Environmental Remediation and Restoration of Contaminated Nuclear and Norm Sites

Environmental Remediation and Restoration of Contaminated Nuclear and Norm Sites
Author: L van Velzen
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 276
Release: 2015-02-02
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781782422389

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Nuclear sites become contaminated with radionuclides due to accidents and activities carried out without due consideration for the environment. Naturally-occurring radioactive materials (NORM) released by industrial processes such as coal power production and fertilizer manufacture may also require clean-up. Environmental remediation and restoration aim to reduce exposure to radiation from contaminated soil or groundwater. This book provides a comprehensive overview of this area. Part 1 provides an introduction to the different types of contaminated site and their characteristics. Part 2 addresses environmental restoration frameworks and processes. Part 3 then reviews different remediation techniques and methods of waste disposal. Explores types and characteristics of contaminated nuclear and NORM sites Provides an in depth guide to environmental restoration frameworks and processes including stakeholder involvement, risk assessment and cost-benefit analysis in the remediation and restoration of contaminated nuclear and NORM sites Offers coverage of remediation techniques and waste disposal from electrokinetic remediation to in situ and ex situ bioremediation of radionuclides contaminated soils

Remediation of Contaminated Environments

Remediation of Contaminated Environments
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2009-05-12
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780080914152

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Remediation of Contaminated Environments summarises - amongst other things - what happened to the people and environment around Chernobyl (and other nuclear sites) and what measures need to be taken in future in the event of nuclear accidents etc. plus it has a very important and currently topical use in detailing what to do in the event of a terrorist dirty bomb attack on a city. Remediation, including characterization of contaminated sites; safety requirements; remediation planning; effectiveness of individual measures in different environments; social, ethical and economic considerations; application of modern decision aiding technologies Applicable to different categories of contaminated environments and contaminants, comprising areas contaminated by radiation accidents and incidents, nuclear weapon tests, natural radionuclides associated with nuclear fuel cycle, fossil material mining and gas and oil production Associated side effects (environmental and social) and human based remediation measures, comprising perception of this activity by the population; with particular regard to stakeholders and population involvement in making decisions on environmental safety and remediation of contaminated sites

Environmental Contamination and Remediation

Environmental Contamination and Remediation
Author: Hesham F Alharby,Yasir Anwar,Khalid Hakeem
Publsiher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Total Pages: 225
Release: 2019-01-17
Genre: Nature
ISBN: 9781527525955

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This book provides an account of the major environmental contaminations present today, and offers detailed insights into their potential remediation through bio-based solutions. Bringing together the work of various international experts in this field, it contains comprehensive reviews on the mechanisms of bioremediation. Moreover, the book discusses the strategies by which bacteria and plants help in the decontamination of environmental pollutants. As such, it represents a valuable resource for a wide audience, including environmental scientists, biochemists, soil scientists, botanists, agronomists and molecular biologists.

Sustainable Remediation of Contaminated Soil and Groundwater

Sustainable Remediation of Contaminated Soil and Groundwater
Author: Deyi Hou
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 474
Release: 2019-11-23
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128179833

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Sustainable Remediation of Contaminated Soil and Groundwater: Materials, Processes, and Assessment provides the remediation tools and techniques necessary for simultaneously saving time and money and maximizing environmental, social and economic benefits. The book integrates green materials, cleaner processes, and sustainability assessment methods for planning, designing and implementing a more effective remediation process for both soil and groundwater projects. With this book in hand, engineers will find a valuable guide to greener remediation materials that render smaller environmental footprint, cleaner processes that minimize secondary environmental impact, and sustainability assessment methods that can be used to guide the development of materials and processes. Addresses materials, processes, and assessment needs for implementing a successful sustainable remediation process Provides an integrated approach for the unitization of various green technologies, such as green materials, cleaner processes and sustainability assessment Includes case studies based on full-scale commercial soil and groundwater remediation projects

Reclamation of Contaminated Land

Reclamation of Contaminated Land
Author: C. Paul Nathanail,R. Paul Bardos
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 250
Release: 2005-09-27
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 0470026405

