Handbook of Benzoxazine Resins

Handbook of Benzoxazine Resins
Author: Hatsuo Ishida,Tarek Agag
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 712
Release: 2011-07-13
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780444537911

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This handbook provides a wide overview of the field, fundamental understanding of the synthetic methods and structure/property correlation, as well as studies related to applications in a wide range of subjects. The handbook also provides 1H and 13C NMR spectra, FTIR spectra, DSC and TGA thermograms to aid in research activities. Additional tables on key NMR and FTIR frequencies unique to benzoxazine, heat of polymerization, Tg, and char yield will greatly aid in the choice of proper benzoxazine for a specific application. Provides thorough coverage of the chemistry and applications of benzoxazine resins with an evidence-based approach to enable chemists, engineers and material scientists to evaluate effectiveness Features spectra, which allow researchers to compare results, avoid repetition and save time as well as tables on key NMR frequency, IR frequency, heat of polymerization, of many benzoxazine resins to aid them in selection of materials Written by the foremost experts in the field

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics
Author: K.S. Santhosh Kumar,C.P. Reghunadhan Nair
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 800
Release: 2013-11-28
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128090626

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Polybenzoxazines (PBz) belong to the family of new generation phenolic resins. They have emerged as addition-curable polymers. This feature obviates many of the shortcomings associated with conventional phenolic resins. They are endowed with excellent thermal, physical, and thermo-physical properties, and surpass the features of many conventional and state-of-the-art polymers. These unique materials offer extraordinary characteristics: near zero shrinkage, no release of volatiles during cure, high Tg, low flammability, and high UV and chemical stabilities. Given the breadth of molecular design flexibility, a wide variety of polybenzoxazines can be developed. PBz equipped with additional curing groups can generally enhance the overall thermal and mechanical properties. Blends with epoxy resins, cyanate esters, and bismaleimides offer other opportunities for fine-tuning properties. This chapter gives an account of the developments of PBz materials from their inception to the current level of application in engineering areas.

Advanced and Emerging Polybenzoxazine Science and Technology

Advanced and Emerging Polybenzoxazine Science and Technology
Author: Hatsuo Ishida,Pablo Froimowicz
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 1126
Release: 2017-01-18
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128041857

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Advanced and Emerging Polybenzoxazine Science and Technology introduces advanced topics of benzoxazine resins and polybenzoxazines as presented through the collaboration of leading experts in the benzoxazine community, representing the authoritative introduction to the subjects. Broad topics covered include the recent development and improved understanding of the subjects, including low temperature cure, aerogels and carbon aerogels, smart chemistry in fire retarding materials and coatings, metal containing benzoxazines, rational design of advanced properties, and materials from natural renew. In the past twenty years, the number of papers on polybenzoxazine has continuously increased at an exponential rate. During the past three years, the number of papers published is more than the previous 17 years combined. The material is now part of only a few successfully commercialized polymers in the past 35 years. Therefore, interest in this material in both academia and industry is very strong. Includes the latest advancements in benzoxazine chemistry Describes advanced materials, such as aerogels, carbons, smart coatings, nanofibers, and shape memory materials Includes additional characterization data and techniques, such as FT-IR, Raman, NMR, DSC, and TGA analyses

Phenolic Polymers Based Composite Materials

Phenolic Polymers Based Composite Materials
Author: Mohammad Jawaid,Mohammad Asim
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2020-11-09
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9789811589324

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This book contains recent research on phenolic resin and its composite materials. The book covers all types of wood composites, natural fibres and synthetic fibres reinforced composites. It discusses various properties of phenolic composites and presents comparative study with other polymer composites for prospective applications. The chapters in the book present an up-to-date information on the subject area of polymer and composite-based information by prominent researchers in academia and industry as well as government/private research laboratories across the world. The book serves as a holistic reference source for university and college faculties, professionals, postdoctoral research fellows, undergraduate/graduate students, and research and science officers working in the area of polymer science, non-forest products utilization, natural fibres and biomass materials.

Industrial Synthetic Resins Handbook

Industrial Synthetic Resins Handbook
Author: Ernest W. Flick
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 1192
Release: 1991-12-31
Genre: Science
ISBN: UOM:39015024979570

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This book contains short product descriptions of 3,000 resins and related products from 57 manufacturers. Contents: ABS and SAN Resins; Acetal Resins; Acrylics; Alkyds; Curing Reaction Resins; Epoxy Systems & Related Products; High Solids Resins; Nylons; Phenolics; Polycarbonates; Polyesters; Polyethylenes; Polypropylenes; Polystyrenes; Polyurethanes; Rosins, Rosin Esters & Hydrocarbon Resins; Silicones; Vinyls; Miscellaneous; Suppliers' Addresses; Trade Name Index.

