Pharmaceuticals In Marine And Coastal Environments
Download Pharmaceuticals In Marine And Coastal Environments full books in PDF, epub, and Kindle. Read online free Pharmaceuticals In Marine And Coastal Environments ebook anywhere anytime directly on your device. Fast Download speed and no annoying ads. We cannot guarantee that every ebooks is available!
|Author||: Juan Carlos Duran-Alvarez,Blanca Jiménez-Cisneros|
|Total Pages||: 704|
Download Pharmaceuticals in Marine and Coastal Environments Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle
Pharmaceuticals in Marine and Coastal Environments: Occurrence, Effects, and Challenges in a Changing World is divided into three sections that address a) coastal areas as the main entrance of pharmaceuticals into the ocean, b) the occurrence and distribution of pharmaceuticals in the environmental compartments of the ocean media, and c) the effects that such pollutants may cause to the exposed marine organisms. With its comprehensive discussions, the book provides a wide depiction of the current state-of-the-art on these topics in an effort to open new sources of investigation and find suitable solutions. Includes maps edited by the Water Information Network System of the International Hydrological Program (IHP-WINS) Provides a compilation of information regarding the occurrence and distribution of pharmaceuticals in the marine environment which will help establish new and more efficient monitoring programs and new research lines Depicts the most important results of environmental risk assessments that can be used as a first step for further toxicological studies
|Author||: Bernardo Duarte,Maria Isabel Violante Caçador|
|Publsiher||: CRC Press|
|Total Pages||: 199|
Download Ecotoxicology of Marine Organisms Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle
This book presents a comprehensive review of the most recent studies on the impact of contaminants on the marine environment. Conventional and new information, as well as the latest techniques, are presented, which can be applied to several types of marine organisms from bacteria and fungi to animals and algae. Specific topics discussed include the impact of different contaminants on different organisms as well as different approaches and their outcomes in terms of impact assessment. The integration of these techniques is also discussed in order to attain sentinel species and biomarkers to be applied for assessing ecological quality and impact assessment programs and studies.
|Author||: B.M. Peake,R. Braund,Alfred Tong,Louis A Tremblay|
|Total Pages||: 272|
Download The Life Cycle of Pharmaceuticals in the Environment Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle
The Life-Cycle of Pharmaceuticals in the Environment identifies pathways of entry of pharmaceuticals into the environment, beginning with the role of global prescribing and disposal practices. The book then discusses typical levels of common pharmaceuticals and how they can be determined in natural waters such as raw and treated sewage, and in potable water. In addition, sections examine methods currently available to degrade pharmaceuticals in natural waters and some of their ecotoxicological impacts, along with future considerations and the growing concept of product stewardship. Encompasses the full lifecycle of common pharmaceuticals, from prescription and dispensing practices to their occurrence in a range of different types of natural waters and their environmental impact Explores the role of the healthcare system and its affect on users Beneficial for environmental engineers involved in the design and operation of appropriate degradation technologies of the pharmaceutical prescription and disposal practices
|Author||: R E Hester,R M Harrison|
|Publsiher||: Royal Society of Chemistry|
|Total Pages||: 294|
Download Pharmaceuticals in the Environment Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle
Medicines play an important role in the treatment and prevention of disease in humans and animals, but residues from these medicines can be released into the environment through a number of routes during their manufacture, use and disposal. It is only recently that the potential environmental impacts of this exposure to pharmaceuticals are being considered. The book explores where pharmaceutical residues can be found, e.g. in surface waters, drinking water, sediments and the marine environment; the sources of these residues, from manufacture through to disposal of unused medicines; how these residues break down; and how this all impacts on wildlife and human health. In reviewing the current position and examining further possible impacts, this book is an important reference for researchers working in the pharmaceutical industry, as well as for environmentalists, policy makers and students on pharmacy and environmental science courses wanting to better understand the impacts of pharmaceuticals on the environment.
|Author||: Tamara Garcia Barrera,Jose Luis Gomez Ariza|
|Publsiher||: CRC Press|
|Total Pages||: 368|
Download Environmental Problems in Marine Biology Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle
Marine environment can be affected by several pollutants such as the presence of elements and their chemical species, pharmaceuticals, nanoparticles and other emerging contaminants. Environmental monitoring can be assessed by genomics, proteomics (i.e. redox proteomics), chemical speciation analysis and metallomics, metabolomics as well as other advanced strategies. The present book is a useful methodological tool for researchers and specialists in the field of analytical chemistry, environmental sciences, biochemistry, genomics and toxicology. The book includes for the first time the methodological aspects and applications related to chemical speciation and –omics strategies applied to marine environment.
