The Art of Cryogenics

The Art of Cryogenics
Author: Guglielmo Ventura,Lara Risegari
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 378
Release: 2010-07-07
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780080554365

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Cryogenics is the study of low temperature interactions - temperatures well below those existing in the natural universe. The book covers a large spectrum of experimental cases, including basic vacuum techniques, indispensable in cryogenics. Guidance in solving experimental problems and numerous numerical examples are given, as are examples of the applications of cryogenics in such areas as underground detectors and space applications. Updated tables of low-temperature data on materials are also presented, and the book is supplemented with a rich bibliography. Researchers (graduate and above) in the fields of physics, engineering and chemistry with an interest in the technology and applications of low-temperature measurements, will find this book invaluable. Experiments described in technical detail Description of newest cryogenic apparatus Applications in multidisciplinary areas Data on cryogenic properties of new materials Current reference review

Cryogenic Safety

Cryogenic Safety
Author: Thomas J. Peterson,J. G. Weisend II
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 213
Release: 2019-04-26
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783030165086

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This book describes the current state of the art in cryogenic safety best practice, helping the reader to work with cryogenic systems and materials safely. It brings together information from previous texts, industrial and laboratory safety polices, and recent research papers. Case studies, example problems, and an extensive list of references are included to add to the utility of the text. It describes the unique safety hazards posed by cryogenics in all its guises, including issues associated with the extreme cold of cryogenics, the flammability of some cryogenic fluids, the displacement of oxygen by inert gases boiling off from cryogenic fluids, and the high pressures that can be formed during the volume expansion that occurs when a cryogenic fluid becomes a room temperature gas. A further chapter considers the challenges arising from the behavior of materials at cryogenic temperatures. Many materials are inappropriate for use in cryogenics and can fail, resulting in hazardous conditions. Despite these hazards, work at cryogenic temperatures can be performed safely. The book also discusses broader safety issues such as hazard analysis, establishment of a safe work culture and lessons learned from cryogenic safety in accelerator labs. This book is designed to be useful to everyone affected by cryogenic hazards regardless of their expertise in cryogenics.

Cryogenic Helium Refrigeration for Middle and Large Powers

Cryogenic Helium Refrigeration for Middle and Large Powers
Author: Guy Gistau Baguer
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 725
Release: 2020-10-27
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783030516772

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This book offers a practical introduction to helium refrigeration engineering, taking a logical and structured approach to the design, building, commissioning, operation and maintenance of refrigeration systems. It begins with a short refresher of cryogenic principles, and a review of the theory of heat exchangers, allowing the reader to understand the importance of the heat exchanger role in the various thermodynamic cycle structures. The cycles are considered from the simplest (Joule Thomson) to the most complicated ones for the very large refrigeration plants and, finally, those operating at temperatures lower than 4.5 K. The focus then turns to the operation, ability and limitations of the main components, including room temperature cycle screw compressors, heat exchangers, cryogenic expansion turbines, cryogenic centrifugal compressors and circulators. The book also describes the basic principles of process control and studies the operating situations of helium plants, with emphasis on high level efficiency. A major issue is helium purity, and the book explains why helium is polluted, how to purify it and then how to check its purity, to ensure that all components are filled with pure helium prior to starting. Although the intention of the book is not to design thermodynamic cycles, it is of interest to a designer or operator of a cryogenic system to perform some simplified calculations to get an idea of how components or systems are behaving. Throughout the book, such calculations are generally performed using Microsoft® Excel and the Gaspak® or Hepak® software.