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Land contamination is of global concern with many of the world’s industries potentially harming the environment and human health. Along with rapidly changing policy and technological developments, this is an interdisciplinary area in which successful contaminated land management depends on the expertise of and interaction between a number of scientific and engineering disciplines. Reclamation of Contaminated Land takes into account the different groups involved in contaminated land management and offers a flexible learning approach based on practical experience and research. It presents an overview of the general skills and knowledge required, encompassing both general management and regulatory practice and specific land contamination issues. Divided into two parts, Part I discusses site characterisation and the design of site investigations, and the central role of conceptual models and risk assessment in decision making. Part II discusses how risks from contaminated land are managed and the role of different remediation approaches to achieving this. This book is of great value for 2nd/3rd/4th year undergraduates and MSc students in Environmental Science, Environmental Technology, Environmental Management, Geography, Geology, Estate and Land Management. It is also key reading for undergraduates and MSc students in Chemical Engineering, Civil & Environmental Engineering and Environmental Chemistry, as well as professional planners and developers, and local authorities.

Phytoremediation

Phytoremediation
Author: Rouf Ahmad Bhat,Fernanda Maria Policarpo Tonelli,Gowhar Hamid Dar,Khalid Hakeem
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 540
Release: 2021-10-04
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780323885966

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Phytoremediation: Biotechnological Strategies for Promoting Invigorating Environs focuses on phytoremediation’s history, present and future potential, discussing mechanisms of remediation, different types of pollutant and polluted environs, cell signaling, biotechnology, and molecular biology, including site-directed DNA and the omics related to plant sciences. Sections focus on phytoremediation as an economically feasible and environmentally safe strategy, including its mechanisms from macroscopic to microscopic level, strategies of assisted phytoremediation, the role of omics on innovations on the field, the development of genetically modified plants (GMPs) to deal with pollutants, the future prospects of targeted genetic engineering in phytoremediation and remediation advantages and disadvantages. Other sections in the book explore the phytoremediation of specific environs (water and soil) and specific contaminants that are of major worldwide concern. Presents phytoremediation mechanisms at a microscopic level (molecular mechanisms) Covers remediation in different environs and in different kinds of pollutants Conveys the economic aspects relating to phytoremediation

Soil Remediation and Rehabilitation

Soil Remediation and Rehabilitation
Author: Helmut Meuser
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 408
Release: 2012-12-11
Genre: Nature
ISBN: 9789400757516

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This book provides a comprehensive overview of remediation and rehabilitation techniques and strategies for contaminated and anthropogenically disturbed land. Rehabilitation approaches in the urban environment, such as brownfield redevelopment and urban mining, are discussed. In relation to contaminated land, techniques for soil containment and decontamination of soil, soil vapour and groundwater are comprehensively and systematically presented. Complicated treatment techniques are schematically depicted and can be readily understood. Agricultural, silvicultural and environmentally sustainable rehabilitation strategies for reclaiming disturbed land/terrain in former mining or natural-resource extraction areas, such as open-cast mines, quarries, harvested peatlands, and subsided mining terrain (sinkholes), are introduced. This book will be a useful tool for students, researchers, private consultants and public authorities engaged in the treatment of contaminated or disturbed land.

Trace Metals in the Environment

Trace Metals in the Environment
Author: Mario Alfonso Murillo-Tovar,Hugo Saldarriaga-Noreña,Agnieszka Saeid
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 285
Release: 2021-01-07
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 9781838803315

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The occurrence of heavy metals in the environment, even in traces, represents a severe risk for the ecosystems and can be dangerous to human health. However, a better understanding of the main aspects involved is still needed to reduce its negative impact on the environment and health. This book covers the recent methods used for the evaluation of heavy metal pollution and the identification of its sources, descriptions of some of the processes involved in its mobility and transport, attempts to address health and environmental effects of heavy metals pollution, and presents alternative technologies for its removal and remediation from environmental samples. Therefore, this book is recommended for experts in the comprehensive management of metal contamination in different environmental compartments.