Toughening Mechanisms in Composite Materials

Toughening Mechanisms in Composite Materials
Author: Qinghua Qin,Jianqiao Ye
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2015-05-26
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781782422914

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Toughening Mechanisms in Composite Materials aims to provide a comprehensive and technically detailed coverage of composites and their toughening mechanisms. Unique in its direct and comprehensive approach, the book presents fundamental knowledge on composites’ toughening mechanisms as well as a comprehensive treatment of numerical methods. This volume summarizes the current state-of-the-art and presents the most recent research outcomes in the field. It details the development of each of the techniques, beginning with basic principles, and new concepts are illustrated with examples wherever possible. Covers particle-reinforced composites, fibre-reinforced composites and other toughening mechanisms Analyses toughening mechanisms in a broad range of composite materials Developments in nanotube toughened composites and toughened graphene ceramic composites are examined

Toughening Mechanisms in Quasi Brittle Materials

Toughening Mechanisms in Quasi Brittle Materials
Author: S.P. Shah
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 590
Release: 2012-12-06
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789401133883

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A variety of ceramic materials has been recently shown to exhibit nonlinear stress strain behavior. These materials include transformation-toughened zirconia which undergoes a stress-induced crystallographic transformation in the vicinity of a propagating crack, microcracking ceramics, and ceramic-fiber reinforced ceramic matrices. Since many of these materials are under consideration for structural applications, understanding fracture in these quasi-brittle materials is essential. Portland cement concrete is a relatively brittle material. As a result mechanical behavior of concrete, conventionally reinforced concrete, prestressed concrete and fiber reinforced concrete is critically influenced by crack propagation. Crack propagation in concrete is characterized by a fracture process zone, microcracking, and aggregate bridging. Such phenomena give concrete toughening mechanisms, and as a result, the macroscopic response of concrete can be characterized as that of a quasi-brittle material. To design super high performance cement composites, it is essential to understand the complex fracture processes in concrete. A wide range of concern in design involves fracture in rock masses and rock structures. For example, prediction of the extension or initiation of fracture is important in: 1) the design of caverns (such as underground nuclear waste isolation) subjected to earthquake shaking or explosions, 2) the production of geothermal and petroleum energy, and 3) predicting and monitoring earthquakes. Depending upon the grain size and mineralogical composition, rock may also exhibit characteristics of quasi-brittle materials.

Composite Materials

Composite Materials
Author: F. L. Matthews,Rees D. Rawlings
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 486
Release: 1999
Genre: Composite materials
ISBN: 0849306213

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This volume focuses on quasilinear elliptic differential equations of degenerate type, evolution variational inequalities, and multidimensional hysteresis. It serves both as a survey of results in the field, and as an introductory text for non-specialists interested in related problems.

Toughened Composites

Toughened Composites
Author: ASTM Committee D-30 on High Modulus Fibers and Their Composites
Publsiher: ASTM International
Total Pages: 488
Release: 1987
Genre: Composite materials
ISBN: 9780803109346

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Toughened Composites

Toughened Composites
Author: Sri Bandyopadhyay,Raghavendra Gujjala
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 426
Release: 2022-12-09
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781000790863

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This book covers micro and macro aspects of toughened composites covering polymer matrix, metal matrix, ceramic matrix and nanomatrix. It gives the reader understanding of composite fabrication, construction, and lightweight yet high crack resistance performance, macroscopic testing supported by microscopic bonding and debonding features, models of stress transfer, and commercial features of developing cheaper yet high-quality materials. Features: Focuses on micro and macro aspects of toughening methods and principles of composite materials. Includes all types of composites including polymer matrix, metal matrix, ceramic matrix and nanomatrix. Covers corrosion resistance and oxidation resistance as well as solubility resistance. Discusses the use of recycled materials. Provides a good balance of long fibre, short fibre, nanoparticle and particulate modifiers. This book aims at researchers and professionals in materials science, composite materials, fracture mechanics, materials characterization and testing, properties and mechanics, nanomaterials, aerospace and automotive engineering and structural engineering.