Physics of Cryogenics

Physics of Cryogenics
Author: Bahman Zohuri
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 726
Release: 2017-11-17
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128145203

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Physics of Cryogenics: An Ultralow Temperature Phenomenon discusses the significant number of advances that have been made during the last few years in a variety of cryocoolers, such as Brayton, Joule-Thomson, Stirling, pulse tube, Gifford-McMahon and magnetic refrigerators. The book reviews various approaches taken to improve reliability, a major driving force for new research areas. The advantages and disadvantages of different cycles are compared, and the latest improvements in each of these cryocoolers is discussed. The book starts with the thermodynamic fundamentals, followed by the definition of cryogenic and the associated science behind low temperature phenomena and properties. This book is an ideal resource for scientists, engineers and graduate and senior undergraduate students who need a better understanding of the science of cryogenics and related thermodynamics. Defines the fundamentals of thermodynamics that are associated with cryogenic processes Provides an overview of the history of the development of cryogenic technology Includes new, low temperature tables written by the author Deals with the application of cryogenics to preserve objects at very low temperature Explains how cryogenic phenomena work for human cell and human body preservations and new medical approaches

Proceedings of the 36th International MATADOR Conference

Proceedings of the 36th International MATADOR Conference
Author: Srichand Hinduja,Lin Li
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 598
Release: 2010-08-05
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781849964326

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Presented here are 130 refereed papers given at the 36th MATADOR Conference held at The University of Manchester in July 2010. The MATADOR series of conferences covers the topics of Manufacturing Automation and Systems Technology, Applications, Design, Organisation and Management, and Research. The proceedings of this Conference contain original papers contributed by researchers from many countries on different continents. The papers cover the principles, techniques and applications in aerospace, automotive, biomedical, energy, consumable goods and process industries. The papers in this volume reflect: • the importance of manufacturing to international wealth creation; • the emerging fields of micro- and nano-manufacture; • the increasing trend towards the fabrication of parts using lasers; • the growing demand for precision engineering and part inspection techniques; and • the changing trends in manufacturing within a global environment.

The Development of Cryogenic Storage Systems for Space Flight

The Development of Cryogenic Storage Systems for Space Flight
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 140
Release: 1971
Genre: Gases
ISBN: UIUC:30112000419645

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Development of cryogenic storage systems for manned space flight.

The Box and the Shiny Red Ball

The Box  and the Shiny Red Ball
Author: Mark A. Fettig
Publsiher: Xlibris Corporation
Total Pages: 264
Release: 2009-06-17
Genre: Fiction
ISBN: 1477162984

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After drifting off into every realm imaginable, a curiosity soon came to mind about another world - a world where spirits played. As the shiny red ball bounced around in my box minded head, I wondered - can the spirit be released through the use of cryogenic storage, and, if so, would the spirit respect its obligation towards the body when it thawed? ...And then comes the spiritual worlds inclusion to the argument, "What kind of knowledge would it allow to be shared?" The story begins in a land many times long ago, during a period when the planets ability to sustain life was failing to keep up with the radical changes of its seemingly final days. Many years before this, a man had won one granting from G.O.D. - to be the last man left alive. Set aside (but not lost) a single cell now rested frozen in a womb - buried beneath the barrens of an ice laden land. Once it had become created the being had the same rights offered to all mankind to give birth to a spirit, and so forth, forced a new beginning, and eventually lead to the creation of the minds that we now know. Utilizing a primitive frame, the art of cryogenics becomes normal practice for a man that refused to ever die, as if to prevent mankind from having the same end.

Satyendra Nath Bose

Satyendra Nath Bose
Author: Satyendranath Bose,Kameshwar C. Wali
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 513
Release: 2009
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789812790705

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Satyendra Nath Bose has become a legendary figure of science in the 20th century in India with his revolutionary discovery on the nature of radiation. Despite the association with Einstein, however, little is known about him outside of India. This book highlights the remarkable intellect and the extraordinary personality of Bose set against the backdrop of a rich Bengali cultural tradition and British-Indian politics. Unlike other books covering the significance of Bose's discovery, this book describes his diverse scientific contributions to India's scientific community by bringing together selected articles and addresses by Bose as well as contributions from some well-known scientists on the many-faceted life of Bose, thus making it a truly unique volume.