Phytorestoration of Abandoned Mining and Oil Drilling Sites

Phytorestoration of Abandoned Mining and Oil Drilling Sites
Author: Kuldeep Bauddh,John Korstad,Pallavi Sharma
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 538
Release: 2020-11-18
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128232088

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Phytorestoration of Abandoned Mining and Oil Drilling Sites presents case studies and the latest research on the most effective methods to address the large amounts of waste materials released due to mining and oil drilling. In particular, phytoremediation is described as a novel, eco-friendly, cost-effective method for extracting toxic compounds by plants for the restoration of contaminated sites. Plantings on these contaminated areas lead to the removal of toxic substances such as heavy metals and hydrocarbons, improvement in the physicochemical and biological properties of the soil, long-term forest ecosystem rehabilitation, restoration of ecosystem productivity, stability and biological diversity, and reductions in CO2. Utilizing worldwide examples, this book discusses the potential of phytoremediation as an ideal solution for sites contaminated by mining and oil drilling sites. Includes exploration of efficient plants for restoring contaminated former mining and oil drilling sites Addresses adverse impacts of toxicants released from mining activities on living organisms, including human health Presents characteristics of contaminated former mining and oil drilling sites

Advances in Microbe assisted Phytoremediation of Polluted Sites

Advances in Microbe assisted Phytoremediation of Polluted Sites
Author: Kuldeep Bauddh,Ying Ma
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 524
Release: 2022-08-03
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128235300

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Advances in Microbe-assisted Phytoremediation of Polluted Sites provides a comprehensive overview of the use of phytoremediation to decontaminate polluted land through microbial enhanced phytoremediation, including the use of plants with respect to ecological and environmental science. The book discusses the potential of microbial-assisted phytoremediation of the contaminant, including heavy metals, pesticides, polyaromatic hydrocarbons, etc., with case studies as examples. Key subjects covered include plant-microbe interaction in contaminated ecosystems, microbe-augmented phytoremediation for improved ecosystem services, and success stories on microbe-assisted phytoremediation of contaminated sites. With increasing demand for land-space for social, industrial and agricultural use, the theoretical millions of hectares of contaminated sites around the world are a resource sorely needed that currently cannot be utilized. Decontamination of this land using ecologically-sound methods is paramount not only to land use, but in the prevention of toxic substances deteriorating local ecosystems by reducing productivity and contaminating the food chain – which can eventually aggregate in food chains and pose the potential risk of non-curable diseases to humans such as cancer. Provides novel information on the potential for microbial inoculants to be used in phytoremediation Discusses principles and mechanisms of plant-microbe interaction for enhanced phytoremediation with improved soil health Investigates phytoremediation solutions for a multitude of contaminants, including heavy metals, fly ash, petroleum, arsenic, TPH, mining effluents, fluoride, lead and other major pollutants

Algal Biotechnology for Fuel Applications

Algal Biotechnology for Fuel Applications
Author: Hüseyin Karaca,Cemil Koyunoğlu
Publsiher: Bentham Science Publishers
Total Pages: 363
Release: 2022-10-05
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9789815051018

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Intensive use of fossil-based energy sources causes significant environmental problems on a global scale. Researchers have been working for several decades to find alternative energy solutions to fossil fuels. Algae are a renewable energy source, with high potential for increasing scarce resources and reducing environmental problems caused by fossil fuel use. Algal Biotechnology for Fuel Applications gives the reader a comprehensive picture of the industrial use of algae for generating power. This book informs readers about the existence of alternative species to the currently used algae species for biofuel production, while also explaining the methods and current concepts in sustainable biofuel production. Key Features - Fifteen chapters covering topics on commercial algae species and algal biofuel production. - Covers anaerobic biotechnology and basic biofuel production from thermal liquefaction - Covers biodiesel production and algal biofuel characterization - Introduces the reader to applied microbial fuel cell technology and algae cultivation methods - Provides concepts about ecological engineering - Covers microalgae culture and biofuel production techniques - Explains the importance of catalysts - Explains the economic evaluation of algae fuel production technology This reference is essential reading for students and academics involved in environmental science, biotechnology, chemical engineering and sustainability education programs. It also serves as a reference for general readers who want to understand the ins and outs of algal biofuel technology.

Bioremediation and Bioeconomy

Bioremediation and Bioeconomy
Author: Majeti Narasimha Vara Prasad
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 820
Release: 2023-11-23
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780443161216

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Bioremediation and Bioeconomy: A Circular Economy Approach provides a common platform for scientists from various backgrounds to find sustainable solutions to environmental issues, including remediation of emerging pollutants, usage of contaminated land and wastewater for bioproducts such as natural fibers, biocomposites, and fuels, to boost the economy. The need for transitioning to a sustainable use of natural resources is now more evident than ever as industrialization and pollution are global phenomena. Biodiversity is being used as raw material for environmental decontamination, and this field has grown phenomenally in recent years, having emerged less than 3 decades ago. On the other hand, the volume of contaminated substrates (water, soil, and air) is increasing due to anthropogenic and technogenic sources of organic and inorganic contaminants. Bioremediation and Bioeconomy: A Circular Economy Approach will address the bottlenecks and solutions to the existing limitations in field scale and the relevant techniques. Provides a compilation of new information on bioremediation not found in other books in the present market Presents the link between bioremediation, bioeconomy, and the circular economy Includes strategies for using contaminated substrates for producing bioresources and co-generation of value chain and value addition products

Remediation of Uranium Mill Tailings

Remediation of Uranium Mill Tailings
Author: Prafulla Soni
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 182
Release: 2023-07-31
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781000904383

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This book covers issues pertaining to uranium tailings with special reference to consolidation of radioactivity including systematic ecological strategy for consolidation of radionuclides in uranium tailings. It discusses sustainable consolidation of radioactivity and checks the migration of unextracted uranium from tailing piles to plants and atmosphere supported by a case study from a uranium mine. It provides simple ecological solutions for the remediation of radioactivity in mill tailings. Features: Provides insight into the application of applied ecology for bioremediation of radioactive wastes. Discusses species selection criteria for tailings radioactivity consolidation. Explains safe treatment of the tailings of radioactive ore processing plants. Illustrates the role of ethnobotany in the selection of the most appropriate species to effectively use in bioremediation. Focuses on experimental outcomes. This book is aimed at researchers and professionals in mining engineering, applied geology, nuclear tailings and environmental protection.