Thermosets

Thermosets
Author: Qipeng Guo
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 712
Release: 2017-11-14
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780081010280

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In this new edition, Thermosets: Structure, Properties, and Applications builds on and updates the existing review of mechanical and thermal properties, as well as rheology and curing processes of thermosets, and the role of nanostructures in thermoset toughening. All chapters have been updated or re-written, and new chapters have been added to reflect ongoing changes and developments in the field of thermosetting materials and the applications of these materials. Applications of thermosets are the focus of the second part of the book, including the use of thermosets in the building and construction industry, aerospace technology and as insulation materials. Thermoset adhesives and coatings, including epoxy resins, acrylates and polyurethanes are also discussed, followed by a review of thermosets for electrical applications. New chapters include coverage of thermoset nanocomposites, recycling issues, and applications such as consumer goods, transportation, energy and defence. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, the second edition of Thermosets: Structure, Properties, and Applications is an essential guide for engineers, chemists, physicists and polymer scientists involved in the development, production and application of thermosets, as well as providing a useful review for academic researchers in the field. Links structure, properties, and applications, making this book relevant to both academia and engineers in industry Includes entirely new chapters on the use of thermosets in aerospace, transport, defense, and a range of consumer applications Enables practitioners to stay current on the latest developments in recycling of thermosets and their composites

Fiber Reinforced Composites

Fiber Reinforced Composites
Author: Kuruvilla Joseph,Kristiina Oksman,George Gejo,Runcy Wilson,Saritha Appukuttan
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 908
Release: 2021-03-20
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128210918

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Polymer-based fibre-reinforced composites FRC’s have now come out as a major class of structural materials being used or regarded as substituent’s for metals in several critical components in space, automotive and other industries (marine, and sports goods) owing to their low density, strength-weight ratio, and fatigue strength. FRC’s have several commercial as well as industrial applications ranging from aircraft, space, automotive, sporting goods, marine, and infrastructure. The above-mentioned applications of FRC’s clearly reveal that FRC’s have the potential to be used in a broad range of different engineering fields with the added advantages of low density, and resistance to corrosion compared to conventional metallic and ceramic composites. However, for scientists/researchers/R&D’s to fabricate FRC’s with such potential there should be careful and precise design followed by suitable process development based on properties like mechanical, physical, and thermal that are unique to each application. Hence the last few decades have witnessed considerable research on fibre reinforced composites. Fibre Reinforced Composites: Constituents, Compatibility, Perspectives and Applications presents a widespread all-inclusive review on fibre-reinforced composites ranging from the different types of processing techniques to chemical modification of the fibre surface to enhance the interfacial adhesion between the matrix and fibre and the structure-property relationship. It illustrates how high value composites can be produced by efficient and sustainable processing methods by selecting different constituents [fibres and resins]. Researchers in academia working in composites and accompanying areas [materials characterisation] and industrial manufacturers who need information on composite constituents and how they relate to each other for a certain application will find the book extremely useful when they need to make decisions about materials selection for their products. Focuses on the different types of FRC’s that are currently available (e.g. from polymeric matrices to metallic and ceramic matrices, from carbon fibre to different types of natural fibres and from short to long fibre reinforced), their processing techniques, characterization of different properties, and how to improve the interfacial adhesion between an incompatible fibre and matrix and their applications Looks at crisis areas such as how to incorporate incompatible fibres and matrices together (e.g. Non-polar polypropylene matrix is not compatible with that of polar natural fibres and hence suitable surface modifications are required to make them compatible with each other) along with low cost processing methods, low density and high strength Uncovers clarifications to both elementary and practical problems related to the fabrication of FRCs Schematic representations depicting the interaction between different fibre types and matrices will be provided in some chapters

Applied Coatings

Applied Coatings
Author: Weih Q. Lee
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 548
Release: 2024-05-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781394211173

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APPLIED COATINGS An integrated collection of case studies providing a concise guide for professionals working with coatings materials in academia and industry In Applied Coatings: Chemistry, Formulation, and Performance, distinguished scientist Dr. Weih Q. Lee delivers an illuminating collection of case studies designed to connect various elements of applied coatings technology. Going beyond generic discussions, the author describes the fundamental chemistry, formulations, and properties of applied coating materials – including the structural and functional components of structure-property relationships – as well as the foundations of applied cure kinetics and the rheology of epoxy coatings. Each chapter is self-contained, comprehensive, and can be read individually, while the book remains technically and editorially integrated. Core themes include structure-performance relationships, formulation index driven experiment design, and consolidated thermal analysis. Readers will also find: A thorough introduction to epoxies and epoxy curing agents, including oxetanes, vinyl esters, glycidyl methacrylate (GMA), isocyanate and silicone crosslinkers, cationic catalysts, acrylate and phenol accelerators, and specialty derivatives Attentive descriptions of epoxy curing chemistry, including epoxy-phenolic, -polyamide, -active ester, and acid- or base-catalyzed systems in a broader scope Comprehensive explorations of cure kinetics and rheology, including model-free kinetics (MFK), the nth-order model covering Kissinger plots and the Borchardt—Daniels (BD) approach, the autocatalytic model, executive quantification via curve fitting of DSC (differential scanning calorimetry) exotherms, the rheology of non-reactive fluids, and the viscoelasticity of reactive coatings Practical discussions of C1S thick-film surface coatings, C2S structural lamination, liquid and powder epoxies, and phenolic coatings, including fluorene monomers, heterocyclic resins, and polymerizable derivatives Complete treatments of coating characterization, microencapsulation, epoxy hybrids and non-epoxy platforms, adhesion of applied coatings, and adhesion promotion, including reactive and functional silicones Perfect for formulation and research and development scientists and engineers at any technical level, Applied Coatings will also benefit research professors and students studying coatings, adhesives, composites, electronic materials, and more.