|Author||: Sandra Pérez Solsona,Nicola Montemurro,Serge Chiron,Damià Barceló|
|Publsiher||: Springer Nature|
|Total Pages||: 529|
Download Interaction and Fate of Pharmaceuticals in Soil Crop Systems Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle
This book provides a comprehensive overview of the current knowledge on the fate and interaction of pharmaceuticals in soil-crop systems. It addresses the principles of their transport, uptake and metabolism and reviews methodologies for their analytical determination. It also discusses ecotoxicological effects arising from their presence and highlights bioremediation approaches for their removal. The use of treated wastewater to irrigate crops is becoming more widespread in regions where freshwater is limited. This practice conserves freshwater resources and contributes to nutrient recycling. However, concerns remain regarding the safety of irrigation with treated wastewater since it contains residues of pharmaceuticals that have survived treatment, which means that soil and fauna are potentially exposed to these xenobiotics. Various pathways govern the fate of pharmaceuticals in crop-soil systems, including soil degradation; formation of non-extractable residues; uptake by soil-dwelling organisms (e.g. earthworms); and uptake, transport, and metabolism in agricultural crops. Investigations into these aspects have only recently been initiated, and there is still a long way to go before a meaningful assessment of the impact of wastewater has been completed.
|Author||: Kunal Roy|
|Total Pages||: 768|
Download Cheminformatics QSAR and Machine Learning Applications for Novel Drug Development Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle
Cheminformatics, QSAR and Machine Learning Applications for Novel Drug Development aims at showcasing different structure-based, ligand-based, and machine learning tools currently used in drug design. It also highlights special topics of computational drug design together with the available tools and databases. The integrated presentation of chemometrics, cheminformatics, and machine learning methods under is one of the strengths of the book.The first part of the content is devoted to establishing the foundations of the area. Here recent trends in computational modeling of drugs are presented. Other topics present in this part include QSAR in medicinal chemistry, structure-based methods, chemoinformatics and chemometric approaches, and machine learning methods in drug design. The second part focuses on methods and case studies including molecular descriptors, molecular similarity, structure-based based screening, homology modeling in protein structure predictions, molecular docking, stability of drug receptor interactions, deep learning and support vector machine in drug design. The third part of the book is dedicated to special topics, including dedicated chapters on topics ranging from de design of green pharmaceuticals to computational toxicology. The final part is dedicated to present the available tools and databases, including QSAR databases, free tools and databases in ligand and structure-based drug design, and machine learning resources for drug design. The final chapters discuss different web servers used for identification of various drug candidates. Presents chemometrics, cheminformatics and machine learning methods under a single reference Showcases the different structure-based, ligand-based and machine learning tools currently used in drug design Highlights special topics of computational drug design and available tools and databases
|Author||: Daniel C. Abel,R. Dean Grubbs|
|Publsiher||: JHU Press|
|Total Pages||: 447|
Download Shark Biology and Conservation Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle
Feed your fascination with sharks! This complete resource enlightens readers on the biology, ecology, and behavior of sharks with approachable explanations and more than 250 stunning color illustrations. Studies of shark biology have flourished over the last several decades. An explosion of new research methods is leading to a fascinating era of oceanic discovery. Shark Biology and Conservation is an up-to-date, comprehensive overview of the diversity, evolution, ecology, behavior, physiology, anatomy, and conservation of sharks. Written in a style that is detailed but not intimidating by world-renowned shark specialists Dan Abel and Dean Grubbs, it relays numerous stories and insights from their exciting experiences in the field. While explaining scientific concepts in terms that non-specialists and students can understand, Abel and Grubbs reveal secrets that will illuminate even the experts. The text provides readers with a robust and wide range of essential knowledge as it • introduces emerging as well as traditional techniques for classifying sharks, understanding their behavior, and unraveling the mysteries of their evolution; • draws on both established shark science and the latest breakthroughs in the field, from molecular approaches to tracking technologies; • highlights the often-neglected yet fascinating subject of shark physiology, including heart function, sensory biology, digestion, metabolic performance, and reproduction; • addresses big picture ecological questions like "Which habitats do sharks prefer?" and "Where do sharks migrate and for what purpose?"; • describes the astonishing diversity of sharks' adaptations to their environment; • discusses which shark conservation techniques do and don't work; and • comments on the use and misuse of science in the study of sharks. Enhanced by hundreds of original color photographs and beautifully detailed line drawings, Shark Biology and Conservation will appeal to anyone who is spellbound by this wondrous, ecologically important, and threatened group, including marine biologists, wildlife educators, students, and shark enthusiasts.