# Philosophy Of Statistics

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### Philosophy of Statistics

Author | : Anonim |

Publsiher | : Elsevier |

Total Pages | : 1253 |

Release | : 2011-05-31 |

Genre | : Philosophy |

ISBN | : 9780080930961 |

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Statisticians and philosophers of science have many common interests but restricted communication with each other. This volume aims to remedy these shortcomings. It provides state-of-the-art research in the area of philosophy of statistics by encouraging numerous experts to communicate with one another without feeling “restricted by their disciplines or thinking “piecemeal in their treatment of issues. A second goal of this book is to present work in the field without bias toward any particular statistical paradigm. Broadly speaking, the essays in this Handbook are concerned with problems of induction, statistics and probability. For centuries, foundational problems like induction have been among philosophers’ favorite topics; recently, however, non-philosophers have increasingly taken a keen interest in these issues. This volume accordingly contains papers by both philosophers and non-philosophers, including scholars from nine academic disciplines. Provides a bridge between philosophy and current scientific findings Covers theory and applications Encourages multi-disciplinary dialogue

### Statistical Inference as Severe Testing

Author | : Deborah G. Mayo |

Publsiher | : Cambridge University Press |

Total Pages | : 503 |

Release | : 2018-09-20 |

Genre | : Mathematics |

ISBN | : 9781107054134 |

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Unlock today's statistical controversies and irreproducible results by viewing statistics as probing and controlling errors.

### Philosophy of Probability and Statistical Modelling

Author | : Mauricio Suárez |

Publsiher | : Cambridge University Press |

Total Pages | : 135 |

Release | : 2021-01-21 |

Genre | : Philosophy |

ISBN | : 9781108983846 |

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This Element has two main aims. The first one (sections 1-7) is an historically informed review of the philosophy of probability. It describes recent historiography, lays out the distinction between subjective and objective notions, and concludes by applying the historical lessons to the main interpretations of probability. The second aim (sections 8-13) focuses entirely on objective probability, and advances a number of novel theses regarding its role in scientific practice. A distinction is drawn between traditional attempts to interpret chance, and a novel methodological study of its application. A radical form of pluralism is then introduced, advocating a tripartite distinction between propensities, probabilities and frequencies. Finally, a distinction is drawn between two different applications of chance in statistical modelling which, it is argued, vindicates the overall methodological approach. The ensuing conception of objective probability in practice is the 'complex nexus of chance'.

### Logic of Statistical Inference

Author | : Ian Hacking |

Publsiher | : Cambridge University Press |

Total Pages | : 248 |

Release | : 1965-01-01 |

Genre | : Philosophy |

ISBN | : 0521051657 |

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This book is a philosophical study of the basic principles of statistical reasoning. Professor Hacking has sought to discover the simple principles which underlie modern work in mathematical statistics and to test them, both at a philosophical level and in terms of their practical consequences fort statisticians. The ideas of modern logic are used to analyse these principles, and results are presented without the use of unfamiliar symbolism. It begins with a philosophical analysis of a few central concepts and then, using an elementary system of logic, develops most of the standard statistical theory. the analysis provides answers to many disputed questions about how to test statistical hypotheses and about how to estimate quantities in the light of statistical data. One product of the analysis is a sound and consistent rationale for R. A. Fisher's controversial concept of 'fiducial probability'.

### The Seven Pillars of Statistical Wisdom

Author | : Stephen M. Stigler |

Publsiher | : Harvard University Press |

Total Pages | : 0 |

Release | : 2016-03-07 |

Genre | : Social Science |

ISBN | : 0674088913 |

**Download The Seven Pillars of Statistical Wisdom Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle**

What gives statistics its unity as a science? Stephen Stigler sets forth the seven foundational ideas of statistics—a scientific discipline related to but distinct from mathematics and computer science. Even the most basic idea—aggregation, exemplified by averaging—is counterintuitive. It allows one to gain information by discarding information, namely, the individuality of the observations. Stigler’s second pillar, information measurement, challenges the importance of “big data” by noting that observations are not all equally important: the amount of information in a data set is often proportional to only the square root of the number of observations, not the absolute number. The third idea is likelihood, the calibration of inferences with the use of probability. Intercomparison is the principle that statistical comparisons do not need to be made with respect to an external standard. The fifth pillar is regression, both a paradox (tall parents on average produce shorter children; tall children on average have shorter parents) and the basis of inference, including Bayesian inference and causal reasoning. The sixth concept captures the importance of experimental design—for example, by recognizing the gains to be had from a combinatorial approach with rigorous randomization. The seventh idea is the residual: the notion that a complicated phenomenon can be simplified by subtracting the effect of known causes, leaving a residual phenomenon that can be explained more easily. The Seven Pillars of Statistical Wisdom presents an original, unified account of statistical science that will fascinate the interested layperson and engage the professional statistician.

### Resonance From Probability To Epistemology And Back

Author | : Krzysztof Burdzy |

Publsiher | : World Scientific |

Total Pages | : 429 |

Release | : 2016-05-26 |

Genre | : Mathematics |

ISBN | : 9781783269228 |

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Resonance examines some building blocks of epistemology as a prelude to the careful analysis of the foundations of probability. The concept of resonance is introduced to shed light on the philosophical problems of induction, consciousness, intelligence and free will. The same concept is later applied to provide support for a new philosophical theory of probability.Although based on existing ideas and theories, the epistemological concept of resonance is investigated for the first time in this book. The best-known philosophical theories of probability, frequency and subjective, are shown to be unrealistic and dissociated from the two main branches of statistics: frequency statistics and Bayesian statistics.Written in an accessible style, this book can be enjoyed by philosophers, statisticians and mathematicians, and also by anyone looking to expand their understanding of the disciplines of epistemology and probability.

### The Philosophy of Quantitative Methods

Author | : Brian D. Haig |

Publsiher | : Oxford University Press |

Total Pages | : 169 |

Release | : 2018 |

Genre | : Philosophy |

ISBN | : 9780190222055 |

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The Philosophy of Quantitative Methods undertakes a philosophical examination of a number of important quantitative research methods within the behavioral sciences in order to overcome the non-critical approaches typically provided by textbooks. These research methods are exploratory data analysis, statistical significance testing, Bayesian confirmation theory and statistics, meta-analysis, and exploratory factor analysis. Further readings are provided to extend the reader's overall understanding of these methods.

### All of Statistics

Author | : Larry Wasserman |

Publsiher | : Springer Science & Business Media |

Total Pages | : 446 |

Release | : 2013-12-11 |

Genre | : Mathematics |

ISBN | : 9780387217369 |

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Taken literally, the title "All of Statistics" is an exaggeration. But in spirit, the title is apt, as the book does cover a much broader range of topics than a typical introductory book on mathematical statistics. This book is for people who want to learn probability and statistics quickly. It is suitable for graduate or advanced undergraduate students in computer science, mathematics, statistics, and related disciplines. The book includes modern topics like non-parametric curve estimation, bootstrapping, and classification, topics that are usually relegated to follow-up courses. The reader is presumed to know calculus and a little linear algebra. No previous knowledge of probability and statistics is required. Statistics, data mining, and machine learning are all concerned with collecting and analysing data.