothman
Publsiher: Packt Publishing Ltd
Total Pages: 455
Release: 2020-07-31
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9781800202764

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Resolve the black box models in your AI applications to make them fair, trustworthy, and secure. Familiarize yourself with the basic principles and tools to deploy Explainable AI (XAI) into your apps and reporting interfaces. Key FeaturesLearn explainable AI tools and techniques to process trustworthy AI resultsUnderstand how to detect, handle, and avoid common issues with AI ethics and biasIntegrate fair AI into popular apps and reporting tools to deliver business value using Python and associated toolsBook Description Effectively translating AI insights to business stakeholders requires careful planning, design, and visualization choices. Describing the problem, the model, and the relationships among variables and their findings are often subtle, surprising, and technically complex. Hands-On Explainable AI (XAI) with Python will see you work with specific hands-on machine learning Python projects that are strategically arranged to enhance your grasp on AI results analysis. You will be building models, interpreting results with visualizations, and integrating XAI reporting tools and different applications. You will build XAI solutions in Python, TensorFlow 2, Google Cloud’s XAI platform, Google Colaboratory, and other frameworks to open up the black box of machine learning models. The book will introduce you to several open-source XAI tools for Python that can be used throughout the machine learning project life cycle. You will learn how to explore machine learning model results, review key influencing variables and variable relationships, detect and handle bias and ethics issues, and integrate predictions using Python along with supporting the visualization of machine learning models into user explainable interfaces. By the end of this AI book, you will possess an in-depth understanding of the core concepts of XAI. What you will learnPlan for XAI through the different stages of the machine learning life cycleEstimate the strengths and weaknesses of popular open-source XAI applicationsExamine how to detect and handle bias issues in machine learning dataReview ethics considerations and tools to address common problems in machine learning dataShare XAI design and visualization best practicesIntegrate explainable AI results using Python modelsUse XAI toolkits for Python in machine learning life cycles to solve business problemsWho this book is for This book is not an introduction to Python programming or machine learning concepts. You must have some foundational knowledge and/or experience with machine learning libraries such as scikit-learn to make the most out of this book. Some of the potential readers of this book include: Professionals who already use Python for as data science, machine learning, research, and analysisData analysts and data scientists who want an introduction into explainable AI tools and techniquesAI Project managers who must face the contractual and legal obligations of AI Explainability for the acceptance phase of their applications