Land and Environmental Management Through Forestry

Land and Environmental Management Through Forestry
Author: Abhishek Raj,Manoj Kumar Jhariya,Arnab Banerjee,Sharad Nema,Kiran Bargali
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 404
Release: 2023-06-16
Genre: Nature
ISBN: 9781119910503

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LAND AND ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT THROUGH FORESTRY Written and edited by a group of experts in the field, this groundbreaking reference work sets the standard for engineers, students, and professionals working in forestry, agriculture, ecology, and environmental science, offering the scientific community a way toward combating climate change and land degradation. This outstanding new volume covers the diverse issues of land degradation around the world and its restoration through forestry, agroforestry, and other practices. The editors have integrated many different concepts and applications into a single place from which scientists, research scholars, academicians, and policymakers can benefit. New insights in this area are critical, as our very existence depends on forest sustainability and land restoration management. The work consists of chapters addressing the issues of land degradation, deforestation, intensive agricultural practices, sustainable intensification, soil and forest-related services, land and environmental management, and overall sustainability of the ecosystem. The contributors address current issues and their management through a holistic and integrated approach, presenting the context of land degradation and its problem, identifying the potential areas of research in the field of land restoration, identifying the land-based services and their potential role for ecosystem sustainability, creating awareness so that future policies can be framed for the betterment of human civilization, and addressing sustainable intensification for land and environmental management and service. A standard reference work for the disciplines of forestry, agriculture, ecology, and environmental science, it will also be a way forward for combating climate change. Useful to academics, researchers, ecologists, environmentalists, students, capacity builders, and policymakers, it is a must-have for any library.

Land Remediation and Management Bioengineering Strategies

Land Remediation and Management  Bioengineering Strategies
Author: Hemen Sarma,Sanket Joshi
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 411
Release: 2023-11-21
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789819942213

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This edited book deals with land regeneration and management using living organisms for a sustainable future. It brings together the latest developments made by leading biotechnologists, bioengineers and environmental scientists in the area of land remediation. The chapters cover different aspects of soil's conventional and emerging pollutants (synthetic or naturally occurring chemicals). Global population is rapidly affected by this catastrophic situation, industrialization and overuse of chemical compounds. There are currently many bioengineering strategies used to eliminate these dangerous chemicals. In this book, the chapters present the current evidence and comprehensive studies that may be useful for reader. It provides a comprehensive text thereby filling the gap in the literature. The contents of the book further deliver a good understanding of emerging environmental contaminants and their sustainable remediation through the use of bioengineering tools and techniques.This book is of interest to industry experts, researchers, academicians in bioengineering and biomedical sciences, graduates and undergraduates in Biotechnology, Microbiology, Environmental Sciences, Health, Clinical and Pharmaceutical Sciences. It is also a useful read for national and international agricultural scientists and policy makers.

Genomics Approach to Bioremediation

Genomics Approach to Bioremediation
Author: Vineet Kumar,Muhammad Bilal,Luiz Fernando R. Ferreira,Hafiz M. Iqbal
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 565
Release: 2023-02-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781119852100

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Genomics Approach to Bioremediation Provides insights into the various aspects of microbial genomics and biotechnology for environmental cleanup In recent years, the application of genomics to biodegradation and bioremediation research has led to a better understanding of the metabolic capabilities of microorganisms, their interactions with hazardous and toxic chemical compounds, and their adaptability to changing environmental conditions. Genomics Approach to Bioremediation: Principles, Tools, and Emerging Technologies provides compre­hensive and up-to-date information on cutting-edge technologies and approaches in bioremediation and biodegradation of environmental pollutants. Edited by prominent researchers in the field, this authoritative reference examines advanced genomics technologies, next-generation sequencing (NGS), and ­state-of-the-art bioinformatics tools while offering valuable insights into the unique functional attributes of different microbial communities and their impact on the removal of chemical contaminants. Each chapter includes numerous high-quality illustrations, detailed tables, extensive references, and step-by-step descriptions of various microbial metabolic pathways of degradation and biotransformation of environments containing various inorganic, metallic, organometallic, and organic hydrocarbon contaminants. Describes methodologies and underlying theory for the remediation, detoxification, and degradation of contaminated environments Covers new genomics technologies that address nutrient removal, resource recovery, and other major trends in environmental cleanup Highlights recent advances in microbial biotechnological approaches including the latest description of the relationship between microbes and the environment focusing on their impact on ecosystem services Offers perspectives on energy saving, production, sustainability, and community involvement Discusses current challenges and future directions in the field of bioremediation Genomics Approach to Bioremediation: Principles, Tools, and Emerging Technologies is an essential resource for biochemical and environmental engineers, environmental microbiologists, academic researchers, process and treatment plant managers, policymakers, and industry professionals working in the areas of microbial degradation, bioremediation, and phytoremediation.