Engineered Interfaces in Fiber Reinforced Composites

Engineered Interfaces in Fiber Reinforced Composites
Author: Jang-Kyo Kim,Yiu-Wing Mai
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 416
Release: 1998-10-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 0080530974

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The study and application of composite materials are a truly interdisciplinary endeavour that has been enriched by contributions from chemistry, physics, materials science, mechanics and manufacturing engineering. The understanding of the interface (or interphase) in composites is the central point of this interdisciplinary effort. From the early development of composite materials of various nature, the optimization of the interface has been of major importance. While there are many reference books available on composite materials, few of them deal specifically with the science and mechanics of the interface of fiber reinforced composites. Further, many recent advances devoted solely to research in composite interfaces have been scattered in a variety of published literature and have yet to be assembled in a readily accessible form. To this end this book is an attempt to bring together recent developments in the field, both from the materials science and mechanics perspective, in a single convenient volume. The central theme of the book is tailoring the interface properties to optimise the mechanical peformance and structural integrity of composites with enhanced strength/stiffness and fracture toughness (or specific fracture resistance). It deals mainly with interfaces in advanced composites made from high performance fibers, such as glass, carbon, aramid, ultra high modulus polyethylene and some inorganic (e.g. B/W, A12O3, SiC) fibers, and matrix materials encompassing polymers, metals/alloys and ceramics. The book is intended to provide a comprehensive treatment of composite interfaces in such a way that it should be of interest to materials scientists, technologists and practising engineers, as well as graduate students and their supervisors in advanced composites. We hope that this book will also serve as a valuable source of reference to all those involved in the design and research of composite interfaces. The book contains eight chapters of discussions on microstructure-property relationships with underlying fundamental mechanics principles. In Chapter 1, an introduction is given to the nature and definition of interfaces in fiber reinforced composites. Chapter 2 is devoted to the mechanisms of adhesion which are specific to each fiber-matrix system, and the physio-chemical characterization of the interface with regard to the origin of adhesion. The experimental techniques that have been developed to assess the fiber-matrix interface bond quality on a microscopic scale are presented in Chapter 3, along with the techniques of measuring interlaminar/intralaminar strengths and fracture toughness using bulk composite laminates. The applicability and limitations associated with loading geometry and interpretation of test data are compared. Chapter 4 presents comprehensive theoretical analyses based on shear-lag models of the single fiber composite tests, with particular interest being placed on the interface debond process and the nature of the fiber-matrix interfacial bonding. Chapter 5 is devoted to reviewing current techniques of fiber surface treatments which have been devised to improve the bond strength and the fiber-matrix compatibility/stability during the manufacturing processes of composites. The micro-failure mechanisms and their associated theories of fracture toughness of composites are discussed in Chapter 6. The roles of the interface and its effects on the mechanical performance of fiber composites are addressed from several viewpoints. Recent research efforts to augment the transverse and interlaminar fracture toughness by means of controlled interfaces are presented in Chapters 7 and 8.

Concise Encyclopedia of Composite Materials

Concise Encyclopedia of Composite Materials
Author: Andreas Mortensen
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 1050
Release: 2006-12-08
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 0080524621

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Concise Encyclopedia of Composite Materials draws its material from the award-winning Encyclopedia of Materials: Science and Technology, and includes updates and revisions not available in the original set. This customized collection of articles provides a handy reference for materials scientists and engineers with an interest in composite materials made from polymers, metals, ceramics, carbon, biocomposites, nanocomposites, wood, cement, fibers, etc. Brings together articles from the Encyclopedia of Materials: Science & Technology that focus on the essentials of composite materials, including recent updates Every article has been commissioned and written by an internationally recognized expert and provides a concise overview of a particular aspect of the field Enables rapid reference; extensive bibliographies, cross-referencing and indexes guide the user to the most relevant reading in the primary literature Covers areas of active research, such as biomaterials and porous materials

Fracture Resistance Testing of Monolithic and Composite Brittle Materials

Fracture Resistance Testing of Monolithic and Composite Brittle Materials
Author: Jonathan A. Salem
Publsiher: ASTM International
Total Pages: 228
Release: 2002
Genre: Brittleness
ISBN: 9780803128804

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From a November 2000 symposium in Orlando, Florida, 14 papers review the new standards promulgated by American, European, and Japanese professional associations for testing fracture toughness, slow crack growth, and biaxial strength in brittle ceramics. They address a variety of topics regarding imp